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48.375(7)(b)2. 2. The understanding of the minor about the nature of, possible consequences of and alternatives to the intended abortion procedure.
48.375(7)(b)3. 3. Any other evidence that the court may find useful in making the determination under par. (c).
48.375(7)(bm) (bm) Member of the clergy's affidavit. If a member of the clergy files a petition under s. 48.257 on behalf of a minor, the member of the clergy shall file with the petition an affidavit stating that the member of the clergy has met personally with the minor and has explored with the minor the alternative choices available to the minor for managing the pregnancy, including carrying the pregnancy to term and keeping the infant, carrying the pregnancy to term and placing the infant with a relative or with another family for adoption or having an abortion, and has discussed with the minor the possibility of involving one of the persons specified in sub. (4) (a) 1. in the minor's decision making concerning the pregnancy and whether or not in the opinion of the minor that involvement would be in the minor's best interests. The court may make the determination under par. (c) on the basis of the ordained member of the clergy's affidavit or may, in its discretion, require the minor to attend an interview with the court in chambers before making that determination. Any information supplied by a minor to a member of the clergy in preparation of the petition under s. 48.257 or the affidavit under this paragraph shall be kept confidential and may only be disclosed to the court in connection with a proceeding under this subsection.
48.375(7)(c) (c) Determination. The court shall grant the petition if the court finds that any of the following standards applies:
48.375(7)(c)1. 1. That the minor is mature and well-informed enough to make the abortion decision on her own.
48.375(7)(c)2. 2. That the performance or inducement of the abortion is in the minor's best interests.
48.375(7)(d) (d) Time period.
48.375(7)(d)1.1. The court shall make the determination under par. (c) and issue an order within 3 calendar days after the initial appearance unless the minor and her counsel, or the member of the clergy who filed the petition on behalf of the minor, if any, consent to an extension of the time period. The order shall be effective immediately. The court shall prepare and file with the clerk of court findings of fact, conclusions of law and a final order granting or denying the petition within 24 hours after making the determination and order. If the court grants the petition, the court shall immediately so notify the minor by personal service on her counsel, or the member of the clergy who filed the petition on behalf of the minor, if any, of a certified copy of the court's order granting the petition. If the court denies the petition, the court shall immediately so notify the minor by personal service on her counsel, or the member of the clergy who filed the petition on behalf of the minor, if any, of a copy of the court's order denying the petition and shall also notify the minor by her counsel, or the member of the clergy who filed the petition on behalf of the minor, if any, that she has a right to initiate an appeal under s. 809.105.
48.375(7)(d)1m. 1m. Except as provided under s. 48.315 (1) (b), (c), (f), and (h), if the court fails to act within the applicable time period specified under subd. 1. without the prior consent of the minor and the minor's counsel, if any, or the member of the clergy who filed the petition on behalf of the minor, if any, the minor and the minor's counsel, if any, or the member of the clergy, if any, shall select a temporary reserve judge, as defined in s. 753.075 (1) (b), to make the determination under par. (c) and issue an order granting or denying the petition and the chief judge of the judicial administrative district in which the court is located shall assign the temporary reserve judge selected by the minor and the minor's counsel, if any, or the member of the clergy, if any, to make the determination and issue the order. A temporary reserve judge assigned under this subdivision to make a determination under par. (c) and issue an order granting or denying a petition shall make the determination and issue the order within 2 calendar days after the assignment, unless the minor and her counsel, if any, or the member of the clergy who filed the petition on behalf of the minor, if any, consent to an extension of that time period. The order shall be effective immediately. The court shall prepare and file with the clerk of court findings of fact, conclusions of law and a final order granting or denying the petition, and shall notify the minor of the court's order, as provided under subd. 1.
48.375(7)(d)2. 2. Counsel for the minor, or the member of the clergy who filed the petition on behalf of the minor, if any, shall immediately, upon notification under subd. 1. or 1m. that the court has granted or denied the petition, notify the minor. If the court has granted the petition, counsel for the minor, or the member of the clergy who filed the petition on behalf of the minor, if any, shall hand deliver a certified copy of the court order to the person who intends to perform or induce the abortion. If with reasonable diligence the person who intends to perform or induce the abortion cannot be located for delivery, then counsel for the minor, or the member of the clergy who filed the petition on behalf of the minor, if any, shall leave a certified copy of the order with the person's agent at the person's principal place of business. If a clinic or medical facility is specified in the petition as the corporation, limited liability company, partnership or other unincorporated association that employs the person who intends to perform or induce the abortion, then counsel for the minor, or the member of the clergy who filed the petition on behalf of the minor, if any, shall hand deliver a certified copy of the order to an agent of the corporation, limited liability company, partnership or other unincorporated association at its principal place of business. There may be no service by mail or publication. The person or agent who receives the certified copy of the order under this subdivision shall place the copy in the minor's medical record.
48.375(7)(e) (e) Confidentiality. The identity of a minor who files or for whom is filed a petition under s. 48.257 and all records and other papers relating to a proceeding under this subsection shall be kept confidential except for use in a forfeiture action under s. 895.037 (2), a civil action filed under s. 895.037 (3) or a child abuse or neglect investigation under s. 48.981.
48.375(7)(f) (f) Certain persons barred from proceedings. No parent, or guardian or legal custodian, if one has been appointed, or foster parent, if the minor has been placed in a foster home and the minor's parent has signed a waiver granting the department, a county department, or the foster parent the authority to consent to medical services or treatment on behalf of the minor, or adult family member, of any minor who is seeking a court determination under this subsection may attend, intervene, or give evidence in any proceeding under this subsection.
48.375(8) (8)Appeal. An appeal by a minor from an order of the trial court denying a petition under sub. (7) may be taken to the court of appeals as a matter of right under s. 808.03 (1) and is governed by s. 809.105.
48.375(9) (9)Assistance to minors concerning parental consent for abortion. If a minor who is contemplating an abortion requests assistance from a county department under s. 46.215, 46.22 or 46.23 in seeking the consent of the minor's parent, guardian, or legal custodian, or in seeking the consent of an adult family member, for the contemplated abortion or in seeking a waiver from the circuit court, the county department shall provide assistance, including, if so requested, accompanying the minor as appropriate.
48.375 Annotation Any law requiring parental consent for a minor to obtain an abortion must ensure that the parent does not have absolute, and possibly arbitrary, veto power. Bellotti v. Baird, 443 U.S. 622 (1979).
48.375 Annotation The essential holding of Roe v. Wade allowing abortion is upheld, but various state restrictions on abortion are permissible. Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833, 120 L. Ed. 2d 674 (1992).
subch. VII of ch. 48 SUBCHAPTER VII
PERMANENCY PLANNING; RECORDS
48.38 48.38 Permanency planning.
48.38(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
48.38(1)(a) (a) "Agency" means the department, a county department or a licensed child welfare agency.
48.38(1)(am) (am) "Independent agency" means a private, nonprofit organization, but does not include a licensed child welfare agency that is authorized to prepare permanency plans or that is assigned the primary responsibility of providing services under a permanency plan.
48.38(1)(b) (b) "Permanency plan" means a plan designed to ensure that a child is reunified with his or her family whenever appropriate, or that the child quickly attains a placement or home providing long-term stability.
48.38(2) (2)Permanency plan required. Except as provided in sub. (3), for each child living in a foster home, group home, residential care center for children and youth, juvenile detention facility, shelter care facility, or supervised independent living arrangement, the agency that placed the child or arranged the placement or the agency assigned primary responsibility for providing services to the child under s. 48.355 (2) (b) 6g. shall prepare a written permanency plan, if any of the following conditions exists, and, for each child living in the home of a guardian or a relative other than a parent, that agency shall prepare a written permanency plan, if any of the conditions specified in pars. (a) to (e) exists:
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (2) (intro.) is shown as amended eff. 8-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 334. Prior to 8-1-14 it reads:
Effective date text (2)Permanency plan required. Except as provided in sub. (3), for each child living in a foster home, group home, residential care center for children and youth, juvenile detention facility, or shelter care facility, the agency that placed the child or arranged the placement or the agency assigned primary responsibility for providing services to the child under s. 48.355 (2) (b) 6g. shall prepare a written permanency plan, if any of the following conditions exists, and, for each child living in the home of a guardian or a relative other than a parent, that agency shall prepare a written permanency plan, if any of the conditions specified in pars. (a) to (e) exists:
48.38(2)(a) (a) The child is being held in physical custody under s. 48.207, 48.208 or 48.209.
48.38(2)(b) (b) The child is in the legal custody of the agency.
48.38(2)(c) (c) The child is under the supervision of an agency under s. 48.64 (2), under a consent decree under s. 48.32 (1) (b), or under a court order under s. 48.355.
48.38(2)(d) (d) The child was placed under a voluntary agreement between the agency and the child's parent under s. 48.63 (1) (a) or (5) (b).
48.38(2)(e) (e) The child is under the guardianship of the agency.
48.38(2)(f) (f) The child's care would be paid for under s. 49.19 but for s. 49.19 (20), except that this paragraph does not apply to a child whose care is being paid for under s. 48.623 (1).
48.38(2)(g) (g) The child's parent is placed in a foster home, group home, residential care center for children and youth, juvenile detention facility, shelter care facility, or supervised independent living arrangement and the child is residing with that parent.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (g) is shown as amended eff. 8-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 334. Prior to 8-1-14 it reads:
Effective date text (g) The child's parent is placed in a foster home, group home, residential care center for children and youth, juvenile detention facility, or shelter care facility and the child is residing with that parent.
48.38(3) (3)Time. Subject to sub. (4m) (a), the agency shall file the permanency plan with the court within 60 days after the date on which the child was first removed from his or her home, except that if the child is held for less than 60 days in a juvenile detention facility, juvenile portion of a county jail, or a shelter care facility, no permanency plan is required if the child is returned to his or her home within that period.
48.38(4) (4)Contents of plan. The permanency plan shall include all of the following:
48.38(4)(ag) (ag) The name, address, and telephone number of the child's parent, guardian, and legal custodian.
48.38(4)(am) (am) The date on which the child was removed from his or her home and the date on which the child was placed in out-of-home care.
48.38(4)(ar) (ar) A description of the services offered and any services provided in an effort to prevent the removal of the child from his or her home, while assuring that the health and safety of the child are the paramount concerns, and to achieve the goal of the permanency plan, except that the permanency plan is not required to include a description of the services offered or provided with respect to a parent of the child to prevent the removal of the child from the home or to achieve the permanency goal of returning the child safely to his or her home if any of the following applies:
48.38(4)(ar)1. 1. Any of the circumstances specified in s. 48.355 (2d) (b) 1. to 5. applies to that parent.
48.38(4)(ar)2. 2. The child has attained 18 years of age.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (ar) is shown as affected eff. 8-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 334. Prior to 8-1-14 it reads:
Effective date text (ar) A description of the services offered and any services provided in an effort to prevent the removal of the child from his or her home, while assuring that the health and safety of the child are the paramount concerns, and to achieve the goal of the permanency plan, except that the permanency plan is not required to include a description of the services offered or provided with respect to a parent of the child to prevent the removal of the child from the home or to achieve the permanency goal of returning the child safely to his or her home if any of the circumstances specified in s. 48.355 (2d) (b) 1. to 5. applies to that parent.
48.38(4)(b) (b) The basis for the decision to hold the child in custody or to place the child outside of his or her home.
48.38(4)(bm) (bm) A statement as to the availability of a safe and appropriate placement with a fit and willing relative of the child and, if a decision is made not to place the child with an available relative, a statement as to why placement with the relative is not safe or appropriate.
48.38(4)(br)1.1. In this paragraph, "sibling" means a person who is a brother or sister of the child, whether by blood, marriage, or adoption, including a person who was a brother or sister of a child before the person was adopted or parental rights to the person were terminated.
48.38(4)(br)2. 2. If the child has one or more siblings who have also been removed from the home, a description of the efforts made to place the child in a placement that enables the sibling group to remain together and, if a decision is made not to place the child and his or her siblings in a joint placement, a statement as to why a joint placement would be contrary to the safety or well-being of the child or any of those siblings and a description of the efforts made to provide for frequent visitation or other ongoing interaction between the child and those siblings. If a decision is made not to provide for that visitation or interaction, the permanency plan shall include a statement as to why that visitation or interaction would be contrary to the safety or well-being of the child or any of those siblings.
48.38(4)(c) (c) The location and type of facility in which the child is currently held or placed, and the location and type of facility in which the child will be placed.
48.38(4)(d) (d) If the child is living more than 60 miles from his or her home, documentation that placement within 60 miles of the child's home is either unavailable or inappropriate or documentation that placement more than 60 miles from the child's home is in the child's best interests. The placement of a child in a licensed foster home more than 60 miles from the child's home is presumed to be in the best interests of the child if documentation is provided which shows all of the following:
48.38(4)(d)1. 1. That the placement is made pursuant to a voluntary agreement under s. 48.63 (1) (a).
48.38(4)(d)2. 2. That the voluntary agreement provides that the child may be placed more than 60 miles from the child's home.
48.38(4)(d)3. 3. That the placement is made to facilitate the anticipated adoptive placement of the child under s. 48.833 or 48.837.
48.38(4)(dg) (dg) Information about the child's education, including all of the following:
48.38(4)(dg)1. 1. The name and address of the school in which the child is or was most recently enrolled.
48.38(4)(dg)2. 2. Any special education programs in which the child is or was previously enrolled.
48.38(4)(dg)3. 3. The grade level in which the child is or was most recently enrolled and all information that is available concerning the child's grade level performance.
48.38(4)(dg)4. 4. A summary of all available education records relating to the child that are relevant to any education goals included in the education services plan prepared under s. 48.33 (1) (e).
48.38(4)(dm) (dm) If as a result of the placement the child has been or will be transferred from the school in which the child is or most recently was enrolled, documentation that a placement that would maintain the child in that school is either unavailable or inappropriate or that a placement that would result in the child's transfer to another school would be in the child's best interests.
48.38(4)(dr) (dr) Medical information relating to the child, including all of the following:
48.38(4)(dr)1. 1. The names and addresses of the child's physician, dentist, and any other health care provider that is or was previously providing health care services to the child.
48.38(4)(dr)2. 2. The child's immunization record, including the name and date of each immunization administered to the child.
48.38(4)(dr)3. 3. Any known medical condition for which the child is receiving medical care or treatment and any known serious medical condition for which the child has previously received medical care or treatment.
48.38(4)(dr)4. 4. The name, purpose, and dosage of any medication that is being administered to the child and the name of any medication that causes the child to suffer an allergic or other negative reaction.
48.38(4)(e) (e) A plan for ensuring the safety and appropriateness of the placement and a description of the services provided to meet the needs of the child and family, including a discussion of services that have been investigated and considered and are not available or likely to become available within a reasonable time to meet the needs of the child or, if available, why such services are not safe or appropriate.
48.38(4)(f) (f) A description of the services that will be provided to the child, the child's family, and the child's foster parent, the operator of the facility where the child is living, or the relative with whom the child is living to carry out the dispositional order, including services planned to accomplish all of the following:
48.38(4)(f)1. 1. Ensure proper care and treatment of the child and promote safety and stability in the placement.
48.38(4)(f)2. 2. Meet the child's physical, emotional, social, educational and vocational needs.
48.38(4)(f)3. 3. Improve the conditions of the parents' home to facilitate the safe return of the child to his or her home, or, if appropriate, obtain for the child a placement for adoption, with a guardian, with a fit and willing relative, or in some other planned permanent living arrangement that includes an appropriate, enduring relationship with an adult.
48.38(4)(fg) (fg) The goal of the permanency plan or, if the agency is engaging in concurrent planning, as defined in s. 48.355 (2b) (a), the permanency and concurrent permanency goals of the permanency plan. If a goal of the permanency plan is to place the child for adoption, with a guardian, or with a fit and willing relative, the permanency plan shall include the rationale for deciding on that goal and the efforts made to achieve that goal, including, if appropriate, through an out-of-state placement. If the agency determines under s. 48.355 (2b) (b) to engage in concurrent planning, the permanency plan shall include the rationale for that determination and a description of the concurrent plan. The agency shall determine one or more of the following goals to be the goal or goals of a child's permanency plan:
48.38(4)(fg)1. 1. Return of the child to the child's home.
48.38(4)(fg)2. 2. Placement of the child for adoption.
48.38(4)(fg)3. 3. Placement of the child with a guardian.
48.38(4)(fg)4. 4. Permanent placement of the child with a fit and willing relative.
48.38(4)(fg)5. 5. As provided in par. (fm), some other planned permanent living arrangement that includes an appropriate, enduring relationship with an adult, including sustaining care or long-term foster care, but not including independent living.
48.38(4)(fg)6. 6. If the child has attained 18 years of age, transition to independent living.
Effective date note NOTE: Subd. 6. is created eff. 8-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 334.
48.38(4)(fm) (fm) If the agency determines that there is a compelling reason why it currently would not be in the best interests of the child to return the child to his or her home or to place the child for adoption, with a guardian, or with a fit and willing relative as the permanency goal for the child, the permanency goal of placing the child in some other planned permanent living arrangement described in par. (fg) 5. If the agency makes that determination, the plan shall include the efforts made to achieve that permanency goal, including, if appropriate, through an out-of-state placement, a statement of that compelling reason, and, notwithstanding that compelling reason, a concurrent plan under s. 48.355 (2b) towards achieving a goal under par. (fg) 1. to 4. as a concurrent permanency goal in addition to the permanency goal under par. (fg) 5.
48.38(4)(g) (g) The conditions, if any, upon which the child will be returned safely to his or her home, including any changes required in the parents' conduct, the child's conduct or the nature of the home.
48.38(4)(h) (h) If the child is 15 years of age or over, an independent living plan describing the programs and services that are or will be provided to assist the child in preparing for the transition from out-of-home care to independent living. The plan shall include all of the following:
48.38(4)(h)1. 1. The anticipated age at which the child will be discharged from out-of-home care.
48.38(4)(h)2. 2. The anticipated amount of time available in which to prepare the child for the transition from out-of-home care to independent living.
48.38(4)(h)3. 3. The anticipated location and living situation of the child on discharge from out-of-home care.
48.38(4)(h)4. 4. A description of the assessment processes, tools, and methods that have been or will be used to determine the programs and services that are or will be provided to assist the child in preparing for the transition from out-of-home care to independent living.
48.38(4)(h)5. 5. The rationale for each program or service that is or will be provided to assist the child in preparing for the transition from out-of-home care to independent living, the time frames for delivering those programs or services, and the intended outcome of those programs or services.
48.38(4)(i) (i) A statement as to whether the child's age and developmental level are sufficient for the court to consult with the child at the permanency hearing under sub. (4m) (c) or (5m) (c) 2. or s. 48.43 (5) (b) 2. or for the court or panel to consult with the child at the permanency review under sub. (5) (bm) 2. and, if a decision is made that it would not be age appropriate or developmentally appropriate for the court or panel to consult with the child, a statement as to why consultation with the child would not be appropriate.
48.38(4)(im) (im) If the child is an Indian child who is placed outside the home of his or her parent or Indian custodian, all of the following:
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before June 30, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-14)