49.849(4)(c)2.a. a. The recipient's surviving spouse or child who is under age 21 or disabled sells the property for fair market value, as described in sub. (5c) (d), during the spouse's or child's lifetime.
49.849(4)(c)2.b. b. The recipient's surviving spouse or child who is under age 21 or disabled transfers the property for less than fair market value, as described in sub. (5c) (d), during the spouse's or child's lifetime, the transferee sells the property during the spouse's or child's lifetime and places proceeds equal to the lesser of the department's lien or the sale proceeds due to the seller in a trust or bond, and the department is paid the secured amount upon the death of the recipient's spouse or disabled child or when the recipient's child who is not disabled reaches age 21.
49.849(4)(c)2.c. c. The surviving owner or transferee of the property, who is not the recipient's surviving spouse or child who is under age 21 or disabled, sells the property during the lifetime of the recipient's surviving spouse or child who is under age 21 or disabled and places proceeds equal to the lesser of the department's lien or the sale proceeds due to the seller in a trust or bond, and the department is paid the secured amount upon the death of the recipient's spouse or disabled child or when the recipient's child who is not disabled reaches age 21.
49.849(4m) (4m)Allowable costs of sale of real property.
49.849(4m)(a)(a) Subject to par. (b), if any property of a decedent that is real property has been sold after the death of the decedent, only the following reasonable expenses, if any, incurred in preserving or disposing of the real property may be deducted from the sale proceeds that the department may recover:
49.849(4m)(a)1. 1. Closing costs of sale, including reasonable attorney fees of the seller, the cost of title insurance, and recording costs.
49.849(4m)(a)2. 2. Property insurance premiums.
49.849(4m)(a)3. 3. Property taxes due.
49.849(4m)(a)4. 4. Utility costs necessary to preserve the property.
49.849(4m)(a)5. 5. Expenses incurred in providing necessary maintenance or making necessary repairs, without which the salability of the property would be substantially impaired.
49.849(4m)(b) (b) Any expense under par. (a) may be deducted from the sale proceeds only if it is documented and approved by the department and it was not incurred while any other individual was living on the property.
49.849(5) (5)Other valid claims. If a person has a valid claim against property of the decedent that would have a higher priority under s. 859.25 (1) if the property were subject to administration than the department would have under s. 859.25 (1) (e) and the person demands payment in writing within one year of the date on which the property was transmitted to the department, the department shall pay to the person the value of the property collected under sub. (3) or the amount of the claim, whichever is less. The department may authorize any person who possesses property of the decedent to honor higher priority claims with the decedent's property before transmitting property to the department.
49.849(5c) (5c)Value of recipient's interest. For purposes of determining the value of the recipient's interest in property of the decedent, all of the following apply:
49.849(5c)(a) (a) If the recipient held title to real property jointly with one or more persons other than his or her spouse, the recipient's interest in the real property is equal to the fractional interest that the recipient would have had in the property if the property had been held with the other owner or owners as tenants in common.
49.849(5c)(b) (b) If the recipient held title to personal property jointly with one or more persons other than his or her spouse, the recipient's interest in the personal property is equal to either of the following:
49.849(5c)(b)1. 1. The percentage interest that was attributed to the recipient when his or her eligibility for public assistance was determined.
49.849(5c)(b)2. 2. If the percentage interest was not determined as provided in subd. 1., the fractional interest that the recipient would have had in the property if the property had been held with the other co-owner or co-owners as tenants in common.
49.849(5c)(c) (c) If the recipient held a life estate in real property, the recipient's interest is equal to the recipient's percentage of ownership in the property based on the recipient's age on the date of death and calculated using the fair market value of the property and life estate-remainderman tables used by the department to value life estates for purposes of determining eligibility for Medical Assistance.
49.849(5c)(d) (d) A property's fair market value is the price that a willing buyer would pay a willing seller for the purchase of the property. The burden of proof for establishing a property's fair market value is on the surviving owners or beneficiaries, or their representatives. Fair market value must be established through a credible methodology, which may include an appraisal performed by a licensed appraiser.
49.849(5m) (5m)Fair hearing. A person who has possession of any property of the decedent, or who receives an affidavit from the department under sub. (3) (c) for transmittal of any property of the decedent, is entitled to and may, within 45 days after the affidavit was sent, request a departmental fair hearing on the value of the property and the extent of the recipient's interest in the property, if the property is not being transferred under s. 867.03 or through formal or informal administration of the decedent's estate.
49.849(5r) (5r)Action or order to enforce recovery.
49.849(5r)(a)(a) If, after receipt of an affidavit under sub. (3), a person who possesses property of a decedent does not transmit the property to the department or timely request a hearing, the department may bring an action to enforce its right to collect amounts specified in sub. (2) (a) from the property or may issue an order to compel transmittal of the property. Any person aggrieved by an order issued by the department under this paragraph may appeal the order as a class 3 proceeding, as defined in s. 227.01 (3) (c), under ch. 227 by filing a request for appeal, within 30 days after the date of the order, with the division of hearings and appeals created under s. 15.103 (1). The date on which the division of hearings and appeals receives the request for appeal shall be the date of service. The only issue at the hearing shall be whether the person has transmitted the property to the department. The decision of the division of hearings and appeals shall be the final decision of the department.
49.849(5r)(b) (b) If any person named in an order to compel transmittal of property issued under par. (a) fails to transmit the property under the terms of the order and no contested case to review the order is pending and the time for filing for a contested case review has expired, the department may present a certified copy of the order to the circuit court for any county. The sworn statement of the secretary shall be evidence of the department's right to collect amounts specified in sub. (2) (a) from the property and of the person's failure to transmit the property to the department. The circuit court shall, without notice, render judgment in accordance with the order. A judgment rendered under this paragraph shall have the same effect and shall be entered in the judgment and lien docket and may be enforced in the same manner as if the judgment had been rendered in an action tried and determined by the circuit court.
49.849(5r)(c) (c) The recovery procedure under this subsection is in addition to any other recovery procedure authorized by law.
49.849(6) (6)Payments from recovered amounts.
49.849(6)(a)(a) From the appropriation under s. 20.435 (4) (im), with respect to funds collected by the department under sub. (2) related to medical assistance paid on behalf of the decedent or the decedent's spouse, the department shall pay claims under sub. (5), shall pay to the federal government from the amount recovered under this section and not paid out as claims under sub. (5) an amount equal to the amount of federal funds used to pay the benefits recovered under this section and shall spend the remainder of the amount recovered under this section for medical assistance benefits under subch. IV.
49.849(6)(b) (b) From the appropriation under s. 20.435 (4) (im), with respect to funds collected by the department under sub. (2) related to long-term community support services funded under s. 46.27 (7) paid on behalf of the decedent or the decedent's spouse, the department shall pay claims under sub. (5) and shall spend the remainder of the funds recovered under this section for long-term community support services funded under s. 46.27 (7).
49.849(7) (7)Rules for hardship waiver. The department shall promulgate rules establishing standards to determine whether the application of this section would work an undue hardship in individual cases. If the department determines that the application of this section would work an undue hardship in a particular case, the department shall waive the application of this section in that case. This subsection does not apply with respect to the recovery of aid under s. 49.785.
49.849 History History: 2013 a. 20 ss. 1222, 2305, 2307, 2308, 2310 to 2312, 2314 to 2317; 2013 a. 92; 2013 a. 151 s. 28; 2015 a. 55.
49.85 49.85 Certification of certain public assistance overpayments, payment recoveries, and delinquent loan repayments.
49.85(1)(1)Department notification requirement. If a county department under s. 46.215, 46.22, or 46.23 or a governing body of a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band determines that the department of health services may recover an amount under s. 49.497, 49.793, or 49.847, or that the department of children and families may recover an amount under s. 49.138 (5), 49.161, or 49.195 (3) or collect an amount under s. 49.147 (6) (cm), the county department or governing body shall notify the affected department of the determination. If a Wisconsin Works agency determines that the department of children and families may recover an amount under s. 49.138 (5), 49.161, or 49.195 (3), or collect an amount under s. 49.147 (6) (cm), the Wisconsin Works agency shall notify the department of children and families of the determination.
49.85(2) (2)Department certification.
49.85(2)(a)(a) At least annually, the department of health services shall certify to the department of revenue the amounts that, based on the notifications received under sub. (1) and on other information received by the department of health services, the department of health services has determined that it may recover under s. 49.45 (2) (a) 10., 49.497, 49.793, 49.847, or 49.849, except that the department of health services may not certify an amount under this subsection unless all of the following apply:
49.85(2)(a)1. 1. The department has met the notice requirements under sub. (3).
49.85(2)(a)2. 2. The department's determination has either not been appealed or is no longer under appeal.
49.85(2)(a)3. 3. If the determination relates to recovery of an amount under s. 49.497, the determination was rendered to a judgment under s. 49.497 (1m) (b).
49.85(2)(a)4. 4. If the determination relates to recovery of an amount under s. 49.849, the determination was rendered to a judgment under s. 49.849 (5r) (b).
49.85(2)(b) (b) At least annually, the department of children and families shall certify to the department of revenue the amounts that, based on the notifications received under sub. (1) and on other information received by the department of children and families, the department of children and families has determined that it may recover under ss. 49.138 (5), 49.161, and 49.195 (3) and collect under s. 49.147 (6) (cm), except that the department of children and families may not certify an amount under this subsection unless it has met the notice requirements under sub. (3) and unless its determination has either not been appealed or is no longer under appeal.
49.85(3) (3)Notice requirements.
49.85(3)(a)(a) At least 30 days before certification of an amount, the department of health services shall send a notice to the last-known address of the person from whom that department intends to recover the amount. The notice shall do all of the following:
49.85(3)(a)1. 1. Inform the person that the department of health services intends to certify to the department of revenue an amount that the department of health services has determined to be due under s. 49.45 (2) (a) 10., 49.497, 49.793, 49.847, or 49.849, for setoff from any state tax refund that may be due the person.
49.85(3)(a)2. 2. Inform the person that he or she may appeal the determination of the department of health services to certify the amount by requesting a hearing under sub. (4) within 30 days after the date of the letter and inform the person of the manner in which he or she may request a hearing.
49.85(3)(a)3. 3. Inform the person that, if the determination of the department of health services is appealed, that department will not certify the amount to the department of revenue while the determination of the department of health services is under appeal.
49.85(3)(a)4. 4. Inform the person that, unless a contested case hearing is requested to appeal the determination of the department of health services, the person may be precluded from challenging any subsequent setoff of the certified amount by the department of revenue, except on the grounds that the certified amount has been partially or fully paid or otherwise discharged, since the date of the notice.
49.85(3)(a)5. 5. Request that the person inform the department of health services if a bankruptcy stay is in effect with respect to the person or if the claim has been discharged in bankruptcy.
49.85(3)(a)6. 6. Inform the person that the person may need to contact the department of revenue in order to protect the refunds of spouses who are not liable for the claim.
49.85(3)(b) (b) At least 30 days before certification of an amount, the department of children and families shall send a notice to the last-known address of the person from whom that department intends to recover or collect the amount. The notice shall do all of the following:
49.85(3)(b)1. 1. Inform the person that the department of children and families intends to certify to the department of revenue an amount that the department of children and families has determined to be due under s. 49.138 (5), 49.161, or 49.195 (3) or to be delinquent under a repayment agreement for a loan under s. 49.147 (6), for setoff from any state tax refund that may be due the person.
49.85(3)(b)2. 2. Inform the person that he or she may appeal the determination of the department of children and families to certify the amount by requesting a hearing under sub. (4) within 30 days after the date of the letter and inform the person of the manner in which he or she may request a hearing.
49.85(3)(b)3. 3. Inform the person that, if the determination of the department of children and families is appealed, that department will not certify the amount to the department of revenue while the determination of the department of children and families is under appeal.
49.85(3)(b)4. 4. Inform the person that, unless a contested case hearing is requested to appeal the determination of the department of children and families, the person may be precluded from challenging any subsequent setoff of the certified amount by the department of revenue, except on the grounds that the certified amount has been partially or fully paid or otherwise discharged, since the date of the notice.
49.85(3)(b)5. 5. Request that the person inform the department of children and families if a bankruptcy stay is in effect with respect to the person or if the claim has been discharged in bankruptcy.
49.85(3)(b)6. 6. Inform the person that the person may need to contact the department of revenue in order to protect the refunds of spouses who are not liable for the claim.
49.85(4) (4)Hearings.
49.85(4)(a)(a) If a person has requested a hearing under this subsection, the department of health services shall hold a contested case hearing under s. 227.44, except that the department of health services may limit the scope of the hearing to exclude issues that were presented at a prior hearing or that could have been presented at a prior opportunity for hearing.
49.85(4)(b) (b) If a person has requested a hearing under this subsection, the department of children and families shall hold a contested case hearing under s. 227.44, except that the department of children and families may limit the scope of the hearing to exclude issues that were presented at a prior hearing or that could have been presented at a prior opportunity for hearing.
49.85(5) (5)Effect of certification. Receipt of a certification by the department of revenue shall constitute a lien, equal to the amount certified, on any state tax refunds or credits owed to the obligor. The lien shall be foreclosed by the department of revenue as a setoff under s. 71.93. Certification of an amount under this section does not prohibit the department of health services or the department of children and families from attempting to recover or collect the amount through other legal means. The department of health services or the department of children and families shall promptly notify the department of revenue upon recovery or collection of any amount previously certified under this section.
49.85 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DHS 2, Wis. adm. code.
49.852 49.852 Delinquent support payments; pension plans.
49.852(1c)(1c) In this section, “department" means the department of children and families.
49.852(1m) (1m) The department may direct the department of employee trust funds, the retirement system of any 1st class city, any retirement system established under chapter 201, laws of 1937, or the administrator of any other pension plan to withhold the amount specified in the statewide support lien docket under s. 49.854 (2) (b) from any lump sum payment from a pension plan that may be paid a delinquent support obligor, except that the department may not direct that an amount be withheld under this subsection unless it has met the notice requirements under sub. (2) and unless the amount specified has either not been appealed or is no longer under appeal under s. 49.854.
49.852(2) (2) The department shall send a notice to the last-known address of the person from whom the department intends to recover the amount specified in the statewide support lien docket under s. 49.854 (2) (b). The notice shall do all of the following:
49.852(2)(a) (a) Inform the person that the department of employee trust funds, the retirement system of any 1st class city, any retirement system established under chapter 201, laws of 1937, or the administrator of any other pension plan, whichever is appropriate, shall withhold the amount specified in the statewide support lien docket under s. 49.854 (2) (b) from any lump sum payment from a pension plan that may be paid the person.
49.852(2)(b) (b) Inform the person that he or she may, within 20 business days after the date of the notice, request a court hearing on the issue of whether the person owes the amount specified in the statewide support lien docket under s. 49.854 (2) (b). The request shall be in writing and the person shall mail or deliver a copy of the request to the county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5).
49.852(2)(c) (c) Request that the person inform the department or the appropriate county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) if a bankruptcy stay is in effect with respect to the person.
49.852(3) (3) If a person has requested a hearing pursuant to sub. (2) (b), the hearing shall be conducted before the circuit court that rendered the initial order to pay support. The court shall schedule a hearing within 10 business days after receiving a request for a hearing. A circuit court commissioner may conduct the hearing. If the court determines that the person owes the amount specified in the statewide support lien docket under s. 49.854 (2) (b), the department may direct the department of employee trust funds, the retirement system of any 1st class city, any retirement system established under chapter 201, laws of 1937, or the administrator of any other pension plan, whichever is appropriate, to withhold the amount from any lump sum payment from a pension plan that may be paid the person. If the court determines that the person does not owe the amount specified in the statewide support lien docket under s. 49.854 (2) (b), the department may not direct the department of employee trust funds, the retirement system of any 1st class city, any retirement system established under chapter 201, laws of 1937, or the administrator of any other pension plan, whichever is appropriate, to withhold the amount from any lump sum payment from a pension plan that may be paid the person.
49.852(4) (4)
49.852(4)(a)(a) If the department directs the department of employee trust funds, the retirement system of any 1st class city, any retirement system established under chapter 201, laws of 1937, or the administrator of any other pension plan to withhold the amount specified in the statewide support lien docket under s. 49.854 (2) (b), this directive shall constitute a lien, equal to the amount specified in the statewide support lien docket, on any lump sum payment from a pension plan that may be paid the person.
49.852(4)(b) (b) If the department directs the department of employee trust funds, the retirement system of any 1st class city, any retirement system established under chapter 201, laws of 1937, or the administrator of any other pension plan to withhold the amount specified in the statewide support lien docket under s. 49.854 (2) (b), the department of employee trust funds, the retirement system of any 1st class city, any retirement system established under chapter 201, laws of 1937, or the administrator of any other pension plan shall deduct from any lump sum payment that may be paid the person the amount specified in the statewide support lien docket, less any amount specified under par. (d). If the amount specified in the statewide support lien docket under s. 49.854 (2) (b), less any amount specified under par. (d), exceeds the lump sum payment, the department of employee trust funds, the retirement system of any 1st class city, any retirement system established under chapter 201, laws of 1937, or the administrator of any other pension plan shall deduct the entire lump sum payment, less any withholdings otherwise required by law. The amount deducted under this paragraph shall be remitted to the department.
49.852(4)(c) (c) A directive to the department of employee trust funds, the retirement system of any 1st class city, any retirement system established under chapter 201, laws of 1937, or the administrator of any other pension plan to withhold the amount specified in the statewide support lien docket under s. 49.854 (2) (b) under this section does not prohibit the department from attempting to recover the amount through other legal means.
49.852(4)(d) (d) The department shall promptly notify the department of employee trust funds, the retirement system of any 1st class city, any retirement system established under chapter 201, laws of 1937, or the administrator of any other pension plan upon recovery of any amount previously specified in the statewide support lien docket under s. 49.854 (2) (b).
49.852 History History: 1997 a. 191; 2001 a. 61; 2007 a. 20.
49.853 49.853 Financial record matching program.
49.853(1) (1)Definitions. In this section:
49.853(1)(a) (a) “Account" means a demand deposit account, checking or negotiable withdrawal order account, savings account, time deposit account or money market mutual fund account.
49.853(1)(am) (am) “County child support agency" means the county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5).
49.853(1)(b) (b) “Department" means the department of children and families.
49.853(1)(c) (c) “Financial institution" means any of the following:
49.853(1)(c)1. 1. A depository institution, as defined in 12 USC 1813 (c).
49.853(1)(c)2. 2. An institution-affiliated party, as defined in 12 USC 1813 (u), of a depository institution under subd. 1.
49.853(1)(c)3. 3. A federal credit union or state credit union, as defined in 12 USC 1752.
49.853(1)(c)4. 4. An institution-affiliated party, as defined in 12 USC 1786 (r), of a credit union under subd. 3.
49.853(1)(c)5. 5. A benefit association, insurance company, safe deposit company, money market mutual fund or similar entity authorized to do business in this state.
49.853(1)(c)6. 6. A broker-dealer, as defined in s. 551.102 (4).
49.853(1)(d) (d) “Obligor" has the meaning given in s. 49.854 (1) (d).
49.853(1)(dm) (dm) “Ownership interest" has the meaning specified by the department by rule.
49.853(1)(e) (e) “Support" has the meaning given in s. 49.854 (1) (f).
49.853(2) (2)Financial record matching program and agreements. The department shall operate a financial record matching program under this section. The department shall promulgate rules specifying procedures under which the department shall enter into agreements with financial institutions doing business in this state to operate the financial record matching program under this section. The agreement shall require the financial institution to participate in the financial record matching program under this section by electing either the financial institution matching option under sub. (3) or the state matching option under sub. (4). The department shall reimburse a financial institution up to $125 per quarter for participating in the financial record matching program under this section.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 64 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before November 20, 2017. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after November 20, 2017 are designated by NOTES. (Published 11-20-17)