180.1708(4)(a) (a) Sections 180.1003, 180.1004 and 180.1007 (3) apply to an amendment to or restatement of the articles of incorporation requiring shareholder approval about which notice of a shareholders' meeting is delivered on or after January 1, 1991.
180.1708(4)(b) (b) Sections 180.1006 and 180.1007 (4) apply to articles of amendment or restatement for any of the following:
180.1708(4)(b)1. 1. An amendment or restatement adopted by the board of directors or incorporators on or after January 1, 1991.
180.1708(4)(b)2. 2. An amendment or restatement requiring shareholder approval about which a notice of a shareholders' meeting is delivered on or after January 1, 1991.
180.1708(5) (5)Mergers. Sections 180.1101 and 180.1103 to 180.1106 apply to a merger, and ss. 180.1301 to 180.1331 apply to dissenters' rights arising from a merger, for which a plan of merger is approved by the board of directors on or after January 1, 1991.
180.1708(6) (6)Sale of assets. Section 180.1202 applies to a sale, lease, exchange or other disposition of property requiring shareholder approval, and ss. 180.1301 to 180.1331 apply to dissenters' rights arising from a sale, lease, exchange or other disposition of property requiring shareholder approval, that is approved by the board of directors on or after January 1, 1991.
180.1708(7) (7)Dissolution.
180.1708(7)(a) (a) Sections 180.1401 to 180.1404 apply to a dissolution authorized as follows:
180.1708(7)(a)1. 1. By the incorporators or board of directors under s. 180.1401 on or after January 1, 1991.
180.1708(7)(a)2. 2. By the shareholders, if the corporation delivers notice of the shareholders' meeting under s. 180.1402 (2) on or after January 1, 1991.
180.1708(7)(b) (b) Sections 180.1420, 180.1421 and 180.1423 apply to an administrative dissolution based on grounds arising under s. 180.1420 on or after January 1, 1991.
180.1708(7)(bm) (bm) Sections 180.1422 and 180.1423 apply to an administrative dissolution before, on or after January 1, 1991.
180.1708(7)(c) (c) Sections 180.1430 to 180.1433 apply to a judicial dissolution based on a cause of action arising under s. 180.1430 on or after January 1, 1991.
180.1708(8) (8)Revocation of certificate of authority.
180.1708(8)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), ss. 180.1530 (1), 180.1531 and 180.1532 apply to an administrative revocation based on grounds arising under s. 180.1530 (1) on or after January 1, 1991.
180.1708(8)(b) (b) Sections 180.1530 (2) and 180.1531 (2) (b) and (3) to (5) apply to a judicial revocation under s. 946.87 of which the department is notified under s. 180.1530 (2) on or after January 1, 1991. Section 180.1531 (2) (c) applies to a revocation based on grounds arising before, on or after January 1, 1991.
subch. XVIII of ch. 180 SUBCHAPTER XVIII
STATUTORY CLOSE CORPORATIONS
180.1801 180.1801 Applicability.
180.1801(1)(1)Sections 180.1801 to 180.1837 apply to a corporation if its articles of incorporation state that the corporation is a close corporation under ss. 180.1801 to 180.1837.
180.1801(2) (2)Except as provided in sub. (3), if an election is made to be a statutory close corporation, ss. 180.1801 to 180.1837 control in the event of conflict with other sections of this chapter.
180.1801(3) (3)If a service corporation organized under ss. 180.1901 to 180.1921 elects to be a statutory close corporation, ss. 180.1901 to 180.1921 control in the event of conflict with ss. 180.1801 to 180.1837.
180.1801 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1801 Annotation The enactment of the statutory close corporation statutes did not preempt existing common law rights, and those statutes do not provide exclusive remedies for close corporations. Jorgensen v. Water Works, Inc. 218 Wis. 2d 761, 582 N.W.2d 98 (Ct. App. 1998), 97-1729.
180.1803 180.1803 Election. A corporation organized under this chapter and having 50 or fewer shareholders at the time of election may become a statutory close corporation by amending its articles of incorporation to include the statement required under s. 180.1801. The amendment shall be approved by the holders of at least two-thirds of the votes of each class or series of shares of the corporation, voting as separate voting groups, whether or not otherwise entitled to vote on amendments. If the amendment is approved, a shareholder who did not vote in favor of the amendment is entitled to assert dissenters' rights under ss. 180.1301 to 180.1331.
180.1803 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1805 180.1805 Share transfer restrictions. No interest in shares of a statutory close corporation may be transferred without the written consent of all shareholders holding voting stock, unless the interest is transferred in any of the following circumstances:
180.1805(1) (1)As provided in s. 180.1807.
180.1805(2) (2)To the corporation or to any other holder of the same class or series of shares.
180.1805(3) (3)To members of the shareholder's immediate family, or to a trust, all of whose beneficiaries are members of the holder's immediate family. In this subsection, “shareholder's immediate family" means the shareholder's spouse, parents, lineal descendants, including any adopted children and stepchildren, and the spouse of any lineal descendants, and brothers and sisters.
180.1805(4) (4)To a personal representative on the death of a shareholder or to a trustee or receiver as the result of a bankruptcy, insolvency, dissolution or similar proceeding brought by or against a shareholder.
180.1805(5) (5)By merger or share exchange that becomes effective under ss. 180.1101 to 180.1106 or a share exchange of existing shares for other shares of a different class or series in the corporation.
180.1805(6) (6)By a pledge as collateral for a loan that does not grant the pledgee any voting rights possessed by the pledgor.
180.1805(7) (7)After termination of the corporation's status as a statutory close corporation.
180.1805(8) (8)As otherwise provided in the corporation's articles of incorporation or in an agreement among shareholders under s. 180.1823.
180.1805 History History: 1989 a. 303; 1991 a. 16; 2003 a. 321.
180.1807 180.1807 Transfer after corporation's first refusal.
180.1807(1)(1)Notice of 3rd-party offer. A person desiring to transfer shares in a transaction without the consent described in s. 180.1805 (intro.) and that is not exempt under s. 180.1805 (2) to (8) shall obtain a written and signed offer from a 3rd party to purchase the shares for cash and shall deliver to the statutory close corporation written notice and a copy of the 3rd-party offer. The notice shall comply with s. 180.0141 and shall state the number and kind of shares, the offering price, the other material terms of the offer and the name and address of the 3rd-party offeror. No transfer may be made to a 3rd party unless all of the following conditions are met:
180.1807(1)(a) (a) The 3rd party is eligible to become a qualified shareholder under any federal or state tax statute that the corporation has elected to be subject to and the 3rd party agrees in writing not to take any action to terminate the election without the approval of the remaining shareholders.
180.1807(1)(b) (b) The transfer to the 3rd party will not result in the imposition of a personal holding company tax on the corporation under 26 USC 541 or any similar state or federal penalty tax.
180.1807(2) (2)Shareholder approval.
180.1807(2)(a) (a) The notice under sub. (1) constitutes an offer to sell the shares to the statutory close corporation and other shareholders on the same terms as the 3rd-party offer. Within 20 days after the corporation receives the notice, the corporation shall give notice of a special meeting of shareholders, which shall be held within 60 days after the corporation received notice of the offer, for the purpose of determining whether to purchase all, but not less than all, of the offered shares. The notice shall comply with s. 180.0141.
180.1807(2)(b) (b) The offer must be approved by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of votes entitled to be cast at the meeting, excluding votes in respect of the shares covered by the offer.
180.1807(2)(c) (c) With the consent of all of the shareholders entitled to vote for approval of the purchase, the corporation may allocate some or all of the shares to one or more shareholders or to other persons, except as provided in par. (d).
180.1807(2)(d)1.1. If all shares are not accepted for purchase by the corporation, the remaining shares shall be offered to shareholders of the class or series being offered for sale in proportion to their ownership of shares of that class or series.
180.1807(2)(d)2. 2. If all shares are not accepted for purchase by shareholders under subd. 1., the remaining shares shall be allocated among shareholders of the class or series being offered for sale who are willing to purchase the shares in proportion to their ownership of shares of that class or series after the acquisitions under subd. 1.
180.1807(2)(d)3. 3. If all shares are not accepted for purchase by shareholders under subds. 1. and 2., the remaining shares shall be offered to all other shareholders in proportion to their ownership of shares of the corporation.
180.1807(2)(d)4. 4. If all shares are not accepted for purchase by shareholders under subd. 3., the remaining shares shall be allocated among shareholders who are willing to purchase the shares in proportion to their ownership of shares of the corporation before the acquisitions under subd. 3.
180.1807(3) (3)Acceptance. If the statutory close corporation accepts the shareholder's offer, it must deliver written notice of acceptance to the offering shareholder within 75 days after receipt of the shareholder's offer. The notice shall comply with s. 180.0141. If sent by mail, the notice is timely if deposited in the mail before midnight of the 75th day following the day that the offer from the shareholder was received by the corporation.
180.1807(4) (4)Transfer of shares to other than 3rd party. If a contract to sell is created under sub. (3), the shareholder shall deliver duly endorsed certificates for all of the shares sold, or instruct the corporation in writing to transfer the shares if uncertificated, within 20 days after receipt of the notice of acceptance. Breach of any of the terms of the contract entitles the nonbreaching party to specific performance or any other remedy at law or equity for breach of a contract.
180.1807(5) (5)Transfer of shares to 3rd party. If the offer to sell is not accepted under subs. (2) and (3), the shareholder may transfer to the 3rd-party offeror all, but not less than all, of the offered shares within 120 days after delivery of the notice under sub. (1), in accordance with the terms of the offer as described in the notice under sub. (1).
180.1807 History History: 1989 a. 303; 2005 a. 253.
180.1809 180.1809 Notice of statutory close corporation status.
180.1809(1)(a) (a) The following notice shall be noted conspicuously on each share certificate issued by a statutory close corporation: “The rights of shareholders in a statutory close corporation may differ materially from the rights of shareholders in other corporations. Copies of the articles of incorporation, the bylaws, if any, and shareholders' agreements or other documents, which may restrict transfers and affect voting and other rights, may be obtained without charge by a shareholder on written request to the corporation."
180.1809(1)(b) (b) Within a reasonable time after the issuance or transfer of uncertificated shares, the corporation shall deliver to the shareholders a written notice containing the information required by par. (a). The notice shall comply with s. 180.0141.
180.1809(1)(c) (c) Written notice given under this subsection satisfies the notice requirement under s. 180.0627 (3).
180.1809(2) (2)A person claiming an interest in shares of a statutory close corporation that has given the written notice required by sub. (1) is bound by the documents referred to in the notice. A person claiming an interest in shares of a corporation that has not given the written notice required by sub. (1) is bound by any documents of which he or she, or any person through whom he or she claims, has knowledge or notice.
180.1809 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1811 180.1811 Transfer of shares in breach of transfer restrictions.
180.1811(1)(1)An attempted transfer of shares in a statutory close corporation in violation of a transfer restriction that is binding on the transferee is ineffective.
180.1811(2) (2)An attempted transfer of shares in a statutory close corporation in violation of a transfer restriction that is not binding on the transferee, either because the corporation fails to give written notice under s. 180.1809 or because a court orders that the restriction prohibiting the transfer is unenforceable, gives the corporation the option to purchase the shares from the transferee for the same price paid and terms agreed to by the transferee. To exercise the option, the corporation shall give the transferee written notice that complies with s. 180.0141 and shall make payment within 75 days after the shares are presented for registration in the transferee's name.
180.1811 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1813 180.1813 Merger, share exchange and sale of assets.
180.1813(1)(a) (a) Notwithstanding ss. 180.1103 (3) to (5) and 180.1104, a plan of merger or share exchange that will terminate the status of the corporation as a statutory close corporation must be approved by the holders of at least two-thirds of the votes of each class or series of shares of the statutory close corporation, voting as separate voting groups, whether or not the holders are otherwise entitled to vote on the plan.
180.1813(1)(b) (b) Notwithstanding ss. 180.1103 (3) to (5) and 180.1104, a plan of merger under which the surviving corporation will become a statutory close corporation must be approved by the holders of at least two-thirds of the votes of each class or series of shares of the surviving corporation, voting as separate voting groups, whether or not the holders are otherwise entitled to vote on the plan.
180.1813(1)(c) (c) Notwithstanding s. 180.1103 (3) and (4), if under a plan of share exchange the corporation whose shares will be acquired in the share exchange will become a statutory close corporation, the share exchange must be approved by the holders of at least two-thirds of the votes of each class or series of shares of the corporation whose shares will be acquired, voting as separate voting groups, whether or not the holders are otherwise entitled to vote on the plan.
180.1813(1)(d) (d) If a plan of merger or share exchange is approved, a shareholder who did not vote in favor of the plan is entitled to assert dissenters' rights under ss. 180.1301 to 180.1331.
180.1813(2)(a)(a) Notwithstanding s. 180.1202 (3), a sale, lease, exchange or other disposition of all, or substantially all, of the property and assets, with or without the goodwill, of a statutory close corporation, if not made in the usual and regular course of its business, must be approved by the holders of at least two-thirds of the votes of each class or series of shares of the corporation, voting as separate voting groups, whether or not the holders are otherwise entitled to vote on the transaction.
180.1813(2)(b) (b) A shareholder who did not vote in favor of a disposition under this subsection is entitled to assert dissenters' rights under ss. 180.1301 to 180.1331.
180.1813 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1815 180.1815 Termination of statutory close corporation status.
180.1815(1)(1)A statutory close corporation ceases to be subject to ss. 180.1801 to 180.1837 upon the effectiveness of articles of amendment deleting from its articles of incorporation the statement that it is a statutory close corporation. If the corporation has elected under s. 180.1821 not to have a board of directors, the amendment shall also delete the statement in the articles of incorporation to that effect and shall specify the number, names and addresses of its directors.
180.1815(2) (2)An amendment under sub. (1) must be approved by the holders of two-thirds of the votes of each class or series of shares of the statutory close corporation, voting as separate voting groups, whether or not the holders are otherwise entitled to vote on amendments.
180.1815(3) (3)If the amendment to terminate the corporation's status as a statutory close corporation is approved, a shareholder who did not vote in favor of the amendment is entitled to assert dissenters' rights under ss. 180.1301 to 180.1331.
180.1815 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1817 180.1817 Effect of termination of statutory close corporation status.
180.1817(1)(1)The termination of statutory close corporation status does not affect the rights of any shareholder or the corporation under an agreement or the corporation's articles of incorporation, except to the extent that the agreement or the articles of incorporation are invalid under this chapter.
180.1817(2) (2)The corporation shall adopt bylaws if it has no bylaws on termination of statutory close corporation status.
180.1817 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1819 180.1819 Payment for shares.
180.1819(1)(1)A compromise or forgiveness of a note or other obligation to transfer money or other property to a statutory close corporation in payment for shares is valid only if approved by all of the shareholders of the corporation, unless the articles of incorporation or a final judgment in a proceeding brought to enforce the obligation provides otherwise.
180.1819(2) (2)In the absence of fraud, the judgment of the persons responsible for the issuance of shares as to the value of the consideration received for shares is conclusive.
180.1819 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1821 180.1821 Election not to have a board of directors.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on August 19, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 19, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-19-19)