50.04(1m) (1m)Definitions. In this section, “class “ C" repeat violation" means a class “C" violation by a nursing home under the same statute or rule under which, within the previous 2 years, the department has served the nursing home a notice of violation or a correction order or has made a notation in the report under sub. (3) (b).
50.04(2) (2)Required personnel.
50.04(2)(a)(a) No nursing home within the state may operate except under the supervision of an administrator licensed under ch. 456 by the nursing home administrators examining board. If the holder of a nursing home license is unable to secure a new administrator because of the departure of an administrator, such license holder may, upon written notice to the department and upon the showing of a good faith effort to secure a licensed administrator, place the nursing home in the charge of an unlicensed individual subject to conditions and time limitations established by the department, with advice from the nursing home administrator examining board. An unlicensed individual who administers a nursing home as authorized under this subsection is not subject to the penalty provided under s. 456.09.
50.04(2)(b) (b) Each nursing home shall employ a charge nurse. The charge nurse shall either be a licensed practical nurse acting under the supervision of a professional nurse or a physician, or shall be a professional nurse. The department shall, by rule, define the duties of a charge nurse.
50.04(2)(c)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2., beginning July 1, 1988, the department shall enforce nursing home minimum staffing requirements based on daily staffing levels.
50.04(2)(c)2. 2. The department may enforce nursing home minimum staffing requirements based on weekly staffing levels for a nursing home if the secretary determines that the nursing home is unable to comply with nursing home minimum staffing requirements based on daily staffing levels because:
50.04(2)(c)2.a. a. The nursing home minimum staffing requirements based on daily staffing levels violate the terms of a collective bargaining agreement that is in effect on December 8, 1987; or
50.04(2)(c)2.b. b. A shortage of nurses or nurse aides available for employment by the nursing home exists.
50.04(2)(d) (d) Each nursing home, other than nursing homes that primarily serve the developmentally disabled, shall provide at least the following hours of service by registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, or nurse aides and may not use hours of service by a feeding assistant, as defined in s. 146.40 (1) (aw), in fulfilling these requirements:
50.04(2)(d)1. 1. For each resident in need of intensive skilled nursing care, 3.25 hours per day, of which a minimum of 0.65 hour shall be provided by a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse.
50.04(2)(d)2. 2. For each resident in need of skilled nursing care, 2.5 hours per day, of which a minimum of 0.5 hour shall be provided by a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse.
50.04(2)(d)3. 3. For each resident in need of intermediate or limited nursing care, 2.0 hours per day, of which a minimum of 0.4 hour shall be provided by a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse.
50.04(2d) (2d)Accompaniment or visitation. If a nursing home has a policy on who may accompany or visit a patient, the nursing home shall extend the same right of accompaniment or visitation to a patient's domestic partner under ch. 770 as is accorded the spouse of a patient under the policy.
50.04(2g) (2g)Provision of information required.
50.04(2g)(a)(a) Subject to sub. (2i), a nursing home shall, within the time period after inquiry by a prospective resident that is prescribed by the department by rule, inform the prospective resident of the services of a resource center under s. 46.283, the family care benefit under s. 46.286, and the availability of a functional screening and a financial and cost-sharing screening to determine the prospective resident's eligibility for the family care benefit under s. 46.286 (1).
50.04(2g)(b) (b) Failure to comply with this subsection is a class “C" violation under sub. (4) (b) 3.
50.04(2h) (2h)Required referral.
50.04(2h)(a)(a) Subject to sub. (2i), a nursing home shall, within the time period prescribed by the department by rule, refer to a resource center under s. 46.283 a person who is seeking admission, who is at least 65 years of age or has developmental disability or physical disability and whose disability or condition is expected to last at least 90 days, unless any of the following applies:
50.04(2h)(a)1. 1. For a person for whom a screening for functional eligibility under s. 46.286 (1) (a) has been performed within the previous 6 months, the referral under this paragraph need not include performance of an additional functional screening under s. 46.283 (4) (g).
50.04(2h)(a)2. 2. The person is seeking admission to the nursing home only for respite care.
50.04(2h)(a)3. 3. The person is an enrollee of a care management organization.
50.04(2h)(a)4. 4. For a person who seeks admission or is about to be admitted on a private pay basis and who waives the requirement for a financial and cost-sharing screening under s. 46.283 (4) (g), the referral under this subsection may not include performance of a financial and cost-sharing screening under s. 46.283 (4) (g), unless the person is expected to become eligible for medical assistance within 6 months.
50.04(2h)(b) (b) Failure to comply with this subsection is a class “C" violation under sub. (4) (b) 3.
50.04(2i) (2i)Applicability. Subsections (2g) and (2h) apply only if the secretary has certified under s. 46.281 (3) that a resource center is available for the nursing home and for specified groups of eligible individuals that include those persons seeking admission to or the residents of the nursing home.
50.04(2m) (2m)Plan of care and assessment required.
50.04(2m)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), no nursing home may admit any patient until a physician has completed a plan of care for the patient and the patient is assessed or the patient is exempt from or waives assessment under s. 46.27 (6) (a). Failure to comply with this subsection is a class “C" violation under sub. (4) (b) 3.
50.04(2m)(b) (b) Paragraph (a) does not apply to those residents for whom the secretary has certified under s. 46.281 (3) that a resource center is available.
50.04(2r) (2r)Admissions requiring approval. Except in an emergency, a nursing home that is not certified as a provider of medical assistance or that is an intermediate care facility for persons with an intellectual disability, as defined in s. 46.278 (1m) (am), or an institution for mental diseases, as defined under 42 CFR 435.1009, may not admit as a resident an individual who has a developmental disability, as defined in s. 51.01 (5), or who is both under age 65 and has mental illness, as defined in s. 51.01 (13), unless the county department under s. 46.23, 51.42 or 51.437 of the individual's county of residence has recommended the admission.
50.04(2t) (2t)Reports of death required.
50.04(2t)(a)(a) In this subsection:
50.04(2t)(a)1. 1. “Physical restraint" includes all of the following:
50.04(2t)(a)1.a. a. A locked room.
50.04(2t)(a)1.b. b. A device or garment that interferes with an individual's freedom of movement and that the individual is unable to remove easily.
50.04(2t)(a)1.c. c. Restraint by a facility staff member of a resident by use of physical force.
50.04(2t)(a)2. 2. “Psychotropic medication" means an antipsychotic, antidepressant, lithium carbonate or a tranquilizer.
50.04(2t)(b) (b) No later than 24 hours after the death of a resident of a nursing home, the nursing home shall report the death to the department if one of the following applies:
50.04(2t)(b)1. 1. There is reasonable cause to believe that the death was related to the use of physical restraint or a psychotropic medication.
50.04(2t)(b)3. 3. There is reasonable cause to believe that the death was a suicide.
50.04(2v) (2v)Posting of notice required. A nursing home shall post in a conspicuous location in the nursing home all of the following:
50.04(2v)(a) (a) A notice, provided by the board on aging and long-term care, of the name, address and telephone number of the long-term care ombudsman program under s. 16.009 (2) (b).
50.04(2v)(b) (b) The most recent copy of the report for the nursing home that is specified under s. 50.095 (3).
50.04(3) (3)Inspection reports.
50.04(3)(a)(a) Inspection. The department shall make or cause to be made at least one inspection biennially of each nursing home. The department may determine if conditions and practices comply with applicable standards by examining only a portion of the residents, records or physical plant when it conducts an inspection.
50.04(3)(b) (b) Biennial report. The department shall make at least one report on each nursing home in the state biennially. All conditions and practices not in compliance with applicable standards within the last 2 years shall be specifically stated. If a violation is corrected, is contested or is subject to an approved plan of correction, the same shall be specified in the biennial report. The department shall send a copy of the report to the nursing home and shall provide a copy to any person on request. The department may charge a reasonable fee to cover copying costs.
50.04(3)(c) (c) Posting of notice. The nursing home administrator shall retain a copy of the most recent biennial report prepared by the department under par. (b) and shall post in a place readily visible to residents and visitors, such as the lobby or reception area of the facility, a notice stating that a copy of the report is available for public inspection on request to the administrator and that a copy will be provided by the department upon request for a minimal fee.
50.04(3)(d) (d) Survey of institutions for mental diseases. During inspections conducted under par. (a), the department shall conduct a survey to determine whether any nursing home that is licensed under this section is an institution for mental diseases, as defined under 42 CFR 435.1009.
50.04(4) (4)Notice of violation; correction.
50.04(4)(a)(a) Notice of violation; exceptions.
50.04(4)(a)1.1. Except as provided in par. (am) 2., if upon inspection or investigation the department determines that a nursing home is in violation of this subchapter or the rules promulgated under it and the violation is a class “A" or “B" violation, it shall promptly serve a notice of violation upon the licensee. Each notice of violation shall be prepared in writing and shall specify the nature of the violation, and the statutory provision or rule alleged to have been violated. The notice shall inform the licensee of the right to a hearing under par. (e). The written notice of a class “A" violation may be written and served by an agent of the department at the time of the inspection.
50.04(4)(a)1g.a.a. If upon inspection or investigation the department determines that a nursing home is in violation of this subchapter or the rules promulgated under it and the violation is a class “C" violation, the department may serve a correction order upon the licensee unless the nursing home corrects the violation before the completion of the inspection or investigation. If the correction is made before the completion of the inspection or investigation, the department may make a notation in the report under sub. (3) (b) that shall specify the nature of the violation and the statute or rule alleged to have been violated.
50.04(4)(a)1g.b. b. If upon inspection or investigation the department determines that a nursing home is in violation of this subchapter or the rules promulgated under it and the violation is a class “C" repeat violation, the department may serve a correction order or notice of violation upon the nursing home. If the nursing home corrects the violation before completion of the inspection or investigation, the department may, as an alternative to serving a correction order or notice of violation, make a notation in the report under sub. (3) (b) that shall specify the nature of the violation and the statute or rule alleged to have been violated.
50.04(4)(a)1m. 1m. A correction order shall be prepared in writing and shall specify the nature of the violation, the statutory provision or rule alleged to have been violated and the date by which the violation shall be corrected. The department may grant an extension of the date for correction specified in the correction order. The nursing home shall correct the class “C" violation by the date specified in the correction order or the extended date, if granted.
50.04(4)(a)1r. 1r. The department may serve a notice of violation on a nursing home determined to be in violation of this subchapter or the rules promulgated under it for a class “C" violation if either of the following conditions apply:
50.04(4)(a)1r.a. a. The nursing home fails to make a correction by the date specified in a correction order served under subd. 1g. b. or by an extension of the date, if granted.
50.04(4)(a)1r.b. b. The violation is a class “C" repeat violation, regardless of whether a correction order has first been served.
50.04(4)(a)2. 2. The department is not required to serve a notice of violation if each of the following conditions exists:
50.04(4)(a)2.a. a. The nursing home brings the violation to the department's attention.
50.04(4)(a)2.b. b. The nursing home has made every reasonable effort to prevent and correct the violation, but the violation occurred and remains uncorrected due to circumstances beyond the nursing home's control, or the nursing home has corrected the violation.
50.04(4)(a)3. 3. The department is not required to serve a notice of a class “C" violation if it finds that the nursing home is in substantial compliance with the specific rule violated.
50.04(4)(am) (am) Dual federal and state violations.
50.04(4)(am)1.1. Notwithstanding s. 50.01 (3), in this paragraph, “nursing home" does not include a facility serving people with developmental disabilities.
50.04(4)(am)2. 2. If an act or omission constitutes a violation of this subchapter or the rules promulgated under this subchapter, s. 49.498, or requirements under 42 CFR 483 related to the operation of a nursing home, the department may not issue under s. 50.04 (4) (a) a notice of violation of this subchapter, the rules promulgated under this subchapter, or s. 49.498 if the department has, in a statement of deficiency, cited the nursing home for the violation under requirements under 42 CFR 483 related to the operation of a nursing home.
50.04(4)(b) (b) Classification of violations.
50.04(4)(b)1.1. A class “A" violation is a violation of this subchapter or of the rules promulgated thereunder which creates a condition or occurrence relating to the operation and maintenance of a nursing home presenting a substantial probability that death or serious mental or physical harm to a resident will result therefrom.
50.04(4)(b)2. 2. A class “B" violation is a violation of this subchapter or of the rules promulgated thereunder which creates a condition or occurrence relating to the operation and maintenance of a nursing home directly threatening to the health, safety or welfare of a resident.
50.04(4)(b)3. 3. A class “C" violation is a violation of this subchapter or of the rules promulgated thereunder which creates a condition or occurrence relating to the operation and maintenance of a nursing home which does not directly threaten the health, safety or welfare of a resident.
50.04(4)(b)4. 4. Each day of violation constitutes a separate violation. Except as provided in sub. (5) (a) 4., the department shall have the burden of showing that a violation existed on each day for which a forfeiture is assessed. No forfeiture may be assessed for a condition for which the nursing home has received a variance or waiver of a standard.
50.04(4)(c) (c) Correction.
50.04(4)(c)1.1. The situation, condition or practice constituting a class “A" violation or immediate jeopardy shall be abated or eliminated immediately unless a fixed period of time, as determined by the department and specified in the notice of violation, is required for correction. If the class “A" violation or immediate jeopardy is not abated or eliminated within the specified time period, the department shall maintain an action in circuit court for injunction or other process against the licensee, owner, operator, administrator or representative of the facility to restrain and enjoin violation of applicable rules, regulations and statutes.
50.04(4)(c)2. 2. At the time of issuance of a notice of a class “B" or “C" violation, the department shall request a plan of correction which is subject to the department's approval. The nursing home shall have 10 days after receipt of notice of violation in which to prepare and submit a plan of correction but the department may extend this period up to 30 days where correction involves substantial capital improvement. The plan shall include a fixed time period within which violations are to be corrected. If the nursing home plan of correction is substantially in compliance, it may be modified upon agreement between the department and the nursing home to achieve full compliance. If it rejects a plan of correction, the department shall send notice of the rejection and the reason for the rejection to the nursing home and impose a plan of correction. The imposed plan of correction may be modified upon agreement between the department and the nursing home.
50.04(4)(c)3. 3. If the violation has been corrected prior to submission and approval of a plan of correction, the nursing home may submit a report of correction in place of a plan of correction. Such report shall be signed by the administrator under oath.
50.04(4)(c)4. 4. Upon a licensee's petition, the department shall determine whether to grant a licensee's request for an extended correction time. Such petition must be served on the department prior to expiration of the correction time originally approved. The burden of proof is on the petitioner to show good cause for not being able to comply with the original correction time approved.
50.04(4)(c)5. 5. This paragraph does not apply to notices of violation served under par. (a) 1r.
50.04(4)(d) (d) Suspension of admissions.
50.04(4)(d)1.1. The department shall suspend new admissions to a nursing home if all of the following apply:
50.04(4)(d)1.a. a. In the previous 15 months, the nursing home received written notice of a violation of a state statute or rule or a federal statute or regulation that involved immediate jeopardy to a resident; a class “A" violation; or 3 or more class “B" violations or violations that constituted actual harm not involving immediate jeopardy to a resident.
50.04(4)(d)1.b. b. In any 15-month period during the 36 months immediately preceding the period specified in subd. 1. a., the nursing home received written notice of a violation of a state statute or rule or a federal statute or regulation that involved immediate jeopardy to a resident; a class “A" violation; or 3 or more class “B" violations or violations that constituted actual harm not involving immediate jeopardy to a resident.
50.04(4)(d)2. 2. A suspension of admissions under subd. 1. shall begin 90 days after a nursing home received its last notice of violation for a violation specified in subd. 1. a. if the department determines that the violation remains uncorrected 90 days after the nursing home received the last notice of the violation. A suspension of admissions under subd. 1. shall remain in effect until the department determines that the nursing home has corrected the violation. Admission of a new resident during the period for which admissions have been suspended constitutes a class “B" violation.
50.04(4)(d)3. 3. In determining whether subd. 1. applies, the department may not consider a notice of violation found to be unjustified after hearing.
50.04(4)(d)4. 4. If the department suspends new admissions to a nursing home under this paragraph, the department shall publish a class 1 notice under ch. 985 in a newspaper likely to give notice in the area where the nursing home is located.
50.04(4)(dm) (dm) Inspection fee. If the department takes enforcement action against a nursing home, including an intermediate care facility for persons with an intellectual disability, as defined in s. 50.14 (1) (b), for a violation of this subchapter or rules promulgated under it or for a violation of a requirement under 42 USC 1396r, and the department subsequently conducts an on-site inspection of the nursing home to review the nursing home's action to correct the violation, the department may, unless the nursing home is operated by the state, impose a $200 inspection fee on the nursing home.
50.04(4)(e) (e) Hearings.
50.04(4)(e)1.1. If a nursing home desires to contest any department action under this subsection, it shall send a written request for a hearing under s. 227.44 to the division of hearings and appeals created under s. 15.103 (1) within 60 days of receipt of notice of the contested action. Department action that is subject to a hearing under this subsection includes service of a notice of a violation of this subchapter or rules promulgated under this subchapter, a notation in the report under sub. (3) (b), imposition of a plan of correction, and rejection of a nursing home's plan of correction, but does not include a correction order. Upon the request of the nursing home, the division shall grant a stay of the hearing under this paragraph until the department assesses a forfeiture, so that its hearing under this paragraph is consolidated with the forfeiture appeal hearing held under sub. (5) (e). All agency action under this subsection arising out of a violation, deficiency, or rejection and imposition of a plan of correction shall be the subject of a single hearing. Unless a stay is granted under this paragraph, the division shall commence the hearing within 30 days of the request for hearing, within 30 days of the department's acceptance of a nursing home's plan of correction, or within 30 days of the department's imposition of a plan of correction, whichever is later. The division shall send notice to the nursing home in conformance with s. 227.44. Issues litigated at the hearing may not be relitigated at subsequent hearings under this paragraph arising out of the same violation or deficiency.
50.04(4)(e)2. 2. The division shall notify the nursing home of its decision to reverse, modify or uphold the contested action within 15 days after the close of the hearing.
50.04(4)(e)3. 3. In any petition for judicial review of a decision by the division under subd. 2., the department, if not the petitioner who was in the proceeding before the division under subd. 1., shall be the named respondent.
50.04(5) (5)Forfeitures.
50.04(5)(a)(a) Amounts. Any operator or owner of a nursing home which is in violation of this subchapter or any rule promulgated thereunder may be subject to the forfeitures specified in this section.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 58 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before September 20, 2017. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after September 20, 2017 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-20-17)