Effective date text
(rg) "Registered organization" means an organization formed or organized solely under the law of a single state or the United States by the filing of a public organic record with, the issuance of a public organic record by, or the enactment of legislation by the state or the United States. The term includes a business trust that is formed or organized under the law of a single state if a statute of the state governing business trusts requires that the business trust's organic record be filed with the state.
"Secondary obligor" means an obligor to the extent that:
The obligor has a right of recourse with respect to an obligation secured by collateral against the debtor, another obligor, or property of either.
A person in whose favor a security interest is created or provided for under a security agreement, whether or not any obligation to be secured is outstanding;
A person to which accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes have been sold;
A trustee, indenture trustee, agent, collateral agent, or other representative in whose favor a security interest or agricultural lien is created or provided for; or
"Security agreement" means an agreement that creates or provides for a security interest.
"Send", in connection with a record or notification, means:
To deposit in the mail, deliver for transmission, or transmit by any other usual means of communication, with postage or cost of transmission provided for, addressed to any address reasonable under the circumstances; or
To cause the record or notification to be received within the time that it would have been received if properly sent under subd. 1.
"Software" means a computer program and any supporting information provided in connection with a transaction relating to the program. The term does not include a computer program that is included in the definition of goods.
"State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
"Supporting obligation" means a letter-of-credit right or secondary obligation that supports the payment or performance of an account, chattel paper, a document, a general intangible, an instrument, or investment property.
"Tangible chattel paper" means chattel paper evidenced by a record or records consisting of information that is inscribed on a tangible medium.
"Termination statement" means an amendment of a financing statement which:
Identifies, by its file number, the initial financing statement to which it relates; and
Indicates either that it is a termination statement or that the identified financing statement is no longer effective.
"Transmitting utility" means a person primarily engaged in the business of:
Operating a railroad, subway, street railway, or trolley bus;
Transmitting communications electrically, electromagnetically, or by light;
Transmitting or producing and transmitting electricity, steam, gas, or water.
(2) Definitions in other chapters.
The following definitions in other chapters apply to this chapter:
(3) Chapter 401 definitions and principles. Chapter 401
contains general definitions and principles of construction and interpretation applicable throughout this chapter.
A security interest in all of a trucking company's "equipment" reasonably identified trucks as collateral. Milwaukee Mack Sales v. First Wis. Nat. Bank, 93 Wis. 2d 589
, 287 N.W.2d 708
Goods classified as "inventory" while in the possession of a debtor remain "inventory" while on lease status in the possession of the lessee. In re Watertown Tractor & Equipment Company., Inc. 94 Wis. 2d 622
, 289 N.W.2d 288
The above annotated materials cite to the pre-2001 Wis. Act 10
version of ch. 409.
Purchase-money security interest; application of payments; burden of establishing. 409.103(1)(a)
"Purchase-money collateral" means goods or software that secures a purchase-money obligation incurred with respect to that collateral.
"Purchase-money obligation" means an obligation of an obligor incurred as all or part of the price of the collateral or for value given to enable the debtor to acquire rights in or the use of the collateral if the value is in fact so used.
(2) Purchase-money security interest in goods.
A security interest in goods is a purchase-money security interest:
To the extent that the goods are purchase-money collateral with respect to that security interest;
If the security interest is in inventory that is or was purchase-money collateral, also to the extent that the security interest secures a purchase-money obligation incurred with respect to other inventory in which the secured party holds or held a purchase-money security interest; and
Also to the extent that the security interest secures a purchase-money obligation incurred with respect to software in which the secured party holds or held a purchase-money security interest.
(3) Purchase-money security interest in software.
A security interest in software is a purchase-money security interest to the extent that the security interest also secures a purchase-money obligation incurred with respect to goods in which the secured party holds or held a purchase-money security interest if:
The debtor acquired its interest in the software in an integrated transaction in which it acquired an interest in the goods; and
The debtor acquired its interest in the software for the principal purpose of using the software in the goods.
(4) Consignor's inventory purchase-money security interest.
The security interest of a consignor in goods that are the subject of a consignment is a purchase-money security interest in inventory.
(5) Application of payment in nonconsumer-goods transaction.
In a transaction other than a consumer-goods transaction, if the extent to which a security interest is a purchase-money security interest depends on the application of a payment to a particular obligation, the payment must be applied:
In accordance with any reasonable method of application to which the parties agree;
In the absence of the parties' agreement to a reasonable method, in accordance with any intention of the obligor manifested at or before the time of payment; or
In the absence of an agreement to a reasonable method and a timely manifestation of the obligor's intention, in the following order:
If more than one obligation is secured, to obligations secured by purchase-money security interests in the order in which those obligations were incurred.
(6) No loss of status of purchase-money security interest in nonconsumer-goods transaction.
In a transaction other than a consumer-goods transaction, a purchase-money security interest does not lose its status as such, even if:
The purchase-money collateral also secures an obligation that is not a purchase-money obligation;
Collateral that is not purchase-money collateral also secures the purchase-money obligation; or
The purchase-money obligation has been renewed, refinanced, consolidated, or restructured.
(7) Burden of proof in nonconsumer-goods transaction.
In a transaction other than a consumer-goods transaction, a secured party claiming a purchase-money security interest has the burden of establishing the extent to which the security interest is a purchase-money security interest.
(8) Nonconsumer-goods transactions; no inference.
The limitation of the rules in subs. (5)
to transactions other than consumer-goods transactions is intended to leave to the court the determination of the proper rules in consumer-goods transactions. The court may not infer from that limitation the nature of the proper rule in consumer-goods transactions and may continue to apply established approaches.
History: 2001 a. 10
Production-money crops; production-money obligation; production-money security interest; burden of establishing.