453.02   Definitions.
453.03   Rules.
453.04   Violations.
453.05   Practice; penalties.
453.06   Licensure.
453.062   Renewal; continuing education.
453.065   Examinations.
453.068   Drugs for animal use.
453.07   Discipline.
453.072   Licensees of other jurisdictions.
453.075   Access to health care records.
453.08   Injunctive relief.
Ch. 453 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See definitions in s. 440.01.
Ch. 453 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also VE, Wis. adm. code.
453.02 453.02 Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise:
453.02(1g) (1g) "Administer", when used in reference to administering a drug to an animal, means directly applying the drug, whether by injection, ingestion or any other means, to the body of the animal.
453.02(1m) (1m) "Animal" means any animal except a human being.
453.02(3) (3) "Client" means the person who owns or who has primary responsibility for the care of a patient.
453.02(3g) (3g) "Dispense" means the act of delivering a drug to a person who may lawfully possess the drug, including the compounding, packaging or labeling necessary to prepare the drug for delivery.
453.02(3r) (3r) "Drug" has the meaning given in s. 450.01 (10).
453.02(4) (4) "Examining board" means the veterinary examining board.
453.02(4e) (4e) "Extra-label use" means use of a drug in a manner that is not in accordance with the directions for use that are contained on the label affixed to the container in which the drug is dispensed.
453.02(4m) (4m) "Food-producing animal" means an animal that is raised to produce food for human consumption.
453.02(4s) (4s) "Patient" means an animal that is examined or treated by a veterinarian.
453.02(5) (5) "Pesticide" has the meaning specified in s. 94.67 (25).
453.02(5m) (5m) "Pharmacist" means an individual who is licensed as a pharmacist under ch. 450.
453.02(6) (6) To "practice veterinary medicine" means to examine into the fact or cause of animal health, disease or physical condition, or to treat, operate, prescribe or advise for the same, or to undertake, offer, advertise, announce, or hold out in any manner to do any of said acts, for compensation, direct or indirect, or in the expectation thereof.
453.02(6m) (6m) "Prescription" means a written, oral or electronic order from a veterinarian to a pharmacist or to another veterinarian that authorizes the pharmacist or other veterinarian to dispense a drug, or from a veterinarian to a client that authorizes the client to make extra-label use of a drug.
453.02(7) (7) "Veterinarian" means a practitioner of veterinary medicine who is duly licensed by the examining board.
453.02(8) (8) "Veterinarian-client-patient relationship" means a relationship between a veterinarian, a client and the patient in which all of the following apply:
453.02(8)(a) (a) The veterinarian has assumed the responsibility for making medical judgments regarding the health of the patient and the patient's need for medical treatment, and the client has agreed to accept those medical judgments and to follow the related instructions of the veterinarian.
453.02(8)(b) (b) The veterinarian has sufficient knowledge of the patient to initiate a general or preliminary diagnosis of the medical condition of the patient because the veterinarian has recently examined the patient or has made medically appropriate and timely visits to the premises on which the patient is kept.
453.02(8)(c) (c) The veterinarian is readily available for follow-up treatment of the patient if the patient has an adverse reaction to veterinary treatment.
453.02(9) (9) "Veterinary drug" means any of the following:
453.02(9)(a) (a) A drug that is recognized as a drug for animal use in the official U.S. pharmacopoeia or the official national formulary or any supplement to either of them.
453.02(9)(b) (b) A drug that is intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease in an animal.
453.02(9)(c) (c) A drug that is intended to affect the structure or function of the body of an animal, including medicated feed or a growth-promoting implant, but not including feed that does not contain a drug.
453.02(9)(d) (d) A substance that is intended for use as a component of a drug described in par. (a), (b) or (c).
453.02(9)(e) (e) A drug that is produced and intended for human use but that is prescribed by a veterinarian for animal use.
453.02(10) (10) "Veterinary over-the-counter drug" means a drug that is labeled for animal use, that may be dispensed without a prescription and that is not required to bear the label statement: "CAUTION: Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.".
453.02(11) (11) "Veterinary prescription drug" means a drug that may not be dispensed without the prescription of a veterinarian.
453.02(12) (12) "Veterinary technician" means a person duly certified by the examining board to work under the direct supervision of a licensed veterinarian.
453.02 Annotation The termination of the life of an animal by injection is not the practice of veterinary medicine. 65 Atty. Gen. 231.
453.03 453.03 Rules.
453.03(1)(1) The examining board shall promulgate rules, within the limits of the definition under s. 453.02 (6), establishing the scope of practice permitted for veterinarians and veterinary technicians and shall review the rules at least once every 5 years to determine whether they are consistent with current practice. The examining board may promulgate rules relating to licensure qualifications, denial of a license, certificate or temporary permit, unprofessional conduct and disciplinary proceedings.
453.03(2) (2) The examining board shall promulgate rules requiring training and continuing education sufficient to assure competency of veterinarians and veterinary technicians in the practice of veterinary medicine, except that the board may not require training or continuing education concerning the use, handling, distribution, and disposal of pesticides other than for disciplinary purposes.
453.03 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also VE, Wis. adm. code.
453.04 453.04 Violations. The chairperson of the examining board shall institute actions for violations of this chapter by any person and for violations of ch. 450 or 961 by veterinarians. The district attorney of the county in which the offense is committed shall promptly prosecute any such violation upon being informed thereof, from any source.
453.04 History History: 1985 a. 146; 1993 a. 184; 1995 a. 448.
453.05 453.05 Practice; penalties.
453.05(1)(1) Except as provided under sub. (2) and s. 257.03, no person may offer to practice, advertise to practice or practice veterinary medicine, or use, in connection with his or her name, any title or description which may convey the impression that he or she is a veterinarian, without a license or temporary permit from the examining board. For purposes of this subsection, a person who makes extra-label use of a drug on an animal without a prescription or in any manner not authorized by that prescription is considered to be practicing veterinary medicine.
453.05(2) (2) No veterinary license or temporary permit is required for the following activities or persons:
453.05(2)(a) (a) Artificial insemination, or for continuing the practice of pregnancy examinations of animals when such practice was engaged in prior to February 11, 1968.
453.05(2)(b) (b) Castrating male livestock, as defined in s. 95.68 (1) (d) or for dehorning or branding animals.
453.05(2)(c) (c) Students at a veterinary college approved by the examining board.
453.05(2)(d) (d) Certified veterinary technicians while working under the direct supervision of a veterinarian.
453.05(2)(e) (e) Employees of the federal government while engaged in their official duties.
453.05(2)(f) (f) Employees of an educational or research institution while engaged in teaching or research. This paragraph does not apply to employees of a school of veterinary medicine in this state who practice veterinary medicine on privately owned animals.
453.05(2)(g) (g) Employees of a school of veterinary medicine in this state who practice veterinary medicine on privately owned animals only as a part of their employment and who are licensed under s. 453.06 (2m).
453.05(2)(h) (h) Graduates of schools outside the United States and Canada who are enrolled in the educational commission for foreign veterinary graduates certification program of the American Veterinary Medical Association while completing the required year of clinical assessment under the supervision of a veterinarian.
453.05(3) (3) Any person violating this section may for the first offense be fined not more than $1,000, and for any 2nd offense within 3 years be fined not more than $3,000.
453.05 Annotation A license under sub. (2) (a) is not required for person to engage in artificial insemination of animals but is required for persons engaged in pregnancy examinations who were not engaged in practice prior to February 11, 1968. 78 Atty. Gen. 236.
453.06 453.06 Licensure.
453.06(1)(1) Except as provided under s. 453.072, veterinary licenses shall be issued only to persons who successfully pass an examination conducted by the examining board and pay the fee specified in s. 440.05 (1). An applicant for an initial license shall be a graduate of a veterinary college that has been approved by the examining board or have successfully completed either the educational commission for foreign veterinary graduates certification program of the American Veterinary Medical Association or the program for the assessment of veterinary education equivalence offered by the American Association of Veterinary State Boards. Persons who qualify for examination may be granted temporary permits to engage in the practice of veterinary medicine in the employment and under the supervision of a veterinarian until the results of the next examination conducted by the examining board are available. In case of failure at any examination, the applicant shall have the privilege of taking subsequent examinations, upon the payment of another fee for each examination.
453.06(2m) (2m)
453.06(2m)(a)(a) Upon application, the examining board may issue a veterinary faculty license to an employee of a school of veterinary medicine in this state who has received the degree of doctor of veterinary medicine from a veterinary college approved by the examining board or if the examining board determines that the person possesses substantially equivalent qualifications. A person holding a veterinary faculty license may practice veterinary medicine on privately owned animals only within the scope of the person's employment at the school.
453.06(2m)(b) (b) Upon application, the examining board may grant a veterinary postgraduate training permit to a person undertaking intern or resident training at a school of veterinary medicine in this state. The only purpose of the veterinary postgraduate training permit is to provide opportunities in this state for the postgraduate education of persons who have received the degree of doctor of veterinary medicine or an equivalent degree but who have not yet met the requirements for licensure in this state. Issuance of a postgraduate training permit does not modify in any respect the requirements for licensure to practice veterinary medicine in this state, and a permit holder may practice veterinary medicine on privately owned animals only within the scope of the permit holder's internship or residency program. Violation of this restriction or of any applicable provision of this chapter constitutes cause for revocation of the permit.
453.06(2m)(c) (c) A license issued under this subsection expires upon termination of the licensee's employment at a school of veterinary medicine in this state. A postgraduate training permit expires upon termination of the permit holder's internship or residency program.
453.06(3) (3) A veterinary technician certification may be issued only to a person who is at least 18 years of age and has either:
453.06(3)(a) (a) Successfully completed a 4-semester course of study in animal technology or its equivalent, at a technical school or college approved by the examining board, and has passed an examination, administered by the examining board, which establishes that the applicant's knowledge of animals and their treatment is sufficient to qualify the applicant as a veterinary technician; or
453.06(3)(b) (b) Been an employee of a veterinarian for a total of 2 years and has passed an examination, administered by the examining board, which establishes that the applicant's knowledge of animals and their treatment is sufficient to qualify the applicant as a veterinary technician. The 2-year employment requirement of this paragraph shall include at least 50% of the applicant's time spent in practical field experience and the remainder of the applicant's time spent in laboratory work, office procedure, and technical veterinary training with a veterinarian.
453.06 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. VE 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10, Wis. adm. code.
453.06 Annotation The examining board lacks authority to condition the renewal of licenses upon either reexamination or continuing education. 65 Atty. Gen. 35.
453.062 453.062 Renewal; continuing education.
453.062(1)(1) Renewal. The renewal dates for veterinary licenses and veterinary technician certifications are specified under s. 440.08 (2) (a), and the renewal fees for such licenses and certifications are determined by the department under s. 440.03 (9) (a).
453.062(2) (2)Continuing education.
453.062(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in sub. (3), the examining board may not renew a veterinary license unless the applicant certifies that he or she has completed, during the preceding 2-year licensure period, at least 30 hours of continuing education programs or courses approved by the examining board.
453.062(2)(b) (b) Except as provided in sub. (3), the examining board may not renew a veterinary technician certification unless the applicant certifies that he or she has completed, during the preceding 2-year certification period, at least 15 hours of continuing education programs or courses approved by the examining board.
453.062(2)(c) (c) If any complaint is made against a veterinarian or veterinary technician, the examining board may require the veterinarian or veterinary technician to submit proof of the continuing education programs or courses that he or she has completed during the preceding 2-year licensure or certification period.
453.062(3) (3)Exceptions.
453.062(3)(a)(a) Subsection (2) (a) and (b) does not apply to an applicant who applies to renew a license or certification that expires on the first expiration date after initial issuance of the license or certification.
453.062(3)(b) (b) The examining board may waive the requirements of sub. (2) (a) or (b) if it finds that exceptional circumstances, such as prolonged illness, disability, or other similar circumstances, have prevented an applicant from meeting the requirements.
453.062 History History: 2003 a. 103 ss. 2, 4; 2007 a. 20.
453.065 453.065 Examinations.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Sept. 3, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Sept. 3, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-3-14)