There is created a state investment fund under the jurisdiction and management of the board to be operated as an investment trust for the purpose of managing the securities of all funds that are required by law to be invested in the state investment fund and all of the state's funds specified in s. 25.17 (1)
, except all of the following:
The injured patients and families compensation fund.
Funds that under article X
of the constitution are controlled and invested by the board of commissioners of public lands.
Funds that are required by specific provision of law to be controlled and invested by any other authority.
The college savings program credit union deposit trust fund.
The respective authorities controlling the investment of any fund excluded under par. (a)
may authorize the transfer of any temporary cash assets of any fund excluded under par. (a)
to the state investment fund in accordance with subs. (2)
At such time as the board determines, all of the securities held by any of the state's funds, except those specifically excluded in sub. (1)
, shall be transferred, at the market value plus accrued interest as of the date of transfer, to the state investment fund together with such amounts of cash as may be required to provide each contributing fund an equity in the state investment fund which may be expressed in terms of even thousands of dollars. Thereafter, the department of administration shall make such subsequent transfers of money between the individual funds and the state investment fund as in its judgment is advisable and in accordance with cash requirements of the individual funds, such transfer to be made on the basis of even thousands of dollars, and it shall furnish to the board such information with respect to daily balances of individual funds within the investment fund as may be required.
The department of administration, upon consultation with the board, shall distribute all earnings, profits, or losses of the state investment fund to each participating fund in the same ratio as each participating fund's average daily balance within the state investment fund bears to the total average daily balance of all participating funds, except as provided in s. 16.401 (14)
and except that the department of administration shall credit to the appropriation account under s. 20.505 (1) (kj)
an amount equal to the amount assessed under s. 25.19 (3)
from the earnings or profits of the funds against which an assessment is made. Distributions under this section shall be made at such times as the department of administration may determine, but must be made at least semiannually in each complete fiscal year of operation.
The department of administration shall maintain such records as may be required to account for each contributing fund's share in the state investment fund.
The investment board is an independent going concern not protected by sovereign immunity. Bahr v. State v. Investment Board, 186 Wis. 2d 379
, 521 N.W.2d 152
(Ct. App. 1994).
Board; purpose and standard of responsibility. 25.15(1)(1)
The purpose of the board is to provide professional investment management of trusts, operating funds and capital funds established by law. It is the intent of the legislature that the board be an independent agency of the state which is to manage money and property for the state, its agencies and trust funds. The goal of board management shall be towards accomplishing the purpose of each trust or fund.
(2) Standard of responsibility.
Except as provided in s. 25.17 (2)
and (3) (c)
, the standard of responsibility applied to the board when it manages money and property shall be all of the following:
To manage the money and property with the care, skill, prudence and diligence under the circumstances then prevailing that a prudent person acting in a similar capacity, with the same resources, and familiar with like matters exercises in the conduct of an enterprise of a like character with like aims.
To diversify investments in order to minimize the risk of large losses, unless under the circumstances it is clearly prudent not to do so, considering each trust's or fund's portfolio as a whole at any point in time.
To administer assets of each trust or fund solely for the purpose of ensuring the fulfillment of the purpose of each trust or fund at a reasonable cost and not for any other purpose.
(4) Investments within standard of responsibility.
Investments in reverse annuity mortgages may not be presumed to violate the standard of responsibility under sub. (2)
All records of commissions paid by the board for purchases and sales of investments are open to public inspection, except those relating to investments made or considered by the board in securities of entities that are in the venture capital stage.
See also chs. IB 1
, Wis. adm. code.
The Investment Board has the power to make investments that meet the standard of prudence under s. 25.15 (2), even if those investments are not specifically listed in ch. 25. Prior to making investments other than the types enumerated in ch. 25, the board is not required to make a threshold finding that investing solely in the “legal list" would not meet the standard of prudence. The statutory standard for prudence remains the same whether the board is investing in an enumerated investment, or one that is not enumerated. Because the standard of prudence, however, takes into account the trustees' powers to manage the funds, the board's expanded powers are a relevant factor in evaluating whether the board has met that standard. OAG 11-08
Powers and duties of members of the board. 25.156(1)(1)
The members of the board shall be the governing body of the board and shall promulgate rules and formulate policies considered necessary and appropriate to carry out its functions.
The board shall employ an executive director, who shall serve outside the classified service. The executive director shall be qualified by training and prior experience to manage, administer and direct the investment of funds. The board shall fix the compensation of the executive director and may award bonus compensation.
The board shall employ an internal auditor, who shall serve outside the classified service. The board shall fix the compensation of the internal auditor.
The members of the board shall appoint an investment director or the executive assistant to the executive director, internal auditor, chief investment officer, chief financial officer, chief legal counsel or chief risk officer to act as assistant director, except that until the appointment is made by the members of the board, the executive director may temporarily designate the assistant director.
The members of the board shall promulgate rules restricting the executive director, executive assistant to the executive director, internal auditor, chief investment officer, chief financial officer, chief legal counsel, chief risk officer, investment directors and employees from having financial interest, directly or indirectly, in firms or corporations providing services to the department and governing the receipt of gifts or favors therefrom, and also governing personal investments of all employees including the executive director, executive assistant to the executive director, internal auditor, chief investment officer, chief financial officer, chief legal counsel, chief risk officer and investment directors to prevent conflicts of interest.
The members of the board shall be the trustees of the state investment fund.
The board shall keep full minutes of its proceedings.
The chairperson of the board shall appear at least annually before any committee established in the senate, whose jurisdiction includes financial institutions, if that committee so requests.
See also chs. IB 1
, Wis. adm. code.
The board lacks authority to place one of its members or employees on the board of directors of a private corporation. 75 Atty. Gen. 213
Executive director. 25.16(1)(1)
The executive and administrative functions of the board, except for the functions performed by the internal auditor under s. 25.165 (2)
, shall be vested in an executive director, who shall perform the functions of executive director in conformity with the requirements of the members of the board and in accordance with policies, principles and directives determined by the members of the board.
The executive director may appoint a chief legal counsel, chief financial officer, chief risk officer and not more than 11 investment directors and shall appoint a chief investment officer and all other employees necessary to carry out the functions of the board, except that the board shall appoint the internal auditor and shall participate in the selection of the chief investment officer and investment directors and the internal auditor shall appoint his or her staff. The executive director shall appoint all employees outside the classified service. Neither the executive director, the internal auditor, the chief investment officer, the chief legal counsel, the chief financial officer, the chief risk officer, any investment director nor any other employee of the board shall have any financial interest, either directly or indirectly, in any firm engaged in the sale or marketing of real estate or investments of any kind, nor shall any of them render investment advice to others for remuneration.
The executive director may appoint an executive assistant. The executive assistant shall perform the duties prescribed by the executive director.
The executive director shall take the official oath and the executive director, chief investment officer and each investment director shall file a bond for the faithful performance of that person's duties in such amount and with such sureties as the members of the board require.
The assistant director shall act in place of the executive director in his or her absence or disability. The assistant director shall take and file the official oath required of the executive director.
All deeds, contracts and other documents which must be executed by or on behalf of the board shall be signed by the executive director. The executive director may delegate the authority to execute documents to other board employees. Where the board has an interest in property, the authority to execute leases as lessor may be delegated within leasing guidelines to outside managers retained pursuant to a written contract. The members of the board or the executive director may require the countersignature of an investment director or an investment supervisor on certain documents.
The executive director shall fix the compensation of all employees appointed by the executive director, but the board may provide for bonus compensation to employees. All employees shall pay employee required contributions under s. 40.05 (1) (a) 1.
, whichever is appropriate, and shall pay the employee share of health insurance premiums as determined under s. 40.05 (4) (ag)
See also s. IB 1.07
, Wis. adm. code.
Internal auditor. 25.165(1)(1)
There is created in the board an internal audit subunit, under the supervision of the internal auditor. The internal auditor shall report directly to the board and shall appoint all employees necessary to carry out the duties of the internal auditor. The internal auditor shall appoint all employees outside the classified service. The internal auditor shall fix the compensation of all employees appointed by the internal auditor, but the board may provide for bonus compensation to employees.
The internal auditor may review any activity, information or investment of the board and have access to records of the board and any external party under contract with the board and shall do all of the following:
Plan and conduct audit activities, risk assessments, research projects and management reviews under the direction of the board and in accordance with policies, principles and directives determined by the board.
Coordinate and assist with external audits and reviews of the board.
Monitor for compliance with applicable legal requirements and with the board's contractual agreements any bank, savings and loan association, savings bank or credit union with which the board has entered into a custodial agreement under s. 25.17 (11)
; any investment advisers with which the board has contracted to manage and control board assets under s. 25.18 (2) (e)
; and any other external parties with which the board has contracted to provide investment services to the board.
Chief investment officer.
Under the supervision of the executive director, the chief investment officer shall do all of the following:
Monitor activities of the investment directors for compliance with the board's investment policies and guidelines in investment decisions and approve unusual transactions, as defined by the board.
Develop and implement operating procedures that are intended to ensure that the investment policies and guidelines of the board are followed.
Ensure that investments are completely and accurately reported on all management and financial reports and that any information requested by the board is provided to the board on a timely basis.
History: 1995 a. 274
Powers and duties of board.
The “State of Wisconsin Investment Board" shall be a body corporate with power to sue and be sued in said name. The board shall have a seal with the words, “State of Wisconsin Investment Board". Subject to s. 25.183
, the board shall:
Have exclusive control of the investment and collection of the principal and interest of all moneys loaned or invested from any of the following funds: