(4) Discrimination prohibited; competition. 196.374(4)(a)(a)
In implementing programs under sub. (2) (a) 1.
, including the awarding of grants or contracts, a person who contracts with the utilities under sub. (2) (a) 1.
, or a person who subcontracts with such a person:
May not discriminate against an energy utility or its affiliate or a wholesale supplier or its affiliate solely on the basis of its status as an energy utility or its affiliate or wholesale supplier or its affiliate.
Shall provide services to utility customers on a nondiscriminatory basis and subject to a customer's choice.
An energy utility that provides financing under an energy efficiency program under sub. (2) (b) 1.
for installation, by a customer, of energy efficiency or renewable resource processes, equipment, or appliances, or an affiliate of such a utility, may not sell to or install for the customer those processes, equipment, appliances, or related materials. The customer shall acquire the installation of the processes, equipment, appliances, or related materials from an independent contractor of the customer's choice.
The commission shall ensure in rate-making orders that an energy utility recovers from its ratepayers the amounts the energy utility spends for programs under sub. (2) (a) 1.
A customer of an energy utility that the commission has not determined is a large energy customer under 2005 Wisconsin Act 141
, section 102 (8) (b)
, may petition the commission for a determination that the customer is a large energy customer. The commission shall determine that a petitioner is a large energy customer if the petitioner satisfies the definition of large energy customer for any month in the 12 months preceding the date of the petition. If the commission makes such a determination, the commission shall also determine the amount that the energy utility may collect from the customer each month for recovery of the amounts under par. (a)
. The commission shall determine an amount that ensures that the amount collected from the customer is similar to the amounts collected from other customers that have a similar level of energy costs as the customer. Except as provided in sub. (2) (c)
and par. (bm) 2.
, each month, the energy utility shall collect from the customer, for recovery of amounts under par. (a)
, the amount determined by the commission under this subdivision.
The commission shall commence a proceeding for creating a proposal for allocating within different classes of customers an equitable distribution of the recovery of the amounts under par. (a)
by all energy utilities. The purpose of the allocation is to ensure that customers of an energy utility within a particular class are treated equitably with respect to customers of other energy utilities within the same class. No later than December 31, 2008, the commission shall submit the proposal to the governor and chief clerk of each house of the legislature for distribution to the appropriate standing committees of the legislature under s. 13.172 (3)
If, by July 1, 2009, legislation based on the proposal under subd. 1.
has not been enacted, the commission shall, beginning on July 1, 2009, annually increase the amount that an energy utility may recover from a large energy customer each month under par. (b)
only by a percentage that is the lesser of the following:
The percentage increase in the energy utility's operating revenues during the preceding year.
The percentage increase in the consumer price index for all urban consumers, U.S. city average, as determined by the U.S. department of labor, during the preceding year.
Until the proposal under subd. 1.
takes effect, the commission may not include the revenues received from a large energy customer in the calculation of operating revenues for purposes of sub. (3) (b) 2.
for an energy utility that in 2005 did not collect revenues from its customers under s. 196.374 (3)
, 2003 stats.
The commission may prescribe the accounting treatment of energy utility expenditures required under this section, including the use of any escrow accounting.
Subject to pars. (b)
and (bm) 2.
, the commission shall ensure that the cost of energy efficiency and renewable resource programs is equitably divided among customer classes so that similarly situated ratepayers contribute equivalent amounts for the programs.
The commission shall ensure that, on an annual basis, each customer class of an energy utility has the opportunity to receive grants and benefits under energy efficiency programs in an amount equal to the amount that is recovered from the customer class under sub. (5) (a)
. Biennially, the commission shall submit a report to the governor, and the chief clerk of each house of the legislature for distribution to the legislature under s. 13.172 (2)
, that summarizes the total amount recovered from each customer class and the total amount of grants made to, and benefits received by, each customer class.
The commission shall ensure that customers throughout the state have an equivalent opportunity to receive the benefits of the programs under sub. (2) (a) 1.
and (b) 1.
The commission shall ensure that statewide programs are designed to ensure that retail customers in areas not served by programs under sub. (2) (b) 1.
receive equivalent opportunities as those in areas served by programs under sub. (2) (b) 1.
(6) Annual statements.
Annually, the commission shall prepare a statement that describes the programs under sub. (2) (a) 1.
, (b) 1.
, and (c)
, and ordered programs, administered or funded by the energy utility and presents cost and benefit information for those programs. An energy utility shall provide each of its customers with a copy of the statement.
(7) Municipal utilities and retail electric cooperatives. 196.374(7)(a)1.1.
Each retail electric cooperative and municipal utility shall charge a monthly fee to each customer or member in an amount that is sufficient for the retail electric cooperative or municipal utility to collect an annual average of $8 per meter. A retail electric cooperative or municipal utility may determine the amount that a particular class of customers or members is required to pay under this subdivision and may charge different fees to different classes of customers or members.
Notwithstanding subd. 1.
, in any month, the monthly fee under subd. 1.
may not exceed 1.5 percent of the total of every other charge for which the member or customer is billed for that month or $375 per month, whichever is less.
Except as provided in subd. 2.
, each retail electric cooperative and municipal utility shall spend the fees that it charges under par. (a)
on commitment to community programs. The purpose of the programs under this paragraph shall be to help achieve environmentally sound and adequate energy supplies at reasonable cost.
No later than October 1, 2007, and no later than every 3rd year after that date, each municipal utility or retail electric cooperative shall notify the commission whether it has elected to contribute the fees that it charges under par. (a)
to statewide programs established under sub. (2) (a) 1.
in each year of the 3-year period for which it has made the election. If a municipal utility or retail electric cooperative elects to contribute to the statewide programs established under sub. (2) (a) 1.
, the utility or cooperative shall contribute the fees that it collects under par. (a)
to the payment of contracts under sub. (2) (a) 1.
for administration of the statewide programs, as specified in the rules under sub. (3) (f) 1.
, in each year of the 3-year period for which the utility or cooperative has made the election.
Wholesale supplier credit.
If a wholesale supplier has established an energy efficiency or load management program, a municipal utility or retail electric cooperative that is a customer or member of the wholesale supplier may include an amount equal to the product of the municipal utility's or retail electric cooperative's wholesale supply percentage and the amount that the wholesale supplier has spent on energy efficiency or load management programs in a year in calculating the amount that the municipal utility or retail electric cooperative has spent on commitment to community programs under par. (b)
Municipal utilities or retail electric cooperatives may establish joint commitment to community programs, except that each municipal utility or retail electric cooperative that participates in a joint program shall comply with the spending requirements under par. (b)
Annually, each municipal utility and retail electric cooperative that spends the fee that it charges under par. (a)
for commitment to community programs under par. (b)
shall provide for an independent audit of its programs and submit a report to the commission that describes all of the following:
An accounting of fees charged to customers or members under par. (a)
in the year and expenditures on commitment to community programs under par. (b)
, including any amounts included in the municipal utility's or retail electric cooperative's calculations under par. (c)
A description of commitment to community programs established by the municipal utility or retail electric cooperative in the year.
The effectiveness of the commitment to community programs in reducing demand for electricity by customers or members.
The commission shall require that municipal utilities and retail electric cooperatives file reports under subd. 1.
electronically, in a format that allows for tabulation, comparison, and other analysis of the reports.
The commission shall maintain reports filed under subd. 1.
for at least 6 years.
An energy utility that spends the full amount required under sub. (3) (b) 2.
in any year is considered to have satisfied its requirements under this section for that year.
See also ch. PSC 137
, Wis. adm. code.
Adequate service; reasonable rates.
Upon complaint by any party affected, setting forth that any grantee of a permit to develop hydraulic power and generate hydroelectric energy for sale or service to the public is not furnishing consumers of this state with adequate service at a reasonable rate as a result of sales of the energy outside of the state, the commission may declare any or all contracts entered into by the grantee for the sales null and void insofar as the contracts interfere with the service or rate. The commission may not make a declaration under this section except after a hearing and investigation and a recorded finding that convenience and necessity require the sale of a specified part or all such energy within this state.
History: 1983 a. 53
Renewable energy sources. 196.377(1)(1)
Promotion of renewable energy systems.
The commission shall encourage public utilities to develop and demonstrate electric generating technologies that utilize renewable sources of energy, including new, innovative or experimental technologies. The commission may ensure that a public utility fully recovers the cost of developing, constructing and operating such demonstrations through rates charged to customers of the utility.
“Eastern Wisconsin utility" means a public utility, other than a municipal utility that, on May 12, 1998, provided retail electric service to customers in the geographic area of the state that was served by the reliability council on that date.
“Municipal utility" means a public utility that is a municipality or that is wholly owned or operated by a municipality.
“Reliability council" means the Mid-America Interconnected Network, Inc., reliability council of the North American Electric Reliability Council.
Except as provided in par. (d)
, no later than December 31, 2000, each eastern Wisconsin utility shall construct or procure, on a competitive basis, the construction of an aggregate total of 50 megawatts of new electric capacity in this state that is, to the satisfaction of the commission, generated from renewable energy sources. Each eastern Wisconsin utility shall construct or procure the construction of a share of the aggregate total required under this paragraph that corresponds to the utility's share, as determined by the commission, of the aggregate demand for electricity that is supplied by the utilities in this state.
An eastern Wisconsin utility may procure the construction required under par. (a)
by issuing requests for proposals no later than September 30, 1998.
The commission may allow an eastern Wisconsin utility to comply with the requirements under par. (b)
by a date that is later than December 31, 2000, if the commission determines that the later date is necessary due to circumstances beyond the utility's control.
Any new electric capacity that is generated from a wind power project for which an eastern Wisconsin utility has received a proposal before May 12, 1998, may be counted in determining whether the utility has satisfied the requirements under par. (b)
The commission shall allow an eastern Wisconsin utility to recover in its retail electric rates any costs that are prudently incurred by the utility in complying with the requirements under par. (b)
History: 1993 a. 418
; 1997 a. 204
Renewable resources. 196.378(1)(ag)
“Baseline renewable percentage" means the average of an energy provider's renewable energy percentage for 2001, 2002, and 2003.
“Biomass cofired facility" means a renewable facility in which biomass and conventional resources are fired together.
“Biomass" means a resource that derives energy from wood or plant material or residue, biological waste, crops grown for use as a resource or landfill gases. “Biomass" does not include garbage, as defined in s. 289.01 (9)
, or nonvegetation-based industrial, commercial or household waste, except that “biomass" includes refuse-derived fuel used for a renewable facility that was in service before January 1, 1998.
“Conventional resource" means a resource that derives energy from coal, oil, nuclear power or natural gas, except for natural gas used in a fuel cell.
“Electric provider" means an electric utility or retail electric cooperative.
“Electric utility" means a public utility that sells electricity at retail. For purposes of this paragraph, a public utility is not considered to sell electricity at retail solely on the basis of its ownership or operation of a retail electric distribution system.
“Large hydroelectric facility" means an electric generating facility with a capacity of 60 megawatts or more that derives electricity from hydroelectric power.
“Renewable energy" means electricity derived from a renewable resource.
“Renewable energy percentage" means, with respect to an electric provider for a particular year, the percentage that results from dividing the sum of the megawatt hours represented by the following by the total amount of electricity that the electric provider sold to retail customers or members in that year:
The renewable resource credits created from the electric provider's total renewable energy in that year.
Any renewable resource credits in addition to the renewable resource credits specified in subd. 1.
that the electric provider elects to use in that year.
“Renewable energy supplier" means a person from whom an electric provider purchases renewable energy at wholesale.
“Renewable facility" means an installed and operational electric generating facility, located in or outside this state, that generates renewable energy.
“Renewable resource" means any of the following:
A resource that derives electricity from any of the following:
A fuel cell that uses, as determined by the commission, a renewable fuel.
Densified fuel pellets made from waste material that does not include garbage, as defined in s. 289.01 (9)
, and that contains no more than 30 percent fixed carbon.
A resource that derives electricity from hydroelectric power.
Any other resource, except a conventional resource, that the commission designates as a renewable resource in rules promulgated under sub. (4)
“Renewable resource credit" means a credit calculated in accordance with rules promulgated under sub. (3) (a) 1.
, and 2.
“Resource" means a source of energy used to generate electric power.