49.197(1m)(1m) Fraud investigation. From the appropriations under s. 20.437 (2) (dz), (kx), (L), (mc), (md), (me), and (nL), the department shall establish a program to investigate suspected fraudulent activity on the part of recipients of aid to families with dependent children under s. 49.19, on the part of participants in the Wisconsin Works program under ss. 49.141 to 49.161, and, if the department of health services contracts with the department under sub. (5), on the part of recipients of medical assistance under subch. IV, food stamp benefits under the food stamp program under 7 USC 2011 to 2036, supplemental security income payments under s. 49.77, payments for the support of children of supplemental security income recipients under s. 49.775, and health care benefits under the Badger Care health care program under s. 49.665. The department's activities under this subsection may include, but are not limited to, comparisons of information provided to the department by an applicant and information provided by the applicant to other federal, state, and local agencies, development of an advisory welfare investigation prosecution standard, and provision of funds to county departments under ss. 46.215, 46.22, and 46.23 or multicounty consortia, as defined in s. 49.78 (1) (br), and to Wisconsin Works agencies to encourage activities to detect fraud. The department shall cooperate with district attorneys regarding fraud prosecutions.
49.197(2) (2)Incentive program for local fraud detection.
49.197(2)(a)(a) In this subsection:
49.197(2)(a)1. 1. "County department" means a county department under s. 46.22 or 46.23.
49.197(2)(a)2. 2. "Subsidy program" means the child care subsidy program under s. 49.155.
49.197(2)(a)3. 3. "Tribal governing body" means an elected governing body of a federally recognized American Indian tribe.
49.197(2)(b)1.1. Subject to subd. 2., the department shall by rule establish an incentive program that, using moneys from the allocation under s. 49.175 (1) (p), rewards county departments, Wisconsin Works agencies, and tribal governing bodies that administer the subsidy program for identifying fraud in the subsidy program. The rules shall specify that a county department, Wisconsin Works agency, or tribal governing body shall receive, for identifying fraudulent activity under the subsidy program on the part of a child care provider, an amount equal to the average monthly subsidy payment per child during the prior fiscal year, multiplied by the number of children participating in the subsidy program for whom the provider provides care, multiplied by 1.5 months. A county department, Wisconsin Works agency, or tribal governing body may use payments received under this subsection for any purpose for which moneys under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families block grant program may be used under federal law.
49.197(2)(b)2. 2. No later than January 1, 2012, the department shall submit its plan for the incentive program to the cochairpersons of the joint committee on finance for review by the committee. If the cochairpersons of the committee do not notify the department that the committee has scheduled a meeting for the purpose of reviewing the proposed plan within 14 working days after the date of the department's submittal, the department shall promulgate the rules for the incentive program in accordance with its proposed plan. If, within 14 working days after the date of the department's submittal, the cochairpersons of the committee notify the department that the committee has scheduled a meeting for the purpose of reviewing the proposed plan, the department may not promulgate the rules for the incentive program unless the committee approves the proposed plan. If the committee modifies and approves the proposed plan, the department may promulgate the rules for the incentive program only as modified by the committee.
49.197(3) (3)State error reduction activities. The department shall conduct activities to reduce payment errors in Wisconsin Works under ss. 49.141 to 49.161 and, if the department of health services contracts with the department under sub. (5), the Medical Assistance program under subch. IV, the food stamp program under 7 USC 2011 to 2036, the supplemental security income payments program under s. 49.77, the program providing payments for the support of children of supplemental security income recipients under s. 49.775, and the Badger Care health care program under s. 49.665.
49.197(4) (4)County and tribal error reduction. If the department of health services contracts with the department under sub. (5), the department shall provide funds from the appropriation under s. 20.437 (2) (kx) to counties, multicounty consortia, as defined in s. 49.78 (1) (br), and governing bodies of federally recognized American Indian tribes administering Medical Assistance under subch. IV, the food stamp program under 7 USC 2011 to 2036, the supplemental security income payments program under s. 49.77, the program providing payments for the support of children of supplemental security income recipients under s. 49.775, and the Badger Care health care program under s. 49.665 to offset administrative costs of reducing payment errors in those programs.
49.197(5) (5)Contracts for medical assistance, food stamps, supplemental security income, and caretaker supplement. Notwithstanding s. 49.845 (1) and (2), the department of health services may contract with the department to investigate suspected fraudulent activity on the part of recipients of medical assistance under subch. IV, food stamp benefits under the food stamp program under 7 USC 2011 to 2036, supplemental security income payments under s. 49.77, payments for the support of children of supplemental security income recipients under s. 49.775, and health care benefits under the Badger Care health care program under s. 49.665 and to conduct activities to reduce payment errors in the Medical Assistance program under subch. IV, the food stamp program under 7 USC 2011 to 2036, the supplemental security income payments program under s. 49.77, the program providing payments for the support of children of supplemental security income recipients under s. 49.775, and the Badger Care health care program under s. 49.665, as provided in this section.
49.197(6) (6)Reporting of suspected fraudulent activity.
49.197(6)(a)1.1. If any employee of the department, a county, or a tribal governing body reasonably suspects that fraudulent activity as described in sub. (1m) or (2) (b) has occurred or is occurring, the employee shall immediately report the facts and circumstances contributing to that suspicion to the employee's immediate supervisor.
49.197(6)(a)2. 2. An immediate supervisor who receives a report under subd. 1. shall immediately evaluate the report to determine whether there is reason to suspect that the fraudulent activity has occurred or is occurring. If the immediate supervisor determines that there is reason to suspect that the fraudulent activity has occurred or is occurring, the immediate supervisor shall immediately report the facts and circumstances contributing to that suspicion to the unit of the department that is responsible for investigating suspected fraudulent activity under sub. (1m). If the immediate supervisor is an employee of the department or of a county having a population of 145,000 or more, the immediate supervisor shall also immediately report those facts and circumstances to the sheriff.
49.197(6)(a)3. 3. Except as provided in subd. 2., an immediate supervisor who receives a report under subd. 1. shall keep the identity of the reporter confidential. A sheriff or unit of the department that receives a report under subd. 2. shall keep the identity of the employee reporting under subd. 1. and the immediate supervisor reporting under subd. 2. confidential until the sheriff or unit determines that the report merits further investigation. If the sheriff or unit conducts a full investigation, the sheriff or unit shall keep the identity of that employee and immediate supervisor confidential if it is reasonably possible to do so. Any person who fails to report as required in subd. 1. or 2. may be required to forfeit not more than $1,000.
49.197(6)(b) (b) Any person participating in good faith in the making of a report under par. (a) 1. or 2. or in initiating, participating in, or testifying in, any action or proceeding in which fraudulent activity as described in sub. (1m) or (2) (b) is alleged shall have immunity from any liability, civil or criminal, that results by reason of the action. For the purpose of any proceeding, civil or criminal, the good faith of any person reporting under par. (a) 1. or 2. shall be presumed.
49.197(6)(c) (c) The department, a county, a tribal governing body, or an employee of the department, a county, or a tribal governing body may not take disciplinary action against, or threaten to take disciplinary action against, any person because the person in good faith reported any information under par. (a) 1. or 2. or initiated, participated in, or testified in, any action or proceeding in which fraudulent activity described in sub. (1m) or (2) (b) was alleged or because the department, county, tribal governing body, or employee believes that the person in good faith reported any information under par. (a) 1. or 2. or initiated, participated in, or testified in, such an action or proceeding.
49.197(6)(d) (d) Any person who is subjected to disciplinary action, or who is threatened with disciplinary action, in violation of par. (c) may file a complaint with the department of workforce development under s. 106.54 (9). If that department finds that a violation of par. (c) has been committed, that department may take such action under s. 111.39 as will effectuate the purpose of this section. Section 111.322 (2m) applies to a disciplinary action arising in connection with any proceeding under this paragraph.
49.22 49.22 Child and spousal support; establishment of paternity; medical liability.
49.22(1) (1) There is created a child and spousal support and establishment of paternity and medical support liability program in the department. The purpose of this program is to establish paternity when possible, to establish or modify support obligations, to enforce support obligations owed by parents to their children and maintenance obligations owed to spouses or former spouses with whom the children reside in this state or owed in other states if the support order was issued in this state or owed in other states if the parent, spouse, or former spouse resides in this state, to locate persons who are alleged to have taken their child in violation of s. 948.31 or of similar laws in other states, and to locate and value property of any person having a support duty. To accomplish the objectives of this program and of other assistance programs under this chapter, county and state agencies will cooperate with one another to implement a child and spousal support and paternity establishment and medical support liability program in accordance with state and federal laws, regulations, and rules and to assure proper distribution of benefits of all assistance programs authorized under this chapter.
49.22(2) (2) The department shall constitute the state location service which shall assist in locating parents who have deserted their children and other persons liable for support of dependents or persons who are alleged to have taken their child in violation of s. 948.31 or of similar laws in another state, and in locating and valuing property of any person having a support duty.
49.22(2m) (2m)
49.22(2m)(a)(a) The department may request from any person in this state information it determines appropriate and necessary for the administration of this section, ss. 49.141 to 49.161, 49.19, 49.46, 49.468, 49.47, and 49.471 and programs carrying out the purposes of 7 USC 2011 to 2029. Unless access to the information is prohibited or restricted by law, or unless the person has good cause, as determined by the department in accordance with federal law and regulations, for refusing to cooperate, the person shall make a good faith effort to provide this information within 7 days after receiving a request under this paragraph. Except as provided in subs. (2p) and (2r) and subject to sub. (12), the department or the county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) may disclose information obtained under this paragraph only in the administration of this section, ss. 49.141 to 49.161, 49.19, 49.46, 49.47, and 49.471 and programs carrying out the purposes of 7 USC 2011 to 2029. Employees of the department or a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) are subject to s. 49.83.
49.22(2m)(am) (am) In conjunction with any request for information under par. (a), including a request made by subpoena under par. (b), the department or county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) shall advise the person of the time by which the information must be provided and of any consequences to the person under par. (d) that may result from a failure to respond or comply with the request.
49.22(2m)(b) (b) The department or county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) may issue a subpoena, in substantially the form authorized under s. 885.02, to compel the production of financial information and other documentary evidence in the administration of this section, ss. 49.145, 49.19, 49.46, 49.47, and 49.471 and programs carrying out the purposes of 7 USC 2011 to 2029.
49.22(2m)(bc) (bc) A person in this state shall comply with an administrative subpoena that is issued from another state to compel the production of financial information or other documentary evidence for purposes comparable to those specified in par. (b).
49.22(2m)(c) (c) A person is not liable to any person for any of the following:
49.22(2m)(c)1. 1. Allowing access to financial or other records by the department or a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) in response to a request under par. (a) or a subpoena described in par. (bc).
49.22(2m)(c)2. 2. Disclosing information from financial or other records to the department or a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) in response to a request under par. (a) or a subpoena described in par. (bc).
49.22(2m)(c)3. 3. Any other action taken in good faith to comply with this section or a subpoena described in par. (bc) or to comply with a request for information or access to records from the department or a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) in the administration of this section, ss. 49.145, 49.19, 49.46, 49.47, and 49.471 and programs carrying out the purposes of 7 USC 2011 to 2029.
49.22(2m)(d) (d) Any person who fails to respond to or comply with a subpoena described in par. (bc) or a request under par. (a) by the department or a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) may be required to pay a forfeiture in an amount determined by the department by rule.
49.22(2p) (2p) Except as provided in sub. (12), the department or a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) may disclose to a parent with legal custody of a child, upon the parent's request, the last-known address, and the name and address of the last-known employer, of the child's other parent if that other parent owes a support obligation to the child and is in arrears in the payment of the support.
49.22(2r) (2r) The department or a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) may, to the extent permitted under federal law, disclose information obtained under sub. (2m) to the department of revenue for the purposes of locating persons, or the assets of persons, who have failed to file tax returns, who have underreported their taxable income or who are delinquent taxpayers, identifying fraudulent tax returns or providing information for tax-related prosecutions.
49.22(3) (3) The department, acting as a state location service, shall furnish all services under sub. (2) to any similarly appointed agency of another state which by its laws is authorized to furnish such services to this state or its agencies.
49.22(3m) (3m) The department, acting as a state location service, shall furnish services under sub. (2) upon request to the department of health services, a county department under s. 46.215, 46.22 or 46.23 or a child welfare agency that is administering a program operated under 42 USC 620 to 628b or 42 USC 670 to 679a.
49.22(4) (4) Except as provided in this section, no person may use or disclose information obtained by the state location service. Any person violating this subsection may be fined not less than $25 nor more than $500 or imprisoned for not more than one year in the county jail or both.
49.22(6) (6) The department shall establish, pursuant to federal and state laws, rules and regulations, a uniform system of fees for services provided under this section to individuals not receiving aid under s. 48.645, 49.19, 49.47, or 49.471; benefits under s. 49.148, 49.155, or 49.79; foster care maintenance payments under 42 USC 670 to 679a; or kinship care payments under s. 48.57 (3m) or long-term kinship care payments under s. 48.57 (3n). The system of fees may take into account an individual's ability to pay. Any fee paid and collected under this subsection may be retained by the county providing the service except for the fee specified in 42 USC 653 (e) (2) for federal parent locator services.
49.22(7) (7) The department may represent the state in any action to establish paternity or to establish or enforce a support or maintenance obligation. The department may delegate its authority to represent the state in any action to establish paternity or to establish or enforce a support or maintenance obligation under this section to an attorney responsible for support enforcement under s. 59.53 (6) (a) pursuant to a contract entered into under s. 59.53 (5). The department shall ensure that any such contract is for an amount reasonable and necessary to assure quality service. The department may, by such a contract, authorize a county to contract with any attorney, collection agency or other person to collect unpaid child support or maintenance. If a county fails to fully implement the programs under s. 59.53 (5), the department may implement them and may contract with any appropriate person to obtain necessary services. The department shall establish a formula for disbursing funds appropriated under s. 20.437 (2) (md) to carry out a contract under this subsection.
49.22(7g) (7g) The department shall provide all of the following:
49.22(7g)(a) (a) Training to hospital staff members concerning the form that is prescribed by the state registrar under s. 69.15 (3) (b) 3. and concerning the significance and benefits of, and alternatives to, of establishing paternity.
49.22(7g)(b) (b) The written information that is required to be provided to parents under s. 69.14 (1) (cm).
49.22(7m) (7m) The department may contract with or employ a collection agency or other person to enforce a support obligation of a parent who is delinquent in making support payments and may contract with or employ an attorney to appear in an action in state or federal court to enforce such an obligation. To pay for the department's administrative costs of implementing this subsection, the department may charge a fee to counties, use federal matching funds or funds retained by the department under s. 49.24 (2) (c), or use up to 30% of this state's share of a collection made under this subsection on behalf of a recipient of aid to families with dependent children or a recipient of kinship care payments under s. 48.57 (3m) or long-term kinship care payments under s. 48.57 (3n).
49.22(8) (8) The department may charge other states and counties seeking collection of child and spousal support for any administrative costs it incurs in providing services related to interstate child support collections, the federal parent locator service under 42 USC 653, the interception of unemployment compensation under 42 USC 654 or the withholding of state and federal income tax refunds under s. 49.855 and 42 USC 664.
49.22(9) (9) The department shall promulgate rules that provide a standard for courts to use in determining a child support obligation based upon a percentage of the gross income and assets of either or both parents. The rules shall provide for consideration of the income of each parent and the amount of physical placement with each parent in determining a child support obligation in cases in which a child has substantial periods of physical placement with each parent.
49.22(11) (11)
49.22(11)(a)(a) The department shall disclose to a consumer reporting agency, as defined under 45 CFR 303.105 (a), the amount of overdue child support owed by a parent. At least 20 business days before disclosing the information to the consumer reporting agency, the department shall notify the parent and inform the parent of the methods available for contesting the accuracy of the information.
49.22(11)(b) (b) The department shall notify a consumer reporting agency within 30 days if any amounts reported to the consumer reporting agency under par. (a) were erroneous. Within 30 days of notification under this paragraph, the consumer reporting agency shall correct the erroneous amount in its records.
49.22(11)(c) (c) The department shall notify a consumer reporting agency within 30 days if any amounts reported to the consumer reporting agency under par. (a) are paid in full. Within 30 days of notification under this paragraph, the consumer reporting agency shall indicate the payment in full in its records.
49.22(12) (12) The department or a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) may not release information to a person about the whereabouts of another person if any of the following applies:
49.22(12)(a) (a) The person seeking the information is subject to a temporary restraining order or injunction under s. 813.12, 813.122, 813.123, 813.125 or 813.127 with respect to the person about whom the information is sought; and the department or county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) has notice of the temporary restraining order or injunction.
49.22(12)(b) (b) The department or county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) has reason to believe that releasing the information may result in physical or emotional harm to the person about whom the information is sought.
49.22 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. DCF 150 and 152, Wis. adm. code.
49.22 Annotation The state may request patient billing records under s. 46.25 (2m) [now 49.22 (2m)], which may be admitted into evidence under the exception to confidentiality under s. 146.82 (2) (a) 3. State v. Allen, 200 Wis. 2d 301, 546 N.W.2d 517 (1996), 95-0792.
49.22 Annotation Information contained in a county paternity case file may be released for purposes of fraud investigation of the public assistance programs specified in s. 49.53 [now s. 49.83]. 80 Atty. Gen. 226.
49.225 49.225 Ordering genetic tests.
49.225(1) (1) In this section, "genetic test" has the meaning given in s. 767.001 (1m).
49.225(2) (2)
49.225(2)(a)(a) A county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) may require, by subpoena in substantially the form authorized under s. 885.02 or by other means, a child, the child's mother and a male alleged, or alleging himself, to be the child's father to submit to genetic tests if there is probable cause to believe that the male had sexual intercourse with the child's mother during a possible time of the child's conception. Probable cause of sexual intercourse during a possible time of conception may be established by a sufficient affidavit of the child's mother or the male alleged, or alleging himself, to be the child's father.
49.225(2)(b) (b) If there is only one male alleged, or alleging himself, to be the father and one or more persons required to submit to genetic tests under par. (a) fail to appear for the scheduled tests, the county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) may bring an action under s. 767.80 for determining the paternity of the child.
49.225(3) (3) The fees and costs for genetic tests performed on any person required to submit to the tests under sub.(2) (a) shall be paid for by the county except as follows:
49.225(3)(a) (a) The county may seek reimbursement from either the mother or male alleged, or alleging himself, to be the father, or from both, if the test results show that the male is not excluded as the father and that the statistical probability of the male's parentage is 99.0% or higher.
49.225(3)(b) (b) If 2 or more identical series of genetic tests are performed upon the same person, the county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) shall require the person requesting the 2nd or subsequent series of tests to pay for the tests in advance. If the person requesting the 2nd or subsequent series of tests is indigent, the county shall pay for the tests and may seek reimbursement from the person.
49.225 History History: 1997 a. 191; 2005 a. 443 s. 265.
49.227 49.227 Program for publication of delinquent child support obligors. The department shall establish a program to increase public awareness about the importance of the payment of child support. The program shall include publication of information, such as names and photographs, that identifies child support obligors who are significantly delinquent in the payment of child support. The department may use posters, media presentations or other means that the department determines are appropriate for publication of the information. The publications shall include information about the child support owed by each obligor identified and, if appropriate, shall solicit information from the public to assist the department in locating a delinquent obligor.
49.227 History History: 1995 a. 12; 1997 a. 191 s. 39; Stats. 1997 s. 49.227; 1999 a. 32 s. 131.
49.24 49.24 Child support incentive payments.
49.24(1) (1) The department shall provide child support incentive payments to counties from one of the following appropriations:
49.24(1)(a) (a) Unless par. (b) applies, from the appropriation under s. 20.437 (2) (bc).
49.24(1)(b) (b) If federal legislation provides for the matching of federal funds for federal child support incentive payments at a rate of 66 percent or more, from the appropriation under s. 20.437 (2) (k) while the federal legislation is in effect. Total payments under this paragraph may not exceed $5,690,000 per year.
49.24(2) (2)
49.24(2)(a)(a) The department shall, in consultation with representatives of counties, promulgate a rule that specifies the formula according to which the payments under sub. (1) and federal child support incentive payments will be distributed to counties. The rule shall provide that the total of state and federal incentive payments per year to a county may not exceed the costs per year of the county's child support program under s. 49.22.
49.24(2)(b) (b) Subject to the incentive payments limit specified in par. (a), the department shall distribute to counties, in accordance with the formula established under par. (a), all of the following:
49.24(2)(b)2. 2. Of the amount of federal child support incentive payments awarded to the state for each federal fiscal year, the amount awarded if that amount is less than $12,340,000, or $12,340,000 plus 30% of the amount awarded that exceeds $12,340,000.
49.24(2)(b)3. 3. All federal matching funds associated with the amounts distributed under subd. 2.
49.24(2)(c) (c) The department may retain 70% of the amount of federal child support incentive payments awarded to the state for each federal fiscal year that exceeds $12,340,000, to be used to pay the costs of the department's activities under ss. 49.22 and 49.227 and costs related to receiving and disbursing support and support-related payments.
49.24(2)(dm) (dm) If the amount of federal child support incentive payments awarded to the state for a federal fiscal year is less than $12,340,000 and the department is providing child support incentive payments to counties for that federal fiscal year under sub. (1) (b), the total of payments distributed to counties under par. (b) and sub. (1) for that federal fiscal year may not exceed $12,340,000.
49.24(3) (3) A county that receives any state child support incentive payment under sub. (1) or any federal child support incentive payment under sub. (2) may use the funds only to pay costs under its child support program under s. 49.22.
49.24 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DCF 153, Wis. adm. code.
49.25 49.25 Incentive payments for identifying children with health insurance. From the appropriation under s. 20.437 (2) (e), the department may provide incentive payments to county child support agencies under s. 59.53 (5) for identifying children who are receiving medical assistance benefits and who have health insurance coverage or access to health insurance coverage. The department of children and families may disclose to the department of health services information that it possesses or obtains that would assist in identifying children with medical assistance coverage who have health insurance coverage or access to health insurance coverage.
49.25 History History: 2009 a. 28.
49.26 49.26 Learnfare program.
49.26(1)(1)
49.26(1)(a)(a) In this subsection:
49.26(1)(a)1. 1. "Habitual truant" has the meaning given in s. 118.16 (1) (a).
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Sept. 3, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Sept. 3, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-3-14)