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448.037(1)(c) (c) "Dispense" has the meaning given in s. 450.01 (7).
448.037(1)(d) (d) "Opioid antagonist" has the meaning given in s. 450.01 (13v).
448.037(1)(e) (e) "Opioid-related drug overdose" has the meaning given in s. 256.40 (1) (d).
448.037(2) (2)
448.037(2)(a)(a) A physician or physician assistant may, directly or by the use of a standing order, prescribe an opioid antagonist to a person in a position to assist an individual at risk of undergoing an opioid-related drug overdose and may deliver the opioid antagonist to that person. A prescription order under this paragraph need not specify the name and address of the individual to whom the opioid antagonist will be administered, but shall instead specify the name of the person to whom the opioid antagonist will be delivered.
448.037(2)(b) (b) A physician or physician assistant who prescribes or delivers an opioid antagonist under par. (a) shall ensure that the person to whom the opioid antagonist will be delivered has the knowledge and training necessary to safely administer the opioid antagonist to an individual undergoing an opioid-related overdose and that the person demonstrates the capacity to ensure that any individual to whom the person further delivers the opioid antagonist has or receives that knowledge and training.
448.037(3) (3) A physician or physician assistant who, acting in good faith, prescribes or delivers an opioid antagonist in accordance with sub. (2), or who, acting in good faith, otherwise lawfully prescribes or dispenses an opioid antagonist, shall be immune from criminal or civil liability and may not be subject to professional discipline under s. 448.02 for any outcomes resulting from prescribing, delivering, or dispensing the opioid antagonist.
448.037 History History: 2013 a. 200.
448.04 448.04 Classes of license; certificate of licensure.
448.04(1)(1) Classes of license.
448.04(1)(a)(a) License to practice medicine and surgery. A person holding a license to practice medicine and surgery may practice as defined in s. 448.01 (9) and as provided in s. 448.035.
448.04(1)(b) (b) Temporary license to practice medicine and surgery.
448.04(1)(b)1.1. An applicant for license to practice medicine and surgery who has passed an examination satisfactory to the board, or who is a graduate of a medical school in this state, and who more than 30 days prior to the date set by the board for the holding of its next examination has complied with all the requirements of s. 448.05 (2) and (7) may, at the discretion of the board, be granted a temporary license to practice medicine and surgery. Such temporary license shall expire 60 days after the next examination for license is given or on the date following the examination on which the board grants or denies such applicant a license, whichever occurs first; but the temporary license shall automatically expire on the first day the board begins its examination of applicants after granting such license, unless its holder submits to examination on such date. The board may require an applicant for temporary licensure under this subdivision to appear before a member of the board for an interview and oral examination. A temporary license shall be granted under this subsection only once to the same person.
448.04 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Med 2, Wis. adm. code.
448.04(1)(b)2. 2. An applicant who is a graduate of a foreign medical school and who, because of noteworthy professional attainment, is invited to serve on the academic staff of a medical school in this state as a visiting professor, may be granted a temporary license to practice medicine and surgery if the applicant does not have an arrest or conviction record, subject to ss. 111.321, 111.322 and 111.335. Such license shall remain in force only while the holder is serving full-time on the academic staff of a medical school, and the holder's entire practice is limited to the duties of the academic position. Such license shall expire 2 years after its date of granting and may be renewed at the discretion of the board. The board may require an applicant for licensure under this subdivision to appear before a member of the board for an interview.
448.04 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Med 3, Wis. adm. code.
448.04(1)(b)3. 3. The board may grant a temporary license to practice medicine and surgery for a period not to exceed 90 days to a nonresident physician who is serving on a full-time or temporary basis in a camp or other recreational facility, or to a physician temporarily maintaining the practice of another physician. In either case, the applicant for such temporary license must satisfy the board that the applicant is needed in the area in which the applicant wishes to serve and that the applicant holds a license granted upon written examination in another licensing jurisdiction of the United States or Canada. The board may renew such temporary license for additional periods of 90 days each but may not renew such license more than 3 consecutive times. The board may require an applicant for such temporary license to appear before a member of the board for interview.
448.04 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Med 4, Wis. adm. code.
448.04(1)(c) (c) Temporary educational permit to practice medicine and surgery. Application for a temporary educational permit to practice medicine and surgery may be made to the board by a person who meets the requirements of s. 448.05 (2). Such permit may be issued for a period not to exceed one year and may be renewed annually for not more than 4 years. Such permit shall entitle the holder to take postgraduate educational training in a facility approved by the board. The holder of such permit may, under the direction of a person licensed to practice medicine and surgery in this state, perform services requisite to the training authorized by this section. Acting under such direction, the holder of such permit shall also have the right to prescribe drugs and to sign any certificates, reports, or other papers for the use of public authorities which are required of or permitted to persons licensed to practice medicine and surgery. The holder of such permit shall confine training and practice to the facility in which the holder is taking the training. The purpose of this paragraph is solely to provide opportunities in this state for the postgraduate education of certain persons having training in medicine and surgery satisfactory to the board, without compliance with the licensure requirements of this subchapter. Nothing in this paragraph changes in any respect the requirements for licensure to practice medicine and surgery in this state. The violation of this paragraph by the holder of such permit shall constitute cause for the revocation of the permit. All holders of such permits shall be subject to such provisions of this subchapter as the board, by rule, determines are appropriate and to any penalties applicable to those with a temporary or regular license to practice medicine and surgery. The board may require an applicant for licensure under this paragraph to appear before a member of the board for an interview and oral examination.
448.04 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Med 5, Wis. adm. code.
448.04(1)(d) (d) License to practice perfusion. A person holding a license to practice perfusion may practice perfusion under the orders and supervision of a physician.
448.04 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Med 22, Wis. adm. code.
448.04(1)(e) (e) Temporary license to practice perfusion. The board may, by rule, provide for a temporary license to practice perfusion for a person who satisfies the requirements of s. 448.05 (3) but who has not passed an examination under s. 448.05 (6). The board may issue a temporary license for a period not to exceed one year and may renew a temporary license annually for not more than 5 years. A person who holds a temporary license may not practice perfusion unless the person is under the supervision and direction of a licensed perfusionist at all times while the person is performing perfusion. The board may promulgate rules governing supervision by licensed perfusionists, except that those rules may not require the immediate physical presence of the supervising, licensed perfusionist.
448.04 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Med 22, Wis. adm. code.
448.04(1)(f) (f) Physician assistant license. The board shall license as a physician assistant an individual who meets the requirements for licensure under s. 448.05 (5). The board may, by rule, provide for various classes of temporary licenses to practice as physician assistants.
448.04 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Med 8, Wis. adm. code.
448.04(1)(g) (g) Anesthesiologist assistant license. The board shall license as an anesthesiologist assistant an individual who meets the requirements for licensure under s. 448.05 (5w). The board may, by rule, provide for a temporary license to practice as an anesthesiologist assistant. The board may issue a temporary license to a person who meets the requirements under s. 448.05 (5w) and who is eligible to take, but has not passed, the examination under s. 448.05 (6). A temporary license expires on the date on which the board grants or denies an applicant permanent licensure or on the date of the next regularly scheduled examination required under s. 448.05 (6) if the applicant is required to take, but has failed to apply for, the examination. An applicant who continues to meet the requirements for a temporary license may request that the board renew the temporary license, but an anesthesiologist assistant may not practice under a temporary license for a period of more than 18 months.
448.04(1)(i)1.1. The board may certify as a respiratory care practitioner any individual who completes an application, meets the qualifications for certification under s. 448.05 (5r), and passes the examination required under s. 448.05 (6).
448.04(1)(i)2. 2. The board may, by rule, provide for a temporary certificate to practice respiratory care to be granted to any individual who completes an application and meets the requirements of s. 448.05 (5r) but has not passed the examination required by s. 448.05 (6). Temporary certificates under this subdivision may be issued for a period not to exceed one year and may not be renewed.
448.04(1)(i)3. 3. The board may issue a temporary certificate to practice respiratory care to an individual who submits to the board an application, the fee specified in s. 440.05 (1) (a), written verification that the applicant has passed the national board for respiratory care's certified respiratory therapy technician examination, evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant meets the requirements of s. 448.05 (5r), and evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant is certified to practice respiratory care in another state. The board may not issue a temporary certificate under this subdivision to an individual who has previously been issued a temporary certificate under this subdivision. If an applicant for a temporary certificate under this subdivision has been subjected to professional discipline as a result of the applicant's practice of respiratory care, the applicant shall submit to the board a description of the circumstances of the discipline. A temporary certificate under this subdivision may be issued for a period not to exceed 3 months and may not be renewed.
448.04 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Med 20, Wis. adm. code.
448.04(2) (2)Certificate of licensure. Each license granted by the board shall be attested by a certificate of licensure.
448.04(3) (3)Duplicate. Any person holding a license or certificate granted under this subchapter, which is lost, stolen or destroyed, may apply to the board for a duplicate thereof. Such application shall be made in such manner as the board may designate and shall be accompanied by an affidavit setting out the circumstances of loss. The board shall then issue a duplicate bearing on its face the word "duplicate".
448.05 448.05 Qualification for licensure or certification; examinations; application.
448.05(1) (1) General requirements. To be qualified for the grant of any license or certificate by the board, an applicant must:
448.05(1)(a) (a) Subject to ss. 111.321, 111.322 and 111.335, not have an arrest or conviction record.
448.05(1)(b) (b) Meet the specific requirements as set out in this section for that class of license or certificate for which applying.
448.05(1)(c) (c) Achieve a passing grade in the examinations required in this section.
448.05(1)(d) (d) Be found qualified by three-fourths of the members of the board, except that an applicant for a temporary license under s. 448.04 (1) (b) 1. and 3., (e), and (g) must be found qualified by 2 members of the board.
448.05(2) (2)License to practice medicine and surgery. An applicant for any class of license to practice medicine and surgery must supply evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant is a graduate of and possesses a diploma from a medical or osteopathic college approved by the board and has completed postgraduate training of 12 months in a facility approved by the board. If an applicant is a graduate of a foreign medical school which has not been approved by the board, and if such applicant has had postgraduate training in this country in a 12-month program approved by the board or has had other professional experience which the board deems has given the applicant the education and training substantially equivalent, and if such applicant has passed the examinations given by the educational council for foreign medical graduates or its successors, the board may make such additional inquiry including a personal interview as satisfies it that the applicant has had such education and training. If a majority of the board is so satisfied, the applicant may then be admitted to examination for a license to practice medicine and surgery. If an applicant is a graduate of a foreign medical school not approved by the board, and such foreign medical school requires either social service or internship or both of its graduates, and if such applicant has not completed such requirements but has completed a 12-month supervised clinical training program under the direction of a medical school approved by the board and has complied with all other requirements of this subsection for graduates of foreign medical schools not approved by the board, the applicant may then be admitted to examination for a license to practice medicine and surgery.
448.05(3) (3)License to practice perfusion. An applicant for a license to practice perfusion must supply evidence satisfactory to the board that he or she has successfully completed an educational program in perfusion recognized by the board and accredited by the Accreditation Committee for Perfusion Education of the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs or its successor.
448.05(5) (5)Physician assistant license.
448.05(5)(a)(a) The board shall promulgate rules establishing licensing standards and practice standards for physician assistants and shall license persons under those rules. The board may not grant a license as a physician assistant to an applicant unless the applicant submits evidence satisfactory to the board of all of the following:
448.05(5)(a)1. 1. That the applicant has passed the certifying examination administered by the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants.
448.05(5)(a)2. 2. That the applicant has satisfactorily completed a physician assistant training program that is accredited by the American Medical Association's Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation or its successor.
448.05(5)(c) (c) In promulgating rules under par. (a), the board shall recognize the objective under s. 448.20 (4).
448.05 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Med 8, Wis. adm. code.
448.05(5r) (5r)Certificate as respiratory care practitioner. An applicant for a certificate or a temporary certificate to practice respiratory care shall submit evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant is a graduate of a school with a course of instruction in respiratory care approved by the commission on accreditation of allied health education programs of the American Medical Association.
448.05 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Med 20, Wis. adm. code.
448.05(5w) (5w)Anesthesiologist assistant license. An applicant for a license to practice as an anesthesiologist assistant shall submit evidence satisfactory to board that the applicant has done all of the following:
448.05(5w)(a) (a) Obtained a bachelor's degree.
448.05(5w)(b) (b) Satisfactorily completed an anesthesiologist assistant program that is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs, or by a predecessor or successor entity.
448.05(5w)(c) (c) Passed the certifying examination administered by, and obtained active certification from, the National Commission on Certification of Anesthesiologist Assistants or a successor entity.
448.05(6) (6)Examinations.
448.05(6)(a)(a) Except as provided in pars. (am) and (ar), the board shall examine each applicant it finds eligible under this section in such subject matters as the board deems applicable to the class of license or certificate which the applicant seeks to have granted. Examinations may be both written and oral. In lieu of its own examinations, in whole or in part, the board may make such use as it deems appropriate of examinations prepared, administered, and scored by national examining agencies, or by other licensing jurisdictions of the United States or Canada. The board shall specify passing grades for any and all examinations required.
448.05(6)(am) (am) When examining an applicant for a license to practice perfusion under par. (a), the board shall use an examination at least as stringent and comprehensive as the certification examination used by the American Board of Cardiovascular Perfusion or its successor.
448.05 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Med 22, Wis. adm. code.
448.05(6)(ar) (ar) When examining an applicant for a license to practice as an anesthesiologist assistant under par. (a), the board shall use the certification examination administered by the National Commission on Certification of Anesthesiologist Assistants or a successor entity. The board may license without additional examination any qualified applicant who is licensed in any state or territory of the United States or the District of Columbia and whose license authorizes the applicant to practice in the same manner and to the same extent as an anesthesiologist assistant is authorized to practice under s. 448.22 (2).
448.05(6)(b) (b) The board may require an applicant who fails to appear for or to complete the required examinations to reapply for licensure or certification before being admitted to subsequent examinations.
448.05(6)(c) (c) An applicant who fails to achieve a passing grade in the required examinations may request reexamination, and may be reexamined not more than twice at not less than 4-month intervals, and shall pay a reexamination fee for each such reexamination. An applicant who fails to achieve a passing grade on the 2nd such reexamination may not be admitted to further examination until the applicant reapplies for licensure or certification and also presents to the board evidence of further professional training or education as the board may deem appropriate.
448.05(7) (7)Application. Application for any class of license or certificate shall be made as a verified statement in a form provided by the department and at such time and place as the board may designate, and shall be accompanied by satisfactory evidence setting out the qualifications imposed by this section. Application for any class of license to practice medicine and surgery also shall be accompanied by a verified statement that the applicant is familiar with the state health laws and the rules of the department of health services as related to communicable diseases.
448.05 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Med 1, 2, 3, and 4, Wis. adm. code.
448.05 Annotation An unlicensed 1st-year resident should be held to the standard of care applicable to an unlicensed 1st-year resident based on the unique restrictions applicable, in this case that he had no authority or privileges to provide primary obstetrical care and was not supposed to act as the primary attending physician, but was to assess and report findings and differential diagnoses to an upper level senior resident or to the attending obstetrician. Phelps v. Physicians Insurance Company of Wisconsin, Inc. 2005 WI 85, 282 Wis. 2d 69, 698 N.W.2d 643, 03-0580
448.06 448.06 License, certificate or limited permit granted, denied.
448.06(1)(1) Grant of license, certificate or limited permit. If three-fourths of the members of the board find that an applicant who has passed the required examinations is qualified, the board shall so notify the applicant and shall grant the license, certificate or limited permit.
448.06(1m) (1m)Grant of limited license or certificate. If the board finds, based upon considerations of public health and safety, that the applicant has not demonstrated adequate education, training or performance on examinations or in past practice, if any, to qualify for full licensure or certification under sub. (1), the board may grant the applicant a limited license or certificate and shall so notify the applicant.
448.06(2) (2)Denial of license or certificate. The board may deny an application for any class of license or certificate and refuse to grant such license or certificate on the basis of unprofessional conduct on the part of the applicant, failure to possess the education and training required for that class of license or certificate for which application is made, or failure to achieve a passing grade in the required examinations.
448.06 History History: 1975 c. 383, 421; 1985 a. 340; 1987 a. 399; 1999 a. 180.
448.06 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. Med 9 and SPS 1, Wis. adm. code.
448.065 448.065 Permanent license for certain professors. A person who possesses a temporary license under s. 448.04 (1) (b) 2. and who has practiced under such license for 4 or more years may apply for a license to practice medicine and surgery under s. 448.04 (1) (a). If the applicant achieves a passing grade in the examination for a license to practice medicine and surgery and three-fourths of the board find that the applicant is qualified, notwithstanding s. 448.05 (1) (b) and (2), the board may grant the license. The board may limit the license and, notwithstanding s. 448.02 (3) (e), may continue such limits indefinitely or may remove the limits when it is satisfied that the reasons for the limits no longer exist, except that the board shall remove any limitations on the geographical areas of this state in which the physician may practice and any limitations on the persons with whom the physician may associate, after a period of 5 years of continuous medical practice within this state by the physician.
448.065 History History: 1977 c. 329; 1981 c. 135; 1985 a. 29 ss. 2238z, 3202 (45).
448.07 448.07 Registration.
448.07(1)(1) Registration.
448.07(1)(a)(a) Every person licensed or certified under this subchapter shall register on or before November 1 of each odd-numbered year following issuance of the license or certificate with the board in such manner as the board shall designate and upon forms the board shall provide. The secretary of the board, on or before October 1 of each odd-numbered year, shall mail or cause to be mailed to every person required to register a registration form. The board shall furnish to each person registered under this section a certificate of registration, and the person shall display the registration certificate conspicuously in the office at all times. No person may exercise the rights or privileges conferred by any license or certificate granted by the board unless currently registered as required under this subsection.
448.07(1)(b) (b) The board shall maintain the register required by s. 440.035 (4), which shall be divided according to the activity for which the registrant is licensed or certified. The board shall make copies available for purchase at cost.
448.07(1)(c) (c) Every registration made as provided in this section shall be presumptive evidence in all courts and other places that the person named therein is legally registered for the period covered by such registration, and shall be deemed to fulfill any statutory requirement for renewal of license or certificate.
448.07(1)(d) (d) No registration may be permitted by the secretary of the board in the case of any physician or perfusionist who has failed to meet the requirements of s. 448.13 or any person whose license, certificate, or limited permit has been suspended or revoked and the registration of any such person shall be deemed automatically annulled upon receipt by the secretary of the board of a verified report of such suspension or revocation, subject to the licensee's or permittee's right of appeal. A person whose license, certificate, or limited permit has been suspended or revoked and subsequently restored shall be registered by the board upon tendering a verified report of such restoration of the license, certificate, or limited permit, together with an application for registration and the registration fee.
448.07(2) (2)Fees. The fees for examination and licenses granted under this subchapter are specified in s. 440.05, and the renewal fee for such licenses is determined by the department under s. 440.03 (9) (a).
448.07 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Med 14, Wis. adm. code.
448.08 448.08 Fee splitting; separate billing required, partnerships and corporations; contract exceptions.
448.08(1)(1) Definitions. As used in this section:
448.08(1)(a) (a) "Hospital" means an institution providing 24-hour continuous service to patients confined therein which is primarily engaged in providing facilities for diagnostic and therapeutic services for the surgical and medical diagnosis, treatment and care, of injured or sick persons, by or under the supervision of a professional staff of physicians and surgeons, and which is not primarily a place of rest for the aged, drug addicts or alcoholics, or a nursing home. Such hospitals may charge patients directly for the services of their employee nurses, nonphysician anesthetists, physical therapists and medical assistants other than physicians or dentists, and may engage on a salary basis interns and residents who are participating in an accredited training program under the supervision of the medical staff, and persons with a temporary educational certificate issued under s. 448.04 (1) (c).
448.08(1)(b) (b) "Medical education and research organization" means a medical education and medical research organization operating on a nonprofit basis.
448.08(1m) (1m)Fee splitting. Except as otherwise provided in this section, no person licensed or certified under this subchapter may give or receive, directly or indirectly, to or from any person, firm or corporation any fee, commission, rebate or other form of compensation or anything of value for sending, referring or otherwise inducing a person to communicate with a licensee in a professional capacity, or for any professional services not actually rendered personally or at his or her direction.
448.08(2) (2)Separate billing required. Any person licensed under this subchapter who renders any medical or surgical service or assistance whatever, or gives any medical, surgical or any similar advice or assistance whatever to any patient, physician or corporation, or to any other institution or organization of any kind, including a hospital, for which a charge is made to such patient receiving such service, advice or assistance, shall, except as authorized by Title 18 or Title 19 of the federal social security act, render an individual statement or account of the charges therefor directly to such patient, distinct and separate from any statement or account by any physician or other person, who has rendered or who may render any medical, surgical or any similar service whatever, or who has given or may give any medical, surgical or similar advice or assistance to such patient, physician, corporation, or to any other institution or organization of any kind, including a hospital.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)