346.465(5)(b)1m. 1m. If the owner of the vehicle provides a traffic officer with the name and address of the person operating the vehicle at the time of the violation and the person so named admits operating the vehicle at the time of the violation, then the person operating the vehicle and not the owner shall be charged under this section.
346.465(5)(b)2. 2. If the vehicle is owned by a lessor of vehicles and at the time of the violation the vehicle was in the possession of a lessee, and the lessor provides a traffic officer with the information required under s. 343.46 (3), then the lessee and not the lessor shall be charged under this section.
346.465(5)(b)3. 3. If the vehicle is owned by a dealer as defined in s. 340.01 (11) (intro.) but including the persons specified in s. 340.01 (11) (a) to (d), and at the time of the violation the vehicle was being operated by any person on a trial run, and if the dealer provides a traffic officer with the name, address and operator's license number of the person operating the vehicle, then the person operating the vehicle, and not the dealer, shall be charged under this section.
346.465 History History: 1985 a. 186; 1997 a. 27; 1999 a. 80.
346.47 346.47 When vehicles using alley or nonhighway access to stop.
346.47(1)(1)The operator of a vehicle emerging from an alley or about to cross or enter a highway from any point of access other than another highway shall stop such vehicle immediately prior to moving on to the sidewalk or on to the sidewalk area extending across the path of such vehicle and shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian, bicyclist, personal delivery device, or rider of an electric scooter or an electric personal assistive mobility device, and upon crossing or entering the roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on such roadway.
346.47(2) (2)The operator of a vehicle on an alley shall stop such vehicle immediately before crossing or entering an intersecting alley, whether or not such intersecting alley crosses the alley on which the vehicle is being operated.
346.47(3) (3)The operator of a vehicle about to cross or enter a highway from a point of access other than another highway is not required to stop in compliance with sub. (1) if a traffic control officer or official traffic control device directs or permits otherwise.
346.475 346.475 Human service vehicles; loading or unloading children with disabilities. No person who operates a human service vehicle may stop to load or unload passengers who are children with disabilities unless the vehicle is entirely off the traveled portion of the roadway in an area where stopping, standing or parking is not prohibited and the children do not have to cross the roadway in order to be loaded or unloaded.
346.475 History History: 1983 a. 175 s. 28; Stats. 1983 s. 346.475; 1997 a. 164.
346.48 346.48 Vehicles to stop for school buses displaying flashing lights.
346.48(1)(1)The operator of a vehicle which approaches from the front or rear any school bus which has stopped on a street or highway when the bus is equipped according to s. 347.25 (2) and when it is displaying flashing red warning lights, shall stop the vehicle not less than 20 feet from the bus and shall remain stopped until the bus resumes motion or the operator extinguishes the flashing red warning lights. The operator of any school bus which approaches from the front or rear any school bus which has stopped and is displaying flashing red warning lights shall display its flashing red lights while stopped. This subsection does not apply to operators of vehicles proceeding in the opposite direction on a divided highway.
346.48(2) (2)
346.48(2)(a)1.1. Except as provided in par. (b), the operator of a school bus equipped with only flashing red warning lights as specified in s. 347.25 (2) shall actuate the lights at least 100 feet before stopping to load or unload pupils or other authorized passengers, and shall not extinguish the lights until loading or unloading is completed and persons who must cross the highway are safely across.
346.48(2)(a)2. 2. Except as provided in par. (b), the operator of a school bus equipped with flashing red and amber warning lights as specified in s. 347.25 (2) shall do all of the following when stopping to load or unload pupils or other authorized passengers:
346.48(2)(a)2.a. a. Actuate the flashing amber warning lights at least 300 feet before stopping in a 45 miles per hour or greater speed zone or at least 100 feet before stopping in a less than 45 mile per hour speed zone.
346.48(2)(a)2.b. b. At the point of loading or unloading, bring the bus to a stop, extinguish the flashing amber warning lights, and actuate the flashing red warning lights.
346.48(2)(a)2.c. c. After loading or unloading is completed and persons who must cross the highway are safely across, extinguish the flashing red warning lights.
346.48(2)(a)3. 3. Where the curb and sidewalk are laid on one side of the road only, the operator shall use the flashing red or flashing red and amber warning lights when loading or unloading passengers from either side.
346.48(2)(b) (b) School bus operators shall not use the flashing red or amber warning lights in:
346.48(2)(b)1. 1. Special school bus loading areas where the bus is entirely off the traveled portion of the highway.
346.48(2)(b)2. 2. Residence or business districts when pupils or other authorized passengers are to be loaded or unloaded where a sidewalk and curb are laid on both sides of the road, unless required otherwise by municipal ordinance enacted under s. 349.21 (1).
346.48(2)(bm) (bm) Except as provided in par. (b) 2. or unless prohibited by municipal ordinance enacted under s. 349.21 (2), a school bus operator shall use the flashing red or amber warning lights as provided in par. (a) in a zone designated by “school" warning signs as provided in s. 118.08 (1) in which a street or highway borders the grounds of a school when pupils or other authorized passengers are loaded or unloaded directly from or onto the school grounds or that portion of the right-of-way between the roadway and the school grounds.
346.48(2)(c) (c) When a school bus is being used on a highway for purposes other than those specified in s. 340.01 (56) (a) and (am), the flashing red or amber warning lights shall not be used, and all markings on the front and rear of the bus indicating it is a school bus shall be removed or completely concealed; except that any time a motor vehicle is equipped as provided under ss. 347.25 (2) and 347.44 and is transporting children for any purpose, the school bus markings may remain unconcealed and the flashing red or amber warning lights may be used as provided in this section and when so used, sub. (1) applies to operators of other motor vehicles.
346.48(3) (3)If the operator of a motor vehicle overtakes a school bus which is stopped and is loading or unloading pupils or other authorized passengers at an intersection on the right side of a roadway in a business or residence district in which the display of the flashing red or amber warning lights on the school bus is not permitted, the operator shall pass at a safe distance to the left of the school bus and shall not turn to the right in front of the school bus at that intersection.
346.48 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See s. 349.21, which authorizes towns, cities, villages, and counties to provide for the use of flashing red lights by school buses in certain residential or business districts.
346.485 346.485 Owner's liability for vehicle illegally passing school bus.
346.485(1)(1)Subject to s. 346.01 (2), the owner of a vehicle involved in a violation of s. 346.48 (1) shall be liable for the violation as provided in this section.
346.485(2) (2)The operator of a school bus who observes a violation of s. 346.48 (1) may prepare a written report indicating that a violation has occurred. If possible, the report shall contain the following information:
346.485(2)(a) (a) The time and the approximate location at which the violation occurred.
346.485(2)(b) (b) The license number and color of the vehicle involved in the violation.
346.485(2)(c) (c) Identification of the vehicle as an automobile, motor truck, motor bus, motorcycle or other type of vehicle.
346.485(3) (3)Within 24 hours after observing the violation, the school bus operator may deliver the report to a traffic officer of the county or municipality in which the violation occurred. A report which does not contain all the information in sub. (2) shall nevertheless be delivered and shall be maintained by the county or municipality for statistical purposes.
346.485(4) (4)
346.485(4)(a)(a) Within 48 hours after receiving a report containing all the information in sub. (2), the traffic officer may prepare a uniform traffic citation under s. 345.11 and may personally serve it upon the owner of the vehicle.
346.485(4)(b) (b) If with reasonable diligence the owner cannot be served under par. (a), service may be made by leaving a copy of the citation at the owner's usual place of abode within this state in the presence of a competent member of the family at least 14 years of age, who shall be informed of the contents thereof.
346.485(4)(c) (c) If with reasonable diligence the owner cannot be served under par. (a) or (b) or if the owner lives outside of the jurisdiction of the issuing authority, service may be made by certified mail addressed to the owner's last-known address.
346.485(5) (5)
346.485(5)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), it shall be no defense to a violation of this section that the owner was not operating the vehicle at the time of the violation.
346.485(5)(b) (b) The following are defenses to a violation of this section:
346.485(5)(b)1. 1. That a report that the vehicle was stolen was given to a traffic officer before the violation occurred or within a reasonable time after the violation occurred.
346.485(5)(b)1m. 1m. If the owner of the vehicle provides a traffic officer with the name and address of the person operating the vehicle at the time of the violation and the person so named admits operating the vehicle at the time of the violation, then the person operating the vehicle and not the owner shall be charged under this section.
346.485(5)(b)2. 2. If the vehicle is owned by a lessor of vehicles and at the time of the violation the vehicle was in the possession of a lessee, and the lessor provides a traffic officer with the information required under s. 343.46 (3), then the lessee and not the lessor shall be charged under this section.
346.485(5)(b)3. 3. If the vehicle is owned by a dealer as defined in s. 340.01 (11) (intro.) but including the persons specified in s. 340.01 (11) (a) to (d), and at the time of the violation the vehicle was being operated by any person on a trial run, and if the dealer provides a traffic officer with the name, address and operator's license number of the person operating the vehicle, then the person operating the vehicle, and not the dealer, shall be charged under this section.
346.485 History History: 1981 c. 168; 1983 a. 243, 252; 1997 a. 27; 1999 a. 80.
346.49 346.49 Penalty for violating ss. 346.44 to 346.485.
346.49(1)(1)
346.49(1)(a) (a) Except as provided in par. (b) or (c) or sub. (5), any person violating s. 346.46 (1), (2m) or (4) or 346.47 may be required to forfeit not less than $20 nor more than $40 for the first offense and not less than $50 nor more than $100 for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within a year.
346.49(1)(b) (b) Any operator of a bicycle, electric scooter, or electric personal assistive mobility device violating s. 346.46 (1), (2m) or (4) may be required to forfeit not more than $20.
346.49(1)(c) (c) If an operator of a vehicle violates s. 346.46 (1) where persons engaged in work in a highway maintenance or construction area or in a utility work area are at risk from traffic, any applicable minimum and maximum forfeiture specified in par. (a) for the violation shall be doubled.
346.49(1g) (1g)
346.49(1g)(a)(a) Unless otherwise provided in par. (b), any person violating s. 346.46 (3) shall forfeit not less than $40 nor more than $80 for the first offense and not less than $100 nor more than $200 for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within a year.
346.49(1g)(b) (b) Any operator of a bicycle, electric scooter, or electric personal assistive mobility device violating s. 346.46 (3) shall forfeit not more than $40.
346.49(1m) (1m)A vehicle owner or other person found liable under s. 346.465 may be required to forfeit not less than $20 nor more than $40 for the first offense and not less than $50 nor more than $100 for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within a year. Imposition of liability under s. 346.465 shall not result in suspension or revocation of a person's operating license under s. 343.30, nor shall it result in demerit points being recorded on a person's driving record under s. 343.32 (2) (a).
346.49(2) (2)Any person violating s. 346.455 or 346.48 may be required to forfeit not less than $30 nor more than $300.
346.49(2m) (2m)
346.49(2m)(a)(a) Unless otherwise provided in par. (b), any person violating s. 346.44 may be required to forfeit not more than $1,000 for the first offense and not more than $3,000 for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within 3 years.
346.49(2m)(am) (am) Any person violating s. 346.45 shall forfeit not less than $60 nor more than $600 for the first offense and not less than $180 nor more than $1,800 for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within 3 years.
346.49(2m)(b) (b) Any operator of a bicycle, electric scooter, or electric personal assistive mobility device violating s. 346.44 may be required to forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $250 for the first offense and not less than $225 nor more than $750 for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within 3 years.
346.49(2m)(c) (c) Any person violating s. 346.445 may be required to forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $250 for the first offense and not less than $225 nor more than $750 for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within 3 years.
346.49(2r) (2r)
346.49(2r)(a)(a) A vehicle owner or other person found liable under s. 346.452 with respect to a violation of s. 346.44 may be required to forfeit not more than $1,000 for the first offense and not more than $3,000 for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within 3 years, except that, if the vehicle involved in the violation was a bicycle, the bicycle owner or other person may be required to forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $250 for the first offense and not less than $225 nor more than $750 for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within 3 years.
346.49(2r)(b) (b) A vehicle owner or other person found liable under s. 346.452 with respect to a violation of s. 346.45 shall forfeit not less than $60 nor more than $600 for the first conviction and not less than $180 nor more than $1,800 for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within 3 years.
346.49(2r)(c) (c) Imposition of liability under s. 346.452 shall not result in suspension or revocation of a person's operating license under s. 343.30 or 343.31, nor shall it result in demerit points being recorded on a person's driving record under s. 343.32 (2) (a).
346.49(3) (3)A vehicle owner or other person found liable under s. 346.485 or 346.457 may be required to forfeit not less than $30 nor more than $300. Imposition of liability under s. 346.485 or 346.457 shall not result in suspension or revocation of a person's operating license under s. 343.30, nor shall it result in demerit points being recorded on a person's driving record under s. 343.32 (2) (a).
346.49(4) (4)Any person violating s. 346.475 may be required to forfeit not less than $50 nor more than $200.
346.49(5) (5)
346.49(5)(a)(a) If a person violates s. 346.46 (1) or (4) (a) or 346.47 (1) or (2) and the violation results in great bodily harm, as defined in s. 939.22 (14), to another, the person shall forfeit $500.
346.49(5)(b) (b) If a person violates s. 346.46 (1) or (4) (a) or 346.47 (1) or (2) and the violation results in death to another, the person shall forfeit $1,000.
346.495 346.495 Railroad crossing improvement surcharge.
346.495(1)(a) (a) If a court imposes a forfeiture under s. 346.49 (1g) or (2m) (a), (am), (b), or (c) for a violation of s. 346.44, 346.445, 346.45, or 346.46 (3), the court shall also impose a railroad crossing improvement surcharge under ch. 814 equal to 50 percent of the amount of the forfeiture. This paragraph does not apply to a personal delivery device operator.
346.495(1)(b) (b) If a court imposes a forfeiture under s. 346.49 (2r) with respect to a violation of s. 346.44 or 346.45, the court shall also impose a railroad crossing improvement surcharge equal to 50 percent of the amount of the forfeiture.
346.495(2) (2)If a forfeiture is suspended in whole or in part, the railroad crossing improvement surcharge shall be reduced in proportion to the suspension.
346.495(3) (3)If any deposit is made for an offense to which this section applies, the person making the deposit shall also deposit a sufficient amount to include the railroad crossing improvement surcharge under this section. If the deposit is forfeited, the amount of the railroad crossing improvement surcharge shall be transmitted to the secretary of administration under sub. (4). If the deposit is returned, the amount of the railroad crossing improvement surcharge shall also be returned.
346.495(4) (4)The clerk of the circuit court shall collect and transmit to the county treasurer the railroad crossing improvement surcharge as required under s. 59.40 (2) (m). The county treasurer shall then pay the secretary of administration as provided in s. 59.25 (3) (f) 2. The secretary of administration shall deposit all amounts received under this subsection in the transportation fund to be appropriated under s. 20.395 (2) (gj).
346.495 History History: 1997 a. 135, 237; 2003 a. 33, 139, 209, 326, 327; 2013 a. 219; 2017 a. 13.
subch. VIII of ch. 346 SUBCHAPTER VIII
RESTRICTIONS ON STOPPING AND PARKING
346.50 346.50 Exceptions to stopping and parking restrictions.
346.50(1)(1)The prohibitions against stopping or leaving a vehicle stand contained in ss. 346.51 to 346.54 and 346.55 do not apply when:
346.50(1)(a) (a) The vehicle becomes disabled while on the highway in such a manner or to such an extent that it is impossible to avoid stopping or temporarily leaving the vehicle in the prohibited place; or
346.50(1)(b) (b) The stopping of the vehicle is necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or to comply with traffic regulations or the directions of a traffic officer or traffic control sign or signal.
346.50(1)(c) (c) The vehicle of a public utility, as defined in s. 196.01 (5), a telecommunications carrier, as defined in s. 196.01 (8m), or a rural electric cooperative is stopped or left standing and is required for maintenance, installation, repair, construction or inspection of its facilities by the public utility or a rural electric cooperative when warning signs, flags, traffic cones, or flashing yellow lights or barricades, have been placed to warn approaching motorists of any obstruction to the traveled portion of the highway.
346.50(1m) (1m)In subs. (2) and (2a), the terms “municipal" and “municipally" include county.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on August 19, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 19, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-19-19)