subch. XVI of ch. 180 SUBCHAPTER XVI
RECORDS AND REPORTS
180.1601 180.1601 Corporate records.
180.1601(1)(1)A corporation shall keep as permanent records any of the following that has been prepared:
180.1601(1)(a) (a) Minutes of meetings of its shareholders and board of directors.
180.1601(1)(b) (b) Records of actions taken by the shareholders or board of directors without a meeting.
180.1601(1)(c) (c) Records of actions taken by a committee of the board of directors in place of the board of directors and on behalf of the corporation.
180.1601(2) (2)A corporation shall maintain appropriate accounting records.
180.1601(3) (3)A corporation or its agent shall maintain a record of its shareholders, in a form that permits preparation of a list of the names and addresses of all shareholders, by class or series of shares and showing the number and class or series of shares held by each shareholder.
180.1601(4) (4)A corporation shall maintain its records in written form or in another form capable of conversion into written form within a reasonable time.
180.1601 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1602 180.1602 Inspection of records by shareholders.
180.1602(1)(1)In this section, “shareholder" includes a beneficial owner whose shares are held in a voting trust or by a nominee on the beneficial owner's behalf.
180.1602(1m) (1m)Except as provided in sub. (4), a shareholder of a corporation may inspect and copy the corporation's bylaws, if any, as then in effect, during regular business hours at the corporation's principal office. To inspect bylaws under this subsection, the shareholder shall give the corporation written notice that complies with s. 180.0141 of his or her demand at least 5 business days before the date on which he or she wishes to inspect and copy the bylaws.
180.1602(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (c) and sub. (4), a shareholder of a corporation who satisfies par. (b) may inspect and copy, during regular business hours at a reasonable location specified by the corporation, any of the following records of the corporation:
180.1602(2)(a)1. 1. Excerpts from any minutes or records that the corporation is required to keep as permanent records under s. 180.1601 (1).
180.1602(2)(a)2. 2. Accounting records of the corporation.
180.1602(2)(a)3. 3. The record of shareholders, except as provided in s. 180.1603 (3).
180.1602(2)(b) (b) To inspect and copy any of the records under par. (a), the shareholder must satisfy all of the following requirements:
180.1602(2)(b)1. 1. The shareholder has been a shareholder of the corporation for at least 6 months before his or her demand under subd. 2., or the shareholder holds at least 5 percent of the outstanding shares of the corporation.
180.1602(2)(b)2. 2. The shareholder gives the corporation written notice that complies with s. 180.0141 of his or her demand at least 5 business days before the date on which he or she wishes to inspect and copy the records.
180.1602(2)(b)3. 3. The shareholder's demand is made in good faith and for a proper purpose.
180.1602(2)(b)4. 4. The shareholder describes with reasonable particularity his or her purpose and the records that he or she desires to inspect.
180.1602(2)(b)5. 5. The records are directly connected with his or her purpose.
180.1602(2)(c) (c) A person that has delivered the resolution under s. 180.1150 (4) may, by giving written notice to the resident domestic corporation, as defined in s. 180.1150 (1) (c), that complies with s. 180.0141, inspect and copy the record of shareholders of the resident domestic corporation, in person or by agent or attorney at any reasonable time for the purpose of communicating with the shareholders in connection with the special shareholders' meeting under s. 180.1150 (5).
180.1602(3) (3)The rights under this section may not be abolished or limited by the domestic corporation's articles of incorporation or bylaws.
180.1602(4) (4)This section does not affect any of the following:
180.1602(4)(a) (a) The right of a shareholder to inspect records under s. 180.0720 or, if the shareholder is in litigation with the corporation, to the same extent as any other litigant.
180.1602(4)(b) (b) The power of a court, independently of this chapter, to compel the production of corporate records for examination.
180.1602 History History: 1989 a. 303; 1995 a. 400; 1997 a. 27.
180.1602 Annotation Under s. 180.43 (2) (a) [now sub. (2) (b) 3.], a court's inquiry does not end whenever a shareholder states any proper purpose for an inspection demand. The court is required to conduct an inquiry into the bona fides of a shareholder's demand. Advance Concrete Form v. Accuform, 158 Wis. 2d 334, 462 N.W.2d 271 (Ct. App. 1990).
180.1603 180.1603 Scope of inspection right.
180.1603(1)(1)A shareholder's agent or attorney has the same inspection and copying rights as the shareholder whom he or she represents.
180.1603(2) (2)Except as provided in ss. 180.0720 (4) and 180.1604 (2), the corporation may impose a reasonable charge, covering the costs of labor and material, for copies of any documents provided to the shareholder. The charge may not exceed the estimated cost of production or reproduction of the records.
180.1603(3) (3)Instead of allowing a shareholder to inspect and copy its record of shareholders under s. 180.1602 (2) (a) 3., the corporation may provide the shareholder with a list of its shareholders that was compiled no earlier than the date of the shareholder's demand.
180.1603 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1604 180.1604 Court-ordered inspection.
180.1604(1)(1)If a corporation does not within a reasonable time allow a shareholder to inspect and copy any record described in s. 180.1602 (1) or (2) [s. 180.1602 (1m) or (2)], the shareholder who complies with s. 180.1602 (1m) or (2), as applicable, may apply to the circuit court for the county where the corporation's principal office or, if none in this state, its registered office is located for an order to permit inspection and copying of the records demanded. 
180.1604 Note NOTE: The correct cross-reference is shown in brackets. Section 180.1602 (1) was renumbered to s. 180.1602 (1m) by 1995 Wis. Act 400. Corrective legislation is pending.
180.1604(2) (2)If the court orders inspection and copying of the records demanded, it shall also order the corporation to pay the shareholder's costs and expenses, including reasonable attorney fees, notwithstanding s. 814.04 (1), incurred to obtain the order, unless the corporation proves that it refused inspection in good faith because it had a reasonable basis for doubt about the right of the shareholder to inspect the records demanded. The order shall also specify whether the corporation may impose a charge under s. 180.1603 (2) for copying the records demanded.
180.1604(3) (3)If the court orders inspection and copying of the records demanded, it may impose reasonable restrictions on the use or distribution of the records by the demanding shareholder.
180.1604(4) (4)Notwithstanding sub. (1) and s. 180.1602 (2), the circuit court for the county where the corporation's principal office or, if none in this state, its registered office is located may, in the proper exercise of its discretion, order the corporation to permit a shareholder of the corporation to inspect and copy any of the records described in s. 180.1602 (2) (a) 1. to 3., irrespective of the period of time during which the shareholder has been a shareholder or the number of shares that he or she owns, if the shareholder proves in a proceeding by the shareholder that he or she satisfies s. 180.1602 (2) (b) 3., 4. and 5.
180.1604 History History: 1989 a. 303; 1995 a. 400.
180.1620 180.1620 Financial statements for shareholders.
180.1620(1)(1)Within 120 days after the close of each fiscal year, a corporation shall prepare annual financial statements, which may be consolidated or combined statements of the corporation and one or more of its subsidiaries, as appropriate, that include a balance sheet as of the end of the fiscal year, an income statement for that year, and a statement of changes in shareholders' equity for the year unless that information appears elsewhere in the financial statements. If financial statements are prepared for the corporation on the basis of generally accepted accounting principles, the annual financial statements must also be prepared on that basis.
180.1620(2) (2)On written request from any shareholder, the corporation shall mail him or her the latest financial statements.
180.1620 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1622 180.1622 Annual report for department of financial institutions.
180.1622(1)(1)Except as provided in s. 180.1921, each domestic corporation and each foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state shall file with the department an annual report that includes all of the following information:
180.1622(1)(a) (a) The name of the domestic corporation or foreign corporation and the state or country under whose law it is incorporated.
180.1622(1)(b) (b) The address of its registered office and the name of its registered agent at that office in this state.
180.1622(1)(c) (c) The address of its principal office.
180.1622(1)(d) (d) The name and business address of each director and principal officer.
180.1622(1)(e) (e) A brief description of the nature of its business.
180.1622(1)(f) (f) The total number of authorized shares, itemized by class and series, if any, within each class. A foreign corporation shall itemize the total number of authorized shares by par value of shares and shares without par value. An investment company that has an indefinite number of authorized shares shall state that it has declared an indefinite number of authorized shares.
180.1622(1)(g) (g) The total number of issued and outstanding shares, itemized by class and series, if any, within each class and, with respect to a foreign corporation, by par value of shares and shares without par value.
180.1622(1)(h) (h) With respect to a foreign corporation, the amount of paid-in capital and the number and value of shares of capital stock issued without par value. The value of capital stock without par value, for the purpose of such statement and for the purpose of computing filing fees if the foreign corporation is not a qualified new business venture, shall be taken as the amount by which the entire property of the foreign corporation exceeds its liabilities other than such capital stock without par value, but each share of capital stock without par value shall be deemed to be of the value of not less than $10.
180.1622(1)(i) (i) With respect to a foreign corporation, the proportion of the capital represented in this state by its property located and business transacted in this state during the preceding year. The proportion of capital employed in the state shall be computed by taking the gross business of the foreign corporation in the state and adding the same to the value of its property located in the state. The sum so obtained shall be the numerator of a fraction of which the denominator shall consist of its total gross business of said year added to the value of its entire property. The fraction so obtained shall represent the proportion of the capital within the state. The department may demand, as a condition precedent to the filing of the annual report, such further information and statements as the department considers proper in order to determine the accuracy of the report submitted.
180.1622(2)(a)(a) Information in the annual report shall be current as of the date on which the annual report is executed on behalf of a domestic corporation, except that the information required by sub. (1) (f) and (g) shall be current as of the close of the domestic corporation's fiscal year immediately before the date by which the annual report is required to be delivered to the department.
180.1622(2)(b) (b) Information in the annual report shall be current as of the date on which the annual report is executed on behalf of a foreign corporation, except that the information required by sub. (1) (f) to (i) shall be current as of the date of the close of the foreign corporation's fiscal year in the 12 months ending on the September 30 immediately before the date by which the annual report is required to be delivered to the department.
180.1622(3)(a)(a) A domestic corporation shall deliver its annual report to the department in each year following the calendar year in which the domestic corporation was incorporated, during the calendar year quarter in which the anniversary date of the incorporation occurs.
180.1622(3)(b) (b) A foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state shall deliver its annual report to the department during the first calendar quarter of each year following the calendar year in which the foreign corporation becomes authorized to transact business in this state.
180.1622(4) (4)If an annual report does not contain the information required by this section, the department shall promptly notify the reporting domestic corporation or foreign corporation in writing and return the report to it for correction. The notice shall comply with s. 180.0141. If the annual report is corrected to contain the information required by this section and delivered to the department within 30 days after the effective date of the notice under s. 180.0141 (5), the annual report is timely filed.
180.1622(5) (5)An annual report is effective on the date that it is filed by the department.
subch. XVII of ch. 180 SUBCHAPTER XVII
APPLICATION OF THIS CHAPTER
180.1701 180.1701 Definition. In this subchapter, “shares of a preexisting class" means shares of a class for which shares were authorized before January 1, 1991, whether the shares were issued before, on or after January 1, 1991.
180.1701 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1703 180.1703 Application to domestic corporations. Except as provided in ss. 180.1705 to 180.1708, beginning on January 1, 1991, this chapter applies to all of the following:
180.1703(1) (1)Except as provided in sub. (2), any domestic corporation with capital stock, regardless of when it was organized and whether for profit or not, but a domestic corporation organized under provisions other than those in this chapter and corresponding prior general corporation laws is subject to this chapter only to the extent that it is not inconsistent with those provisions.
180.1703(2) (2)Any domestic corporation with capital stock but not organized for profit that was organized before July 1, 1953, under the general corporation laws or any special statute or law of this state and that has not elected to be subject to ch. 181, only to the extent that the provisions of this chapter are not inconsistent with the articles of incorporation or form of organization of the domestic corporation or with any provisions elsewhere in the statutes or under any special law relating to the domestic corporation.
180.1703 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1704 180.1704 Application to foreign corporations. Except as provided in s. 180.1708, this chapter applies to all foreign corporations transacting business in this state on or after January 1, 1991. The enactment of this chapter does not require a foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state on January 1, 1991, to obtain a new certificate of authority under subch. XV.
180.1704 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1704 Annotation As evidenced by the enactment of this section, the state has an interest in having its laws applied to corporations, and their officers and directors, transacting business within the state. Beloit Liquidating Trust v. Grade, 2004 WI 39, 270 Wis. 2d 356, 677 N.W.2d 298, 02-2035.
180.1705 180.1705 Existing preemptive rights preserved. Section 180.0630 does not apply to shares of a preexisting class. Except to the extent limited or denied by this section or by the articles of incorporation, shareholders of shares of a preexisting class have a preemptive right to acquire unissued shares or securities convertible into unissued shares or carrying a right to subscribe to or acquire shares. Unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation, all of the following apply to shareholders of shares of a preexisting class:
180.1705(1) (1)No preemptive rights exist to acquire any of the following:
180.1705(1)(a) (a) Any shares issued to directors, officers or employees pursuant to approval by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the shares entitled to vote thereon or when authorized by and consistent with a plan approved by such a vote of shareholders.
180.1705(1)(b) (b) Any shares, convertible securities or rights issued for a consideration other than cash.
180.1705(1)(c) (c) Treasury shares.
180.1705(2) (2)Holders of shares of any class that is preferred or limited as to dividends or assets are not entitled to any preemptive right.
180.1705(3) (3)Holders of shares of common stock are not entitled to any preemptive right to shares of any class that is preferred or limited as to dividends or assets or to any obligations, unless convertible into shares of common stock or carrying a right to subscribe to or acquire shares of common stock.
180.1705(4) (4)Holders of common stock without voting power shall have no preemptive right to shares of common stock with voting power.
180.1705(5) (5)The preemptive right is only an opportunity to acquire shares or other securities under such terms and conditions as the board of directors may fix for the purpose of providing a fair and reasonable opportunity for the exercise of such right.
180.1705 History History: 1989 a. 303; 1991 a. 16.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 7 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on July 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-19)