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36.09(1)(e) (e) The board shall appoint a president of the system; a chancellor for each institution; a dean for each college campus; the state geologist; the director of the laboratory of hygiene; the director of the psychiatric institute; the state cartographer; and the requisite number of officers, other than the vice presidents, associate vice presidents, and assistant vice presidents of the system; faculty; academic staff; and other employees and fix the salaries, subject to the limitations under par. (j) and ss. 20.923 (4g) and 230.12 (3) (e), the duties and the term of office for each. The board shall fix the salaries, subject to the limitations under par. (j) and ss. 20.923 (4g) and 230.12 (3) (e), and the duties for each chancellor, vice president, associate vice president, and assistant vice president of the system. No sectarian or partisan tests or any tests based upon race, religion, national origin, or sex shall ever be allowed or exercised in the appointment of the employees of the system.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (e) is amended eff. 7-1-15 by 2011 Wis. Act 32, as affected by 2013 Wis. Act 20, ss. 2365m and 9448, to read:
Effective date text (e) The board shall appoint a president of the system; a chancellor for each institution; a dean for each college campus; the state geologist; the director of the laboratory of hygiene; the director of the psychiatric institute; the state cartographer; and the requisite number of officers, other than the vice presidents, associate vice presidents, and assistant vice presidents of the system; faculty; academic staff; and other employees and fix the salaries, subject to the limitations under par. (j) and s. 230.12 (3) (e), the duties and the term of office for each. The board shall fix the salaries, subject to the limitations under par. (j) and s. 230.12 (3) (e), and the duties for each chancellor, vice president, associate vice president, and assistant vice president of the system. No sectarian or partisan tests or any tests based upon race, religion, national origin, or sex shall ever be allowed or exercised in the appointment of the employees of the system.
36.09(1)(f) (f) The board shall delegate to each chancellor the necessary authority for the administration and operation of the institution within the policies and guidelines established by the board. The board may also delegate or rescind other authority to chancellors, committees of the board, administrative officers, members of the faculty and students or such other groups as it deems appropriate.
36.09(1)(gm) (gm) The board shall not create, except as specifically authorized by the legislature in each instance, any new college, school or its functional equivalent if such college, school or functional equivalent has academic programs at the graduate or professional, post-baccalaureate level.
36.09(1)(gm)1. 1. For the purposes of this paragraph, college or school means an academic unit below the institutional level but above the departmental level, including but not limited to a graduate school, law school, medical school, social work school, architecture school, business school and a public administration school.
36.09(1)(gm)2. 2. For the purposes of this paragraph, a new college or school shall be deemed to have been created if an administrative position of dean or its functional equivalent is established and if a new instructional program, separate and distinct from the programs currently available at that institution, is established.
36.09(1)(gm)3. 3. This paragraph does not apply to the redesignation or reorganization of existing colleges or schools if accomplished through the reclassification of existing positions or the restructuring of existing organizational entities.
36.09(1)(h) (h) The board shall allocate funds and adopt budgets for the respective institutions giving consideration to the principles of comparable budgetary support for similar programs and equitable compensation for faculty and academic staff with comparable training, experience and responsibilities and recognizing competitive ability to recruit and retain qualified faculty and academic staff. If the board ceases or suspends operation of any institution or college campus, the appropriations to the board for operation of the institution or college campus may be utilized by the board for any other purpose authorized by the appropriations within the period for which the appropriations are made.
36.09(1)(hm) (hm) The board shall develop policies for the purpose of specifically identifying the general purpose revenue and nongeneral purpose revenue funding sources used for noninstructional student activities and for the purpose of governing the allocation of funds to those noninstructional student activities supported by both general purpose and nongeneral purpose revenue.
36.09(1)(i) (i) Upon recommendation of the president and the administrator of the division of merit recruitment and selection in the office of state employment relations, the board and the director of the office shall jointly adopt general policies governing the designation of positions to be exempt from the classified service as academic staff as defined in s. 36.15 (1) (a) and (b). No position in the classified service may be designated as an academic staff position under the general policies unless the director of the office of state employment relations approves the designation.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (i) is repealed eff. 7-1-15 by 2011 Wis. Act 32, as affected by 2013 Wis. Act 20, ss. 2365m and 9448.
36.09(1)(j) (j) Except where such matters are a subject of bargaining with a certified representative of a collective bargaining unit under s. 111.91, the board shall establish salaries for persons not in the classified staff prior to July 1 of each year for the next fiscal year, and shall designate the effective dates for payment of the new salaries. In the first year of the biennium, payments of the salaries established for the preceding year shall be continued until the biennial budget bill is enacted. If the budget is enacted after July 1, payments shall be made following enactment of the budget to satisfy the obligations incurred on the effective dates, as designated by the board, for the new salaries, subject only to the appropriation of funds by the legislature and s. 20.928 (3). This paragraph does not limit the authority of the board to establish salaries for new appointments. The board may not increase the salaries of employees specified in ss. 20.923 (5) and (6) (m) and 230.08 (2) (d) under this paragraph unless the salary increase conforms to the proposal as approved under s. 230.12 (3) (e) or the board authorizes the salary increase to correct salary inequities under par. (h), to fund job reclassifications or promotions, or to recognize competitive factors. The board may not increase the salary of any position identified in s. 20.923 (4g) under this paragraph unless the salary increase conforms to the proposal as approved under s. 230.12 (3) (e) or the board authorizes the salary increase to correct a salary inequity or to recognize competitive factors. The board may not increase the salary of any position identified in s. 20.923 (4g) (ae) and (am) to correct a salary inequity that results from the appointment of a person to a position identified in s. 20.923 (4g) (ae) and (am) unless the increase is approved by the office of state employment relations. The granting of salary increases to recognize competitive factors does not obligate inclusion of the annualized amount of the increases in the appropriations under s. 20.285 (1) for subsequent fiscal bienniums. No later than October 1 of each year, the board shall report to the joint committee on finance and the secretary of administration and director of the office of state employment relations concerning the amounts of any salary increases granted to recognize competitive factors, and the institutions at which they are granted, for the 12-month period ending on the preceding June 30.
36.09 Note NOTE: Par. (j) is affected by 2011 Wis. Acts 10 and 32, as affected by 2013 Wis. Act 20, ss. 2365m and 9448, effective 7-1-15 to read:
Effective date text (j) Except where such matters are a subject of bargaining with a certified representative of a collective bargaining unit under s. 111.91, the board shall establish salaries for persons prior to July 1 of each year for the next fiscal year, and shall designate the effective dates for payment of the new salaries. In the first year of the biennium, payments of the salaries established for the preceding year shall be continued until the biennial budget bill is enacted. If the budget is enacted after July 1, payments shall be made following enactment of the budget to satisfy the obligations incurred on the effective dates, as designated by the board, for the new salaries, subject only to the appropriation of funds by the legislature and s. 20.928 (3). This paragraph does not limit the authority of the board to establish salaries for new appointments. The board may not increase the salaries of employees under this paragraph unless the salary increase conforms to the proposal as approved under s. 230.12 (3) (e) or the board authorizes the salary increase to correct salary inequities under par. (h), to fund job reclassifications or promotions, or to recognize competitive factors. The granting of salary increases to recognize competitive factors does not obligate inclusion of the annualized amount of the increases in the appropriations under s. 20.285 (1) for subsequent fiscal bienniums. No later than October 1 of each year, the board shall report to the joint committee on finance and the secretary of administration and director of the office of state employment relations concerning the amounts of any salary increases granted to recognize competitive factors, and the institutions at which they are granted, for the 12-month period ending on the preceding June 30.
36.09(1)(k)1.1. The board shall, with respect to academic staff, correct pay inequities based on gender or race.
36.09(1)(k)2. 2. The board shall do all of the following:
36.09(1)(k)2.a. a. Establish and maintain job categories in which to place academic staff positions. The job categories shall be described in sufficient detail to enable the board to comply with subd. 1.
36.09(1)(k)2.b. b. Establish and maintain pay ranges, each of which has a minimum and a maximum rate of pay and assign the job categories established under subd. 2. a. to those pay ranges. This subd. 2. b. does not apply to appointments under s. 36.13 (4).
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (k) is repealed eff. 7-1-15 by 2011 Wis. Act 32, as affected by 2013 Wis. Act 20, ss. 2365m and 9448.
36.09(1)(L) (L) The board shall possess all powers necessary or convenient for the operation of the system except as limited in this chapter and ss. 13.48 (14) (am) and 16.848 (1).
36.09(2) (2)The president.
36.09(2)(a)(a) The president shall be president of all the faculties and shall be vested with the responsibility of administering the system under board policies and shall direct a central administration which shall assist the board and the president in establishing system-wide policies in monitoring, reviewing and evaluating these policies, in coordinating program development and operation among institutions, in planning the programmatic, financial and physical development of the system, in maintaining fiscal control and compiling and recommending educational programs, operating budgets and building programs for the board. Subject to par. (b), the president shall appoint each senior vice president, vice president, associate vice president and assistant vice president of the system. The president shall fix the term of office for each senior vice president, vice president, associate vice president and assistant vice president of the system.
36.09(2)(b) (b) The sum of the number of senior vice presidents and vice presidents of the system that the president may appoint under par. (a) may not exceed 4.
36.09(3) (3)The chancellors.
36.09(3)(a)(a) The chancellors shall be the executive heads of their respective faculties and institutions and shall be vested with the responsibility of administering board policies under the coordinating direction of the president and be accountable and report to the president and the board on the operation and administration of their institutions. Subject to board policy the chancellors of the institutions in consultation with their faculties shall be responsible for designing curricula and setting degree requirements; determining academic standards and establishing grading systems; defining and administering institutional standards for faculty peer evaluation and screening candidates for appointment, promotion and tenure; recommending individual merit increases; administering associated auxiliary services; and administering all funds, from whatever source, allocated, generated or intended for use of their institutions.
36.09(3)(b) (b) The chancellor may designate a person as provost, to act as chief executive officer of the institution in the chancellor's absence, if the person currently holds a limited appointment as vice chancellor, associate chancellor, assistant chancellor, associate vice chancellor or assistant vice chancellor. The chancellor may not create an additional administrative position for the purpose of this paragraph.
36.09(4) (4)Faculty. The faculty of each institution, subject to the responsibilities and powers of the board, the president and the chancellor of such institution, shall be vested with responsibility for the immediate governance of such institution and shall actively participate in institutional policy development. As such, the faculty shall have the primary responsibility for academic and educational activities and faculty personnel matters. The faculty of each institution shall have the right to determine their own faculty organizational structure and to select representatives to participate in institutional governance.
36.09(4m) (4m)Academic staff. The academic staff members of each institution, subject to the responsibilities and powers of the board, the president and the chancellor and faculty of the institution, shall be active participants in the immediate governance of and policy development for the institution. The academic staff members have the primary responsibility for the formulation and review, and shall be represented in the development, of all policies and procedures concerning academic staff members, including academic staff personnel matters. The academic staff members of each institution shall have the right to organize themselves in a manner they determine and to select their representatives to participate in institutional governance.
36.09(5) (5)Students. The students of each institution or campus subject to the responsibilities and powers of the board, the president, the chancellor and the faculty shall be active participants in the immediate governance of and policy development for such institutions. As such, students shall have primary responsibility for the formulation and review of policies concerning student life, services and interests. Students in consultation with the chancellor and subject to the final confirmation of the board shall have the responsibility for the disposition of those student fees which constitute substantial support for campus student activities. The students of each institution or campus shall have the right to organize themselves in a manner they determine and to select their representatives to participate in institutional governance.
36.09 Annotation Sub. (5) gives student organizations, rather than the student body, the right to select representatives to participate in institutional governance. Student Association of U.W.-Milwaukee v. Baum, 74 Wis. 2d 283, 246 N.W.2d 622 (1976).
36.09 Annotation Student and faculty voting participation on the Board of Regents is limited to duly appointed members, but hat does not preclude the board or any committee thereof from utilizing groups of nonmembers in advisory capacities. 60 Atty. Gen. 395.
36.09 Annotation The Board of Regents has no authority to provide a deferred salary plan for employees other than through the state teachers retirement system or the Wisconsin retirement fund. 61 Atty. Gen. 6.
36.09 Annotation A ruling by the chancellor of the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire denying a request to conduct door-to-door solicitation in residence halls did not violate constitutional rights. 61 Atty. Gen. 373.
36.09 Annotation The leasing of university buildings to a religious congregation during nonschool days and hours on a temporary basis while the congregation's existing facility is being renovated and leasing convention space to a church conference would not violate the separation of church and state provisions of the 1st amendment and Art. I, s. 18. 63 Atty. Gen. 374.
36.09 Annotation Regents should identify how compulsory fees will be used to necessarily and conveniently further the objects of the university before approving a segregated fee. Regent's duties are unchanged under sub. (5). 63 Atty. Gen. 385.
36.09 Annotation The financing of student organizations through mandatory student fees does not violate the 1st amendment if viewpoint neutrality is the operational principal. Board of Regents v. Southworth, 529 U.S. 217, 146 L. Ed. 2d 193 (2000).
36.09 Annotation With one exception, the university's system, as required by Southworth, for distributing compelled fees collected from university students to student groups that delegates funding decisions to the student government was subject to sufficient limits. Southworth v. Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System, 307 F.3d 566 (2002).
36.09 Annotation Although the 1st amendment establishment clause of the U.S. constitution neither compels nor authorizes the University to categorically exclude funding of activities related to worship, proselytizing, and sectarian religious instruction with segregated fees, the University may nevertheless be able to exclude some or all of the activities to which it objects. The University is free to enact viewpoint neutral rules restricting access to segregated fees, for it may create what is tantamount to a limited public forum if the principles of viewpoint neutrality are respected. However, before excluding an activity from the segregated fee forum pursuant to a content-based distinction, the University must explain specifically why that particular activity, viewed as a whole, is outside the forum's purposes. Roman Catholic Foundation v. The Regents of the University of Wisconsin System, 578 F. Supp. 2d 1121. Affirmed. 620 F.3d 775 (2010).
36.11 36.11 Powers and duties of the board of regents.
36.11(1)(1) Protection of people; custody and management of property.
36.11(1)(a)(a) The board may promulgate rules under ch. 227 to protect the lives, health and safety of persons on property under its jurisdiction and to protect such property and to prevent obstruction of the functions of the system. Any person who violates any rule promulgated under this paragraph may be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than 90 days or both.
36.11(1)(b) (b) Except as provided in this paragraph and ss. 13.48 (14) (am) and 16.848 (1), the board may purchase, have custody of, hold, control, possess, lease, grant easements and enjoy any lands, buildings, books, records and all other property of any nature which may be necessary and required for the purposes, objects and uses of the system authorized by law. Any lease by the board is subject to the powers of the University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority under s. 233.03 (13) and the rights of the authority under any lease agreement, as defined in s. 233.01 (6). The board shall not permit a facility that would be privately owned or operated to be constructed on state-owned land without obtaining prior approval of the building commission under s. 13.48 (12). Subject to prior action under s. 13.48 (14) (am) or 16.848 (1), the board may sell or dispose of such property as provided by law, or any part thereof when in its judgment it is for the best interests of the system and the state. All purchases of real property shall be subject to the approval of the building commission. The provision of all leases of real property to be occupied by the board shall be the responsibility of the department of administration under s. 16.84 (5).
36.11(1)(c) (c) The board may promulgate rules under ch. 227 for the management of all property under its jurisdiction, for the care and preservation thereof and for the promotion and preservation of the orderly operation of the system in any or all of its authorized activities and in any or all of its institutions with forfeitures for their violation, which may be sued for and collected in the name of the board before any court having jurisdiction of such action. Forfeitures shall not exceed $500.
36.11(1)(cm) (cm) The board shall promulgate rules under ch. 227 prescribing the times, places and manner in which political literature may be distributed and political campaigning may be conducted in state-owned residence halls. No such rule may authorize any activity prohibited under s. 11.36 (3) or (4).
36.11(1)(d) (d) All fines imposed and collected under this subsection shall be transmitted to the county treasurer for disposition in accordance with s. 59.25 (3) (f) and (j). All forfeitures, including forfeitures of posted bail if any, imposed and collected under this subsection shall be transmitted to the county treasurer for disposition in accordance with ss. 778.13 and 778.17.
36.11(1)(e) (e) Subject to prior action under s. 13.48 (14) (am) or 16.848 (1), the board, with the approval of the building commission, may sell or lease state-owned residence halls to another state agency or nonstate nonprofit agency for purposes of alternate use.
36.11 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. UWS 18 and 21, Wis. adm. code.
36.11(2) (2)Police authority.
36.11(2)(a)(a) The board shall have concurrent police power, with other authorized peace officers, over all property subject to its jurisdiction, and all property contiguous to such property at the University of Wisconsin-Parkside if owned by a nonprofit corporation the primary purpose of which, as determined by the board, is to benefit the system. Such concurrent police authority shall not be construed to reduce or lessen the authority of the police power of the community or communities in which a campus may be located. All campus police officers shall cooperate with and be responsive to the local police authorities as they meet and exercise their statutory responsibilities. The designated agents of the board may arrest, with or without warrant, any person on such property who they have reasonable grounds to believe has violated a state law or any rule promulgated under this chapter and deliver such person to any court having jurisdiction over the violation and execute a complaint charging such person with the violation. This subsection does not impair the duty of any other peace officers within their jurisdictions to arrest and take before the proper court persons found violating any state law on such property.
36.11(2)(b) (b) The board may employ police for the institutions and chiefs to head such police, or contract for police, all of whom shall be deemed peace officers under s. 939.22 (22) under the supervision and control of the appropriate chancellor or the chancellor's designees. Such police officers shall meet the minimum standards established for other police officers by the law enforcement standards board or a comparable agency. Such police shall preserve the peace on all property described under par. (a), enforce all rules promulgated under this chapter and all other laws, and for that purpose the chancellor or the chancellor's designee may call for aid from such other persons as is deemed necessary.
36.11 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. UWS 18, Wis. adm. code.
36.11(3) (3)Admission of applicants.
36.11(3)(a)(a) The board shall establish the policies for admission within the system and within these policies each institution shall establish specific requirements for admission to its courses of instruction. No sectarian or partisan tests or any tests based upon race, religion, national origin of U.S. citizens or sex shall ever be allowed in the admission of students thereto.
36.11(3)(b) (b) Subject to s. 36.31 (2m), the board shall establish policies for the appropriate transfer of credits between institutions within the system, including the designation of those courses which shall be transferable between and within institutions without loss of credit toward graduation or toward completion of a specific course of study.
36.11(3)(c) (c) Subject to s. 36.31 (2m), the board may establish policies for the appropriate transfer of credits with other educational institutions outside the system.
36.11(3)(cm) (cm) The board shall establish and maintain a computer-based credit transfer system that shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
36.11(3)(cm)1. 1. All transfers of credit between institutions within the system.
36.11(3)(cm)2. 2. Program-specific course requirements in the system.
36.11(3)(cm)3. 3. Technical college collegiate transfer program offerings, as defined in s. 38.01 (3).
36.11(3)(cm)4. 4. Other courses for which the transfer of credits is accepted under par. (b) or (c).
36.11(3)(cm)5. 5. Core general education courses that are subject to the agreement required under s. 36.31 (2m).
36.11(3)(d)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2., the board shall require that a $44 fee accompany each application for admittance from persons seeking admittance to any school within the system as new freshmen or as transfer students from outside the system. The board may exempt from the fee under this subdivision, on the basis of financial need, a maximum of 5% of the applications in any school year. The board shall ensure that no less than $9 of the fee is used for admission application expenses.
36.11(3)(d)2. 2. The board shall require that a $56 fee accompany each application for admittance to a graduate school, law school or medical school within the system. The board shall ensure that no less than $11 of the fee is used for admission application expenses.
36.11(3)(d)3. 3. Of the fee received with each application under subds. 1. and 2., the board shall provide $3 for the support of the higher education location program under s. 36.25 (36).
36.11(4) (4)Injunctive relief. The board may obtain injunctive relief to enforce this chapter or any rules promulgated under this chapter.
36.11(5) (5)Insurance.
36.11(5)(a)(a) The board may procure liability insurance covering the members of the board, any officer, employee or such students whose activities may constitute an obligation or responsibility of the system.
36.11(5)(b) (b) The board may procure insurance to cover injuries sustained by students as a result of their participation in intercollegiate athletics. The board may not use general purpose revenue to pay for such insurance. With respect to any of the risks to be covered by the insurance, the board may contract for the services of a claims administrator and may obtain coverage by any combination of self-insurance, excess or stop-loss insurance or blanket insurance.
36.11(6) (6)Financial aids.
36.11(6)(a)(a) The board may:
36.11(6)(a)1. 1. Make grants to students from funds budgeted to or controlled by the system and formulate policies and promulgate rules for the grants.
36.11(6)(a)2. 2. Make grants equivalent in value to the payment of incidental fees to disabled residents of the state who are recommended and supervised by the department of workforce development under s. 47.02.
36.11(6)(b) (b) The board may not make a grant under par. (a) to a person whose name appears on the statewide support lien docket under s. 49.854 (2) (b), unless the person provides to the board a payment agreement that has been approved by the county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) and that is consistent with rules promulgated under s. 49.858 (2) (a).
36.11(6)(c) (c) By April 10, 1998, and annually thereafter, the board shall develop and submit to the higher educational aids board for its review under s. 39.285 (1) a proposed formula for the awarding of grants under s. 39.435, except for grants awarded under s. 39.435 (2) or (5), for the upcoming academic year to students enrolled in the system.
36.11(7) (7)Confer degrees. The board may confer such degrees and grant such diplomas as are usual in universities or as it deems appropriate.
36.11(8) (8)Parking rules.
36.11(8)(a)(a) The board may make general policies and shall authorize the chancellors to adopt rules regulating the parking of motor vehicles on property under their jurisdiction. Such rules shall not be subject to ch. 227.
36.11(8)(b) (b) The board shall establish fines for the violation of any rule made under par. (a). The institutions are authorized to collect such fines together with moneys collected from the sale of parking permits and other fees established under par. (a), to be used only for the purpose of developing and operating parking or other transportation facilities at the institution at which collected and for enforcing parking rules under par. (a).
36.11 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. UWS 18.05, Wis. adm. code.
36.11(8e) (8e)Parking fees. The board shall direct each institution within the system to charge a parking fee for the parking of motor vehicles by students, faculty, academic and classified staff and visitors at campus. The board shall require the fee to be sufficient to recover the costs of the construction and maintenance necessary for the parking facilities. Nothing in this paragraph shall be deemed to require the recovery of the costs of land for parking facilities. Nothing in this paragraph shall be deemed to require that all users of the parking facilities be charged a parking fee. College campus facilities owned by a county are not required to charge a parking fee.
36.11 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. UWS 18.06, Wis. adm. code.
36.11(8m) (8m)Transportation planning. The board shall direct the administrative officers of each campus to work with the regional planning commissions and the local authorities of the community in which the campus is located to evaluate the transportation needs of the campus population. The board shall require each campus to develop a transportation plan for the campus to effect energy resource conservation and efficient use of transportation resources. The plan shall include pedestrian walkways, bikeways, bike routes, bicycle storage racks, car and van pools and, to the extent feasible, improved mass transit services. The transportation plans shall detail parking management strategies which provide incentives for the use of mass transit and high occupancy vehicles.
36.11(9) (9)Condemnation. The board may acquire by condemnation proceedings under ch. 32 such parcels of land as it deems necessary for the use of any institution whenever the board is unable to agree with the owner upon the compensation therefor, or whenever the absence or legal incapacity of such owner, or other cause, prevents or unreasonably delays, such agreement.
36.11(10) (10)University fund. The board may expend such portion of the income of the university fund on or at the University of Wisconsin-Madison as is appropriated by the legislature for the erection of buildings and the purchase of equipment or books.
36.11(11) (11)Surplus money. The board may invest any of the surplus money designated in s. 20.285 (1) (h), 2009 stats., in such securities as are legal for trust fund investments; or invest such funds or any part thereof, in the senior or junior bonds or obligations which may be issued by such nonprofit-sharing corporation as may be contracted with by the board for the construction or equipment of dormitories, commons or field houses, which bonds or obligations shall be secured by a mortgage or pledge of the buildings or improvements erected or to be erected by such corporations and by a mortgage or pledge of its leasehold interest. Any interest on any of such bonds or securities shall when received be added to the revolving funds and may be used for the purposes set forth in this subsection.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)