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409.523(4) (4)Medium for communicating information. In complying with its duty under sub. (3), the filing office may communicate information in any medium. However, if requested, the filing office shall communicate information by issuing a record that can be admitted into evidence in the courts of this state without extrinsic evidence of its authenticity.
409.523(5) (5)Timeliness of filing-office performance. The filing office shall perform the acts required by subs. (1) to (4) at the time and in the manner prescribed by filing-office rule, but not later than:
409.523(5)(a) (a) Five business days after the filing office receives the request for requests received before July 1, 2003; and
409.523(5)(b) (b) Two business days after the filing office receives the request for requests received on or after July 1, 2003.
409.523(6) (6)Public availability of records. At least weekly, the department of financial institutions shall offer to sell or license to the public on a nonexclusive basis, in bulk, copies of all records filed in it under this subchapter, in every medium from time to time available to the department of financial institutions.
409.523(7) (7)Liability of filing officer. No filing officer nor any of the filing officer's employees or agents shall be subject to personal liability by reason of any error or omission in the performance of any duty under this chapter except in case of misconduct as defined in s. 946.12.
409.523 History History: 2001 a. 10; 2003 a. 206.
409.524 409.524 Delay by filing office. Delay by the filing office beyond a time limit prescribed by this subchapter is excused if:
409.524(1) (1) The delay is caused by interruption of communication or computer facilities, war, emergency conditions, failure of equipment, or other circumstances beyond the control of the filing office; and
409.524(2) (2) The filing office exercises reasonable diligence under the circumstances.
409.524 History History: 2001 a. 10.
409.525 409.525 Fees.
409.525(1)(1) Initial financing statement or other record. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the fee for filing and indexing a record under this subchapter and the portion of the fee that an office duly authorized by the department under s. 409.501 (1) (b) may retain shall be prescribed by filing-office rule.
409.525(1m) (1m)No fee for filing termination statement. There is no fee for the filing of a termination statement.
409.525(2) (2)Basis for rule. The rule under sub. (1) must set the fees for filing and indexing a record under this subchapter on the following basis:
409.525(2)(a) (a) If the record presented for filing is communicated to the filing office in writing and consists of more than 2 pages, the fee for filing and indexing the record must be at least twice the amount of the fee for a record communicated in writing that consists of 1 or 2 pages; and
409.525(2)(b) (b) If the record is communicated by another medium authorized by filing-office rule, the fee for filing and indexing the record must be no more than 50% of the amount of the fee for a record communicated in writing that consists of 1 or 2 pages.
409.525(3) (3)Number of names. The number of names required to be indexed does not affect the amount of the fee under this section.
409.525(4) (4)Response to information request. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the fee for responding to a request for information from the filing office, including for communicating whether there is on file any financing statement naming a particular debtor, and the portion of the fee that an office duly authorized by the department under s. 409.501 (1) (b) may retain shall be prescribed by filing-office rule. The fee for responding to a request communicated in writing must be not less than twice the amount of the fee for responding to a request communicated by another medium authorized by filing-office rule. This subsection does not require that a fee be charged for remote access searching of the filing-office data base. The rule promulgated pursuant to this subsection need not specify a fee for remote access searching of the filing-office data base.
409.525(5) (5)Record of mortgage. This section does not require a fee with respect to a record of a mortgage which is effective as a financing statement filed as a fixture filing or as a financing statement covering as-extracted collateral or timber to be cut under s. 409.502 (3). However, the recording and satisfaction fees that otherwise would be applicable to the record of the mortgage apply.
409.525 History History: 2001 a. 10.
409.526 409.526 Filing-office rules.
409.526(1)(1) Promulgation of filing-office rules. The secretary of financial institutions shall promulgate filing-office rules to implement this chapter. The filing-office rules must be:
409.526(1)(a) (a) Consistent with this chapter; and
409.526(1)(b) (b) Promulgated in accordance with ch. 227.
409.526(2) (2)Harmonization of rules. To keep the filing-office rules and practices of the filing office in harmony with the rules and practices of filing offices in other jurisdictions that enact substantially this subchapter, and to keep the technology used by the filing office compatible with the technology used by filing offices in other jurisdictions that enact substantially this subchapter, the secretary of financial institutions, so far as is consistent with the purposes, policies, and provisions of this chapter, in promulgating filing-office rules, shall:
409.526(2)(a) (a) Consult with filing offices in other jurisdictions that enact substantially this subchapter;
409.526(2)(b) (b) Consult the most recent version of the Model Rules promulgated by the International Association of Corporate Administrators or any successor organization; and
409.526(2)(c) (c) Take into consideration the rules and practices of, and the technology used by, filing offices in other jurisdictions that enact substantially this subchapter.
409.526 History History: 2001 a. 10.
409.526 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also DFI-CCS, Wis. adm. code.
409.527 409.527 Duty to report. The department of financial institutions shall include in its report under s. 15.04 (1) (d) a report on the operation of the filing office. The report must contain a statement of the extent to which:
409.527(1) (1)Harmonization of rules: filing offices in other jurisdictions. The filing-office rules are not in harmony with the rules of filing offices in other jurisdictions that enact substantially this subchapter and the reasons for these variations; and
409.527(2) (2)Harmonization of rules: model rules. The filing-office rules are not in harmony with the most recent version of the Model Rules promulgated by the International Association of Corporate Administrators, or any successor organization, and the reasons for these variations.
409.527 History History: 2001 a. 10.
409.528 409.528 Statewide lien system. The department shall establish and maintain a statewide lien system under this subchapter.
409.528 History History: 2001 a. 10; 2003 a. 206.
subch. VI of ch. 409 SUBCHAPTER VI
DEFAULT
409.601 409.601 Rights after default; judicial enforcement; consignor or buyer of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes.
409.601(1) (1) Rights of secured party after default. After default, a secured party has the rights provided in this subchapter and, except as otherwise provided in s. 409.602, those provided by agreement of the parties. A secured party:
409.601(1)(a) (a) May reduce a claim to judgment, foreclose, or otherwise enforce the claim, security interest, or agricultural lien by any available judicial procedure; and
409.601(1)(b) (b) If the collateral is documents, may proceed either as to the documents or as to the goods they cover.
409.601(2) (2)Rights and duties of secured party in possession or control. A secured party in possession of collateral or control of collateral under s. 407.106, 409.104, 409.105, 409.106, or 409.107 has the rights and duties provided in s. 409.207.
409.601(3) (3)Rights cumulative; simultaneous exercise. The rights under subs. (1) and (2) are cumulative and may be exercised simultaneously.
409.601(4) (4)Rights of debtor and obligor. Except as otherwise provided in sub. (7) and s. 409.605, after default, a debtor and an obligor have the rights provided in this subchapter and by agreement of the parties.
409.601(5) (5)Lien of levy after judgment. If a secured party has reduced its claim to judgment, the lien of any levy that may be made upon the collateral by virtue of an execution based upon the judgment relates back to the earliest of:
409.601(5)(a) (a) The date of perfection of the security interest or agricultural lien in the collateral;
409.601(5)(b) (b) The date of filing a financing statement covering the collateral; or
409.601(5)(c) (c) Any date specified in a statute under which the agricultural lien was created.
409.601(6) (6)Execution sale. A sale pursuant to an execution is a foreclosure of the security interest or agricultural lien by judicial procedure within the meaning of this section. A secured party may purchase at the sale and thereafter hold the collateral free of any other requirements of this chapter.
409.601(7) (7)Consignor or buyer of certain rights to payment. Except as otherwise provided in s. 409.607 (3), this subchapter imposes no duties upon a secured party that is a consignor or is a buyer of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes.
409.601 History History: 2001 a. 10; 2009 a. 322.
409.602 409.602 Waiver and variance of rights and duties. Except as otherwise provided in s. 409.624, to the extent that they give rights to a debtor or obligor and impose duties on a secured party, the debtor or obligor may not waive or vary the rules stated in the following listed sections:
409.602(1) (1)Section 409.207 (2) (d) 3., which deals with use and operation of the collateral by the secured party;
409.602(2) (2)Section 409.210, which deals with requests for an accounting and requests concerning a list of collateral and statement of account;
409.602(3) (3)Section 409.607 (3), which deals with collection and enforcement of collateral;
409.602(4) (4)Sections 409.608 (1) and 409.615 (3) to the extent that they deal with application or payment of noncash proceeds of collection, enforcement, or disposition;
409.602(5) (5)Sections 409.608 (1) and 409.615 (4) to the extent that they require accounting for or payment of surplus proceeds of collateral;
409.602(6) (6)Section 409.609 to the extent that it imposes upon a secured party that takes possession of collateral without judicial process the duty to do so without breach of the peace;
409.602(7) (7)Sections 409.610 (2), 409.611, 409.613, and 409.614, which deal with disposition of collateral;
409.602(8) (8)Section 409.615 (6), which deals with calculation of a deficiency or surplus when a disposition is made to the secured party, a person related to the secured party, or a secondary obligor;
409.602(9) (9)Section 409.616, which deals with explanation of the calculation of a surplus or deficiency;
409.602(10) (10)Sections 409.620, 409.621, and 409.622, which deal with acceptance of collateral in satisfaction of obligation;
409.602(11) (11)Section 409.623, which deals with redemption of collateral;
409.602(12) (12)Section 409.624, which deals with permissible waivers; and
409.602(13) (13)Sections 409.625 and 409.626, which deal with the secured party's liability for failure to comply with this chapter.
409.602 History History: 2001 a. 10.
409.602 Annotation The plain language of s. 401.102 (3) states, first, an exception that parties may vary the effect of U.C.C. provisions by agreement and, second, an exception to the 1st exception that chs. 401 to 411 include provisions that certain rights may not be waived by contract. The subsections in this section are an exception to the exception defined in a. 401.102 (3), so the parties must abide by them. Kraenzler v. Brace, 2009 WI App 131, 321 Wis. 2d 265, 773 N.W.2d 481, 08-1709.
409.603 409.603 Agreement on standards concerning rights and duties.
409.603(1)(1) Agreed standards. The parties may determine by agreement the standards measuring the fulfillment of the rights of a debtor or obligor and the duties of a secured party under a rule stated in s. 409.602 if the standards are not manifestly unreasonable.
409.603(2) (2)Agreed standards inapplicable to breach of peace. Subsection (1) does not apply to the duty under s. 409.609 to refrain from breaching the peace.
409.603 History History: 2001 a. 10.
409.604 409.604 Procedure if security agreement covers real property or fixtures.
409.604(1) (1) Enforcement: personal and real property. If a security agreement covers both personal and real property, a secured party may proceed:
409.604(1)(a) (a) Under this subchapter as to the personal property without prejudicing any rights with respect to the real property; or
409.604(1)(b) (b) As to both the personal property and the real property in accordance with the rights with respect to the real property, in which case the other provisions of this subchapter do not apply.
409.604(2) (2)Enforcement: fixtures. Subject to sub. (3), if a security agreement covers goods that are or become fixtures, a secured party may proceed:
409.604(2)(a) (a) Under this subchapter; or
409.604(2)(b) (b) In accordance with the rights with respect to real property, in which case the other provisions of this subchapter do not apply.
409.604(3) (3)Removal of fixtures. Subject to the other provisions of this subchapter, if a secured party holding a security interest in fixtures has priority over all owners and encumbrancers of the real property, the secured party, after default, may remove the collateral from the real property.
409.604(4) (4)Injury caused by removal. A secured party that removes collateral shall promptly reimburse any encumbrancer or owner of the real property, other than the debtor, for the cost of repair of any physical injury caused by the removal. The secured party need not reimburse the encumbrancer or owner for any diminution in value of the real property caused by the absence of the goods removed or by any necessity of replacing them. A person entitled to reimbursement may refuse permission to remove until the secured party gives adequate assurance for the performance of the obligation to reimburse.
409.604 History History: 2001 a. 10.
409.605 409.605 Unknown debtor or secondary obligor. A secured party does not owe a duty based on its status as secured party:
409.605(1) (1) To a person that is a debtor or obligor, unless the secured party knows:
409.605(1)(a) (a) That the person is a debtor or obligor;
409.605(1)(b) (b) The identity of the person; and
409.605(1)(c) (c) How to communicate with the person; or
409.605(2) (2) To a secured party or lienholder that has filed a financing statement against a person, unless the secured party knows:
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before June 30, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-14)