157.70(2)(d) (d) Provide for and publicize a telephone service which allows any person in this state to call, without charge, the director to report a discovery or disturbance of a burial site.
157.70(2)(e) (e) Establish a registry for any person whom the board determines to have an interest in a burial site or class of burial sites under sub. (2m) (b) or (c). The registry shall include the name of every person whom the board determines to have an interest in the preservation of a burial site or in providing for the reinterment of the human remains and objects related to burial in the burial site if the burial site is disturbed and identify the burial site in which the person is determined to have an interest. Any information in the registry related to the location of any burial site, the disclosure of which would be likely to result in disturbance of the burial site, is not subject to disclosure under s. 19.35 (1).
157.70(2)(g) (g) Assist Indian tribes, state agencies and other persons in any negotiation with any federal agency for the preservation of burial sites and human remains.
157.70(2)(h) (h) Mediate, upon application of any owner or person in the registry under par. (e), any dispute related to the disturbance or proposed disturbance of a burial site.
157.70(2)(i) (i) Cause a cataloged burial site to be recorded by the register of deeds of the county in which the burial site is located. The historical society shall reimburse the county for the cost of recording under this paragraph from the appropriation under s. 20.245 (1) (a).
157.70(2)(j) (j) Submit an annual report to the legislature under s. 13.172 (2) containing all of the following:
157.70(2)(j)1. 1. The director's current recommendations under par. (c).
157.70(2)(j)2. 2. The number of burial sites recorded in the catalog at the time the report is prepared.
157.70(2)(j)3. 3. A summary of disturbance activities authorized under sub. (4), including a summary of information submitted to the board in written reports under sub. (4) (f), since the previous report was issued.
157.70(2)(j)4. 4. A summary of applications received under sub. (5) since the previous report was issued, and information regarding the approval or denial of those applications by the director or the division.
157.70(2)(j)5. 5. A summary of appeals to the board under sub. (5) (c) 5. made since the previous report was issued.
157.70(2)(j)6. 6. A summary of any other activities of the board since the previous report was issued.
157.70(2)(j)7. 7. A summary of all violations of this section and all penalties imposed as a result of those violations.
157.70(2c) (2c)Relevant evidence for recording in the catalog.
157.70(2c)(a)(a) In this subsection:
157.70(2c)(a)1. 1. “Grave marker" means any surface indication of a burial, including monuments, spirit houses, wooden crosses, or Indian mounds.
157.70(2c)(a)2. 2. “Historical documentation" means information from any of the following types of independent sources:
157.70(2c)(a)2.a. a. Church records.
157.70(2c)(a)2.d. d. Other written and oral sources.
157.70(2c)(b) (b) In determining whether to record burial sites in the catalog under sub. (2) (a), the director shall consider the following types of evidence from any person:
157.70(2c)(b)1. 1. Physical evidence, as demonstrated by archaeological or written historical reports showing the presence of human remains or grave markers.
157.70(2c)(b)2. 2. Historical documentation.
157.70(2c)(b)3. 3. Oral depositions or affidavits.
157.70(2c)(b)4. 4. Oral histories.
157.70(2g) (2g)Proceedings to contest recording in the catalog.
157.70(2g)(a)(a) If an owner wishes to contest a determination by the director under sub. (2) (a), the owner may, prior to the date stated in the notice under sub. (2) (a) that the director will record the burial site and land in the catalog, request a hearing before the board to review the director's determination. If such a request is made, the board shall hold a hearing within 90 days after the date of the request. At the hearing, the director has the burden of proving, using the types of evidence described under sub. (2c) (b), that a burial site is present on the land. If a hearing is requested under this paragraph and the director has not yet physically inspected the land in question as permitted under sub. (2) (a), the director shall do so prior to the hearing. Following the hearing, the board shall issue a decision regarding whether to record the burial site or land in the catalog and, no later than 60 days after the hearing, shall send a copy of its decision to the director and the owner. A hearing held under this paragraph is not a contested case hearing under ch. 227.
157.70(2g)(b) (b) Within 30 days after the date of the board's decision under par. (a), the owner shall have the right to a contested case hearing regarding whether the director should record the burial site or land in the catalog. A hearing under this paragraph shall be conducted by the division.
157.70(2g)(c) (c) From the time of the notice under sub. (2) (a) that the site or land will be recorded in the catalog unless the owner requests a hearing under par. (a) until all proceedings under this subsection are concluded, notwithstanding sub. (4), no person may conduct any soil disturbance activity on the site or land, except that the proposed activity may be conducted if the director determines that the proposed activity will not disturb the burial site.
157.70(2j) (2j)Removal from catalog.
157.70(2j)(a) (a) The director shall, on his or her own initiative or in response to a request from the owner or another interested person, propose that land be removed from the catalog if the director determines that no burial site is present on the land because of any of the following:
157.70(2j)(a)1. 1. Naturally occurring changes to the landscape.
157.70(2j)(a)2. 2. Removal of human remains from the burial site under sub. (4) (c) 3. a. or (5) (c) 3.
157.70(2j)(a)3. 3. Newly discovered evidence that, if known at the time of the determination to record in the catalog, and taking into account the types of evidence required to be considered under sub. (2c), would have resulted in a determination not to record the burial site or land in the catalog.
157.70(2j)(b)1.1. If the director proposes to remove land from the catalog under par. (a), the director shall notify the owner, interested persons listed on the registry under sub. (2) (e), county or local historical societies, the relevant municipality, and, if applicable, the person who submitted an application to have the site recorded in the catalog of the director's proposal to remove the land from the catalog, and invite those persons to submit comments on the proposal. The director shall allow comments for a period of no less than 60 days.
157.70(2j)(b)2. 2. Following the expiration of the comment period under subd. 1., the director shall review any comments submitted, make any appropriate modifications in response to those comments, and issue a decision regarding removal of the land from the catalog. The director shall provide notice of his or her decision to the persons notified under subd. 1.
157.70(2j)(b)3. 3. Within 30 days after the date of the notice described in subd. 2., a person notified under subd. 1. may appeal the director's decision to the board. The board shall review the director's decision and issue a decision as to whether the land should be removed from the catalog.
157.70(2j)(b)4. 4. Within 30 days after the date of the board's decision under subd. 3., a person notified under subd. 1. shall have the right to a contested case hearing regarding whether the land should be removed from the catalog. A hearing under this subdivision shall be conducted by the division.
157.70(2j)(b)5. 5. If no appeal of a decision to remove land from the catalog is filed within the period specified under subd. 3., if a decision to remove land from the catalog is upheld by the board following an appeal to the board under subd. 3. and no hearing is requested under subd. 4., or if a decision to remove land from the catalog is upheld by the division following a hearing requested under subd. 4., the director shall immediately do all of the following:
157.70(2j)(b)5.a. a. Remove the land from the catalog.
157.70(2j)(b)5.b. b. Submit a request to the register of deeds for the county in which the land is located to record a notice that the land has been removed from the catalog.
157.70(2m) (2m)Board duties. The board shall:
157.70(2m)(a) (a) Meet at least every 3 months.
157.70(2m)(b) (b) Determine which Indian tribes have an interest in any burial site or class of burial sites and notify the director for entry in the registry under sub. (2) (e).
157.70(2m)(c) (c) Determine which applicants for entry in the registry under sub. (2p) have an interest in a burial site or class of burial sites.
157.70(2m)(d) (d) As it deems necessary, review determinations of the director and the division under sub. (5).
157.70(2m)(e) (e) As it deems necessary, review disposition actions taken by the director under sub. (6).
157.70(2m)(f) (f) As it deems appropriate, approve transfers of burial sites under sub. (6m) (b) 2.
157.70(2m)(g) (g) Hold hearings and issue decisions under sub. (2g) (a).
157.70(2m)(h) (h) Review decisions of the director and issue decisions regarding removal of land from the catalog under sub. (2j) (b) 3.
157.70(2p) (2p)Application for registry. Any person may apply to the board for entry in the registry and shall indicate in which burial site she or he is claiming an interest.
157.70(2r) (2r)Site disturbance prohibited. Except as provided under subs. (4) and (5) and ss. 157.111 and 157.112, no person may intentionally cause or permit the disturbance of a burial site or cataloged land contiguous to a cataloged burial site. This subsection does not prohibit normal agricultural or silvicultural practices which do not disturb the human remains in a burial site or the surface characteristics of a burial site.
157.70(3) (3)Report of disturbed burial sites.
157.70(3)(a)(a) Except as provided under s. 979.01, a person shall immediately notify the director if the person knows or has reasonable grounds to believe that a burial site or the cataloged land contiguous to a cataloged burial site is being disturbed or may be disturbed contrary to the requirements of subs. (4) and (5).
157.70(3)(b) (b) Upon receipt of any notice under par. (a), the director shall determine if the burial site which is the subject of the notice has been cataloged.
157.70(4) (4)Procedure for uncataloged burial sites.
157.70(4)(a)(a) If the director determines that a burial site reported under sub. (3) (a) is not cataloged, he or she shall immediately provide the person who made the report under sub. (3) (a) with confirmation that the report has been received and shall also immediately notify the owner of the burial site of the procedure under this subsection and of the liabilities and penalties which apply for failure to comply with the procedure. If the director deems it appropriate, he or she may notify the board, and any person who has or may have an interest in the burial site, that a burial site has been reported under sub. (3).
157.70(4)(b) (b) No owner who has received notice under par. (a) may in any way intentionally cause or permit any activity which would disturb the burial site which is the subject of the notice unless authorized by the director under par. (c) 2. or (d).
157.70(4)(c)1.1. Using information available concerning the burial site and the proposed activity, the director shall determine whether the proposed activity will disturb the burial site and whether the registry under sub. (2) (e) shows that any person has an interest in the burial site.
157.70(4)(c)2. 2. If the director determines that the proposed activity will not disturb the burial site or will disturb a burial site in which no person is shown on the registry under sub. (2) (e) to have an interest, he or she shall notify the owner of the owner's right to cause or permit the activity.
157.70(4)(c)3. 3. If the director determines that the proposed activity will disturb a burial site in which any other person who is not the owner is shown on the registry under sub. (2) (e) to have an interest and that the interest is substantial, the director shall notify the owner that the owner may not cause or permit the activity unless the owner does one of the following:
157.70(4)(c)3.a. a. Subject to s. 157.111, authorizes the director or a qualified archaeologist approved by the director to excavate the burial site to remove and analyze any human remains and objects related to the burial in the burial site from the burial site within a reasonable time, beginning within 30 days of when ground conditions permit, for disposition under sub. (6).
157.70(4)(c)3.b. b. Changes the proposed activity so as not to disturb any burial site.
157.70(4)(cm) (cm) The director shall notify an owner under par. (c) 2. or 3., whichever is applicable, within 30 days after confirming receipt of a notification of a disturbance or possible disturbance under sub. (3) (a), except that if the director cannot make a determination under par. (c) 2. or 3. within that period, he or she shall notify the owner that additional time, which may not exceed 30 days, is necessary to make the determination, and include in that notification the reasons he or she needs additional time to make the determination.
157.70(4)(d) (d) If the director determines that an owner has satisfied the requirements under par. (c) 3., he or she shall, within 30 days after making that determination, notify the owner of the owner's right to cause or permit any activity which is in keeping with the owner's action under par. (c) 3.
157.70(4)(e) (e) If under par. (c) 3. a. all human remains and objects related to the burial in a burial site reported under sub. (3) (a) are not removed from the burial site, the director shall enter the burial site into the record prepared under sub. (2) (a).
157.70(4)(f) (f) The director shall submit a written report to the board of any determination which he or she makes under this subsection.
157.70(5) (5)Procedure for cataloged burial sites.
157.70(5)(a)(a) No person may intentionally cause or permit the disturbance of a cataloged burial site or the cataloged land contiguous to a cataloged burial site without a permit from the director issued under this subsection.
157.70(5)(b)1.1. Any person who intends to cause or permit any activity on a cataloged burial site or on cataloged land contiguous to a cataloged burial site which in any way might disturb the burial site or the land shall apply to the director for a permit to disturb the burial site or the land. The application shall include the purpose of the disturbance.
157.70(5)(b)2. 2. The director shall notify any person shown on the registry under sub. (2) (e) to have an interest in the burial site of the proposed disturbance. The notice to any person under this subdivision shall include information on the notified person's right to a hearing on whether the director should grant a permit to disturb the burial site or the land.
157.70(5)(c)1.1. Upon request of the applicant or any person notified under par. (b), or if the director determines that a hearing is necessary, the director shall request the division to conduct a hearing on whether a permit should be issued to disturb the burial site or the land which is the subject of the request. If in any part of the hearing the location of a burial site is the subject of the testimony, such part of the hearing shall be conducted in a session closed to the public and the record of such part of the hearing shall be exempt from disclosure under s. 19.35 (1).
157.70(5)(c)1m. 1m. If a hearing is not requested or determined to be necessary under subd. 1., the director shall determine whether a permit should be issued to disturb the burial site or the land which is the subject of the application under par. (b) 1. If the director determines that the benefits to the permit applicant in disturbing the burial site or the land outweigh the benefits to all other persons shown on the registry under sub. (2) (e) to have an interest in not disturbing the burial site or the land, the director shall grant a permit to disturb the burial site or the land. In making the determination, the director shall consider the interest of the public in addition to any other interests. If the director determines that any of the following classes of interest are represented, the director shall weight the interests in the following order of priority:
157.70(5)(c)1m.a. a. Direct kinship.
157.70(5)(c)1m.b. b. A cultural, tribal or religious affiliation.
157.70(5)(c)1m.c. c. A scientific, environmental or educational purpose.
157.70(5)(c)1m.cm. cm. Historical and aesthetic significance of the burial site.
157.70(5)(c)1m.d. d. Land use.
157.70(5)(c)1m.e. e. A commercial purpose not related to land use which is consistent with the purposes of this section.
157.70(5)(c)1m.f. f. Any other interest which the director deems to be in the public interest.
157.70(5)(c)2. 2. If a hearing is requested or determined to be necessary under subd. 1., the division shall conduct a hearing to determine whether the benefits to the permit applicant in disturbing the burial site or the land outweigh the benefits to all other persons shown on the registry under sub. (2) (e) to have an interest in not disturbing the burial site or the land. If the division finds in favor of the applicant, the division shall issue a determination in favor of granting a permit to disturb a burial site or the land which is the subject of the hearing under this paragraph. In making the determination, the division shall consider the interest of the public in addition to the interests of the parties. If any of the following classes of interest are represented in the hearing, the division shall weight the interests in the following order of priority:
157.70(5)(c)2.a. a. Direct kinship.
157.70(5)(c)2.b. b. A cultural, tribal or religious affiliation.
157.70(5)(c)2.c. c. A scientific, environmental or educational purpose.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 184 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on March 28, 2020. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after March 28, 2020, are designated by NOTES. (Published 3-28-20)