181.0402 181.0402 Reserved name.
181.0402(1)(1) Reservation of names. A person may reserve the exclusive use of a corporate name, including a fictitious name for a foreign corporation whose corporate name is not available, by delivering an application to the department for filing or by making a telephone application. The application shall include the name and address of the applicant and the name proposed to be reserved. If the department finds that the corporate name applied for under this subsection is available, the department shall reserve the name for the applicant's exclusive use for a 120-day period, which may be renewed by the applicant or a transferee under sub. (2) from time to time.
181.0402(2) (2)Transfer of reserved name. A person who has the right to exclusive use of a reserved corporate name under sub. (1) may transfer the reservation to another person by delivering to the department a written and signed notice of the transfer that states the name and address of the transferee.
181.0402 History History: 1997 a. 79; 2001 a. 44.
181.0403 181.0403 Registered name.
181.0403(1)(1) By foreign corporation.
181.0403(1)(a)(a) A foreign corporation may register its corporate name if the name is distinguishable upon the records of the department from the names described in s. 181.1506 (2) and if the foreign corporation delivers to the department for filing an application complying with par. (b).
181.0403(1)(b) (b) A foreign corporation's application to register a corporate name shall be accompanied by a certificate of status or similar document from the state or country of incorporation and shall include all of the following information:
181.0403(1)(b)1. 1. The foreign corporation's corporate name.
181.0403(1)(b)2. 2. The state or country and the date of its incorporation.
181.0403(1)(b)3. 3. The street address of its principal office.
181.0403(1)(c) (c) The registration expires December 31. The foreign corporation may renew its registration by delivering to the department for filing a renewal application, which complies with par. (b), between October 1 and December 31 of each year that the registration is in effect. The renewal application when filed renews the registration for the next year.
181.0403(2) (2)Merger, name change or dissolution.
181.0403(2)(a)(a) A corporation may, upon merger, change of name or dissolution, register its corporate name for no more than 10 years by delivering to the department for filing an application, executed by the corporation, simultaneously with the delivery for filing of the articles of merger, the articles of dissolution, or the articles of amendment or the restated articles of incorporation that change the corporate name.
181.0403(2)(b) (b) A foreign corporation may, upon change of name, register its corporate name for no more than 10 years by delivering to the department for filing an application, executed by the foreign corporation, simultaneously with the delivery for filing of an application for an amended certificate of authority that changes the corporate name.
181.0403(3) (3)Effective date. A corporate name is registered under sub. (1) or (2) for the applicant's exclusive use on the effective date of the application.
181.0403(3m) (3m)Transfer of registered name. A person who has the right to exclusive use of a registered name under sub. (1) or (2) may transfer the registration to another person by delivering to the department a written and signed notice of the transfer that states the name and address of the transferee.
181.0403(4) (4)Termination of registered name.
181.0403(4)(a)(a) A foreign corporation whose registration is effective under sub. (1) may thereafter apply for a certificate of authority under the registered name or consent in writing to the use of that name by a domestic corporation thereafter incorporated under this chapter or by another foreign corporation thereafter authorized to transact business in this state. The registration terminates when the domestic corporation is incorporated or the foreign corporation obtains a certificate of authority or consents to another foreign corporation obtaining a certificate of authority under the registered name.
181.0403(4)(b) (b) The holder of a registration effective under sub. (2) may thereafter incorporate as a domestic corporation or obtain a certificate of authority under the registered name or consent in writing to use of that name by a domestic corporation thereafter incorporated under this chapter or by a foreign corporation thereafter authorized to transact business in this state. The registration terminates when any of the following occurs:
181.0403(4)(b)1. 1. The holder incorporates as a domestic corporation or obtains a certificate of authority under the registered name.
181.0403(4)(b)2. 2. The domestic corporation that has consent to use the registered name is incorporated.
181.0403(4)(b)3. 3. The holder consents to another foreign corporation obtaining a certificate of authority under the registered name.
181.0403 History History: 1997 a. 79.
subch. V of ch. 181 SUBCHAPTER V
OFFICE AND AGENT
181.0501 181.0501 Registered office and registered agent. Each corporation shall continuously maintain in this state a registered office and registered agent. The registered office may, but need not, be the same as any of its places of business. The registered agent shall be any of the following:
181.0501(1) (1)Individuals. An individual who resides in this state and whose business office is identical with the registered office.
181.0501(2) (2)Domestic entities. A domestic corporation, stock corporation, limited partnership, registered limited liability partnership, or limited liability company, incorporated, registered, or organized in this state, whose business office is identical with the registered office.
181.0501(3) (3)Foreign entities. A foreign corporation, stock corporation, limited partnership, registered limited liability partnership, or limited liability company, authorized to transact business in this state, whose business office is identical with the registered office.
181.0501 History History: 1997 a. 79; 2001 a. 44.
181.0502 181.0502 Change of registered office or registered agent.
181.0502(1)(1) Methods of changing office or agent. A corporation may change its registered office or registered agent, or both, by doing any of the following:
181.0502(1)(a) (a) Delivering to the department for filing a statement of change.
181.0502(1)(b) (b) Including the name of its registered agent and the street address of its registered office, as changed, in articles of amendment to its articles of incorporation, in a restatement of its articles of incorporation or in articles of merger.
181.0502(1)(c) (c) If a domestic corporation, including the name of its registered agent and the street address of its registered office, as changed, in its annual report under s. 181.1622. A change under this paragraph is effective on the date on which the annual report is filed by the department.
181.0502(2) (2)Contents of statement of change. Except as provided in sub. (3), a statement of change shall include all of the following information:
181.0502(2)(a) (a) The name of the corporation and, if applicable, a statement that the corporation is incorporated under this chapter.
181.0502(2)(b) (b) The name of its registered agent, as changed.
181.0502(2)(c) (c) The street address of its registered agent, as changed.
181.0502(2)(d) (d) A statement that after the change or changes are made, the street addresses of its registered office and the business office of its registered agent will be identical.
181.0502(3) (3)Registered agent change of address. If the name of a registered agent changes or if the street address of a registered agent's business office changes, the registered agent may change the name of the registered agent or street address of the registered office of any corporation for which he, she, or it is the registered agent. To make a change under this subsection, the registered agent shall notify the corporation in writing of the change and deliver to the department for filing a signed statement that complies with sub. (2) and recites that the corporation has been notified of the change.
181.0502 History History: 1997 a. 79; 2005 a. 476.
181.0503 181.0503 Resignation of registered agent.
181.0503(1) (1) Statement of resignation. The registered agent of a corporation may resign by signing and delivering to the department for filing a statement of resignation that includes all of the following information:
181.0503(1)(a) (a) The name of the corporation for which the registered agent is acting.
181.0503(1)(b) (b) The name of the registered agent.
181.0503(1)(c) (c) The street address of the corporation's current registered office and its principal office.
181.0503(1)(d) (d) A statement that the registered agent resigns.
181.0503(1)(e) (e) If applicable, a statement that the registered office is also discontinued.
181.0503(2) (2)Notice to corporation. After filing the statement, the department shall mail a copy to the corporation at its principal office.
181.0503(3) (3)Effective date. The resignation is effective and, if applicable, the registered office is discontinued on the earlier of the following:
181.0503(3)(a) (a) Sixty days after the department receives the statement of resignation for filing.
181.0503(3)(b) (b) The date on which the appointment of a successor registered agent is effective.
181.0503 History History: 1997 a. 79.
181.0504 181.0504 Service on corporation.
181.0504(1) (1) Registered agent. A corporation's registered agent is the corporation's agent for service of process, notice or demand required or permitted by law to be served on the corporation.
181.0504(2) (2)By mail. Except as provided in sub. (3), if a corporation has no registered agent or the agent cannot with reasonable diligence be served, the corporation may be served by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, addressed to the corporation at its principal office. Service is perfected under this subsection at the earliest of the following:
181.0504(2)(a) (a) The date on which the corporation receives the mail.
181.0504(2)(b) (b) The date shown on the return receipt, if signed on behalf of the corporation.
181.0504(2)(c) (c) Five days after its deposit in the U.S. mail, if mailed postpaid and correctly addressed.
181.0504(3) (3)By publication. Except as provided in s. 181.1421 (2) (b), if the address of the corporation's principal office cannot be determined from the records held by the department, the corporation may be served by publishing a class 3 notice, under ch. 985, in the community where the corporation's principal office or registered office, as most recently designated in the records of the department, is located.
181.0504(4) (4)Other methods of service. This section does not limit or affect the right to serve any process, notice or demand required or permitted by law to be served on a corporation in any other manner permitted by law.
181.0504 History History: 1997 a. 79; 2011 a. 234.
subch. VI of ch. 181 SUBCHAPTER VI
MEMBERS AND MEMBERSHIPS
181.0601 181.0601 Admission.
181.0601(1)(1) Criteria and procedures. The articles of incorporation or bylaws may establish criteria or procedures for admission of members.
181.0601(2) (2)Consent required. A person may not be admitted as a member without the person's consent.
181.0601 History History: 1997 a. 79.
181.0602 181.0602 Consideration and certificates. Except as provided in its articles of incorporation or bylaws, a corporation may admit members for no consideration or for such consideration as is determined by the board. A corporation may issue certificates evidencing membership in the corporation.
181.0602 History History: 1997 a. 79.
181.0603 181.0603 No requirement of members. A corporation is not required to have members.
181.0603 History History: 1997 a. 79.
181.0610 181.0610 Differences in rights and obligations of members. All members shall have the same rights and obligations with respect to voting, dissolution, redemption and transfer, unless the articles of incorporation or bylaws establish classes of membership with different rights or obligations. All members shall have the same rights and obligations with respect to any other matters, except as set forth in or authorized by the articles of incorporation or bylaws.
181.0610 History History: 1997 a. 79.
181.0611 181.0611 Transfers.
181.0611(1)(1) When authorized. Except as set forth in or authorized by the articles of incorporation or bylaws, a member of a corporation may not transfer a membership or any right arising from a membership.
181.0611(2) (2)Adoption of restrictions. If transfer rights have been provided, no restriction on them shall be binding with respect to a member holding a membership issued before the adoption of the restriction unless the restriction is approved by the members and the affected member.
181.0611 History History: 1997 a. 79.
181.0612 181.0612 Member's liability to 3rd parties. A member of a corporation is not, as a member, personally liable for the acts, debts, liabilities or obligations of the corporation.
181.0612 History History: 1997 a. 79.
181.0613 181.0613 Member's liability for dues, assessments and fees. A member may become liable to the corporation for dues, assessments or fees. An article of incorporation or bylaw provision or a resolution adopted by the board authorizing or imposing dues, assessments or fees does not, of itself, create liability.
181.0613 History History: 1997 a. 79.
181.0614 181.0614 Creditor's action against member.
181.0614(1) (1) Final judgment required. A proceeding may not be brought by a creditor to reach the liability, if any, of a member under s. 181.0613 to the corporation unless final judgment has been rendered in favor of the creditor against the corporation.
181.0614(2) (2)Intervention and joinder. A creditor of the corporation, with or without reducing the creditor's claim to judgment, may intervene in a creditor's proceeding brought under sub. (1) to reach and apply unpaid amounts due the corporation. Any member who owes an amount to the corporation may be joined in the proceeding.
181.0614 History History: 1997 a. 79.
181.0620 181.0620 Termination, expulsion and suspension.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before June 30, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-14)