The department shall review proposed rules in the areas under par. (a)
and make recommendations to the appropriate state agency if public health would be adversely impacted or if prevention of human health hazards or disease is not adequately addressed by the proposed rules. The department shall make recommendations for enforcement standards to address public health concerns of the proposed rules.
The department and the state laboratory of hygiene shall enter into a memorandum of understanding that delineates the public health testing and consultative support that the state laboratory of hygiene shall provide to local health departments.
The department shall assess the acute or chronic health effect from occupational or environmental human health hazards exposure as follows:
The chief medical officer for environmental health shall establish a system for assessment, collection and surveillance of disease outcome and toxic exposure data.
State agencies and local health departments shall report known incidents of environmental contamination to the department. The department shall investigate human health implications of an incident and determine the need to perform a health risk assessment. The department may require the party that is responsible for an incident to perform a health risk assessment.
State agencies that require health risk assessments as part of their permit issuance or regulatory responsibilities shall enter into a memorandum of understanding with the department that permits the state health officer to establish a risk management protocol to review and make recommendations on the completeness of the health risk assessments.
In this subchapter:
"Asbestos" means chrysotile, crocidolite, amosite, fibrous tremolite, fibrous actinolite or fibrous anthophyllite.
"Asbestos abatement activity" means any activity which disturbs asbestos-containing material, including but not limited to the repair, enclosure, encapsulation or removal of asbestos-containing material and the renovation or demolition of any part of a structure.
"Asbestos-containing material" means asbestos or any material or product which contains more than one percent of asbestos.
"Asbestos management activity" means an inspection for asbestos-containing material, the design of an asbestos response action or the development of an asbestos management plan.
"Certificate of lead-free status" means a certificate issued by a certified lead risk assessor or other person certified under s. 254.176
that documents a finding by the assessor that a premises, dwelling or unit of a dwelling is free of lead-bearing paint as of the date specified on the certificate.
"Certificate of lead-safe status" means a certificate issued by a certified lead risk assessor or other person certified under s. 254.176
that documents that the assessor detected no lead-bearing paint hazards affecting the premises, dwelling or unit of the dwelling on the date specified on the certificate.
"Dwelling" means any structure, all or part of which is designed or used for human habitation.
"Elevated blood lead level" means a level of lead in blood that is any of the following:
Twenty or more micrograms per 100 milliliters of blood, as confirmed by one venous blood test.
Fifteen or more micrograms per 100 milliliters of blood, as confirmed by 2 venous blood tests that are performed at least 90 days apart.
"Fibrous" means having parallel sides and a length which is at least 3 times the diameter and which results in an aspect ratio of 3 to one or more.
"Hematofluorometer" means an instrument used in identification of minute amounts of a substance in human blood by detection and measurement of the characteristic wavelength of the light emitted by the substance during fluorescence.
"Imminent lead hazard" means a lead hazard that, if allowed to continue, will place a child under 6 years of age at risk of developing lead poisoning or lead exposure, as determined by the department or other state agency, a local health department or a federal agency.
"Interim control activity" means any set of measures designed to temporarily reduce human exposure or likely exposure to a lead hazard, including specialized cleaning, repair, maintenance, painting, temporary containment and ongoing monitoring of lead hazards or potential lead hazards.
"Lead-bearing paint" means any paint or other surface coating material containing more than 0.06% lead by weight, calculated as lead metal, in the total nonvolatile content of liquid paint or more than 0.7 milligram of lead per square centimeter in the dried film of applied paint.
"Lead-bearing paint hazard" has the meaning specified by rule by the department.
"Lead hazard" means any substance, surface or object that contains lead and that, due to its condition, location or nature, may contribute to the lead poisoning or lead exposure of a child under 6 years of age.
"Lead hazard abatement" means any set of measures designed to permanently eliminate a lead hazard, including all of the following:
The removal of lead-bearing paint and lead-contaminated dust, the permanent containment or encapsulation of lead-bearing paint, the replacement of surfaces or fixtures painted with lead-bearing paint, and the removal or covering of lead-contaminated soil.
All preparation, clean-up, disposal and postabatement clearance testing activities associated with the measures under par. (a)
"Lead hazard reduction" means actions designed to reduce human exposure to lead hazards, including lead hazard abatement and interim control activities involving lead-bearing paint or lead-contaminated dust or soil or clearance activities that determine whether an environment contains a lead hazard.
"Lead investigation" means a measure or set of measures designed to identify the presence of lead or lead hazards, including examination of painted or varnished surfaces, paint, dust, water and other environmental media.
"Lead management activity" means a lead investigation or the design or management of lead hazard reduction.
"Lead poisoning or lead exposure" means a level of lead in the blood of 10 or more micrograms per 100 milliliters of blood.
"Lead risk assessor" has the meaning specified by rule by the department.
"Occupant" means a person who leases or lawfully resides in a dwelling or premises.
"Owner" means a person who has legal title to any dwelling or premises.
"Premises" means any of the following:
An educational or child care facility, including attached structures and the real property upon which the facility stands, that provides services to children under 6 years of age.
Other classes of buildings and facilities, including attached structures and real property upon which the buildings or facilities stand, that the department determines by rule to pose a significant risk of contributing to the lead poisoning or lead exposure of children under 6 years of age.
"School" means any local education agency, as defined in 20 USC 3381
, the owner of any nonpublic, nonprofit elementary or secondary school building or any governing authority of any school operated under 20 USC 921
"Third-party payer" means a disability insurance policy that is required to provide coverage for a blood lead test under s. 632.895 (10) (a)
; a health maintenance organization or preferred provider plan under ch. 609
; a health care coverage plan offered by the state under s. 40.51 (6)
; a self-insured health plan offered by a city or village under s. 66.0137 (4)
, a political subdivision under s. 66.0137 (4m)
, a town under s. 60.23 (25)
, a county under s. 59.52 (11) (c)
, or a school district under s. 120.13 (2) (b)
; or a health care plan operated by a cooperative association organized under s. 185.981
Denial, nonrenewal and revocation of certification and permit based on tax delinquency. 254.115(1)
Except as provided in sub. (1m)
, the department shall require each applicant to provide the department with the applicant's social security number, if the applicant is an individual, or the applicant's federal employer identification number, if the applicant is not an individual, as a condition of issuing or renewing any of the following:
If an individual who applies for or to renew a certification, certification card or permit under sub. (1)
does not have a social security number, the individual, as a condition of obtaining the certification, certification card or permit, shall submit a statement made or subscribed under oath or affirmation to the department that the applicant does not have a social security number. The form of the statement shall be prescribed by the department of children and families. A certification, certification card or permit issued or renewed in reliance upon a false statement submitted under this subsection is invalid.
The department may not disclose any information received under sub. (1)
to any person except to the department of revenue for the sole purpose of requesting certifications under s. 73.0301
Except as provided in sub. (1m)
, the department shall deny an application for the issuance or renewal of a certification, certification card or permit specified in sub. (1)
if the applicant does not provide the information specified in sub. (1)
The department shall deny an application for the issuance or renewal of a certification, certification card or permit specified in sub. (1)
, or shall revoke the certification, certification card or permit specified in sub. (1)
, if the department of revenue certifies under s. 73.0301
that the applicant for or holder of the certification, certification card or permit is liable for delinquent taxes.
History: 1997 a. 237
; 1999 a. 9
; 2007 a. 20
Use or sale of lead-bearing paints. 254.12(1)
No person may apply lead-bearing paints:
To any exposed surface on the inside of a dwelling;
To the exposed surface of a structure used for the care of children; or
To any fixture or other object placed in or upon any exposed surface of a dwelling and ordinarily accessible to children.
No person may sell or transfer any fixture or other object intended to be placed upon any surface on the inside of a dwelling, containing a lead-bearing paint and ordinarily accessible to children.
History: 1979 c. 221
; 1993 a. 16
; 1993 a. 27
; Stats. 1993 s. 254.12; 1993 a. 450
Reporting requirements. 254.13(1)
Every physician who diagnoses lead poisoning or lead exposure, or any nurse, hospital administrator, director of a clinical laboratory or local health officer who has verified information of the existence of any person found or suspected to have lead poisoning or lead exposure, shall report to the department or to the local health officer of the region in which the person resides within 48 hours after verifying this information. The local health officer shall report to the department the name, address, laboratory results, date of birth and any other information about the person that the department considers essential. Any physician, nurse, hospital administrator, director of a clinical laboratory, local health officer or allied health professional making such a report in good faith shall be immune from any civil or criminal liability that otherwise might be incurred from making the report.
A person who screens a child under 6 years of age for lead poisoning or lead exposure under this subchapter, or any rule promulgated under this subchapter, shall report the results of the screening to the department within the time period for reporting by rule. The department shall promulgate rules specifying the form of the reports required under this subsection. A person making a report under this subsection in good faith is immune from civil or criminal liability that might otherwise be incurred from making the report.
History: 1979 c. 221
; 1989 a. 31
; 1993 a. 27
; Stats. 1993 s. 254.13; 1993 a. 450
See also ch. DHS 181
, Wis. adm. code.
The department shall:
Develop and implement a comprehensive statewide lead poisoning or lead exposure prevention and treatment program that includes lead poisoning or lead exposure prevention grants under s. 254.151
; any childhood lead poisoning screening requirement under rules promulgated under ss. 254.158
; any requirements regarding care coordination and follow-up for children with lead poisoning or lead exposure required under rules promulgated under s. 254.164
; responses to reports of lead poisoning or lead exposure under s. 254.166
; any lead investigation requirements under rules promulgated under ss. 254.167
; any lead hazard reduction requirements under rules promulgated under s. 254.172
; certification, accreditation and approval requirements under ss. 254.176
; any certification requirements and procedures under rules promulgated under s. 254.179
; and any fees imposed under s. 254.181
Provide laboratory testing of biological and environmental lead specimens for lead content to any physician, hospital, clinic, municipality or private organization that cannot secure or provide testing through other sources. The department may not assume responsibility for blood lead analysis required in programs in operation on April 30, 1980.
Develop or encourage the development of appropriate programs and studies to identify sources of lead poisoning or lead exposure, and assist other entities in the identification of lead in children's blood and of the sources of the lead poisoning or lead exposure.
Provide technical assistance and consultation to local, county or regional governmental or private agencies to promote and develop lead poisoning or lead exposure prevention programs that afford opportunities for employing residents of communities and neighborhoods affected by lead poisoning or lead exposure from lead-bearing paint, and that provide appropriate training, education and information to inform these residents of the opportunities for employment.
Provide recommendations for the identification and treatment of lead poisoning or lead exposure.
Develop educational programs to communicate to parents, educators and officials of local boards of health the health danger of lead poisoning or lead exposure from lead-bearing paint among children.
Lead poisoning or lead exposure prevention grants.
From the appropriation account under s. 20.435 (1) (ef)
, the department shall award the following grants under criteria that the department shall establish in rules promulgated under this section:
To fund educational programs about the dangers of lead poisoning or lead exposure.
To fund lead poisoning or lead exposure screening, care coordination and follow-up services, including lead investigations, to children under age 6 who are not covered by a 3rd-party payer.
To fund administration or enforcement of responsibilities delegated under s. 254.152
To fund other activities related to lead poisoning or lead exposure.
To develop and implement outreach and education programs for health care providers to inform them of the need for lead poisoning or lead exposure screening and of the requirements of this subchapter relating to lead poisoning or lead exposure.
In each fiscal year, $125,000 to fund lead screening and outreach activities at a community-based human service agency that provides primary health care, health education and social services to low-income individuals in 1st class cities.
See also ch. DHS 182
, Wis. adm. code.
Delegation to local health departments.
Except with respect to the department's authority to promulgate rules under this chapter, the department may designate local health departments as its agents in administering and enforcing ss. 254.11
and any rules promulgated under those sections. The department may not designate a local health department as its agent unless the department provides a grant that the department determines to be sufficient for the local health department to carry out any responsibilities as an agent designated under this section.
History: 1993 a. 450
This subchapter does not prohibit any city, village, town or other political subdivision from enacting and enforcing ordinances establishing a system of lead poisoning or lead exposure control that provides the same or higher standards than those set forth in this subchapter. Nothing in this subchapter may be interpreted or applied in any manner to impair the right of any person, entity, municipality or other political subdivision to sue for damages or equitable relief. Nothing in this subchapter may be interpreted or applied in any manner to impair the right of a municipality or other political subdivision to impose a penalty for or restrain the violation of an ordinance specified in this section.
History: 1979 c. 221
; 1989 a. 31
; 1993 a. 27
; Stats. 1993 s. 254.16; 1993 a. 450
; Stats. 1993 s. 254.154; 1999 a. 113