448.30 Annotation This section (2007 stats.) requires any physician who treats a patient to inform the patient about the availability of all alternate, viable medical modes of treatment, including diagnosis, as well as the benefits and risks of such treatments. Although the jury determined a physician was not negligent in his standard of care for failing to employ an alternative when treating the defendant, that did not relieve the physician of the duty to inform the patient about the availability of all alternate, viable medical modes of treatment. Bubb v. Brusky, 2009 WI 91, 321 Wis. 2d 1, 768 N.W.2d 903, 07-0619.
448.30 Annotation Neither case law or this section (2011 stats.) limits the physician's duty to inform the patient of modes of treatment only for the final diagnosis. The distinction between conditions "related" to the final diagnosis and conditions "unrelated" to the final diagnosis finds no support in the statute or case law. A physician's duty is to inform the patient about diagnostic procedures about which a reasonable patient would want to know to make an informed, voluntary decision about his or her medical care, even if those diagnostic procedures are aimed at conditions that are unrelated to the condition that was the final diagnosis. Jandre v. Physicians Insurance Company of Wisconsin, 2012 WI 39, 340 Wis. 2d 31, 813 N.W.2d 627, 08-1972.
448.30 Annotation The doctrine of informed consent is limited to apprising the patient of risks that inhere to proposed treatments. It does not impose a duty to apprise a patient of any knowledge the doctor may have regarding the condition of the patient or of all possible methods of diagnosis. McGeshick v. Choucair 9 F.3d 1229 (1993).
448.40 448.40 Rules.
448.40(1)(1) The board may promulgate rules to carry out the purposes of this subchapter, including rules requiring the completion of continuing education, professional development, and maintenance of certification or performance improvement or continuing medical education programs for renewal of a license to practice medicine and surgery.
448.40(2) (2) The board shall promulgate all of the following rules:
448.40(2)(a) (a) Implementing s. 448.30.
448.40(2)(b) (b) Establishing the scope of the practice of perfusion. In promulgating rules under this paragraph, the board shall consult with the perfusionists examining council.
448.40(2)(c) (c) Establishing continuing education requirements for renewal of a license to practice perfusion under s. 448.13 (2). In promulgating rules under this paragraph, the board shall consult with the perfusionists examining council.
448.40(2)(e) (e) Establishing the criteria for the substitution of uncompensated hours of professional assistance volunteered to the department of health services for some or all of the hours of continuing education credits required under s. 448.13 (1) (a) 1. for physicians specializing in psychiatry. The eligible substitution hours shall involve professional evaluation of community programs for the certification and recertification of community mental health programs, as defined in s. 51.01 (3n), by the department of health services.
448.40(2)(f) (f) Establishing requirements for prescription orders issued by physician assistants under s. 448.21 (3).
448.40(2)(g) (g) Establishing procedures for issuing and using administrative warnings under s. 448.02 (8).
448.40 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also Med, Wis. adm. code.
subch. III of ch. 448 SUBCHAPTER III
PHYSICAL THERAPY EXAMINING BOARD
Subch. III of ch. 448 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also PT, Wis. adm. code.
448.50 448.50 Definitions. In this subchapter:
448.50(1m) (1m) "Business entity" has the meaning given in s. 452.01 (3j).
448.50(1r) (1r) "Diagnosis" means a judgment that is made after examining the neuromusculoskeletal system or evaluating or studying its symptoms and that utilizes the techniques and science of physical therapy for the purpose of establishing a plan of therapeutic intervention, but does not include a chiropractic or medical diagnosis.
448.50(1v) (1v) "Examining board" means the physical therapy examining board.
448.50(2) (2) "Licensee" means a person who is licensed under this subchapter.
448.50(3) (3) "Physical therapist" means an individual who has been graduated from a school of physical therapy and holds a license to practice physical therapy granted by the examining board.
448.50(3m) (3m) "Physical therapist assistant" means an individual who holds a license as a physical therapist assistant granted by the examining board.
448.50(4) (4)
448.50(4)(a)(a) "Physical therapy" means, except as provided in par. (b), any of the following:
448.50(4)(a)1. 1. Examining, evaluating, or testing individuals with mechanical, physiological, or developmental impairments, functional limitations related to physical movement and mobility, disabilities, or other movement-related health conditions, in order to determine a diagnosis, prognosis, or plan of therapeutic intervention or to assess the ongoing effects of intervention. In this subdivision, "testing" means using standardized methods or techniques for gathering data about a patient.
448.50(4)(a)2. 2. Alleviating impairments or functional limitations by instructing patients or designing, implementing, or modifying therapeutic interventions.
448.50(4)(a)3. 3. Reducing the risk of injury, impairment, functional limitation, or disability, including by promoting or maintaining fitness, health, or quality of life in all age populations.
448.50(4)(a)4. 4. Engaging in administration, consultation, or research that is related to any activity specified in subds. 1. to 3.
448.50(4)(b) (b) "Physical therapy" does not include using roentgen rays or radium for any purpose, using electricity for surgical purposes, including cauterization, or prescribing drugs or devices.
448.50(5) (5) "Sexual misconduct with a patient" means any of the following:
448.50(5)(a) (a) Engaging in or soliciting a consensual or nonconsensual sexual relationship with a patient.
448.50(5)(b) (b) Making sexual advances toward, requesting sexual favors from, or engaging in other verbal conduct or physical contact of a sexual nature with a patient.
448.50(5)(c) (c) Intentionally viewing a completely or partially disrobed patient during the course of treatment if the viewing is not related to diagnosis or treatment.
448.50(6) (6) "Therapeutic intervention" means the purposeful and skilled interaction between a physical therapist, patient, and, if appropriate, individuals involved in the patient's care, using physical therapy procedures or techniques that are intended to produce changes in the patient's condition and that are consistent with diagnosis and prognosis.
448.50 History History: 1993 a. 107; 2001 a. 70; 2009 a. 149.
448.50 Annotation Physical therapists and massage therapists are not prohibited from performing the activities that are within their respective scopes of practice, even if those activities extend in some degree into the field of chiropractic science. OAG 1-01.
448.51 448.51 License required.
448.51(1)(1) Except as provided in s. 448.52, no person may practice physical therapy unless the person is licensed as a physical therapist under this subchapter.
448.51(1e) (1e) No person may designate himself or herself as a physical therapist or use or assume the title "physical therapist," "physiotherapist," "physical therapy technician," "licensed physical therapist," "registered physical therapist," "master of physical therapy," "master of science in physical therapy," or "doctorate in physical therapy," or append to the person's name the letters "P.T.," "P.T.T.," "L.P.T.," "R.P.T.," "M.P.T.," "M.S.P.T.," or "D.P.T.," or any other title, letters, or designation that represents or may tend to represent the person as a physical therapist, unless the person is licensed as a physical therapist under this subchapter.
448.51(1s) (1s) No person may designate himself or herself as a physical therapist assistant, use or assume the title "physical therapist assistant," or append to the person's name the letters "P.T.A." or any other title, letters, or designation that represents or may tend to represent the person as a physical therapist assistant unless the person is licensed as a physical therapist assistant under this subchapter.
448.51(2) (2)
448.51(2)(a)(a) In this subsection, "advertisement" includes advertisements that appear on outdoor signs, in print or electronic media, and in material mailed to a person other than a patient, client, or prospective patient or client who has requested the material.
448.51(2)(b) (b) Except as provided in s. 448.52 (2m), no person may claim to render physical therapy or physiotherapy services unless the person is licensed as a physical therapist under this subchapter.
448.51 History History: 1993 a. 107; 1995 a. 166; 2001 a. 70, 105.
448.51 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. PT 1, 3, and 4, Wis. adm. code.
448.52 448.52 Applicability.
448.52(1m)(1m) A license is not required under this subchapter for any of the following, if the person does not claim to render physical therapy or physiotherapy services:
448.52(1m)(a) (a) Any person lawfully practicing within the scope of a license, permit, registration or certification granted by this state or the federal government.
448.52(1m)(b) (b) Any person assisting a physical therapist in practice under the direct, on-premises supervision of the physical therapist.
448.52(1m)(c) (c) A physical therapy student assisting a physical therapist in the practice of physical therapy or a physical therapist assistant student assisting a physical therapist in performing physical therapy procedures and related tasks, if the assistance is within the scope of the student's education or training.
448.52(1m)(d) (d) A physical therapist who is licensed to practice physical therapy in another state or country and is providing a consultation or demonstration with a physical therapist who is licensed under this subchapter.
448.52(2m) (2m) A license is not required under this subchapter for any of the following:
448.52(2m)(a) (a) Except as provided in par. (b), a chiropractor licensed under ch. 446 claiming to render physical therapy, if the physical therapy is provided by a physical therapist employed by the chiropractor.
448.52(2m)(b) (b) A chiropractor licensed under ch. 446 claiming to render physical therapy modality services.
448.52 History History: 1993 a. 107 ss. 51, 52, 59; 1995 a. 166; 2001 a. 70, 105.
448.52 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. PT 5, Wis. adm. code.
448.522 448.522 Manipulation services. A physical therapist may not claim that any manipulation service that he or she provides is in any manner a chiropractic adjustment that is employed to correct a spinal subluxation.
448.522 History History: 2001 a. 70.
448.527 448.527 Code of ethics. The examining board shall promulgate rules establishing a code of ethics governing the professional conduct of physical therapists and physical therapist assistants.
448.527 History History: 2001 a. 70; 2009 a. 149.
448.53 448.53 Licensure of physical therapists.
448.53(1) (1) The examining board shall grant a license as a physical therapist to a person who does all of the following:
448.53(1)(a) (a) Submits an application for the license to the department on a form provided by the department.
448.53(1)(b) (b) Pays the fee specified in s. 440.05 (1).
448.53(1)(c) (c) Subject to ss. 111.321, 111.322 and 111.335, submits evidence satisfactory to the examining board that the applicant does not have an arrest or conviction record.
448.53(1)(d) (d) Submits evidence satisfactory to the examining board that the applicant is a graduate of a school of physical therapy approved by the examining board, unless the examining board waives this requirement under sub. (3).
448.53(1)(e) (e) Passes an examination under s. 448.54.
448.53(1)(f) (f) If the person was educated at a physical therapy school that is not in the United States, the person satisfies any additional requirements for demonstrating competence to practice physical therapy that the examining board may establish by rule.
448.53(2) (2) The examining board may promulgate rules providing for various classes of temporary licenses to practice physical therapy.
448.53(3) (3) The examining board may waive the requirement under sub. (1) (d) for an applicant who establishes, to the satisfaction of the examining board, all of the following:
448.53(3)(a) (a) That he or she is a graduate of a physical therapy school.
448.53(3)(b) (b) That he or she is licensed as a physical therapist by another licensing jurisdiction in the United States.
448.53(3)(c) (c) That the jurisdiction in which he or she is licensed required the licensee to be a graduate of a school approved by the licensing jurisdiction or of a school that the licensing jurisdiction evaluated for education equivalency.
448.53(3)(d) (d) That he or she has actively practiced physical therapy, under the license issued by the other licensing jurisdiction in the United States, for at least 3 years immediately preceding the date of his or her application.
448.53 History History: 1993 a. 107; 2001 a. 70; 2009 a. 149.
448.53 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. PT 1, 3, and 4, Wis. adm. code.
448.535 448.535 Licensure of physical therapist assistants.
448.535(1)(1) The examining board shall grant a license as a physical therapist assistant to a person who does all of the following:
448.535(1)(a) (a) Submits an application for the license to the department on a form provided by the department.
448.535(1)(b) (b) Pays the fee specified in s. 440.05 (1).
448.535(1)(c) (c) Subject to ss. 111.321, 111.322, and 111.335, submits evidence satisfactory to the examining board that the applicant does not have an arrest or conviction record.
448.535(1)(d) (d) Submits evidence satisfactory to the examining board that the applicant is a graduate of a physical therapist assistant educational program accredited by an agency that is approved by the examining board.
448.535(1)(e) (e) Passes an examination under s. 448.54.
448.535(2) (2) The examining board may waive a requirement under sub. (1) (d) or (e), or both, for an applicant who establishes to the satisfaction of the examining board that he or she is licensed as a physical therapist assistant by another licensing jurisdiction in the United States. The examining board shall promulgate rules for granting a waiver under this subsection. The rules may require an applicant to satisfy additional requirements as a condition for granting a waiver.
448.535 History History: 2001 a. 70; 2009 a. 149.
448.54 448.54 Examination.
448.54(1)(1) The examining board shall conduct or arrange for examinations for physical therapist and physical therapist assistant licensure at least semiannually and at times and places determined by the examining board.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before June 30, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-14)