321.10(1)(b) (b) A deputy adjutant general for army, whose rank may not exceed brigadier general, unless selected for a military position requiring federal recognition as a major general.
321.10(1)(c) (c) A deputy adjutant general for air, whose rank may not exceed brigadier general, unless selected for a military position requiring federal recognition as a major general.
321.10(1)(cm) (cm) A deputy adjutant general for civil authority support, who may be of either army or air and whose rank may not exceed brigadier general unless selected for a military position requiring federal recognition as a major general. The deputy adjutant general for support for civil authorities may serve as a chief of staff.
321.10(1)(d) (d) Two assistant adjutants general for army, whose rank may not exceed brigadier general.
321.10(1)(f) (f) An assistant adjutant general for air, whose rank may not exceed brigadier general.
321.10(1)(g) (g) A chief surgeon for army, whose rank may not exceed major general.
321.10(1)(h) (h) A chief surgeon for air, whose rank may not exceed major general.
321.10(1)(i) (i) A staff judge advocate for army, whose rank may not exceed major general.
321.10(1)(j) (j) A staff judge advocate for air, whose rank may not exceed major general.
321.10(1)(k) (k) A state chaplain, either army or air, whose rank may not exceed major general.
321.10(1)(L) (L) Such other officers as the governor deems necessary.
321.10(2) (2) In the absence or incapacity of the adjutant general, the senior ranking deputy adjutant general for army, air, or civil authority support shall have all the powers and duties of the adjutant general.
321.10(3) (3) In the event a deputy adjutant general for army or for air is appointed to a military position as a major general, the adjutant general shall appoint, for any periods of absence of that deputy adjutant general due to other military duties, an acting deputy adjutant general. The adjutant general may appoint one of the assistant adjutants general as an acting deputy adjutant general.
321.10(4) (4) No person may be appointed to the governor's military staff who has not had previous state or U.S. military experience.
321.10(5) (5) All staff officers appointed under sub. (1), except the adjutant general whose tenure is governed by ss. 15.31 and 17.07 (5), shall hold their positions until terminated by resignation, disability, or death or for cause or unless federal recognition of the officer's commission under 32 USC 323 is refused or withdrawn. The governor shall remove an officer whose federal recognition is refused or withdrawn, effective on the date of the loss of federal recognition.
321.10(6) (6) The terms of the deputy adjutants general for army and air shall be 5 years beginning on the first day of the 7th month of the term of the adjutant general. The term for the deputy adjutant general for civil authority support shall be at the discretion of the adjutant general. The deputy adjutants general may be reappointed to successive terms.
321.10(7) (7) The adjutant general shall appoint persons to fill vacancies in positions on the military staff of the governor under sub. (1). Vacancies on the military staff of the governor shall be filled by appointment from officers actively serving in the national guard, except as provided in s. 15.31. Interim vacancies shall be filled by appointment by the adjutant general for the remainder of the unexpired term.
321.10 History History: 1981 c. 35; 1983 a. 391; 1987 a. 63; 2003 a. 25, 69, 326; 2007 a. 200 ss. 51 to 60, 68, 215; Stats. 2007 s. 321.10; 2011 a. 260 s. 81; 2013 a. 98.
321.11 321.11 United States property and fiscal officer.
321.11(1)(1) The adjutant general shall recommend a candidate for appointment as the U.S. property and fiscal officer for the national guard, subject to the concurrence of the governor, from federally commissioned officers actively serving in the national guard. The candidate shall be nominated by the governor, subject to the concurrence of the U.S. secretary of the army, if the nominee is serving in the army national guard, or the U.S. secretary of the air force, if the nominee is serving in the air national guard.
321.11(2) (2) The officer nominated under sub. (1) shall assume the duties of a U.S. property and fiscal officer under 32 USC 708, when properly ordered to active duty by the appropriate U.S. secretary, on the date specified in the order. The officer shall hold his or her position unless terminated earlier by resignation, disability or for cause and unless federal recognition of the officer's commission under 10 USC 14902, 14903, or 14905 is refused or withdrawn.
321.11(3) (3) Any action by the governor to remove the officer appointed under sub. (2) for cause shall be governed by the federal laws and military regulations governing removal of an officer for cause and shall be subject to review by the chief of the national guard bureau and by the U.S. secretary of the army, if the officer is commissioned by the army national guard, or by the U.S. secretary of the air force, if the officer is commissioned by the air national guard.
321.11 History History: 1987 a. 63; 2003 a. 69; 2007 a. 200 ss. 89 to 90; Stats. 2007 s. 321.11.
321.12 321.12 Chief surgeons.
321.12(1)(1) The chief surgeons for the army and air national guard shall, under direction of the adjutant general, have general supervision of the medical units of the national guard and, if organized, the state defense force. The chief surgeons shall make recommendations concerning the procurement of medical supplies and services for state active duty operations, the procurement and training of medical personnel, and the publication of national guard directives on medical subjects.
321.12(2) (2) The chief surgeons for the army and the air national guard shall provide for any physical examinations and inoculations of officers, enlistees, and applicants for enlistment in the national guard that are prescribed by U.S. department of defense and national guard regulations.
321.12 History History: 2007 a. 200 ss. 91 to 92, 94; Stats. 2007 s. 321.12.
321.13 321.13 Discharge of officers. Any officer may be discharged by the governor pursuant to the Wisconsin code of military justice or upon resignation or disability preventing full discharge of the duties of his or her office.
321.13 History History: 1991 a. 316; 2007 a. 200 s. 124; Stats. 2007 s. 321.13.
321.14 321.14 Authority to administer oaths. Any officer of the national guard or any officer of the U.S. armed forces may administer oaths of enlistment in the national guard.
321.14 History History: 1979 c. 221; 2007 a. 200 s. 125; Stats. 2007 s. 321.14.
321.15 321.15 Resignation of officer. A commissioned officer may resign his or her commission by submitting the written resignation to his or her immediate commanding officer. The commanding officer shall promptly forward the resignation through military channels to the adjutant general. The governor shall, by order, accept or reject the resignation, and, if accepted, fix the effective date of the resignation.
321.15 History History: 1991 a. 316; 2007 a. 200 s. 126; Stats. 2007 s. 321.15.
subch. III of ch. 321 SUBCHAPTER III
MILITARY PROPERTY
321.20 321.20 Distribution of military property. The governor may receive and distribute military property that the state receives from the U.S. government under federal laws providing for arming and equipping of the national guard and the state defense force.
321.20 History History: 1987 a. 63 s. 13; 2007 a. 200 s. 32; Stats. 2007 s. 321.20.
321.20 Annotation Federal law prevents the state from regulating personnel criteria of the national guard. Hazelton v. Personnel Commission, 178 Wis. 2d 776, 505 N.W.2d 793 (Ct. App. 1993).
321.21 321.21 Military property accountability.
321.21(1) (1) In this section, "money" means funds in the custody of the department.
321.21(2) (2)
321.21(2)(a)(a) Each commanding officer who is issued military property or money shall account for the property and money, deliver the property and money to any officer entitled to receive them, and pay for all losses or damages to that property or money.
321.21(2)(b) (b) The unit commander has control of the money and military property of any unit of the national guard, whether the money or property is assigned to the unit or its members collectively, or has been issued to it or any of its officers, for its use, by the state or the United States. The unit commander may sue for and recover possession of the money or military property, whenever it is wrongfully withheld from the control of the unit.
321.21(3) (3)
321.21(3)(a)(a) All state-owned military property or money issued to any officer or armory facility manager shall be audited annually as a part of the annual inspection of federal property accounts. When damage, other than reasonable wear and tear, or loss of state-owned property is discovered, the adjutant general shall appoint a surveying officer to determine the cause and fix blame. Upon review, the adjutant general may hold responsible individuals financially liable. If it is determined that the property or money was damaged, destroyed or lost without fault or neglect on the part of those responsible, all concerned shall be relieved of liability.
321.21(3)(b) (b) Whenever any state-owned military property becomes unsuitable, unserviceable, or no longer required for military purposes, it shall be disposed of as surplus property subject to s. 16.72 (4) and (5).
321.21(4) (4)
321.21(4)(a)(a) When an officer who is responsible for military property or money is separated or reassigned, all military property or money in the officer's possession or for which the officer is responsible shall become the responsibility of the person the adjutant general designates to receive the property or money. No separation or reassignment shall be effective until all accounts have been settled.
321.21(4)(b) (b) If an officer having control of military property or money dies, the next in command shall immediately take charge of the property or money and deliver the property or money to the person the adjutant general appointed to control the property or money.
321.21(5) (5)
321.21(5)(a)(a) No person may retain at any time any military property or money, unless the property or money has been lawfully issued to the person and the proper authority permits the person to retain the property or money in the discharge of a public duty. No person may use military property or money for the person's unauthorized private use. Any person violating this paragraph shall forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $1,000.
321.21(5)(b) (b) A person who possesses military property or money, after the adjutant general makes lawful demand for the return of the property or money shall return the property or money promptly. No person may knowingly resist any officer who is lawfully taking possession of the military property or money. Any person violating this paragraph shall forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $1,000.
321.21 History History: 2003 a. 69; 2007 a. 200 ss. 47, 49, 121 to 122, 128, 130, 217; Stats. 2007 s. 321.21.
321.22 321.22 Camp Williams.
321.22(1)(1) The state facility near Camp Douglas, Juneau County, shall be known as "Camp Williams". The officer in charge of Camp Williams may arrest a person for a violation that occurs at Camp Williams of a state law, local ordinance, or provision of the Wisconsin code of military justice.
321.22(2) (2) The adjutant general may grant to the federal government the right to use any area of Camp Williams upon conditions that the adjutant general deems advisable.
321.22(3) (3) In memory of 1st lieutenant Jerome A. Volk, the first Wisconsin air national guard pilot killed in combat during the Korean conflict, so much of Camp Williams as is under lease to the federal government for use of the air national guard shall be known as "Volk Field" during the time the property remains under lease to the U.S. government.
321.22 History History: 1979 c. 221 s. 2202 (37); 1991 a. 316; 2007 a. 200 s. 33; Stats. 2007 s. 321.22.
321.23 321.23 Facilities and lands.
321.23(1) (1)
321.23(1)(a)(a) A political subdivision or federally recognized Indian tribe or band in which one or more units of the national guard is located may build or purchase a suitable armory for the purpose of drill and for the safekeeping of military property, and for public meetings and conventions, when that use will not interfere with the use of the building by the national guard. The adjutant general and the building commission may review and approve or reject plans and specifications for the armories. The adjutant general and the department of administration shall file with the political subdivision or the federally recognized Indian tribe or band a certificate of inspection and approval before the construction of an armory.
321.23(1)(b) (b) A political subdivision or federally recognized Indian tribe or band in which any unit of the national guard is located may purchase land and build armories in the same manner as the political subdivision or tribe or band is now authorized by law to build other buildings. When unable to agree upon the price of land with its owner, the political subdivision or federally recognized Indian tribe or band may appropriate land for the purpose of building armories in the same manner as the political subdivision or tribe or band is now authorized by law to appropriate real estate for other buildings. If a political subdivision or federally recognized Indian tribe or band aided in the building of an armory and the company or companies of the national guard for which the armory was built is disbanded, the armory shall become the property of the political subdivision or tribe or band that aided in the building of the armory.
321.23(1)(c) (c) The armory, when built or purchased, shall be under the control and charge of the governor, the adjutant general, and the commanding officer of the unit of the national guard for which it has been provided. The commanding officer shall deposit in the armory all military property received from the governor and the adjutant general. The adjutant general may issue regulations, instructions, or policies to be followed by all officers and persons having charge of the armories or occupying any part of the armories.
321.23(1)(d) (d) Whenever any political subdivision or federally recognized Indian tribe or band constructs a building as a memorial to the members of the U.S. armed forces or national guard who served in any war or armed conflict of the United States and makes provision in the memorial building for the accommodation of one or more companies of the national guard having no regularly established armory, the adjutant general shall, whenever practicable, rent the armory provided in the memorial building for the use of those companies of the national guard.
321.23(2) (2) The department may, when contributions are made available by the federal government under federal law, expand, rehabilitate, equip, or convert facilities owned by the state and acquire, construct, expand, rehabilitate, equip, or convert additional facilities. The department may accept the federal contributions in the manner prescribed by federal law or regulation, and may accept the lawful terms and conditions of a federal contribution. The department has the duties and powers necessary, to acquire contributions under federal law and to undertake and complete a project described in this subsection in conformity with the applicable federal law and this subsection.
321.23 History History: 2007 a. 200 s. 134, 137, 218; Stats. 2007 s. 321.23.
321.24 321.24 Encroachment on military areas and interference with military personnel.
321.24(1) (1) The officer in charge of any area used or to be used for military purposes may mark the area to warn against encroachment by unauthorized persons, but may not unnecessarily obstruct travel on any public highway. No person may encroach upon or enter the area without the consent of the officer.
321.24(2) (2) No person may interfere with any member of the national guard or state defense force while the member is in the performance of military duty.
321.24(3) (3) Any person who violates sub. (1) or (2) shall forfeit not less than $50 nor more than $200. The officer in charge or a designee may arrest and detain the person for such reasonable time as may be necessary to deliver the person to civil authorities.
321.24 History History: 1975 c. 94 s. 91 (1); 1975 c. 189, 199, 422; 1979 c. 221; 2007 a. 200 s. 50; Stats. 2007 s. 321.24.
subch. IV of ch. 321 SUBCHAPTER IV
NATIONAL GUARD AND
STATE DEFENSE FORCE
321.30 321.30 Composition of national guard.
321.30(1) (1) The organized militia of this state shall be known as the "Wisconsin national guard" and shall consist of members commissioned or enlisted in accordance with federal law or regulations governing the national guard.
321.30(2) (2) The Wisconsin national guard shall consist of the army national guard and the air national guard.
321.30 History History: 1975 c. 189; 1983 a. 27; 2003 a. 69; 2007 a. 200 s. 16; Stats. 2007 s. 321.30.
321.31 321.31 Uniform of national guard. The uniform of the national guard shall be as prescribed by regulations for the corresponding branch of the U.S. armed forces.
321.31 History History: 2007 a. 200 s. 102; Stats. 2007 s. 321.31.
321.32 321.32 Term of enlistment and discharge. Every person who enlists or receives a commission in the national guard shall serve for the term prescribed and satisfy the physical, educational and training requirements prescribed by the U.S. national guard bureau. Enlistees in the national guard shall be discharged as provided in the laws and regulations of the U.S. national guard bureau.
321.32 History History: 2007 a. 200 s. 34; Stats. 2007 s. 321.32.
321.33 321.33 Commissions and rank. The governor shall appoint and issue commissions to officers. Every commission shall be signed by the secretary of state and the adjutant general. A commission shall continue unless terminated earlier by resignation, disability, or for cause or unless federal recognition of the officer's commission under 32 USC 323 is refused or withdrawn. Each commissioned officer shall take the oath of office prescribed by article IV, section 28, of the constitution and file it with the department. All commissioned officers shall take rank according to the date assigned them by their commissions, and when 2 of the same grade rank from the same date, their rank shall be determined by length of creditable service in the national guard, and if of equal creditable service then by lot.
321.33 History History: 1983 a. 27, 192; 2007 a. 200 s. 104; Stats. 2007 s. 321.33.
321.34 321.34 Examinations for promotion or appointments. The governor or adjutant general may order any person nominated or recommended for promotion or appointment in the national guard or state defense force to be examined by any competent officer or board of officers, designated in orders for that purpose, as to that person's qualifications for the office to which that person is to be appointed or promoted. The governor or adjutant general may take action on the report of the examining officer or board of officers as he or she considers to be for the best interests of the national guard or state defense force. The governor or adjutant general may also require the person to take the physical examination provided for admission to the U.S. army or air force.
321.34 History History: 1983 a. 27; 1991 a. 316; 2007 a. 200 s. 105; Stats. 2007 s. 321.34.
321.35 321.35 Pay.
321.35(1)(1) Every officer and enlisted person on state active duty in the national guard shall receive the base pay, allowances, and, notwithstanding ss. 16.53 (12) (c) and 20.916 (8) and (9), travel expenses of an officer or enlisted person of equal rank in the corresponding branch of the U.S. armed forces.
321.35(2) (2) The governor may fix the pay of any member of the military staff of the governor, or other members of the national guard or state defense force for any special state active duty.
321.35(3) (3) The governor may order, with the member's consent, to state active duty a member of his or her military staff who is a state employee. The assigned staff member shall receive the pay, but not the allowances, of an officer of equal grade in the U.S. armed forces.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before June 30, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-14)