251.07   Certain physicians; state agency status.
251.08   Jurisdiction of local health department.
251.09   Joint services.
251.10   County health department, how financed.
251.11   City-county health department and multiple county health department, how financed.
251.12   City health department, how financed.
251.125   Village health department, how financed.
251.127   Town health department, how financed.
251.13   City-county health department and multiple county health department, joint funds.
251.135   Publication and effective date of orders and regulations.
251.14   Gifts.
251.15   Withdrawal of counties, cities, villages, or towns.
251.16   Local health department; evidence.
251.20   Rule making.
Ch. 251 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See definitions in s. 250.01.
251.001 251.001 Legislative findings. The legislature finds that the provision of public health services in this state is a matter of statewide concern.
251.001 History History: 1993 a. 27.
251.01 251.01 Definitions. In this chapter:
251.01(1g) (1g) "City-county board of health" means a board of health for a city-county health department.
251.01(1r) (1r) "County board of health" means a board of health for a single county health department or for a multiple county health department.
251.01(3) (3) "County health officer" means the position of a local health officer in a single county health department or in a multiple county health department.
251.01(7m) (7m) "Represented employee" means an employee in a collective bargaining unit for which a representative is recognized or certified under subch. IV of ch. 111.
251.01(8) (8) "Sanitarian" means a sanitarian, as defined in s. 440.98 (1) (b), who is registered under s. 440.98 (5).
251.01 History History: 1993 a. 27 ss. 196, 197, 460; 2001 a. 16; 2007 a. 130.
251.02 251.02 Local health department; establishment.
251.02(1) (1) In counties with a population of less than 500,000, unless a county board establishes a city-county health department under sub. (1m) jointly with the governing body of a city or establishes a multiple county health department under sub. (3) in conjunction with another county, the county board shall establish a single county health department, which shall meet the requirements of this chapter. The county health department shall serve all areas of the county that are not served by a city health department that was established prior to January 1, 1994, by a town or village health department established under sub. (3m), or by a multiple municipal local health department established under sub. (3r) or by a city-city health department established under sub. (3t). No governing body of a city may establish a city health department after January 1, 1994.
251.02(1m) (1m) Subject to sub. (1r), in counties with a population of less than 500,000, the county board and the governing body of a city that has a city health department may jointly establish a city-county health department, which shall meet the requirements of this chapter. A city-county health department shall serve all areas of the county that are not served by a city health department that was established prior to January 1, 1994, by a town or village health department established under sub. (3m), or by a multiple municipal local health department established under sub. (3r). A city-county health department established under this subsection after September 1, 2001, is subject to the control of the city and county acting jointly under an agreement entered into under s. 66.0301 that specifies, in conformity with this chapter, all of the following:
251.02(1m)(a) (a) The powers and duties of the city-county health department.
251.02(1m)(b) (b) The powers and duties of the city-county board of health for the city-county health department.
251.02(1m)(c) (c) The relative powers and duties of the city and county with respect to governance of the city-county health department and the city-county board of health.
251.02(1r) (1r) If a city that assigns represented employees to its city health department and if a county that assigns represented employees to its county health department jointly establish a city-county health department under an agreement specified under sub. (1m), all of the following shall apply, but only if the represented employees at the city health department and at the county health department who perform similar functions are included in collective bargaining units that are represented by the same representative:
251.02(1r)(a) (a) The city-county health department shall offer employment to all city and county employees who are represented employees and who perform functions for the city and county that are transferred to the city-county health department in the agreement under sub. (1m).
251.02(1r)(b) (b) Notwithstanding s. 111.70 (4) (d), if, in any collective bargaining unit that is initially created at the city-county health department, all of the former city and county employees were represented by the same representative when they were employed by the city or county, that representative shall become the initial representative of the employees in the collective bargaining unit without the necessity of filing a petition or conducting an election.
251.02(1r)(c) (c) Unless otherwise prohibited by law, with respect to city-county health department employees who were formerly represented employees at the city or county, the city-county health department shall adhere to the terms of the collective bargaining agreements that covered these employees while they were employed by the city or county until such time that the city-county health department and the representative of the employees have entered into a collective bargaining agreement.
251.02(2) (2)
251.02(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), in a county with a population of 500,000 or more, the governing body of each city or village shall do one of the following:
251.02(2)(a)1. 1. Establish a local health department that meets the requirements of this chapter.
251.02(2)(a)2. 2. Contract with the local health department of another city or village in the county to have that local health department provide services in the city or village.
251.02(2)(b) (b) In a county with a population of 500,000 or more, the governing body of a city or village may establish, jointly with the governing body of another city or village, a multiple municipal local health department that meets the requirements of this chapter.
251.02(3) (3) A county board may, in conjunction with the county board of one or more other counties, establish a multiple county health department, which shall meet the requirements of this chapter. A multiple county health department shall serve all areas of the respective counties that are not served by a city health department that was established prior to January 1, 1994, by a town or village health department established under sub. (3m), or by a multiple municipal local health department established under sub. (3r).
251.02(3m) (3m) If a county has a population of at least 100,000 but less than 500,000 and the county board of that county has, by July 1, 1985, abolished a county health commission or committee established under s. 141.10, 1991 stats., a village board in that county may continue and establish as a local board of health a village board of health that was established prior to January 1, 1994, and a town board in that county may continue and establish as a local board of health a town board of health that was established prior to January 1, 1994. A village or town that does so shall establish a local health department and elect a local health officer consistent with this chapter.
251.02(3r) (3r) In a county described in sub. (3m), in addition to the local health department required to be established under sub. (3m), the governing body of a city, village or town in that county may, in concert with the governing body of another city, village or town in that county, establish a multiple municipal local health department and elect a local health officer consistent with this chapter.
251.02(3t) (3t) The governing body of a city with a city health department, as specified in s. 250.01 (4) (a) 3., may, in concert with the governing body of another city with a city health department, as specified in s. 250.01 (4) (a) 3., in the same county, establish a city-city health department and elect a local health officer consistent with this chapter.
251.02(4) (4) No governing body of a county, city, village or town is required to use the term "local health department" to refer to a local health department that is established under this section.
251.03 251.03 Local board of health; members.
251.03(1) (1) A local board of health shall consist of not more than 9 members. At least 3 of these members shall be persons who are not elected officials or employees of the governing body that establishes the local health department and who have a demonstrated interest or competence in the field of public health or community health. In appointing the members who are not elected officials or employees, a good faith effort shall be made to appoint a registered nurse and a physician. Members of the local board of health shall reflect the diversity of the community. A county human services board under s. 46.23 (4) may act as a county board of health if the membership of the county human services board meets the qualifications specified in this subsection and if the county human services board is authorized to act in that capacity by the county board of supervisors. If a county human services board acts in this capacity, it shall use the word "health" in its title.
251.03(2) (2) The chief executive officer of a city or a village shall appoint members of a local board of health, subject to confirmation by the governing body. In a county with a county executive, the county executive shall appoint members of the county board of health, subject to confirmation by the county board of supervisors. In a county without a county executive, members of the county board of health shall be appointed by the chairperson of the county board of supervisors, subject to confirmation by the county board of supervisors. The person who appoints members of the local board of health may designate certain members to be nonvoting members of the board.
251.03(3) (3) In establishing a city-county or multiple county health department, the relevant governing bodies shall agree on how many members of the local board of health are appointed by each governing body and how many of each governing body's appointees shall be members who are not elected officials or employees of the governing body. The members shall be appointed as specified in sub. (2).
251.03(4) (4) Governing bodies of counties, cities or villages that appoint local boards of health shall specify the lengths of terms of members and shall provide for staggered terms.
251.03(4m) (4m)Subsections (1) to (4) do not apply to a village or town that establishes a local health department under s. 251.02 (3m). In a village or town that does so, the village board or town board shall establish itself as a local board of health or appoint either wholly or partially from its own members a local board of health that consists of a suitable number of competent persons. A local board of health under this subsection shall elect a chairperson and clerk.
251.03(4r) (4r)Subsections (1) to (4m) do not apply to a city, village or town that establishes a multiple municipal local health department under s. 251.02 (2) (b) or (3r), or to cities that establish a city-city local health department under s. 251.02 (3t). In establishing a multiple municipal local health department as described under s. 251.02 (2) (b) or (3r), the relevant governing bodies shall agree on how many members of the local board of health are appointed by each governing body and how many of each governing body's appointees shall be members who are not elected officials or employees of the governing body. The members shall be appointed by the relevant governing bodies. A local board of health under this subsection shall elect a chairperson and clerk.
251.03(5) (5) No governing body of a county, city, village or town is required to use the term "local board of health" to refer to a local board of health that is established under this section.
251.03 History History: 1993 a. 27; 1999 a. 9; 2003 a. 158.
251.04 251.04 Local board of health; powers and duties.
251.04(1)(1) Except as authorized in s. 251.02 (2) (b), (3m), (3r), and (3t), a city board of health shall govern a city health department, a county board of health shall govern a county health department or multiple county health department, and a city-county board of health shall govern a city-county health department. A city board of health, a county board of health, a city-county board of health, or a board of health for a local health department as authorized in s. 251.02 (2) (b), (3m), (3r), or (3t) shall assure the enforcement of state public health statutes and public health rules of the department as prescribed for a Level I local health department. A local board of health may contract or subcontract with a public or private entity to provide public health services. The contractor's staff shall meet the appropriate qualifications for positions in a Level I local health department.
251.04(2) (2) A city or county board of health or a board of health for a local health department as authorized in s. 251.02 (2) (b), (3m), (3r), or (3t) shall assure that its local health department is a Level I, Level II, or Level III local health department, as specified in s. 251.05 (1).
251.04(3) (3) A city or county board of health or a board of health for a local health department as authorized in s. 251.02 (2) (b), (3m), (3r), or (3t) may adopt those regulations, for its own guidance and for the governance of the local health department, that it considers necessary to protect and improve public health. The regulations may be no less stringent than, and may not conflict with, state statutes and rules of the department.
251.04(4) (4) A local board of health shall report to the department as required by rule.
251.04(5) (5) A local board of health shall meet at least quarterly.
251.04(6) (6) A local board of health shall:
251.04(6)(a) (a) Assess public health needs and advocate for the provision of reasonable and necessary public health services.
251.04(6)(b) (b) Develop policy and provide leadership that fosters local involvement and commitment, that emphasizes public health needs and that advocates for equitable distribution of public health resources and complementary private activities commensurate with public health needs.
251.04(7) (7) A local board of health shall assure that measures are taken to provide an environment in which individuals can be healthy.
251.04(8) (8) Unless the manner of employment is otherwise provided for by ordinance, a local board of health shall employ qualified public health professionals, including a public health nurse to conduct general public health nursing programs under the direction of the local board of health and in cooperation with the department, and may employ one or more sanitarians to conduct environmental programs and other public health programs not specifically designated by statute as functions of the public health nurse. The local board of health shall coordinate the activities of any sanitarian employed by the governing body of the jurisdiction that the local board of health serves. The local board of health is not required to employ different persons to perform these functions.
251.04(9) (9) In counties with a single county health department and either a county executive or a county administrator, the county executive or county administrator may assume the powers and duties of a local board of health under this section. If a county executive or a county administrator elects to assume those powers and duties, the local board of health shall be only a policy-making body determining the broad outlines and principles governing the administration of the county health department.
251.04 History History: 1993 a. 27 ss. 261, 264, 463; 1997 a. 114; 1999 a. 9, 185; 2001 a. 16; 2003 a. 158.
251.05 251.05 Local health department; levels of service; duties.
251.05(1)(1) A local health department shall meet the following requirements specified in par. (a) and may, unless sub. (6) applies, meet the following requirements specified in par. (b) or (c):
251.05(1)(a) (a) As a Level I local health department, at least the level of services specified in sub. (2) (a) with a local health officer who at least meets the qualifications specified in s. 251.06 (1) (a).
251.05(1)(b) (b) As a Level II local health department, at least the level of services specified in sub. (2) (b) with a local health officer who at least meets the qualifications specified in s. 251.06 (1) (b).
251.05(1)(c) (c) As a Level III local health department, at least the level of services specified in sub. (2) (c) with a local health officer who at least meets the qualifications specified in s. 251.06 (1) (c).
251.05(2) (2) The services to be provided by the 3 levels of local health departments are as follows:
251.05(2)(a) (a) A Level I local health department shall provide at least surveillance, investigation, control and prevention of communicable diseases, other disease prevention, health promotion and human health hazard control.
251.05(2)(b) (b) A Level II local health department shall provide at least the services under par. (a) and additional services specified by the department by rule under s. 251.20 (3).
251.05(2)(c) (c) A Level III local health department shall provide at least the services under par. (a) and additional services specified by the department by rule under s. 251.20 (3).
251.05(3) (3) A local health department shall:
251.05(3)(a) (a) Regularly and systematically collect, assemble, analyze and make available information on the health of the community, including statistics on health status, community health needs and epidemiologic and other studies of health problems.
251.05(3)(b) (b) Develop public health policies and procedures for the community.
251.05(3)(c) (c) Involve key policymakers and the general public in determining and developing a community health improvement plan that includes actions to implement the services and functions specified under s. 250.03 (1) (L).
251.05(3)(d) (d) Submit data, as requested, to the local public health data system established by the department.
251.05(3)(e) (e) Act as agent of the department, if designated by the secretary under s. 250.042 (1).
251.05(4) (4) Except as provided in sub. (6), a local health department is not required to provide the level of services that is specified in sub. (1) (b) or (c) or to have a local health officer who meets the qualifications specified in sub. (1) (b) or (c).
251.05(5) (5) Except as provided in sub. (6), the department may not require a local health department to provide the level of services that is specified in sub. (1) (b) or (c) or to have a local health officer who meets the qualifications specified in sub. (1) (b) or (c).
251.05(6) (6) A local health department may be required to provide the level of services that is specified in sub. (1) (b) or (c) if and only to the extent that these services and qualifications are funded from state and federal funds that are available and are additional to any funding available on January 1, 1994.
251.05 History History: 1993 a. 27; 2001 a. 109; 2005 a. 198; 2007 a. 130.
251.05 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DHS 140, Wis. adm. code.
251.06 251.06 Local health officer; qualifications; duties.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Sept. 3, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Sept. 3, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-3-14)