138.052(7e)(b)3. 3. If the lender may change the terms of the agreement to make the loan if the loan is not closed on or before the date agreed upon, the specific terms which the lender may change.
138.052(7m) (7m)
138.052(7m)(a)(a) A lender shall notify the borrower as provided in par. (b) if on or after May 3, 1988, the payment, collection or other loan or escrow services related to the loan are sold or released.
138.052(7m)(b) (b) The notice required under par. (a) shall be in writing and shall include the name, address and telephone number of the party to whom servicing of the loan is sold or released. The lender shall deliver the notice to the borrower by mail or personal service within 15 working days after servicing of the loan is sold or released.
138.052(7s) (7s) A person who receives loan or escrow payments on behalf of itself or another person shall do all of the following:
138.052(7s)(a) (a) Respond to a borrower's inquiry within 15 days after receiving the inquiry.
138.052(7s)(b) (b) Consider that a loan payment by check, or other negotiable or transferable instrument, is made on the date on which the check or instrument is physically received, except that the person may charge back an uncollected loan payment.
138.052(8) (8) This section does not apply to a loan insured, or committed to be insured, or secured by mortgage or trust deed insured by the U.S. secretary of housing and urban development, insured, guaranteed or committed to be insured or guaranteed under 38 USC 3701 to 3727 or insured or committed to be insured under 7 USC 1921 to 1995.
138.052(9) (9)Chapters 421 to 427 and subch. I of ch. 428 do not apply to the refinancing, modification, extension, renewal or assumption of a loan which had an original principal balance in excess of $25,000 if the unpaid principal balance of the loan has been reduced to $25,000 or less.
138.052(10) (10) This section does not apply to any of the following:
138.052(10)(a) (a) A loan to a corporation or a limited liability company.
138.052(10)(b) (b) A loan that is primarily for a business purpose or for an agricultural purpose, as defined in s. 421.301 (4).
138.052(11) (11) The contract rate is not subject to rate limitations imposed under this chapter or ss. 218.0101 to 218.0163 or under s. 422.201.
138.052(12) (12)
138.052(12)(a)(a) Any lender violating sub. (2) (b), (5), (5m) (b) 1., (6), (7), (7e), (7m) or (7s), or an escrow agent, as defined in sub. (5m) (a), violating sub. (5m) (b) 2., is liable to the borrower for $500 plus actual damages, costs and reasonable attorney fees.
138.052(12)(b) (b) Paragraph (a) does not apply to an unintentional mistake corrected by the lender on demand.
138.052(13) (13)
138.052(13)(a)(a) In this subsection:
138.052(13)(a)1. 1. "Financial institution" means a bank, credit union, savings bank, savings and loan association, mortgage banker, or any other lender that receives an application for, services, or enforces the terms of a loan.
138.052(13)(a)2. 2. "Local governmental unit" means a city, village, town, or county, or any other local governmental unit, as defined in s. 66.0131 (1) (a), but does not include a 1st class city.
138.052(13)(b) (b) A local governmental unit may not enact an ordinance or adopt a resolution that does any of the following:
138.052(13)(b)1. 1. Imposes any fee or tax on any financial institution in connection with servicing, or enforcing the terms of, a loan.
138.052(13)(b)2. 2. Delays any financial institution in enforcing the terms of a loan.
138.052(13)(b)3. 3. Affects any financial institution's servicing, or enforcement of the terms of, a loan.
138.052(13)(b)4. 4. Regulates any financial institution with respect to the lending practices or financial services of the financial institution as it relates to loans.
138.052(13)(c) (c) If a local governmental unit has in effect on July 2, 2013, an ordinance or resolution that is inconsistent with par. (b), the ordinance or resolution does not apply and may not be enforced.
138.052(13)(d) (d) Except in a 1st class city, the servicing of loans and enforcement of loan terms are matters of statewide concern for which uniformity in regulation is necessary and are subject only to applicable state and federal laws and not to local regulation.
138.052 Annotation Federal law preemption of this section as applied to federally chartered savings institutions regulated by the federal home loan bank board is discussed. Wisconsin League of Financial Inst. v. Galecki, 707 F Supp. 401 (W.D. Wis. 1989).
138.053 138.053 Regulation of interest adjustment provisions.
138.053(1)(1) Required contract provisions. No contract between a borrower and a lender secured by a first lien real estate mortgage on, or an equivalent security interest in, an owner-occupied residential property containing not more than 4 dwelling units may authorize the lender to increase the borrower's contractual rate of interest unless the contract provides that:
138.053(1)(a) (a) No increase may occur until 3 years after the date of the contract;
138.053(1)(b) (b) No increase may occur unless the borrower is given at least 4 months' written notice of the lender's intent to increase the rate of interest, during which notice period the borrower may repay his or her obligation without penalty;
138.053(1)(c) (c) The amount of the initial interest rate increase may not exceed $1 per $100 for one year computed upon the declining principal balance;
138.053(1)(d) (d) The amount of any subsequent interest rate increase may not exceed $1 per $200 for one year computed upon the declining principal balance;
138.053(1)(e) (e) The interest rate may not be increased more than one time in any 12-month period; and
138.053(1)(f) (f) The loan may be prepaid without penalty at any time at which the interest rate in effect exceeds the originally stated interest rate by more than $2 per $100 for one year computed upon the declining principal balance.
138.053(2) (2)Disclosures required. No lender may make a loan secured by a first lien real estate mortgage on, or an equivalent security interest in, an owner-occupied residential property containing not more than 4 dwelling units providing for prospective changes in the rate of interest unless it has clearly and conspicuously disclosed to the borrower in writing:
138.053(2)(a) (a) That the interest rate is prospectively subject to change;
138.053(2)(b) (b) That notice of any interest adjustment must be given 4 months prior to any increase; and
138.053(2)(c) (c) Any prepayment rights of the borrower upon receiving notice of such change.
138.053(3) (3)Notice of interest adjustment. Notices provided under sub. (2) shall be mailed to the borrower at his or her last-known post-office address and shall clearly and concisely disclose:
138.053(3)(a) (a) The effective date of the interest rate increase;
138.053(3)(b) (b) The increased interest rate and the extent to which the increased rate will exceed the interest rate in effect immediately before the increase;
138.053(3)(c) (c) The amount of the borrower's contractual monthly principal and interest payment before and after the effective date of the increase;
138.053(3)(d) (d) Any right of the borrower to voluntarily increase his or her contractual principal and interest payment;
138.053(3)(e) (e) Whether as a result of the increase a lump sum payment may be necessary at the end of the loan term;
138.053(3)(f) (f) Whether an additional number of monthly payments may be required; and
138.053(3)(g) (g) The borrower's right to prepay within 4 months without a prepayment charge.
138.053(4) (4)Applicability.
138.053(4)(a)(a) This section does not apply to variable rate contracts, nor to loans or forbearances to corporations or limited liability companies.
138.053(4)(b) (b) This section applies only to transactions initially entered into on or after June 12, 1976 and before November 1, 1981.
138.053 History History: 1975 c. 387; 1981 c. 45; 1993 a. 112.
138.053 Annotation "Due on sale" provision of note and mortgage was enforceable. Mutual Fed. S. & L. Asso. v. Wisconsin Wire Wks. 71 Wis. 2d 531, 239 N.W.2d 20.
138.055 138.055 Variable rate contracts.
138.055(1) (1) Required contract provisions. No contract between a borrower and a lender secured by a first lien real estate mortgage on, or an equivalent security interest in, an owner-occupied residential property containing not more than 4 dwelling units may contain a variable interest rate clause unless the contract provides that:
138.055(1)(a) (a) When an increase in the interest rate is permitted by a movement upward of a prescribed index, a decrease in the interest rate is also required by a downward movement of the prescribed index subject to pars. (b) to (f);
138.055(1)(b) (b) The rate of interest shall not change more than once during any 6-month period;
138.055(1)(c) (c) Any singular change in the interest rate shall not exceed the rate of $1 per $200 for one year computed upon the declining principal balance and the total variance in such rate shall at no time exceed a rate equal to $2.50 per $100 for one year computed on the declining principal balance greater or lesser than the rate originally in effect;
138.055(1)(d) (d) Decreases required by the downward movement of the prescribed index shall be mandatory. Increases permitted by the upward movement of the prescribed index shall be optional with the lender. Changes in the interest rate shall only be made when the prescribed index changes a minimum of one-tenth of one percent;
138.055(1)(e) (e) The fact that a lender may not have invoked an increase, in whole or in part, shall not be deemed a waiver of the lender's right to invoke an increase at any time thereafter within the limits imposed by this section;
138.055(1)(f) (f) The rate shall not change during the first semiannual period of the loan; and
138.055(1)(g) (g) The borrower may prepay the loan in whole or in part within 90 days of notification of any increase in the rate of interest without a prepayment charge.
138.055(2) (2)Disclosures required. No lender may make a loan secured by a first lien real estate mortgage on, or an equivalent security interest in, an owner-occupied residential property containing not more than 4 dwelling units containing a variable interest rate provision unless it has clearly and conspicuously disclosed to the borrower in writing prior to execution of the loan documents:
138.055(2)(a) (a) That the loan contract contains a variable interest rate;
138.055(2)(b) (b) The index used in applying any variable interest rate changes contemplated in the note and its current base; and
138.055(2)(c) (c) Any prepayment rights of the borrower upon receiving notice of any such change.
138.055(3) (3)Notice of interest adjustment. When a change in the interest rate is required or permitted by a movement in the prescribed index, the lender shall give notice to the borrower by mail, addressed to the borrower's last-known post-office address, not less than 30 days prior to any change in interest rate, which notice shall clearly and concisely disclose:
138.055(3)(a) (a) The effective date of the interest rate change;
138.055(3)(b) (b) The interest rate change, and if an increase, the extent to which the increased rate will exceed the rate in effect immediately before the increase;
138.055(3)(c) (c) The changes in the index which caused the interest rate change;
138.055(3)(d) (d) The amount of the borrower's contractual monthly principal and interest payments before and after the effective date of the change in the interest rate;
138.055(3)(e) (e) Whether as a result of an increase in the interest rate a lump sum payment may be necessary at the end of the loan term; and
138.055(3)(f) (f) The borrower's right to prepay the loan within 90 days after said notice without a prepayment charge if the notice required an increase in interest rate.
138.055(4) (4)Index. In determining any variable interest rate changes permitted under this section, a lender shall use either the index published by the federal home loan bank of Chicago based on the cost of all funds to Wisconsin member institutions or an index approved by:
138.055(4)(b) (b) The office of credit unions, if the lender is a credit union;
138.055(4)(c) (c) The commissioner of insurance, if the lender is an insurance company; or
138.055(4)(d) (d) The division of banking for all other lenders.
138.055(5) (5)Applicability.
138.055(5)(a)(a) This section does not apply to loans or forbearances to corporations or limited liability companies.
138.055(5)(b) (b) This section applies only to transactions initially entered into on or after June 12, 1976 and before November 1, 1981.
138.055 Annotation Variable rate mortgages: The transition phase. 61 MLR 140.
138.056 138.056 Variable rate loans.
138.056(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
138.056(1)(a) (a) "Approved index" means any of the following:
138.056(1)(a)1. 1. The national average mortgage contract rate for major lenders on the purchase of previously occupied homes, as computed by the federal home loan bank board.
138.056(1)(a)2. 2. The monthly average of weekly auction rates on U.S. treasury bills with a maturity of 3 months or 6 months made available by the federal reserve board.
138.056(1)(a)3. 3. The monthly average yield on U.S. treasury securities adjusted to a constant maturity of 1, 2, 3 or 5 years, made available by the federal reserve board.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Oct. 4, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Oct. 4, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-4-14)