The issuer bank, having failed to effectuate the corporate action, does not return the deposited certificates or release the transfer restrictions imposed on uncertificated shares within 60 days after the date set under s. 221.0710
for demanding payment.
(2) Waiver of rights.
A dissenter waives his or her right to demand payment under this section unless the dissenter notifies the bank of his or her demand under sub. (1)
in writing within 30 days after the bank makes or offers payment for his or her shares. The notice shall comply with s. 221.0103
History: 1995 a. 336
When special proceeding required.
If a demand for payment under s. 221.0716
remains unsettled, the bank shall bring a special proceeding within 60 days after receiving the payment demand under s. 221.0716
and petition the court to determine the fair value of the shares and accrued interest. If the bank does not bring the special proceeding within the 60-day period, it shall pay each dissenter whose demand remains unsettled the amount demanded.
(2) Where proceeding to be brought.
The bank shall bring the special proceeding in the circuit court for the county where its principal office or, if none in this state, its registered office is located. If the bank is a foreign bank without a registered office in this state, it shall bring the special proceeding in the county in this state in which was located the registered office of the issuer bank that merged with or whose shares were acquired by the foreign bank.
(3) Parties to the proceeding.
The bank shall make all dissenters, whether or not residents of this state, whose demands remain unsettled parties to the special proceeding. Each party to the special proceeding shall be served with a copy of the petition as provided in s. 801.14
The jurisdiction of the court in which the special proceeding is brought under sub. (2)
is plenary and exclusive. The court may appoint one or more persons as appraisers to receive evidence and recommend a decision on the question of fair value. An appraiser has the power described in the order appointing him or her or in any amendment to the order. The dissenters are entitled to the same discovery rights as parties in other civil proceedings.
Each dissenter made a party to the special proceeding is entitled to judgment for any of the following:
The amount, if any, by which the court finds the fair value of his or her shares, plus interest, exceeds the amount paid by the bank.
The fair value, plus accrued interest, of his or her shares acquired on or after the date specified in the dissenters' notice under s. 221.0710 (2) (c)
, for which the bank elected to withhold payment under s. 221.0715
History: 1995 a. 336
; 1999 a. 83
Court costs and counsel fees. 221.0718(1)(a)
Notwithstanding ss. 814.01
, the court in a special proceeding brought under s. 221.0717
shall determine all costs of the proceeding, including the reasonable compensation and expenses of appraisers appointed by the court and shall assess the costs against the bank, except as provided in par. (b)
Notwithstanding ss. 814.01
, the court may assess costs against all or some of the dissenters, in amounts that the court finds to be equitable, to the extent that the court finds the dissenters acted arbitrarily, vexatiously or not in good faith in demanding payment under s. 221.0716
(2) When liable for fees and costs.
The parties shall bear their own expenses of the proceeding, except that, notwithstanding ss. 814.01
, the court may also assess the fees and expenses of counsel and experts for the respective parties, in amounts that the court finds to be equitable, as follows:
Against the bank and in favor of any dissenter if the court finds that the bank did not substantially comply with ss. 221.0708
Against the bank or against a dissenter, in favor of any other party, if the court finds that the party against whom the fees and expenses are assessed acted arbitrarily, vexatiously or not in good faith with respect to the rights provided by this chapter.
(3) Payment of counsel and experts from recovery.
Notwithstanding ss. 814.01
, if the court finds that the services of counsel and experts for any dissenter were of substantial benefit to other dissenters similarly situated, the court may award to these counsel and experts reasonable fees to be paid out of the amounts awarded the dissenters who were benefited.
History: 1995 a. 336
DISSOLUTION AND LIQUIDATION
A bank organized or doing business under this chapter may go into liquidation by a vote of its shareholders owning a majority of the capital stock outstanding or such greater percentage required under the articles of incorporation or bylaws. If a vote is taken to go into liquidation, the board of directors shall give notice of this fact to the division, and the notice shall be certified by an officer of the bank. A liquidating bank may not transfer assets or liabilities to another bank until the transfer is approved by the division.
The board of directors shall also give notice of this fact by certified mail to all persons whose names appear as creditors upon the books of the bank and by publication as a class 3 notice, under ch. 985
. The notice shall direct all persons who may have claims against the bank to file the claims.
History: 1995 a. 336
Banks may be placed in hands of division.
A bank doing business under this chapter may place its affairs and assets under the control of the division by posting a notice on its front door, as follows: “This bank is in the hands of the Division of Banking of the Department of Financial Institutions". Immediately upon posting such notice, the bank shall notify the division of this action. The posting of the notice, or the taking possession of a bank by the division, places the bank's assets and property in the possession of the division, and bars any attachment proceedings. For each day the division is placed in possession of the bank, and until such time as a special deputy is appointed under s. 220.08 (4)
, the bank shall pay to the division the actual cost of such liquidation proceedings. The division shall pay the amounts to the state treasurer and the percentage specified in s. 20.144 (1) (g)
shall be credited to the appropriation account under s. 20.144 (1) (g)
History: 1995 a. 336
; 1997 a. 35
Charter, how forfeited.
If the board of directors or a quorum thereof or any committee of the board of any bank knowingly violates or knowingly permits any of the officers, agents or employees of the bank to violate this chapter, the directors are jointly and severally liable for the amount of the loss sustained by the bank. If, after a warning from the division, the directors shall fail to make good any loss or damage resulting from the violations, or continue such conduct, it shall constitute a ground for the forfeiture of the charter of the bank, and the division shall institute proceedings to enforce the forfeiture and to secure a dissolution and a winding up of the affairs of the bank.
History: 1995 a. 336
INTERSTATE BANKING AND FOREIGN BANKS
Acquisitions of banks and bank holding companies. 221.0901(1)(1)
This section applies to acquisitions of an in-state bank or an in-state bank holding company by any company.
“Bank holding company" has the meaning set forth in 12 USC 1841
(a), and unless the context otherwise requires, includes an in-state bank holding company, an out-of-state bank holding company and a foreign bank holding company.
“Bank supervisory agency" means the U.S. office of the comptroller of the currency, the federal deposit insurance corporation, the board of governors of the federal reserve system, or any successor to these agencies, or any agency of another state with primary responsibility for chartering and supervising banks.
“Foreign bank holding company" means a bank holding company that is organized under the laws of a country other than the United States or any territory or possession of the United States.
“Home state" means, with respect to an out-of-state bank, the state in which the bank is chartered and, with respect to an out-of-state bank holding company, the state in which the total deposits of all banking subsidiaries of the company are the largest.
“In-state bank" means a bank that is organized under this chapter, a trust company bank organized under ch. 223
or a bank organized under federal law and having its principal place of business in this state.
“In-state bank holding company" means a bank holding company that has its principal place of business in this state or a company that has control of a trust company organized under ch. 223
and is not controlled by a bank holding company other than an in-state bank holding company.
“Out-of-state bank" means a bank that is not an in-state bank.
“Out-of-state bank holding company" means a bank holding company that is not an in-state bank holding company and, unless the context requires otherwise, includes a foreign bank holding company.
“Out-of-state banking organization" means an out-of-state bank or out-of-state bank holding company.
“Principal place of business" of a bank holding company means the state in which the total deposits of its bank subsidiaries are the greatest.
“State" means any state, territory or other possession of the United States, including the District of Columbia.
Except as otherwise expressly permitted by federal law or par. (b)
, no company may do any of the following without the prior approval of the division:
Merge or consolidate with an in-state bank holding company or in-state bank.
More than 25 percent of any class of voting shares of an in-state bank holding company or an in-state bank, if the acquiring company is not a bank holding company prior to the acquisition.
More than 5 percent of any class of voting shares of an in-state bank holding company or an in-state bank, if the acquiring company is a bank holding company prior to the acquisition.
All or substantially all of the assets of an in-state bank holding company or an in-state bank.
Take other action that results in the direct or indirect acquisition of control of an in-state bank holding company or an in-state bank.
The approval of the division is not needed under par. (a)
in any of the following transactions:
A transaction arranged by the division or a bank supervisory agency to prevent the insolvency or closing of the acquired bank.
A transaction in which a bank forms its own bank holding company, if the ownership rights of the former bank shareholders are substantially similar to those of the shareholders of the new bank holding company.
In a transaction in which the division's approval is not required under par. (b)
, the parties shall give written notice to the division at least 15 days before the effective date of the acquisition, unless a shorter period of notice is required under applicable federal law.
In a transaction in which the division's approval is not required because the transaction is expressly permitted under federal law, an out-of-state bank that will result from a merger, consolidation or other transaction involving an in-state bank shall give notice to the division of the proposed merger, consolidation or other transaction no later than the date on which it files an application for the proposed merger, consolidation or other transaction with the federal bank supervisory agency. The notification shall include all of the following:
A copy of the application submitted to the federal bank supervisory agency.
(4) Required application.
A company that requires the division's approval under sub. (3) (a)
shall do all of the following:
File with the division an application in the form that the division requires.
Pay to the division an application fee determined by the division.
Reimburse the division for all actual costs incurred by the division in making an investigation related to the application under par. (a)
and in holding any hearing on the application.
Cause to be published a class 3 notice, under ch. 985
, in the form prescribed by the division, in the official state newspaper, of the application under par. (a)
and of the opportunity for a hearing under sub. (5)
. If the application is to acquire an in-state bank, the notice also shall be published in a newspaper of general circulation in the city, village or town where the home office of the in-state bank is located.
File with the division proof of publication of the notice under par. (d)
, upon completion of the publication of the notice.
If the applicant is an out-of-state bank holding company, submit to the division with the application, proof that the applicant has complied with, or is exempt from, the requirements of subch. XV of ch. 180
Except as provided in par. (b)
, the division shall hold a hearing on the application under sub. (4) (a)
if at least 25 residents of this state petition for a hearing within 30 days after the notice under sub. (4) (d)
or if the division, on its own motion, calls for a hearing within 30 days after the notice under sub. (4) (d)
. Except as provided in par. (b)
, the division may not approve any transaction under sub. (3) (a)
until the later of 30 days after the notice under sub. (4) (d)
or 30 days after any hearing required under this paragraph.
does not apply to a proposed transaction if the division finds that an emergency exists and that the proposed transaction is necessary and appropriate to prevent the probable failure of an in-state bank.
(6) Standards for disapproval.
The division may disapprove a transaction under sub. (3) (a)
if the division finds any of the following:
Considering the financial and managerial resources and future prospects of the applicant and of the in-state bank or in-state bank holding company, the transaction would be contrary to the best interests of the shareholders or customers of the in-state bank or in-state bank holding company.
The action would be detrimental to the safety and soundness of the applicant or of the in-state bank or in-state bank holding company, or to the safety and soundness of a subsidiary or affiliate of the applicant, the in-state bank or the in-state bank holding company.
Because the applicant or its executive officers, directors or principal shareholders have not established a record of sound performance, efficient management, financial responsibility and integrity, the action would be contrary to the best interests of the depositors, other customers, creditors or shareholders of the applicant or of the in-state bank or in-state bank holding company or contrary to the best interests of the public.
The applicant has received a rating of “needs to improve record of meeting community credit needs" under 12 USC 2906
(b) (2) (C) or “substantial noncompliance in meeting community credit needs" under 12 USC 2906
(b) (2) (D) by the bank supervisory agency.
The applicant has failed to enter into an agreement prepared by the division to comply with the laws and rules of this state regulating consumer credit finance charges and other charges and related disclosure requirements, except to the extent preempted by federal law or regulation.
The applicant fails to meet any other standards established by rule of the division.
(7) State concentration limit.
The division may not approve any transaction under sub. (3) (a)
if, upon consummation of the transaction, the applicant would control a greater percentage of the total amount of deposits of insured depository institutions in the state than the percentage specified under 12 USC 1842
(d) (2) (B) (ii).