History: 2007 a. 200
; Stats. 2007 s. 321.36.
No person, otherwise qualified, may be denied membership in the national guard or state defense force because of sex, color, race, creed, or sexual orientation and no member of the national guard or state defense force may be segregated within the national guard or state defense force on the basis of sex, color, race, creed, or sexual orientation. Nothing in this section prohibits separate facilities for persons of different sexes with regard to dormitory accommodations, toilets, showers, saunas, and dressing rooms.
History: 1975 c. 94
; 1981 c. 112
; 2003 a. 69
; 2007 a. 200
; Stats. 2007 s. 321.37.
Decorations and awards.
The adjutant general may prescribe decorations and awards for the national guard and the state defense force. The adjutant general shall adopt policies establishing the form and issuance of those decorations and awards.
Call to state active duty. 321.39(1)(a)
The governor may order into state active duty members of the national guard under the following circumstances:
In case of war, insurrection, rebellion, riot, invasion, terrorism, or resistance to the execution of the laws of this state or of the United States.
In the event of public disaster resulting from flood, fire, tornado, or other natural disaster.
If the governor declares a state of emergency relating to public health under s. 323.10
In order to assess damage or potential damage and to recommend responsive action as a result of an event listed in subds. 1.
Upon application of any marshal of the United States, the president of any village, the mayor of any city, the chairperson of any town board, or any sheriff in this state.
If the governor is absent, or cannot be immediately communicated with, any of the persons listed in par. (a) 5.
may, if the occasion is urgent, request assistance from the commander of any national guard unit. The commander shall obtain approval of the adjutant general before ordering the unit to provide assistance. If it is not feasible to obtain approval of the adjutant general, and the danger is great and imminent, the commander may order the unit to provide assistance without adjutant general approval. The order shall be delivered to every subordinate officer, who shall immediately communicate the substance of the order to the members of the unit. If a member cannot be found, the substance of the order, in writing, shall be left at the member's place of residence with some person of suitable age and discretion, to whom the order's contents shall be explained.
Any commissioned officer or enlisted member of the national guard who fails to carry out orders or fails to appear at the time or place ordered as provided in sub. (1)
shall be punished under the Wisconsin code of military justice.
Any person who assists an officer or member of the national guard in violating par. (a)
shall be subject to a forfeiture of not less than $200 nor more than $1,000.
Educational benefits. 321.40(1)(a)
“Full-time study" means a credit load of 12 or more academic credits in an academic term.
“Guard member" means any person who is a member of the national guard.
“Qualifying school" means any of the following:
The extension division and any campus of the University of Wisconsin System.
A public institution of higher education under the Minnesota-Wisconsin student reciprocity agreement under s. 39.47
A public institution of higher education under an interstate agreement under s. 39.42
Except as provided in subds. 2.
, an accredited institution of higher education located in this state, as defined in 20 USC 1002
“Tuition grant" means any tuition cost reimbursement payment made by the department under sub. (4)
(2) Eligible guard member.
Eligibility for a tuition grant under this section is limited to a guard member who is not:
An individual with a baccalaureate degree or its equivalent.
Failing to meet the national guard duty eligibility criteria established by the department or absent without leave for more than 9 unit training assemblies.
Delinquent in child support or maintenance payments and who does not owe past support, medical expenses or birth expenses, as established by the appearance of the guard member's name on the statewide support lien docket under s. 49.854 (2) (b)
, unless the guard member provides to the department a payment agreement that has been approved by the county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5)
and that is consistent with rules promulgated under s. 49.858 (2) (a)
Failing to achieve a minimum grade point average of 2.0 for the semester for which a tuition grant is applied for.
Failing to be an actively drilling guard member upon the date of the satisfactory completion of a full-time or part-time course in a qualifying school.
Any eligible guard member upon satisfactory completion of a full-time or part-time course in a qualifying school may apply for a tuition grant equal to 100 percent of the actual tuition charged by the school or 100 percent of the maximum resident undergraduate tuition charged by the University of Wisconsin-Madison for a comparable number of credits, whichever amount is less. In calculating the maximum resident undergraduate tuition charged by the University of Wisconsin-Madison for purposes of this paragraph, the department shall include in the calculation all additional tuition established or approved by the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System under s. 36.27 (1) (a)
for undergraduate students at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and for students enrolled in a particular undergraduate academic program at the University of Wisconsin-Madison if the eligible guard member is enrolled in the same or equivalent program.
Be submitted to the department for approval of payment no later than 90 days after the completion date of the course; and
Contain such information and be in such form as the department requires to establish that the applicant qualifies for the grant.
Except as provided under par. (d)
, upon determination that the applicant is eligible to receive the payment, the department shall make payment of the tuition grant to the applicant in the amount determined under par. (a)
. Notwithstanding par. (b) 2.
, the department shall rely on a qualifying school's certification in determining that an applicant is eligible under sub. (2) (e)
to receive the payment and the department shall make the payment not later than 30 days after the department receives the certification.
(4) Repayment of grants.
The department shall require a national guard member who has received a tuition grant under this section to repay the amount of the tuition grant to the department if the national guard member is separated from the national guard for misconduct, as defined in the rules and regulations of the national guard, including being absent without leave for more than 9 unit training assemblies. The department may elect to collect the amount owed under this subsection through the tax intercept program under s. 71.93
No guard member is eligible for a tuition grant under this section for more than 120 credits of part-time study or 8 full semesters of full-time study or the equivalent thereof.
If the U.S. congress establishes an active draft after July 1, 1977, no new tuition grants may be authorized under this section. The department shall determine if an active draft has been established. Any termination of the tuition grant program under this paragraph shall allow persons receiving grants prior to the establishment of an active draft to receive full benefits subject to sub. (3) (d)
and par. (a)
No guard member may receive a tuition grant under sub. (3)
for any semester in which he or she received a payment under s. 45.20 (2)
No guard member may receive a tuition grant under this section unless he or she is a member in good standing in the national guard at the time of completion of the course.
History: 1977 c. 29
; 1981 c. 20
; 1985 a. 29
; 1987 a. 27
; 1989 a. 31
; 1991 a. 39
; 1993 a. 399
; 1995 a. 19
; 1995 a. 27
, ss. 1219t
, 9127 (1)
; 1995 a. 404
; 1997 a. 27
; 1999 a. 9
; 2001 a. 16
; 2003 a. 33
; 2005 a. 22
; 2007 a. 20
; 2007 a. 200
; Stats. 2007 s. 321.40; 2009 a. 179
; 2011 a. 32
; 2013 a. 20
; 2015 a. 55
; 2017 a. 123
; 2017 a. 364
Training; special schools; pay and allowances.
The governor or adjutant general may order the national guard or state defense force to assemble for training at any military establishment and fix the dates and places of that training. The governor or adjutant general may order members of the national guard or state defense force, at their option, to attend special schools for military training that are authorized by the state or federal government. The governor or adjutant general shall determine the amount that the members of the national guard or state defense force shall receive as pay and allowances for the training.
History: 1991 a. 316
; 2007 a. 200
; Stats. 2007 s. 321.41.
Defense of members of guard; payment of judgments. 321.42(1)(a)
If any member of the national guard or of the state defense force or any resident of this state who is a member of the national guard of another state is prosecuted by any civil or criminal action for any act performed within the scope of his or her employment as a member, the governor, upon request of the adjutant general, shall appoint counsel to defend the member. The adjutant general shall make the request to appoint defense counsel if the act performed by the member was in the line of duty. The governor may appoint the attorney general to defend the member.
The costs and expenses of the defense under par. (a)
shall be audited by the department of administration and charged to the appropriation under s. 20.505 (1) (d)
. If the jury or court finds that the member against whom the action is brought acted within the scope of his or her employment as a member, the judgment as to damages entered against the member shall be paid by the state.
A national guard member on active duty, but operating his own car for his own purposes while on a pass, was not acting in the performance of a military duty. Wuorinen v. State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Co. 56 Wis. 2d 44
, 201 N.W.2d 521
The state is not immune under ch. 102, (worker's compensation), from liability for damages incurred by a national guard member while pursuing military duties. The state must pay a judgment based on negligence occurring in the good faith performance of duty. Mazurek v. Skaar, 60 Wis. 2d 420
, 210 N.W.2d 691
Exemption from civil authority.
During the time the national guard or state defense force is performing military duty under orders issued by the governor or adjutant general, all of its members, while going to, remaining at, or returning from a place of duty are exempt from arrest or service of any process issued by a civilian court. In any civil or criminal prosecution against any member arising out of the member's performing military duty, it shall be a defense that the member was acting in good faith or under a lawful military order. The order shall be considered lawful unless shown to be unlawful.
History: 1991 a. 316
; 2007 a. 200
; Stats. 2007 s. 321.43.
Since this state has never granted a national guard member immunity from suit by another member for injuries negligently caused in the performance of military duty, the 1969 amendment of this section did not change the law. Mazurek v. Skaar, 60 Wis. 2d 420
, 210 N.W.2d 691
Exemptions from certain county duties.
Every member of the national guard or state defense force is exempt from service on any body of county residents summoned by the sheriff to assist in preserving the peace.
History: 1977 c. 318
; 1979 c. 110
; 2007 a. 200
; Stats. 2007 s. 321.44.
Military family financial aid. 321.45(1)(a)
“Immediate family" means the spouse and dependent children of a service member who are residents of this state.
“Service member" means a resident of this state who is a member of the U.S. armed forces, including any reserve component, or of the national guard.
The department shall provide financial aid to eligible service members and eligible members of the immediate family of service members. The department shall promulgate rules establishing eligibility criteria and the amount of financial aid.
History: 2009 a. 28
; 2013 a. 45
See also ch. DMA 1
, Wis. adm. code.
State defense force authorized. 321.51(1)(1)
Authority and name.
The adjutant general may establish a plan for organizing a military force to be known as the “state defense force." The governor, or adjutant general if designated by the governor, may organize the state defense force, which may include an aviation unit, if all or part of the national guard is called into federal active duty. The state defense force shall be a uniformed force distinct from the national guard, composed of commissioned or assigned officers and enlisted personnel who volunteer for service. A person who is on active duty in the U.S. armed forces, including the active reserve components, may not serve in the state defense force. A person in the retired or inactive reserve may serve in the state defense force.
(2) Organization; rules and regulations. 321.51(2)(a)(a)
The governor or adjutant general, if designated by the governor, may prescribe regulations, instructions, and policies consistent with this section governing the enlistment, organization, administration, equipment, uniforms, maintenance, training, and discipline of the state defense force. The regulations, instructions, and policies, to the extent the governor considers necessary, shall conform to existing law governing the national guard. The regulations, instructions, and policies shall prohibit a member of the state defense force from accepting any gifts, donations, gratuities, or other things of value given to the member because he or she is a member of the state defense force other than wages and benefits paid by the state.
Officers and enlistees, while on state active duty, in the state defense force shall receive the base pay and allowances of the identical grade in the U.S. army.
The adjutant general may organize a recruitment and training unit of not more than 12 persons at each state armory. The unit shall establish recruitment lists of persons interested in becoming members of the state defense force, recruit full units for the state defense force, and train the persons recruited.
If the state defense force is organized under sub. (1)
, the adjutant general shall perform the duties under s. 321.04 (1) (a)
for the state defense force.
(3) Requisitions; armories; other buildings.
The governor or adjutant general, if designated by the governor, may requisition military property from the federal government for the use of the state defense force. The governor or adjutant general, if designated by the governor, may make available to the state defense force the facilities of state armories and military property and other state premises and property. The department may rent or lease buildings or parts of buildings and grounds for armory purposes or continue in possession of those premises leased by the department for the use of the national guard, paying rent from the appropriation under s. 20.465 (1) (a)
. All leases made under this subsection terminate upon dissolution of the state defense force regardless of the term provided in the lease, unless the premises are needed for national guard purposes. The lease for the premises needed for the national guard may be assigned by the department to the national guard organization that intends to occupy the premises.
(4) Use outside this state.
The state defense force may not serve outside the boundaries of this state unless one of the following applies:
Upon the request of the governor of another state, the governor of this state orders all or part of the state defense force to assist a military unit or law enforcement agency of the other state. The governor may recall the state defense force from the other state at any time.
Upon order of the officer in command, the state defense force continues in fresh pursuit of insurrectionists, terrorists, or enemy forces into another state until they are apprehended or captured or until a military unit or law enforcement agency of the other state or the forces of the United States have had a reasonable opportunity to take up the pursuit or to capture those persons. Any pursuit under this subsection may only take place if the other state gives authority for the pursuit. Any person who is captured in the other state by the state defense force shall without unnecessary delay be surrendered to a military unit or law enforcement agency of the state in which the person is captured or to the United States. The surrender of the person captured shall not constitute a waiver by this state of the right to extradite or prosecute the person for any crime committed in this state.
(5) Federal active duty.
No unit of the state defense force may be drafted, as such, into the U.S. military. No person shall by reason of membership in the state defense force be exempted from federal active duty.
No person who has been expelled or dishonorably discharged from any military or naval organization of this state, of another state, or of the United States may be a member of the state defense force.
The oath to be taken by officers or enlistees in the state defense force shall be substantially in the form prescribed for officers of the national guard. The oath shall be filed in the same manner as in the national guard.
No person may be enlisted in the state defense force for more than one year, but enlistment may be renewed.
(9) Retention of items of uniform.
Officers and enlistees of the state defense force who have served honorably may, upon application to the unit commander, be permitted to retain items of their uniform. If retained, the uniform may be worn only on occasions essentially of a military character at which the uniform is more appropriate than civilian clothing, such as memorial services, military weddings, military funerals, military balls, military parades, military reunions, and meetings or functions of associations formed for military purposes, the membership of which is composed largely or entirely of honorably discharged members of the U.S. military, national guard, and state defense force.