281.35(6)(a)(a) Issuance; contents. Subject to par. (am), if an application is approved under sub. (5), the department shall modify the applicant's existing approval or shall issue a new approval that specifies all of the following:
281.35(6)(a)1. 1. The location of the withdrawal.
281.35(6)(a)2. 2. The authorized base level of water loss from the withdrawal.
281.35(6)(a)3. 3. The dates on which or seasons during which water may be withdrawn.
281.35(6)(a)4. 4. The uses for which water may be withdrawn.
281.35(6)(a)5. 5. The amount and quality of return flow required and the place of discharge.
281.35(6)(a)6. 6. The requirements for reporting volumes and rates of withdrawal and any other date specified by the department.
281.35(6)(a)7. 7. Any other conditions, limitations and restrictions that the department determines are necessary to protect the environment and the public health, safety and welfare and to ensure the conservation and proper management of the waters of the state.
281.35(6)(a)8. 8. Any requirements for metering, surveillance and reporting that the department determines are necessary to ensure compliance with other conditions, limitations or restrictions of the approval.
281.35(6)(a)9. 9. If the department determines that a time limit is necessary, the date on which approval for the withdrawal expires.
281.35(6)(am) (am) Water loss permit. If the department approves an application under sub. (5) for a withdrawal that is covered by a permit under s. 281.344 (5) or s. 281.346 (5) and another approval, the department shall modify the permit under s. 281.344 (5) or 281.346 (5), rather than the other approval, to specify the matters under par. (a).
281.35(6)(b) (b) Review. The department shall review each approval prior to the expiration date specified under par. (a) 9., if any, or within 5 years from the date of issuance and at least every 5 years thereafter.
281.35(6)(c) (c) Modification by department. The department may at any time propose modifications of the approval or additional conditions, limitations or restrictions determined to be necessary to ensure continued compliance with this section or with any other applicable statute or rule.
281.35(6)(d) (d) Revocation. If the department determines that a person to whom an approval has been issued would be unable under any conditions, limitations or restrictions to comply with this section or another applicable statute or rule, it shall revoke the approval.
281.35(6)(e) (e) Request for modification. A person to whom an approval has been issued or any person adversely affected by a condition, limitation or restriction of an approval may request that the department modify a condition, limitation or restriction of an approval.
281.35(6)(f) (f) Notice; right to hearing. The department shall notify the person to whom the approval has been issued and any other person who has in writing requested notice of the receipt of a request to modify an approval or of the department's intent to modify or revoke an approval. The person to whom the approval is issued is entitled to a contested case hearing under ch. 227 before a revocation or modification takes effect. Any other person who may be adversely affected by a proposed modification is entitled to a contested case hearing under ch. 227.
281.35(6)(g) (g) Fees. The department shall periodically collect from each person whose application under this subsection is approved the fee established under sub. (10) (a) 5. All moneys collected under this paragraph shall be credited to the general fund.
281.35(7) (7)Emergency order. The department may, without a prior hearing, order a person to whom an approval is issued to immediately stop a withdrawal if the department determines that there is a danger of imminent harm to the public health, safety or welfare, to the environment or to the water resources or related land resources of this state. The order shall specify the date on which the withdrawal must be stopped and the date, if any, on which it may be resumed. The order shall notify the person that the person may request a contested case hearing under ch. 227. The hearing shall be held as soon as practicable after receipt of a request for a hearing. An emergency order remains in effect pending the result of the hearing.
281.35(9) (9)Amendment of coastal management program.
281.35(9)(a)(a) The Wisconsin coastal management council, established under executive order number 62, dated August 2, 1984, shall amend this state's coastal management program submitted to the U.S. secretary of commerce under 16 USC 1455, to incorporate the requirements of this section and, before the compact's effective date, s. 281.344 and the findings and purposes specified in 1985 Wisconsin Act 60, section 1, as they apply to the water resources of the Great Lakes basin, and shall formally submit the proposed amendments to the U.S. secretary of commerce.
281.35(9)(b) (b) After approval of the amendments submitted to the U.S. secretary of commerce under par. (a), the Wisconsin coastal management council shall, when conducting federal consistency reviews under 16 USC 1456 (c), consider the requirements, findings and purposes specified under par. (a), if applicable.
281.35(9)(c) (c) If the department issues an approval for a withdrawal to which this section applies, and the withdrawal is subject to a federal consistency review under 16 USC 1456 (c), the Wisconsin coastal management council shall certify that the withdrawal is consistent with this state's coastal management program.
281.35(9)(d) (d) This subsection does not apply after the compact's effective date.
281.35(10) (10)Rule making; fees.
281.35(10)(a)(a) The department shall promulgate rules establishing all of the following:
281.35(10)(a)1. 1. The procedures for reviewing and acting on applications under subs. (4) and (5).
281.35(10)(a)2. 2. Requirements for reporting volumes and rates of withdrawals.
281.35(10)(a)3. 3. The method for determining what portion of a withdrawal constitutes a consumptive use.
281.35(10)(a)5. 5. A graduated schedule for the fees required under subs. (5) (f) and (6) (g) and a schedule for collecting the fees under sub. (6) (g) periodically.
281.35(10)(b) (b) The department may promulgate any other rule necessary to implement this section.
281.35(11) (11)Cooperation with other states and provinces. Before the compact's effective date, the department shall do all of the following:
281.35(11)(a) (a) Cooperate with the other Great Lakes states and provinces to develop and maintain a common base of information on the use and management of the water resources of the Great Lakes basin and to establish systematic arrangements for the exchange of such information.
281.35(11)(b) (b) Collect and maintain information regarding the locations, types and quantities of water use, including water losses, in a form that is comparable to the form used by the other Great Lakes states and provinces.
281.35(11)(c) (c) Collect, maintain and exchange information on current and projected future water needs with the other Great Lakes states and provinces.
281.35(11)(d) (d) Cooperate with the other Great Lakes states and provinces in developing a long-term plan for developing, conserving and managing the water resources of the Great Lakes basin.
281.35(11)(e) (e) As provided in the Great Lakes charter, participate in the development of a regional consultation procedure for use in exchanging information on effects of proposed interbasin diversions and consumptive uses.
281.35(11m) (11m)Upper Mississippi River basin consultation. The department shall participate in the development of an upper Mississippi River basin regional consultation procedure for use in exchanging information on the effects of proposed water losses from that basin.
281.35(12) (12)Miscellaneous provisions.
281.35(12)(a)(a) The enumeration of any remedy under this section does not limit the right to any other remedy available in an action under the statutory or common law of this state or any other state or province, federal law or Canadian law.
281.35(12)(b) (b) Proof of compliance with this section is not a defense in any action not founded on this section.
281.35(12)(c) (c) This state reserves the right to seek, in any state, federal or provincial forum, an adjudication of the equitable apportionment of the water resources of the upper Mississippi River basin and, before the compact's effective date, of the Great Lakes basin, and the protection and determination of its rights and interests in those water resources, in any manner provided by law.
281.35 Note NOTE: Section 1 of 1985 Act 60, which created this section is entitled "Legislative findings; purpose."
281.35 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. NR 142, Wis. adm. code.
281.35 Annotation Through ss. 281.11 and 281.12, the legislature has delegated the state's public trust duties to the DNR in the context of its regulation of high capacity wells and their potential effect on navigable waters. For all proposed high capacity wells, the legislature has expressly granted the DNR the authority and a general duty to review all permit applications and to decide whether to issue the permit, to issue the permit with conditions, or to deny the application, which provides the DNR with the discretion to undertake the review it deems necessary for all proposed high capacity wells, including the authority and a general duty to consider the environmental impact of a proposed high capacity well on waters of the state. Lake Beulah Management District v. DNR, 2011 WI 54, 335 Wis. 2d 47, 799 N.W.2d 73, 08-3170.
281.35 Annotation There is nothing in either s. 281.34 or 281.35 that limits the DNR's authority to consider the environmental impacts of a proposed high capacity well, nor is there any language in subchapter II of Wis. Stat. ch. 281 that requires the DNR to issue a permit for a well if the statutory requirements are met and no formal review or findings are required. There being no language expressly revoking or limiting the DNR's authority and general duty to protect and manage waters of the state, the DNR retains such authority and general duty to consider whether a proposed high capacity well may impact waters of the state. Lake Beulah Management District v. DNR, 2011 WI 54, 335 Wis. 2d 47, 799 N.W.2d 73, 08-3170.
281.35 Annotation The DNR is required to consider the environmental impact of a proposed high capacity well when presented with sufficient concrete, scientific evidence of potential harm to waters of the state. Upon what evidence, and under what circumstances, that duty is triggered is a highly fact-specific matter that depends upon the information submitted by the well owner in the well permit application and any other information submitted to the DNR decision makers. The DNR should use both its expertise in water resources management and its discretion to determine whether its duty as trustee of public trust resources is implicated by a proposed high capacity well permit application such that it has an obligation to consider environmental concerns. Lake Beulah Management District v. DNR, 2011 WI 54, 335 Wis. 2d 47, 799 N.W.2d 73, 08-3170.
281.36 281.36 Permits for discharges into wetlands; mitigation.
281.36(1)(1) Definitions. In this section:
281.36(1)(a) (a) "Additional federal law or interpretation" means any of the following:
281.36(1)(a)1. 1. An amendment to 33 USC 1344 (f) that becomes effective after January 9, 2001.
281.36(1)(a)2. 2. Any other federal statutory provision that affects the exemptions under 33 USC 1344 (f) and that becomes effective after January 9, 2001.
281.36(1)(a)3. 3. A regulation, rule, memorandum of agreement, guidance letter, interpretive document, or other provision established by a federal agency that is promulgated or adopted pursuant to 33 USC 1344 (f) or that is used to interpret or implement 33 USC 1344 (f), that applies to wetlands located in this state, and that becomes effective after January 9, 2001.
281.36(1)(a)4. 4. A decision issued by a federal district or federal appellate court that affects the application of a federal amendment or provision described in subds. 1. to 3., that applies to wetlands located in this state, and that is issued after January 9, 2001.
281.36(1)(b) (b) "Existing federal law or interpretation" means any of the following:
281.36(1)(b)1. 1. 33 USC 1344 (f), as amended to January 8, 2001.
281.36(1)(b)2. 2. A regulation, rule, memorandum of agreement, guidance letter, interpretive document, or other provision established by a federal agency that is promulgated or adopted pursuant to 33 USC 1344 (f) or that is used to interpret or implement 33 USC 1344 (f), that applies to wetlands located in this state, and that is in effect on January 8, 2001.
281.36(1)(b)3. 3. A decision issued by a federal district or federal appellate court that affects the application of a federal statute or provision described in subd. 1. or 2., that applies to wetlands located in this state, and that is issued on or before January 8, 2001.
281.36(1)(bd) (bd) "Fill material" has the meaning given in 33 CFR 323.2 (e), as the meaning exists on July 1, 2012.
281.36(1)(bj) (bj) "Mitigation" means the restoration, enhancement, creation, or preservation of wetlands to compensate for adverse impacts to other wetlands.
281.36(1)(bL) (bL) "Mitigation bank" means a system of accounting for wetland loss and compensation that includes one or more sites where wetlands are restored, enhanced, created, or preserved to provide credits to be subsequently applied or purchased in order to compensate for adverse impacts to other wetlands.
281.36(1)(bn) (bn) "Mitigation project" means mitigation of the type specified in sub. (3r) (a) 3.
281.36(1)(br) (br) "Nonfederal wetland" means a wetland that is not subject to federal jurisdiction under 33 USC 1344.
281.36(1)(cp) (cp) "Practicable" means reasonably available and capable of being implemented after taking into consideration cost, site availability, available technology, logistics, and proximity to the proposed project site, in light of the overall purpose and scope of the project.
281.36(1)(d) (d) "Water quality standards" means water quality standards set under rules promulgated by the department under s. 281.15.
281.36(2m) (2m)Delineation procedures. For purposes of delineating the boundary of a wetland under this section, the procedures contained in the wetlands delineation manual published by the U.S. army corps of engineers shall be used. The edition of the manual that shall be used shall be the 1987 edition of the manual and any document that the U.S. army corps of engineers issues interpreting that manual, unless the U.S. army corps of engineers publishes an edition of the manual after January 9, 2001, and the department designates that edition as the one to be used under this subsection.
281.36(3b) (3b)Permit required.
281.36(3b)(a)(a) For purposes of this section, a wetland general or individual permit issued by the department constitutes water quality certification as required by 33 USC 1341 (a).
281.36(3b)(b) (b) No person may discharge dredged material or fill material into a wetland unless the discharge is authorized by a wetland general permit or individual permit issued by the department under this section or the discharge is exempt under sub. (4). No person may violate any condition contained in a wetland general or individual permit issued by the department under this section. The department may not issue a wetland general or individual permit under this section unless it determines that the discharge authorized pursuant to the wetland general or individual permit will comply with all applicable water quality standards.
281.36(3g) (3g)Wetland general permits.
281.36(3g)(a)(a) Required permits. The department shall issue a wetland general permit for each of the following types of discharges:
281.36(3g)(a)1. 1. A discharge that is necessary for the treatment or disposal of hazardous waste or toxic pollutants, if the discharge does not contain hazardous waste or toxic pollutants and does not affect more than 2 acres of wetland.
281.36(3g)(a)2. 2. A discharge that is necessary for temporary access and dewatering, if the discharge does not affect more than 2 acres of wetland.
281.36(3g)(a)3. 3. A temporary or permanent discharge for routine utility construction and maintenance projects and activities.
281.36(3g)(a)4. 4. A discharge that is part of a development for industrial purposes, if the discharge does not affect more than 10,000 square feet of wetland. For purposes of this subdivision, the development of a waste disposal site is considered to be a development for industrial purposes.
281.36(3g)(a)5. 5. A discharge that is part of a development for commercial purposes, if the discharge does not affect more than 10,000 square feet of wetland.
281.36(3g)(a)6. 6. A discharge that is part of a development for residential purposes, if the discharge does not affect more than 10,000 square feet of wetland.
281.36(3g)(a)7. 7. A discharge that is part of a development for agricultural purposes, if the discharge does not affect more than 10,000 square feet of wetland.
281.36(3g)(a)8. 8. A discharge that is part of a development for municipal purposes, if the discharge does not affect more than 10,000 square feet of wetland.
281.36(3g)(a)9. 9. A discharge that is part of a development for recreational purposes, if the discharge does not affect more than 10,000 square feet of wetland.
281.36(3g)(a)10. 10. A discharge that is necessary for the construction, reconstruction, or maintenance of a bridge or culvert that is part of a transportation project that is being carried out under the direction and supervision of a city, village, town, or county.
281.36(3g)(b) (b) Additional required permits. In addition to the wetland general permits required under par. (a), the department shall issue wetland general permits that are consistent with, and correspond to, any general permits that are issued under 33 USC 1344 (e) and that regulate discharges other than those regulated under the required wetland general permits issued under par. (a).
281.36(3g)(c) (c) Additional permits. The department may issue wetland general permits, in addition to those required under pars. (a) and (b), to regulate other discharges that affect wetlands located in this state.
281.36(3g)(d) (d) Requirements; conditions; restrictions. In issuing wetland general permits under this subsection, the department shall establish requirements, conditions, and exceptions to ensure that the discharges will cause only minimal adverse environmental effects, and a general permit may apply only to a single and complete project. As part of a general permit, the department may prohibit discharges into wetlands that are identified by the department as being one of the following:
281.36(3g)(d)1. 1. Great Lakes ridge and swale complexes.
281.36(3g)(d)2. 2. Interdunal wetlands.
281.36(3g)(d)3. 3. Coastal plain marshes.
281.36(3g)(d)4. 4. Emergent marshes containing wild rice.
281.36(3g)(d)5m. 5m. Sphagnum bogs that are located in the area located south of a horizontal line drawn across the state based on the routes of STH 16 and STH 21 west of Lake Winnebago and on USH 151 east of Lake Winnebago.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Sept. 3, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Sept. 3, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-3-14)