(4) Surplus or deficiency if obligation secured.
If the security interest under which a disposition is made secures payment or performance of an obligation, after making the payments and applications required by sub. (1)
and permitted by sub. (3)
Unless sub. (1) (d)
requires the secured party to apply or pay over cash proceeds to a consignor, the secured party shall account to and pay a debtor for any surplus; and
(5) No surplus or deficiency in sales of certain rights to payment.
If the underlying transaction is a sale of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes:
(6) Calculation of surplus or deficiency in disposition to person related to secured party.
The surplus or deficiency following a disposition is calculated based on the amount of proceeds that would have been realized in a disposition complying with this subchapter to a transferee other than the secured party, a person related to the secured party or a secondary obligor if:
The transferee in the disposition is the secured party, a person related to the secured party, or a secondary obligor; and
The amount of proceeds of the disposition is significantly below the range of proceeds that a complying disposition to a person other than the secured party, a person related to the secured party, or a secondary obligor would have brought.
(7) Cash proceeds received by junior secured party.
A secured party that receives cash proceeds of a disposition in good faith and without knowledge that the receipt violates the rights of the holder of a security interest or other lien that is not subordinate to the security interest or agricultural lien under which the disposition is made:
Takes the cash proceeds free of the security interest or other lien;
Is not obligated to apply the proceeds of the disposition to the satisfaction of obligations secured by the security interest or other lien; and
Is not obligated to account to or pay the holder of the security interest or other lien for any surplus.
History: 2001 a. 10
Explanation of calculation of surplus or deficiency. 409.616(1)(a)2.
Provides an explanation in accordance with sub. (3)
of how the secured party calculated the surplus or deficiency;
States, if applicable, that future debits, credits, charges, including additional credit service charges or interest, rebates, and expenses may affect the amount of the surplus or deficiency; and
Provides a telephone number or mailing address from which additional information concerning the transaction is available.
Requesting that the recipient provide an explanation; and
(2) Explanation of calculation.
In a consumer-goods transaction in which the debtor is entitled to a surplus or a consumer obligor is liable for a deficiency under s. 409.615
, the secured party shall:
Send an explanation to the debtor or consumer obligor, as applicable, after the disposition and:
Before or when the secured party accounts to the debtor and pays any surplus or first makes written demand on the consumer obligor after the disposition for payment of the deficiency; and
In the case of a consumer obligor who is liable for a deficiency, within 14 days after receipt of a request, send to the consumer obligor a record waiving the secured party's right to a deficiency.
(3) Required information.
To comply with sub. (1) (a) 2.
, a writing must provide the following information in the following order:
The aggregate amount of obligations secured by the security interest under which the disposition was made, and, if the amount reflects a rebate of unearned interest or credit service charge, an indication of that fact, calculated as of a specified date:
If the secured party takes or receives possession of the collateral after default, not more than 35 days before the secured party takes or receives possession; or
If the secured party takes or receives possession of the collateral before default or does not take possession of the collateral, not more than 35 days before the disposition;
The aggregate amount of the obligations after deducting the amount of proceeds;
The amount, in the aggregate or by type, and types of expenses, including expenses of retaking, holding, preparing for disposition, processing, and disposing of the collateral, and attorney fees secured by the collateral which are known to the secured party and relate to the current disposition;
The amount, in the aggregate or by type, and types of credits, including rebates of interest or credit service charges, to which the obligor is known to be entitled and which are not reflected in the amount in par. (a)
(4) Substantial compliance.
A particular phrasing of the explanation is not required. An explanation complying substantially with the requirements of sub. (1)
is sufficient, even if it includes minor errors that are not seriously misleading.
(5) Charges for responses.
A debtor or consumer obligor is entitled without charge to one response to a request under this section during any 6-month period in which the secured party did not send to the debtor or consumer obligor an explanation pursuant to sub. (2) (a)
. The secured party may require payment of a charge not exceeding $25 for each additional response.
History: 2001 a. 10
Rights of transferee of collateral. 409.617(1)
Effects of disposition.
A secured party's disposition of collateral after default:
Transfers to a transferee for value all of the debtor's rights in the collateral;
Discharges the security interest under which the disposition is made; and
Discharges any subordinate security interest or other subordinate lien.
(2) Rights of good-faith transferee.
A transferee that acts in good faith takes free of the rights and interests described in sub. (1)
, even if the secured party fails to comply with this chapter or the requirements of any judicial proceeding.
(3) Rights of other transferee.
If a transferee does not take free of the rights and interests described in sub. (1)
, the transferee takes the collateral subject to:
The security interest or agricultural lien under which the disposition is made; and
History: 2001 a. 10
; 2003 a. 63
Rights and duties of certain secondary obligors. 409.618(1)(1)
Rights and duties of secondary obligor.
A secondary obligor acquires the rights and becomes obligated to perform the duties of the secured party after the secondary obligor:
Receives an assignment of a secured obligation from the secured party;
Receives a transfer of collateral from the secured party and agrees to accept the rights and assume the duties of the secured party; or
Is subrogated to the rights of a secured party with respect to collateral.
(2) Effect of assignment, transfer, or subrogation.
An assignment, transfer, or subrogation described in sub. (1)
Relieves the secured party of further duties under this chapter.
History: 2001 a. 10
Transfer of record or legal title. 409.619(1)
In this section, "transfer statement" means a record authenticated by a secured party stating:
That the debtor has defaulted in connection with an obligation secured by specified collateral;
That the secured party has exercised its postdefault remedies with respect to the collateral;
That, by reason of the exercise, a transferee has acquired the rights of the debtor in the collateral; and
The name and mailing address of the secured party, debtor, and transferee.
(2) Effect of transfer statement.
A transfer statement entitles the transferee to the transfer of record of all rights of the debtor in the collateral specified in the statement in any official filing, recording, registration, or certificate-of-title system covering the collateral. If a transfer statement is presented with the applicable fee and request form to the official or office responsible for maintaining the system, the official or office shall:
Promptly amend its records to reflect the transfer; and
If applicable, issue a new appropriate certificate of title in the name of the transferee.
(3) Transfer not a disposition; no relief of secured party's duties.
A transfer of the record or legal title to collateral to a secured party under sub. (2)
or otherwise is not of itself a disposition of collateral under this chapter and does not of itself relieve the secured party of its duties under this chapter.
History: 2001 a. 10
Acceptance of collateral in full or partial satisfaction of obligation; compulsory disposition of collateral. 409.620(1)(1)
Conditions to acceptance in satisfaction.
Except as otherwise provided in sub. (7)
, a secured party may accept collateral in full or partial satisfaction of the obligation it secures only if:
The secured party does not receive, within the time set forth in sub. (4)
, a notification of objection to the proposal authenticated by:
Any other person, other than the debtor, holding an interest in the collateral subordinate to the security interest that is the subject of the proposal;
If the collateral is consumer goods, the collateral is not in the possession of the debtor when the debtor consents to the acceptance; and
(d) Subsection (5)
does not require the secured party to dispose of the collateral or the debtor waives the requirement pursuant to s. 409.624
(2) Purported acceptance ineffective.
A purported or apparent acceptance of collateral under this section is ineffective unless:
The secured party consents to the acceptance in an authenticated record or sends a proposal to the debtor; and
(3) Debtor's consent.
For purposes of this section:
A debtor consents to an acceptance of collateral in partial satisfaction of the obligation it secures only if the debtor agrees to the terms of the acceptance in a record authenticated after default; and
A debtor consents to an acceptance of collateral in full satisfaction of the obligation it secures only if the debtor agrees to the terms of the acceptance in a record authenticated after default or the secured party:
Sends to the debtor after default a proposal that is unconditional or subject only to a condition that collateral not in the possession of the secured party be preserved or maintained;