350.10(1)(m) (m) On Indian lands without the consent of the tribal governing body or Indian owner. For purposes of this paragraph, “Indian lands" means lands owned by the United States and held for the use or benefit of Indian tribes, bands, or individual Indians and lands owned by Indian tribes, bands, or individual Indians which are subject to restrictions on alienation. Failure to post Indian lands does not imply consent for snowmobile use. Any other motor-driven craft or vehicle principally manufactured for off-highway use shall at all times have the consent of the owner before operation of such craft or vehicle on private lands.
350.10(2) (2)Subsection (1) (c) does not apply to a person operating a snowmobile on land under the management and control of the person's immediate family.
350.10(3) (3)Subsection (1) (gm) does not apply to a person operating a snowmobile while competing in a sanctioned race or derby.
350.101 350.101 Intoxicated snowmobiling.
350.101(1)(1)Operation.
350.101(1)(a)(a) Operating while under the influence of an intoxicant. No person may engage in the operation of a snowmobile while under the influence of an intoxicant to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safe snowmobile operation.
350.101(1)(b) (b) Operating with alcohol concentrations at or above specified levels. No person may engage in the operation of a snowmobile while the person has an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more.
350.101(1)(bm) (bm) Operating with a restricted controlled substance. No person may engage in the operation of a snowmobile with a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood.
350.101(1)(c) (c) Operating with alcohol concentrations at specified levels; below age 19. If a person has not attained the age of 19, the person may not engage in the operation of a snowmobile while he or she has an alcohol concentration of more than 0.0 but not more than 0.08.
350.101(1)(d) (d) Related charges. A person may be charged with and a prosecutor may proceed upon a complaint based upon a violation of any combination of par. (a), (b), or (bm) for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence. If the person is charged with violating any combination of par. (a), (b), or (bm), the offenses shall be joined. If the person is found guilty of any combination of par. (a), (b), or (bm) for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence, there shall be a single conviction for purposes of sentencing and for purposes of counting convictions under s. 350.11 (3) (a) 2. and 3. Paragraphs (a), (b), and (bm) each require proof of a fact for conviction which the others do not require.
350.101(1)(e) (e) Defenses. In an action under par. (bm) that is based on the defendant allegedly having a detectable amount of methamphetamine, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in his or her blood, the defendant has a defense if he or she proves by a preponderance of the evidence that at the time of the incident or occurrence he or she had a valid prescription for methamphetamine or one of its metabolic precursors, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol.
350.101(2) (2)Causing injury.
350.101(2)(a) (a) Causing injury while under the influence of an intoxicant. No person while under the influence of an intoxicant to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safe snowmobile operation may cause injury to another person by the operation of a snowmobile.
350.101(2)(b) (b) Causing injury with alcohol concentrations at or above specified levels. No person who has an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more may cause injury to another person by the operation of a snowmobile.
350.101(2)(bm) (bm) Causing injury while operating a snowmobile with a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance. No person who has a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood may cause injury to another person by the operation of a snowmobile.
350.101(2)(c) (c) Related charges. A person may be charged with and a prosecutor may proceed upon a complaint based upon a violation of any combination of par. (a), (b), or (bm) for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence. If the person is charged with violating any combination of par. (a), (b), or (bm) in the complaint, the crimes shall be joined under s. 971.12. If the person is found guilty of any combination of par. (a), (b), or (bm) for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence, there shall be a single conviction for purposes of sentencing and for purposes of counting convictions under s. 350.11 (3) (a) 2. and 3. Paragraphs (a), (b), and (bm) each require proof of a fact for conviction which the others do not require.
350.101(2)(d) (d) Defenses.
350.101(2)(d)1.1. In an action under this subsection, the defendant has a defense if he or she proves by a preponderance of the evidence that the injury would have occurred even if he or she had been exercising due care and he or she had not been under the influence of an intoxicant or did not have an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more or a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood.
350.101(2)(d)2. 2. In an action under par. (bm) that is based on the defendant allegedly having a detectable amount of methamphetamine, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in his or her blood, the defendant has a defense if he or she proves by a preponderance of the evidence that at the time of the incident or occurrence he or she had a valid prescription for methamphetamine or one of its metabolic precursors, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol.
350.101 History History: 1987 a. 399; 1989 a. 275; 1995 a. 436; 2003 a. 30, 97, 326.
350.102 350.102 Preliminary breath screening test.
350.102(1)(1)Requirement. A person shall provide a sample of his or her breath for a preliminary breath screening test if a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that the person is violating or has violated the intoxicated snowmobiling law and if, prior to an arrest, the law enforcement officer requested the person to provide this sample.
350.102(2) (2)Use of test results. A law enforcement officer may use the results of a preliminary breath screening test for the purpose of deciding whether or not to arrest a person for a violation of the intoxicated snowmobiling law or for the purpose of deciding whether or not to request a chemical test under s. 350.104. Following the preliminary breath screening test, chemical tests may be required of the person under s. 350.104.
350.102(3) (3)Admissibility. The result of a preliminary breath screening test is not admissible in any action or proceeding except to show probable cause for an arrest, if the arrest is challenged, or to show that a chemical test was properly required of a person under s. 350.104.
350.102(4) (4)Refusal. There is no penalty for a violation of sub. (1). Section 350.11 (1) and the general penalty provision under s. 939.61 do not apply to that violation.
350.102 History History: 1987 a. 399.
350.1025 350.1025 Application of intoxicated snowmobiling law. Except as provided in this section, the intoxicated snowmobiling law is applicable to all property, whether the property is publicly or privately owned and whether or not a fee is charged for the use of that property. The intoxicated snowmobiling law does not apply to the operation of a snowmobile on private land not designated as a snowmobile trail unless an accident involving personal injury occurs as the result of the operation of a snowmobile and the snowmobile was operated on the private land without the consent of the owner of that land.
350.1025 History History: 1987 a. 399; 1991 a. 91.
350.103 350.103 Implied consent. Any person who engages in the operation of a snowmobile upon the public highways of this state, or in those areas enumerated in s. 350.1025, is deemed to have given consent to provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis as required under s. 350.104. Any person who engages in the operation of a snowmobile within this state is deemed to have given consent to submit to one or more chemical tests of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis as required under s. 350.104.
350.103 History History: 1987 a. 399.
350.104 350.104 Chemical tests.
350.104(1)(1)Requirement.
350.104(1)(a)(a) Samples; submission to tests. A person shall provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis if he or she is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated snowmobiling law and if he or she is requested to provide the sample by a law enforcement officer. A person shall submit to one or more chemical tests of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis if he or she is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated snowmobiling law and if he or she is requested to submit to the test by a law enforcement officer.
350.104(1)(b) (b) Information. A law enforcement officer requesting a person to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test under par. (a) shall inform the person of all of the following at the time of the request and prior to obtaining the sample or administering the test:
350.104(1)(b)1. 1. That he or she is deemed to have consented to tests under s. 350.103.
350.104(1)(b)2. 2. That a refusal to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test constitutes a violation under sub. (5) and is subject to the same penalties and procedures as a violation of s. 350.101 (1) (a).
350.104(1)(b)3. 3. That in addition to the designated chemical test under sub. (2) (b), he or she may have an additional chemical test under sub. (3) (a).
350.104(1)(c) (c) Unconscious person. A person who is unconscious or otherwise not capable of withdrawing consent is presumed not to have withdrawn consent under this subsection, and if a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that the person violated the intoxicated snowmobiling law, one or more chemical tests may be administered to the person without a request under par. (a) and without providing information under par. (b).
350.104(2) (2)Chemical tests.
350.104(2)(a) (a) Test facility. Upon the request of a law enforcement officer, a test facility shall administer a chemical test of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis. A test facility shall be prepared to administer 2 of the 3 chemical tests of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis. The department may enter into agreements for the cooperative use of test facilities.
350.104(2)(b) (b) Designated chemical test. A test facility shall designate one chemical test of breath, blood or urine which it is prepared to administer first for the purpose of authorized analysis.
350.104(2)(c) (c) Additional chemical test. A test facility shall specify one chemical test of breath, blood or urine, other than the test designated under par. (b), which it is prepared to administer for the purpose of authorized analysis as an additional chemical test.
350.104(2)(d) (d) Validity; procedure. A chemical test of blood or urine conducted for the purpose of authorized analysis is valid as provided under s. 343.305 (6). The duties and responsibilities of the laboratory of hygiene, department of health services and department of transportation under s. 343.305 (6) apply to a chemical test of blood or urine conducted for the purpose of authorized analysis under this section. Blood may be withdrawn from a person arrested for a violation of the intoxicated snowmobiling law only by a physician, registered nurse, medical technologist, physician assistant, phlebotomist, or other medical professional who is authorized to draw blood, or person acting under the direction of a physician and the person who withdraws the blood, the employer of that person and any hospital where blood is withdrawn have immunity from civil or criminal liability as provided under s. 895.53.
350.104(2)(e) (e) Report. A test facility which administers a chemical test of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis under this section shall prepare a written report which shall include the findings of the chemical test, the identification of the law enforcement officer or the person who requested a chemical test and the identification of the person who provided the sample or submitted to the chemical test. The test facility shall transmit a copy of the report to the law enforcement officer and the person who provided the sample or submitted to the chemical test.
350.104(3) (3)Additional and optional chemical tests.
350.104(3)(a)(a) Additional chemical test. If a person is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated snowmobiling law or is the operator of a snowmobile involved in an accident resulting in great bodily harm to or the death of someone and if the person is requested to provide a sample or to submit to a test under sub. (1) (a), the person may request the test facility to administer the additional chemical test specified under sub. (2) (c) or, at his or her own expense, reasonable opportunity to have any qualified person administer a chemical test of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis.
350.104(3)(b) (b) Optional test. If a person is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated snowmobiling law and if the person is not requested to provide a sample or to submit to a test under sub. (1) (a), the person may request the test facility to administer a chemical test of his or her breath or, at his or her own expense, reasonable opportunity to have any qualified person administer a chemical test of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis. If a test facility is unable to perform a chemical test of breath, the person may request the test facility to administer the designated chemical test under sub. (2) (b) or the additional chemical test under sub. (2) (c).
350.104(3)(c) (c) Compliance with request. A test facility shall comply with a request under this subsection to administer any chemical test it is able to perform.
350.104(3)(d) (d) Inability to obtain chemical test. The failure or inability of a person to obtain a chemical test at his or her own expense does not preclude the admission of evidence of the results of a chemical test required and administered under subs. (1) and (2).
350.104(4) (4)Admissibility; effect of test results; other evidence. The results of a chemical test required or administered under sub. (1), (2) or (3) are admissible in any civil or criminal action or proceeding arising out of the acts committed by a person alleged to have violated the intoxicated snowmobiling law on the issue of whether the person was under the influence of an intoxicant or the issue of whether the person had alcohol concentrations at or above specified levels or a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood. Results of these chemical tests shall be given the effect required under s. 885.235. This section does not limit the right of a law enforcement officer to obtain evidence by any other lawful means.
350.104(5) (5)Refusal. No person may refuse a lawful request to provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine or to submit to one or more chemical tests under sub. (1). A person shall not be deemed to refuse to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test if it is shown by a preponderance of the evidence that the refusal was due to a physical inability to provide the sample or to submit to the test due to a physical disability or disease unrelated to the use of an intoxicant. Issues in any action concerning violation of sub. (1) or this subsection are limited to:
350.104(5)(a) (a) Whether the law enforcement officer had probable cause to believe the person was violating or had violated the intoxicated snowmobiling law.
350.104(5)(b) (b) Whether the person was lawfully placed under arrest for violating the intoxicated snowmobiling law.
350.104(5)(c) (c) Whether the law enforcement officer requested the person to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test and provided the information required under sub. (1) (b) or whether the request and information was unnecessary under sub. (1) (c).
350.104(5)(d) (d) Whether the person refused to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test.
350.106 350.106 Report arrest to department. If a law enforcement officer arrests a person for a violation of the intoxicated snowmobiling law or the refusal law, the law enforcement officer shall notify the department of the arrest as soon as practicable.
350.106 History History: 1987 a. 399.
350.107 350.107 Officer's action after arrest for operating a snowmobile while under influence of intoxicant. A person arrested for a violation of s. 350.101 (1) (a) or (b) or a local ordinance in conformity therewith or s. 350.101 (2) (a) or (b) may not be released until 12 hours have elapsed from the time of his or her arrest or unless a chemical test administered under s. 350.104 (1) (a) shows that the person has an alcohol concentration of 0.05 or less, but the person may be released to his or her attorney, spouse, relative or other responsible adult at any time after arrest.
350.107 History History: 1987 a. 399; 1995 a. 436.
350.108 350.108 Public education program.
350.108(1)(1)The department shall promulgate rules to provide for a public education program to:
350.108(1)(a) (a) Inform snowmobile operators of the prohibitions and penalties included in the intoxicated snowmobiling law. The snowmobile recreational council may assist the department in developing the public education program.
350.108(1)(b) (b) Provide for the development of signs briefly explaining the intoxicated snowmobiling law.
350.108(2) (2)The department shall develop and issue an educational pamphlet on the intoxicated snowmobiling law to be distributed, beginning in 1989, to persons issued snowmobile registration certificates under s. 350.12 or 350.122.
350.108 History History: 1987 a. 399; 1997 a. 27.
350.11 350.11 Penalties.
350.11(1)(1)
350.11(1)(a) (a) Except as provided in par. (b) and subs. (2g), (2m) and (3), any person who violates any provision of this chapter shall forfeit not more than $250.
350.11(1)(b) (b) Except as provided in subs. (2g), (2m) and (3), any person who violates any provision of this chapter and who, within the last 3 years prior to the conviction for the current violation, was 2 or more times previously convicted for violating the same provision of this chapter shall forfeit not more than $500.
350.11(2g) (2g)Any person who violates s. 350.12 (3j) shall forfeit not more than $1,000.
350.11(2m) (2m)Any person who violates s. 350.135 (1) is guilty of a Class H felony if the violation causes the death or injury, as defined in s. 30.67 (3) (b), of another person.
350.11(3) (3)
350.11(3)(a)(a) Penalties related to prohibited operation of a snowmobile; intoxicants; refusal.
350.11(3)(a)1.1. Except as provided under subds. 2. and 3., a person who violates s. 350.101 (1) (a), (b), or (bm) or s. 350.104 (5) shall forfeit not less than $400 nor more than $550.
350.11(3)(a)2. 2. Except as provided under subd. 3., a person who violates s. 350.101 (1) (a), (b), or (bm) or 350.104 (5) and who, within 5 years prior to the arrest for the current violation, was convicted previously under the intoxicated snowmobiling law or the refusal law shall be fined not less than $300 nor more than $1,000 and shall be imprisoned not less than 5 days nor more than 6 months.
350.11(3)(a)3. 3. A person who violates s. 350.101 (1) (a), (b), or (bm) or 350.104 (5) and who, within 5 years prior to the arrest for the current violation, was convicted 2 or more times previously under the intoxicated snowmobiling law or refusal law shall be fined not less than $600 nor more than $2,000 and shall be imprisoned not less than 30 days nor more than one year in the county jail.
350.11(3)(a)4. 4. A person who violates s. 350.101 (1) (c) or 350.104 (5) and who has not attained the age of 19 shall forfeit not more than $50.
350.11(3)(b) (b) Penalties related to failure to stop; and for causing injury while under influence of intoxicants. A person who violates s. 350.101 (2) or 350.17 (2) shall be fined not less than $300 nor more than $2,000 and may be imprisoned for not less than 30 days nor more than one year in the county jail.
350.11(3)(bm) (bm) Sentence of detention. The legislature intends that courts use the sentencing option under s. 973.03 (4) whenever appropriate for persons subject to par. (a) 2. or 3. or (b). The use of this option can result in significant cost savings for the state and local governments.
350.11(3)(c) (c) Calculation of previous convictions. In determining the number of previous convictions under par. (a) 2. and 3., convictions arising out of the same incident or occurrence shall be counted as one previous conviction.
350.11(3)(cm) (cm) Reporting convictions to the department. Whenever a person is convicted of a violation of the intoxicated snowmobiling law, the clerk of the court in which the conviction occurred, or the justice, judge or magistrate of a court not having a clerk, shall forward to the department the record of such conviction. The record of conviction forwarded to the department shall state whether the offender was involved in an accident at the time of the offense.
350.11(3)(d) (d) Alcohol, controlled substances or controlled substance analogs; assessment. In addition to any other penalty or order, a person who violates s. 350.101 (1) or (2) or 350.104 (5) or who violates s. 940.09 or 940.25 if the violation involves the operation of a snowmobile, shall be ordered by the court to submit to and comply with an assessment by an approved public treatment facility for an examination of the person's use of alcohol, controlled substances or controlled substance analogs. The assessment order shall comply with s. 343.30 (1q) (c) 1. a. to c. Intentional failure to comply with an assessment ordered under this paragraph constitutes contempt of court, punishable under ch. 785.
350.11(4) (4)In addition to the penalties under this section, the court may order the defendant to restore or replace any uniform snowmobile trail sign or standard that the defendant removed, damaged, defaced, moved or obstructed.
350.11 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See s. 23.50 concerning enforcement procedures.
350.115 350.115 Snowmobile registration restitution surcharge.
350.115(1)(1)Levy of snowmobile registration restitution surcharge.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 50 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on December 6, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after December 6, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-6-19)