289.43(6) (6)Exemption from licensing; agricultural landspreading of sludge. The department may not require a license under ss. 289.21 to 289.32 for agricultural land on which nonhazardous sludges from a treatment work, as defined under s. 283.01 (18), are land spread for purpose of a soil conditioner or nutrient.
289.43(6m) (6m)Exemption from licensing, agricultural use of wood ash. No license is required under ss. 289.21 to 289.32 for the agricultural use of wood ash.
289.43(7) (7)Exemption from licensing; recycling of high-volume industrial waste.
289.43(7)(a)(a) Any person who generates, treats, stores or disposes of high-volume industrial waste may request the department to exempt an individual solid waste facility or specified types of solid waste facilities from this chapter for the purpose of allowing the recycling of any high-volume industrial waste.
289.43(7)(b) (b) A person who requests an exemption under par. (a) shall provide any information requested by the department relating to the characteristics of the high-volume industrial waste, the characteristics of the site of the recycling and the proposed methods of recycling.
289.43(7)(c) (c) The department shall approve the requester's exemption proposal if the department finds that the proposal, as approved, will comply with this chapter and chs. 30, 31, 160 and 280 to 299 and ss. 1.11, 23.40, 59.692, 59.693, 60.627, 61.351, 61.353, 61.354, 62.231, 62.233, 62.234 and 87.30. If the proposal does not comply with one or more of the requirements specified in this paragraph, the department shall provide a written statement describing how the proposal fails to comply with those requirements. The department shall respond to an application for an exemption under this subsection within 90 days.
289.43(7)(d) (d) The department may require periodic testing and may impose other conditions on any exemption granted under this subsection. The department may require a person granted an exemption under this subsection to identify the location of any site where high-volume industrial waste is recycled.
289.43(7)(e)1.1. Each applicant for an exemption under this subsection shall submit a nonrefundable fee of $500 with the application to cover the department's cost for the initial screening of the application. The department may waive this fee if the cost of the initial screening to the department will be minimal.
289.43(7)(e)2. 2. The department shall, by rule, establish fees for approved applications which, together with the $500 application fees, shall, as closely as possible, equal the actual cost of reviewing applications.
289.43(7)(e)3. 3. All fees collected under this paragraph shall be credited to the appropriation under s. 20.370 (2) (dg).
289.43(8) (8)Exemption from regulation; low-hazard waste.
289.43(8)(a)(a) The department shall conduct a continuing review of the potential hazard to public health or the environment of various types of solid wastes and solid waste facilities. The department shall consider information submitted by any person concerning the potential hazard to public health or the environment of any type of solid waste.
289.43(8)(b) (b) If the department, after a review under par. (a), finds that regulation under this chapter is not warranted in light of the potential hazard to public health or the environment, the department shall either:
289.43(8)(b)1. 1. Promulgate a rule specifying types of solid waste that need not be disposed of at a licensed solid waste disposal facility.
289.43(8)(b)2. 2. On a case-by-case basis, exempt from regulation under this chapter specified types of solid waste facilities.
289.43(8)(b)3. 3. Authorize an individual generator to dispose of a specified type of solid waste at a site other than a licensed solid waste disposal facility.
289.43(8)(b)4. 4. Authorize use of the solid waste in public works projects.
289.43(8)(c) (c) The department may require periodic testing of solid wastes and impose other conditions on exemptions granted under par. (b).
289.43(9) (9)Exemption from regulation; animal carcasses. The department may not regulate under chs. 281, 285 or 289 to 299 any animal carcass buried or disposed of, in accordance with ss. 95.35 and 95.50, on the property owned or operated by the owner of the carcass, if the owner is a farmer, as defined under s. 102.04 (3).
289.43 History History: 1995 a. 227 ss. 574, 577 to 580; 1997 a. 27, 35; 2003 a. 88; 2007 a. 20; 2013 a. 80.
289.43 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. NR 538, Wis. adm. code.
289.43 Annotation Exemption from regulation under s. 144.44 (7) (g) (now s. 289.43 (8)) preempts municipal regulation. DeRosso Landfill Co. v. City of Oak Creek, 200 Wis. 2d 642, 547 N.W.2d 770 (1996), 94-0440.
289.44 289.44 Exemption for certain alcohol fuel production systems.
289.44(1)(1) Definitions. As used in this section:
289.44(1)(a) (a) "Distillate waste product" means solid, semisolid or liquid by-products or wastes from the distillation or functionally equivalent process of an alcohol fuel production system.
289.44(1)(b) (b) "Environmentally sound storage facility" means a facility, including a holding lagoon, which is used to store distillate waste products so that no waste products from the facility enter or leach into the waters of the state.
289.44(1)(c) (c) "Private alcohol fuel production system" means an alcohol fuel production system from which no alcohol is sold and from which all the alcohol is used as a fuel by the owner.
289.44(2) (2)Exemption. No permit, license or plan approval is required under this chapter for the owner of a private alcohol fuel production system to establish, construct or operate a system for the treatment, storage or disposal of distillate waste products if the distillate waste product is stored in an environmentally sound storage facility and disposed of using an environmentally safe land spreading technique and the storage, treatment or disposal is confined to the property of the owner.
289.44 History History: 1979 c. 221; 1995 a. 227 s. 537.
289.445 289.445 Exemption for certain fruit and vegetable washing facilities.
289.445(1)(1) Definitions. As used in this section:
289.445(1)(b) (b) "Washing station" has the meaning given in s. 283.62 (1) (b).
289.445(1)(c) (c) "Wash water" has the meaning given in s. 283.62 (1) (c).
289.445(1)(d) (d) "Wash water storage facility" has the meaning given in s. 283.62 (1) (d).
289.445(2) (2)Exemption. No permit, license or, except as provided in par. (d), plan approval is required under this chapter for the owner of a washing station to establish, construct or operate a solid waste facility for the treatment, storage or disposal of wash water or to compost or land spread plant parts separated from wash water if all of the following requirements are met:
289.445(2)(a) (a) The washing station is not adjacent to or operated as part of a food processing plant, as defined in s. 97.29 (1) (h).
289.445(2)(b) (b) All wash water is either stored in a sealed wash water storage facility or is dispersed on land owned or leased by the owner of the washing station in a manner which avoids ponding, runoff or nuisance conditions and in accordance with acceptable agricultural practices or acceptable practices for the land spreading of waste.
289.445(2)(c) (c) All plant parts that are separated from wash water are either composted or stored in a plant parts storage facility and disposed of using an environmentally safe land spreading technique. The treatment, storage, disposal or composting under this paragraph must be confined to property owned or leased by the owner of the washing station.
289.445(2)(d) (d) For a washing station that anticipates operating at least 100 days per year or that operated at least 100 days during the immediately preceding year, do all of the following:
289.445(2)(d)1. 1. Register annually with the department as a washing station.
289.445(2)(d)2. 2. Submit annually an operating plan that implements best management practices and that is approved by the department.
289.445(2)(d)3. 3. Operate only in accordance with the approved operating plan.
289.445 History History: 1995 a. 99; 1995 a. 227 s. 538; Stats. 1995 s. 289.445.
289.45 289.45 Solid waste storage. No person may store or cause the storage of solid waste in a manner which causes environmental pollution.
289.45 History History: 1981 c. 374.; 1995 a. 227 s. 539; Stats. 1995 s. 289.45.
289.46 289.46 Transference of responsibility.
289.46(1) (1) Any person acquiring rights of ownership, possession or operation in a licensed solid or hazardous waste facility at any time after the facility begins to accept waste is subject to all requirements of the license approved for the facility including any requirements relating to long-term care of the facility and is subject to any negotiated agreement or arbitration award related to the facility under s. 289.33. Upon acquisition of the rights, the department shall issue a new operating license if the previous licensee is no longer connected with the operation of the facility, if the new licensee meets all requirements specified in the previous license, the approved plan of operation, if any, and the rules promulgated under s. 291.05 or 291.07, if applicable.
289.46(2) (2) Any person having or acquiring rights of ownership in land where a solid or hazardous waste disposal facility was previously operated may not undertake any activities on the land which interfere with the closed facility causing a significant threat to public health, safety or welfare.
289.46 History History: 1977 c. 377; 1981 c. 374; 1983 a. 410 ss. 62, 2202 (38); Stats. 1983 s. 144.444; 1989 a. 31; 1995 a. 227 s. 625; Stats. 1995 s. 289.46.
289.47 289.47 Closure notice. At least 120 days prior to the closing of a solid waste disposal facility or at least 180 days prior to the closing of a hazardous waste facility, the owner or operator shall notify the department in writing of the intent to close the facility.
289.47 History History: 1995 a. 227 s. 573.
subch. V of ch. 289 SUBCHAPTER V
FACILITIES; REGULATION OF SPECIFIC
FACILITY OR WASTE TYPES
289.51 289.51 Solid waste open burning standards.
289.51(1) (1) As used in this section:
289.51(1)(a) (a) "Air curtain destructor" means a solid waste disposal operation that combines a fixed wall open pit and a mechanical air supply which uses an excess of oxygen and turbulence to accomplish the smokeless combustion of clean wood wastes.
289.51(1)(am) (am) "Household waste" means any solid waste derived from a household, hotel, motel, bunkhouse, ranger station, crew quarters, campground, picnic ground or day-use recreation area.
289.51(1)(b) (b) "Open burning" means the combustion, except in a properly operated air curtain destructor, of solid waste if that combustion lacks any of the following:
289.51(1)(b)1. 1. Control of combustion air to maintain adequate temperature for efficient combustion.
289.51(1)(b)2. 2. Containment of the combustion reaction in an enclosed device to provide sufficient residence time and mixing for complete combustion.
289.51(1)(b)3. 3. Control of the emission of the combustion products.
289.51(1)(c) (c) "Population equivalent" means the population equal to the sum of the population of the geographical area based on the most recent census data, or department of administration census data used for tax sharing purposes, plus the seasonal population not included in the census data, plus one person per 1,000 pounds per year of industrial, commercial and agricultural waste.
289.51(2) (2) The department shall grant licenses for the open burning of solid waste at the licensee's solid waste disposal facilities if:
289.51(2)(a) (a) The open burning operation serves a population equivalent of less than 10,000 or, if the operation is controlled by more than one municipality, a population equivalent of less than 2,500 for each additional controlling municipality. The department shall give consideration to seasonal variations in population in granting partial yearly burning exemptions.
289.51(2)(b) (b) All portions of the licensed operation are greater than one-fourth mile from any residence or place of public gathering, or written consent is obtained from all residents and proprietors within one-fourth mile thereof.
289.51(2)(c) (c) The open burning does not include the burning of wet combustible rubbish, garbage, oily substances, asphalt, plastic or rubber products and, if the open burning operation serves a population equivalent of more than 2,500, the open burning includes only wood and paper which is separated from other solid waste.
289.51(2)(d) (d) The open burning operation is supervised by an attendant.
289.51(2)(e) (e) The open burning operation is accomplished in a nuisance-free manner and does not create hazards for adjacent properties.
289.51(2)(f) (f) Adequate firebreaks are provided and provision is made to obtain the services of the local fire protection agency if needed.
289.51(2)(g) (g) The open burning operation is not in violation of any federal air pollution control or municipal solid waste regulations, or any state air pollution control rules required to be adopted under applicable federal statutes or regulations.
289.51(3) (3) The department may not require that ash resulting from the burning of a structure for practice or instruction of fire fighters or the testing of fire fighting equipment be disposed of in a landfill licensed under s. 289.31.
289.51 History History: 1995 a. 227 s. 535; Stats. 1995 s. 289.51; 2009 a. 28.
289.53 289.53 Commercial PCB waste storage and treatment facilities.
289.53(1)(1) Definitions. In this section:
289.53(1)(a) (a) "Commercial" means providing services to persons other than the owner or operator.
289.53(1)(b) (b) "PCBs" has the meaning specified under s. 299.45 (1).
289.53(1)(c) (c) "PCB waste" means any product containing PCBs, as defined under s. 299.45 (1) (c), which is subject to regulation under s. 299.45 after the product becomes a solid waste. This term also means any material which is contaminated by the discharge, as defined under s. 292.01 (3), of a substance containing PCBs subject to regulation under s. 292.11.
289.53(2) (2)Feasibility report and related provisions. Except as provided under sub. (6), no person may establish or construct a commercial PCB waste storage or treatment facility unless the person complies with the requirement under ss. 289.23 to 289.29 in the same manner as if the facility were a solid waste disposal facility including each of the following:
289.53(2)(a) (a) Submitting a feasibility report under s. 289.23 (1) to determine whether the site has potential for use in establishing a PCB waste storage or treatment facility.
289.53(2)(b) (b) Complying with requirements for the preparation and contents of a feasibility report under s. 289.24 (1) including any special requirements for PCB waste storage or treatment facilities.
289.53(2)(c) (c) Following the notice, hearing, procedure and other requirements under ss. 289.23 to 289.29 including any environmental impact requirements.
289.53(3) (3)Plan of operation and related provisions. Except as provided under sub. (6), no person may establish, construct or operate a commercial PCB waste storage or treatment facility unless the person complies with the requirements under s. 289.30 as if the facility were a solid waste disposal facility including all of the following:
289.53(3)(a) (a) Submitting a plan of operation which complies with requirements for preparation and contents specified under s. 289.30 (4) including any special requirements for PCB waste storage or treatment facilities except the department may waive any requirement for proof of financial responsibility for long-term care.
289.53(3)(b) (b) Constructing the facility in accordance with an approved plan of operation as required under s. 289.30 (8).
289.53(3)(c) (c) Operating the facility in accordance with the approved plan of operation subject to the sanctions under s. 289.30 (9).
289.53(4) (4)Financial responsibility requirements. Except as provided under sub. (6), no person may establish or construct a commercial PCB waste storage or treatment facility unless the person complies with s. 289.41.
289.53(5) (5)License requirement. Except as provided under sub. (6), no person may operate a commercial PCB waste storage or treatment facility unless the person obtains an operating license under s. 289.31.
289.53(6) (6)Exceptions. The department may exempt a person establishing, constructing or operating certain categories of facilities which store or treat PCB waste or which store or treat certain types, amounts or concentrations of PCB waste from the provisions of this section.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Sept. 3, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Sept. 3, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-3-14)