138.10(8)(a) (a) A pawnbroker may sell a pledge at private sale for an amount not less than that agreed to by the pledgor, which amount shall be stipulated on the pawn ticket and shall not be less than 125% of the amount of the loan. A pledge which cannot be sold at private sale at the minimum price agreed to by the pledgor must be sold at public auction, which sale shall be conducted in the manner provided by s. 779.48 (1).
138.10(8)(b) (b) No unredeemed pledge may be sold before the expiration of 90 days after the due date of the loan unless otherwise specifically authorized in writing by the pledgor. The authority to sell an unredeemed pledge prior to the expiration of 90 days after the due date of the loan must be given by the pledgor on a date subsequent to the due date of the loan.
138.10(8)(c) (c) An unredeemed pledge must be sold within 12 months of the due date of a loan. No interest or charges permitted under this section may be collected on a loan after the expiration of 12 months of the due date of a loan, whether the loan is renewed or the loan is paid and the pledge redeemed.
138.10(9) (9)Notice of sale. A pawnbroker shall not sell any pledge unless due notice of such contemplated sale has been forwarded to the pledgor by registered mail to the address given by the pledgor at the time of obtaining the loan or to such new address of the pledgor, as shown on the pawnbroker's record. Notice of the contemplated sale of a pledge shall be mailed to the pledgor not less than 30 days prior to the date of sale. Such notice shall state total amount of principal, interest and charges due on the loan as of the date of the notice.
138.10(10) (10)Disposition of proceeds. The proceeds from the sale of a pledge shall be applied in the order specified, to the following purposes: Payment of the auctioneer's charges if sold at public auction, or commission for selling not to exceed 5% if sold at private sale; payment of principal of the loan; payment of the interest on the loan permitted under this section, and payment of the charges on the loan permitted under this section; payment of postage for mailing notice to the pledgor of the contemplated sale or notice of the surplus. The surplus, if any, shall be paid to the pledgor or such other person who would have been entitled to redeem the pledge had it not been sold.
138.10(11) (11)Notice of surplus. Notice of any surplus from the sale of a pledge shall be forwarded to the pledgor within 10 days of the date of sale by registered mail to the address given by the pledgor at the time of obtaining the loan or to such new address of the pledgor, of which the pawnbroker has received notice.
138.10(12) (12)Reversion of surplus. If a surplus remaining from the sale of a pledge is not paid or claimed within one year from the date of sale, such surplus shall revert to the pawnbroker. The pawnbroker shall not be required to pay any interest on an unpaid surplus.
138.10(13) (13)Forfeiture. A pawnbroker who charges, contracts for or receives interest or charges greater than permitted under this section shall forfeit both principal and interest, and shall return the pledge upon demand of the pledgor and surrender of the pawn ticket, without tender or payment of principal or interest.
138.10(14) (14)Penalty. Any pawnbroker who refuses to comply with sub. (13) shall be imprisoned in the county jail for not more than one year or fined not more than $500.
138.10(15) (15)Exception. This section does not apply to any person that is licensed under s. 138.09 or 138.14.
138.12 138.12 Insurance premium finance companies.
138.12(1)(1) Definitions. For purposes of this section:
138.12(1)(a) (a) "Division" means the division of banking.
138.12(1)(b) (b) "Insurance premium finance company" means a person engaged in the business of entering into insurance premium finance agreements.
138.12(1)(c) (c) "Licensee" means an insurance premium finance company holding a license issued by the division under this section.
138.12(1)(d) (d) "Premium finance agreement" means an agreement by which an insured or prospective insured promises to pay to an insurance premium finance company the amount advanced or to be advanced under the agreement to an insurer or to an insurance agent or broker in payment of premiums on an insurance contract together with a service charge or interest charge as authorized and limited by this chapter.
138.12(2) (2)Scope. This section shall not apply to:
138.12(2)(a) (a) Any insurance company or agent defined in s. 628.02, any savings and loan association, savings bank, sales finance company, motor vehicle installment seller, bank, trust company, licensed lender or credit union authorized to do business in this state, but such organizations, if otherwise eligible, are exempt from the licensing under this section, but subs. (9) to (12) and any rules promulgated by the division pertaining to such subsections shall be applicable to all premium finance transactions entered into by such organizations in this state if an insurance policy or any rights thereunder is made the security or collateral for repayment of the debt.
138.12(2)(b) (b) The inclusion of insurance in connection with an installment sale of a motor vehicle or other goods and services.
138.12(2)(d) (d) Life insurance.
138.12(3) (3)Licenses.
138.12(3)(a)(a) No person except those listed in sub. (2) (a) shall engage in the business of financing insurance premiums in this state without first having obtained a license. Any person who engages in the business of financing insurance premiums in this state without obtaining a license may be fined not more than $200.
138.12(3)(b) (b) The annual license fee is $500 and shall be paid to the division. Licenses may be renewed May 1 of each year upon payment of the annual fee.
138.12(3)(c) (c) The person to whom the license or the renewal thereof is issued shall file sworn answers, subject to the penalties of perjury, to such interrogatories as the division requires. The division may, at any time, require the applicant fully to disclose the identity of all stockholders, partners, members, managers, officers and employees, and the division may refuse to issue or renew a license in the name of any person if the division is not satisfied that any officer, employee, stockholder, partner, member or manager thereof, who may materially influence the applicant's conduct, meets the standards of this section.
138.12(3)(d)1.1. Except as provided in par. (e), an application for a license under this section shall contain the following:
138.12(3)(d)1.a. a. If the applicant is an individual, the applicant's social security number.
138.12(3)(d)1.b. b. If the applicant is not an individual, the applicant's federal employer identification number.
138.12(3)(d)2. 2. The division may not disclose any information received under subd. 1. to any person except as follows:
138.12(3)(d)2.a. a. The division may disclose information under subd. 1. to the department of revenue for the sole purpose of requesting certifications under s. 73.0301 and to the department of workforce development for the sole purpose of requesting certifications under s. 108.227.
138.12(3)(d)2.b. b. The division may disclose information under subd. 1. a. to the department of children and families in accordance with a memorandum of understanding under s. 49.857.
138.12(3)(e)1.1. If an applicant who is an individual does not have a social security number, the applicant, as a condition of applying for or applying to renew a license under this section, shall submit a statement made or subscribed under oath or affirmation to the division that the applicant does not have a social security number. The form of the statement shall be prescribed by the department of children and families.
138.12(3)(e)2. 2. Any license issued or renewed in reliance upon a false statement submitted by an applicant under subd. 1. is invalid.
138.12(4) (4)Investigation.
138.12(4)(a)(a) Upon the filing of an application and the payment of the required fees under par. (am) 1., the division shall make an investigation of each applicant and shall issue a license if the division finds the applicant is qualified in accordance with this section. If the division does not so find, the division shall, within 30 days after the division has received the application, notify the applicant and, at the request of the applicant, give the applicant a full hearing, except as follows:
138.12(4)(a)1. 1. An applicant whose application is denied under par. (b) 5. is entitled to a hearing under s. 73.0301 (5) (a) but is not entitled to a hearing under this paragraph.
138.12(4)(a)1m. 1m. An applicant whose application is denied under par. (b) 5m. is entitled to a hearing under s. 108.227 (5) (a) but is not entitled to a hearing under this paragraph.
138.12(4)(a)2. 2. An applicant whose application is denied under par. (b) 6. is entitled to notice and a hearing only as provided in a memorandum of understanding entered into under s. 49.857 and is not entitled to a hearing under this paragraph.
138.12(4)(am)1.1. An applicant shall pay to the division a nonrefundable $300 license investigation fee and a $500 annual license fee for the period ending on the next April 30.
138.12(4)(am)2. 2. If the cost of the investigation exceeds $300, the applicant shall, upon demand of the division, pay the amount by which the cost of the investigation exceeds the nonrefundable fee.
138.12(4)(b) (b) The division shall issue or renew a license when the division is satisfied that the person to be licensed satisfies all of the following, as applicable:
138.12(4)(b)1. 1. Is competent and trustworthy and intends to act in good faith in the capacity involved by the license applied for.
138.12(4)(b)2. 2. Has a good business reputation and has had experience, training or education so as to be qualified in the business for which the license is applied for.
138.12(4)(b)3. 3. If a corporation, is a corporation incorporated under the laws of this state or a foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state.
138.12(4)(b)3L. 3L. If a limited liability company, is organized under the laws of this state or a foreign limited liability company authorized to transact business in this state.
138.12(4)(b)4. 4. Has provided the information required under sub. (3) (d) 1.
138.12(4)(b)5. 5. Has not been certified by the department of revenue under s. 73.0301 as being liable for delinquent taxes.
138.12(4)(b)5m. 5m. Has not been certified by the department of workforce development under s. 108.227 as being liable for delinquent unemployment insurance contributions.
138.12(4)(b)6. 6. If an individual, has not failed to comply, after appropriate notice, with a subpoena or warrant issued by the department of children and families or a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) and related to paternity or child support proceedings and is not delinquent in making court-ordered payments of child or family support, maintenance, birth expenses, medical expenses or other expenses related to the support of a child or former spouse, as provided in a memorandum of understanding entered into under s. 49.857.
138.12(5) (5)Revocation or suspension.
138.12(5)(a)(a) The division may revoke or suspend the license of any insurance premium finance company if the division finds any of the following:
138.12(5)(a)1. 1. Any license issued to such company was obtained by fraud.
138.12(5)(a)2. 2. There was any misrepresentation in the application for the license.
138.12(5)(a)3. 3. The holder of such license has otherwise shown himself or herself untrustworthy or incompetent to act as a premium finance company.
138.12(5)(a)4. 4. The company has violated any provision of this section.
138.12(5)(a)5. 5. The company has been rebating part of the service charge as allowed and permitted herein to any insurance agent or insurance broker or any employee of an insurance agent or insurance broker or to any other person as an inducement to the financing of any insurance policy with the premium finance company.
138.12(5)(am)1.1. The division shall deny an application for a license renewal if any of the following applies:
138.12(5)(am)1.a. a. The applicant has failed to provide the information required under sub. (3) (d) 1.
138.12(5)(am)1.b. b. The department of revenue has certified under s. 73.0301 that the applicant is liable for delinquent taxes under s. 73.0301 or the department of workforce development has certified under s. 108.227 that the applicant is liable for delinquent unemployment insurance contributions under s. 108.227. An applicant whose renewal application is denied under this subd. 1. b. is entitled to a hearing under s. 73.0301 (5) (a) or 108.227 (5) (a) but is not entitled to a hearing under par. (b).
138.12(5)(am)1.c. c. In the case of a licensee who is an individual, the applicant fails to comply, after appropriate notice, with a subpoena or warrant that is issued by the department of children and families or a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) and that is related to paternity or child support proceedings or the applicant is delinquent in making court-ordered payments of child or family support, maintenance, birth expenses, medical expenses or other expenses related to the support of a child or former spouse, as provided in a memorandum of understanding entered into under s. 49.857. An applicant whose renewal application is denied under this subd. 1. c. is entitled to a notice and hearing under s. 49.857 but is not entitled to a hearing under par. (b).
138.12(5)(am)2. 2. The division shall restrict or suspend the license of any insurance premium finance company if the division finds that, in the case of a licensee who is an individual, the licensee fails to comply, after appropriate notice, with a subpoena or warrant that is issued by the department of children and families or a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) and that is related to paternity or child support proceedings or the licensee is delinquent in making court-ordered payments of child or family support, maintenance, birth expenses, medical expenses or other expenses related to the support of a child or former spouse, as provided in a memorandum of understanding entered into under s. 49.857. A licensee whose license is restricted or suspended under this subdivision is entitled to a notice and hearing under s. 49.857 but is not entitled to a hearing under par. (b).
138.12(5)(am)3. 3. The division shall revoke the license of any insurance premium finance company if the department of revenue has certified under s. 73.0301 that the licensee is liable for delinquent taxes or if the department of workforce development has certified under s. 108.227 that the licensee is liable for delinquent unemployment insurance contributions. A licensee whose license is revoked under this subdivision for delinquent taxes or unemployment insurance contributions is entitled to a hearing under s. 73.0301 (5) (a) or 108.227 (5) (a), whichever is applicable, but is not entitled to a hearing under par. (b).
138.12(5)(b) (b) Before the division revokes, suspends or refuses to renew the license of any premium finance company, the division shall give the company an opportunity to be fully heard and to introduce evidence in the company's behalf. In lieu of revoking or suspending the license for any of the causes enumerated in this subsection, after hearing, the division may subject the premium finance company to a penalty of not more than $200 for each offense when in the division's judgment the division finds that the public interest would not be harmed by the continued operation of such company. The amount of any penalty under this paragraph shall be paid by the company to the division for the use of the state. At any hearing under this subsection, the division may administer oaths to witnesses. Anyone testifying falsely, after having been administered the oath, shall be subject to the penalty of perjury.
138.12(5)(c) (c) Any action of the division in refusing to issue or renew a license shall be subject to review under subch. III of ch. 227.
138.12(5m) (5m)Disciplinary orders.
138.12(5m)(a)(a) In this subsection:
138.12(5m)(a)1. 1. "General order" means an order of the division other than a special order.
138.12(5m)(a)2. 2. "Special order" means an order of the division to or affecting a person.
138.12(5m)(b) (b) The division may issue general orders or special orders necessary to prevent or correct actions by an insurance premium finance company that constitute cause under this section for revoking, suspending, or restricting a license.
138.12(6) (6)Records.
138.12(6)(a)(a) Every licensee shall maintain records of its premium finance transactions and the records shall be open to an examination and investigation by the division. The division may make an examination of the books, records and accounts of any licensee as the division deems necessary. The division shall determine the cost of an examination and that cost shall be assessed against and paid by the licensee so examined. The division may, at any time, require any licensee to bring such records as the division directs to the division for examination.
138.12(6)(b) (b) Every licensee shall preserve its records of such premium finance transactions, including cards used in a card system, for at least 3 years after making the final entry in respect to any premium finance agreement. The preservation of records in photographic form or other form authorized under s. 220.285 shall constitute compliance with this requirement.
138.12(7) (7)Rules and regulations. The division may make and enforce such reasonable rules as are necessary to carry out this section, but such rules shall not be contrary to nor inconsistent with this section.
138.12(8) (8)Premium finance agreements.
138.12(8)(a)(a) A premium finance agreement shall:
138.12(8)(a)1. 1. Be dated, signed by or on behalf of the insured, and the printed portion thereof shall be in at least 8-point type,
138.12(8)(a)2. 2. Contain the name and place of business of the insurance agent or insurance broker negotiating the related insurance contract, the name and residence or the place of business of the insured as specified by the insured, the name and place of business of the premium finance company to which installment or other payments are to be made, a description of the insurance contracts, including term and type of policy, the premiums for which are advanced or to be advanced under the agreement and the amount of the premiums therefor; and
138.12(8)(a)3. 3. Set forth the following items where applicable:
138.12(8)(a)3.a. a. The total amount of the premiums,
138.12(8)(a)3.b. b. The amount of the down payment,
138.12(8)(a)3.c. c. The principal balance (the difference between items a and b),
138.12(8)(a)3.d. d. The amount of the service charge,
138.12(8)(a)3.e. e. The balance payable by the insured (sum of items c and d),
138.12(8)(a)3.f. f. The number of installments required, the amount of each installment expressed in dollars, and the due date or period thereof.
138.12(8)(b) (b) The items set forth in par. (a) 3. need not be stated in the sequence or order in which they appear and additional items may be included to explain the computations made in determining the amount to be paid by the insured.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Dec. 13, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Dec. 13, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-13-14)