54.854(13) (13)“Transfer" means a transaction that creates custodial property under s. 54.870.
54.854(14) (14)“Transferor" means a person who makes a transfer under ss. 54.854 to 54.898.
54.854(15) (15)“Trust company" means a financial institution, corporation or other legal entity, authorized to exercise general trust powers.
54.854 History History: 1987 a. 191; 1991 a. 221; 2005 a. 216; 2005 a. 387 s. 527; Stats. 2005 s. 54.854.
54.856 54.856 Scope and jurisdiction.
54.856(1)(1)Sections 54.854 to 54.898 apply to a transfer that refers to ss. 54.854 to 54.898 in the designation under s. 54.870 (1) by which the transfer is made if at the time of the transfer the transferor, the minor or the custodian is a resident of this state or the custodial property is located in this state. The custodianship so created remains subject to ss. 54.854 to 54.898 despite a subsequent change in residence of a transferor, the minor or the custodian, or the removal of custodial property from this state.
54.856(2) (2)A person designated as custodian under s. 54.870 to 54.888 is subject to personal jurisdiction in this state with respect to any matter relating to the custodianship.
54.856(3) (3)A transfer that purports to be made and which is valid under the uniform transfers to minors act, the uniform gifts to minors act or a substantially similar act of another state is governed by the law of the designated state and may be executed and is enforceable in this state if at the time of the transfer the transferor, the minor or the custodian is a resident of the designated state or the custodial property is located in the designated state.
54.856 History History: 1987 a. 191; 2005 a. 387 s. 528; Stats. 2005 s. 54.856.
54.858 54.858 Nomination of custodian.
54.858(1)(1)A person having the right to designate the recipient of property transferable upon the occurrence of a future event may revocably nominate a custodian to receive the property for a minor beneficiary upon the occurrence of the event by naming the custodian, followed in substance by the words: “as custodian for .... (name of minor) under the Wisconsin Uniform Transfers to Minors Act". The nomination may name one or more persons as substitute custodians to whom the property must be transferred, in the order named, if the first nominated custodian dies before the transfer or is unable, declines or is ineligible to serve. The nomination may be made in a will, a trust, a deed, an instrument exercising a power of appointment or a writing designating a beneficiary of contractual rights which is registered with or delivered to the payor, issuer or other obligor of the contractual rights.
54.858(2) (2)A custodian nominated under this section must be a person to whom a transfer of property of that kind may be made under s. 54.870 (1).
54.858(3) (3)The nomination of a custodian under this section does not create custodial property until the nominating instrument becomes irrevocable or a transfer to the nominated custodian is completed under s. 54.870. Unless the nomination of a custodian has been revoked, upon the occurrence of the future event the custodianship becomes effective and the custodian shall enforce a transfer of the custodial property under s. 54.870.
54.858 History History: 1987 a. 191; 2005 a. 387 s. 529; Stats. 2005 s. 54.858.
54.860 54.860 Transfer by gift or exercise of power of appointment. A person may make a transfer by irrevocable gift to, or the irrevocable exercise of a power of appointment in favor of, a custodian for the benefit of a minor under s. 54.870.
54.860 History History: 1987 a. 191; 2005 a. 387 s. 530; Stats. 2005 s. 54.860.
54.862 54.862 Transfer authorized by will or trust.
54.862(1)(1)A personal representative or trustee may make an irrevocable transfer under s. 54.870 to a custodian for the benefit of a minor as authorized in the governing will or trust.
54.862(2) (2)If the testator or settlor has nominated a custodian under s. 54.858 to receive the custodial property, the transfer must be made to that person.
54.862(3) (3)If the testator or settlor has not nominated a custodian under s. 54.858, or all persons so nominated as custodian die before the transfer or are unable, decline or are ineligible to serve, the personal representative or the trustee, as the case may be, shall designate the custodian from among those eligible to serve as custodian for property of that kind under s. 54.870 (1).
54.862 History History: 1987 a. 191; 2005 a. 387 s. 531; Stats. 2005 s. 54.862.
54.864 54.864 Other transfer by fiduciary.
54.864(1)(1)Subject to sub. (3), a personal representative or trustee may make an irrevocable transfer to another adult or trust company as custodian for the benefit of a minor under s. 54.870 in the absence of a will or under a will or trust that does not contain an authorization to do so.
54.864(2) (2)Subject to sub. (3), a conservator may make an irrevocable transfer to another adult or trust company as custodian for the benefit of the minor under s. 54.870.
54.864(3) (3)A transfer under sub. (1) or (2) may be made only if:
54.864(3)(a) (a) The personal representative, trustee or conservator considers the transfer to be in the best interest of the minor;
54.864(3)(b) (b) The transfer is not prohibited by or inconsistent with provisions of the applicable will, trust agreement or other governing instrument; and
54.864(3)(c) (c) The transfer is authorized by the court if it exceeds $10,000 in value.
54.864 History History: 1987 a. 191; 2005 a. 387 s. 532; Stats. 2005 s. 54.864.
54.866 54.866 Transfer by obligor.
54.866(1)(1)Subject to subs. (2) and (3), a person not subject to s. 54.862 or 54.864 who holds property of or owes a liquidated debt to a minor not having a conservator may make an irrevocable transfer to a custodian for the benefit of the minor under s. 54.870.
54.866(2) (2)If a person having the right to do so under s. 54.858 has nominated a custodian under that section to receive the custodial property, the transfer must be made to that person.
54.866(3) (3)If no custodian has been nominated under s. 54.858, or all persons so nominated as custodian die before the transfer or are unable, decline or are ineligible to serve, a transfer under this section may be made to an adult member of the minor's family or to a trust company unless the property exceeds $10,000 in value.
54.866 History History: 1987 a. 191; 2005 a. 387 s. 533; Stats. 2005 s. 54.866.
54.868 54.868 Receipt for custodial property. A written acknowledgment of delivery by a custodian constitutes a sufficient receipt and discharge for custodial property transferred to the custodian under ss. 54.854 to 54.898.
54.868 History History: 1987 a. 191; 2005 a. 387 s. 534; Stats. 2005 s. 54.868.
54.870 54.870 Manner of creating custodial property and effecting transfer; designation of initial custodian; control.
54.870(1)(1)Custodial property is created and a transfer is made whenever:
54.870(1)(a) (a) An uncertificated security or a certificated security in registered form is either:
54.870(1)(a)1. 1. Registered in the name of the transferor, an adult other than the transferor or a trust company, followed in substance by the words: “as custodian for .... (name of minor) under the Wisconsin Uniform Transfers to Minors Act"; or
54.870(1)(a)2. 2. Delivered if in certificated form, or any document necessary for the transfer of an uncertificated security is delivered, together with any necessary endorsement to an adult other than the transferor or to a trust company as custodian, accompanied by an instrument in substantially the form set forth in sub. (2);
54.870(1)(b) (b) Money is paid or delivered, or a security held in the name of a broker, financial institution or its nominee is transferred, to a broker or financial institution for credit to an account in the name of the transferor, an adult other than the transferor or a trust company, followed in substance by the words: “as custodian for .... (name of minor) under the Wisconsin Uniform Transfers to Minors Act";
54.870(1)(c) (c) The ownership of a life or endowment insurance policy or annuity contract is either:
54.870(1)(c)1. 1. Registered with the issuer in the name of the transferor, an adult other than the transferor or a trust company, followed in substance by the words: “as custodian for .... (name of minor) under the Wisconsin Uniform Transfers to Minors Act"; or
54.870(1)(c)2. 2. Assigned in a writing delivered to an adult other than the transferor or to a trust company whose name in the assignment is followed in substance by the words: “as custodian for .... (name of minor) under the Wisconsin Uniform Transfers to Minors Act";
54.870(1)(d) (d) An irrevocable exercise of a power of appointment or an irrevocable present right to future payment under a contract is the subject of a written notification delivered to the payor, issuer or other obligor that the right is transferred to the transferor, an adult other than the transferor or a trust company, whose name in the notification is followed in substance by the words: “as custodian for .... (name of minor) under the Wisconsin Uniform Transfers to Minors Act";
54.870(1)(e) (e) An interest in real property is recorded in the name of the transferor, an adult other than the transferor or a trust company, followed in substance by the words: “as custodian for .... (name of minor) under the Wisconsin Uniform Transfers to Minors Act";
54.870(1)(f) (f) A certificate of title issued by a department or agency of a state or of the United States which evidences title to tangible personal property is either:
54.870(1)(f)1. 1. Issued in the name of the transferor, an adult other than the transferor or a trust company, followed in substance by the words: “as custodian for .... (name of minor) under the Wisconsin Uniform Transfers to Minors Act"; or
54.870(1)(f)2. 2. Delivered to an adult other than the transferor or to a trust company, endorsed to that person followed in substance by the words: “as custodian for .... (name of minor) under the Wisconsin Uniform Transfers to Minors Act"; or
54.870(1)(g) (g) An interest in any property not described in pars. (a) to (f) is transferred to an adult other than the transferor or to a trust company by a written instrument in substantially the form set forth in sub. (2).
54.870(2) (2)An instrument in the following form satisfies the requirements of sub. (1) (a) 2. and (g):
Transfer under the Wisconsin Uniform
Transfers to Minors Act
I, .... (name of transferor or name and representative capacity if a fiduciary) hereby transfer to .... (name of custodian), as custodian for .... (name of minor) under the Wisconsin Uniform Transfers to Minors Act, the following: .... (insert a description of the custodial property sufficient to identify it).
Dated: ....
....
(Signature)
.... (name of custodian) acknowledges receipt of the property described above, as custodian for the minor named above under the Wisconsin Uniform Transfers to Minors Act.
Dated: ....
....
(Signature of Custodian)
54.870(3) (3)A transferor shall place the custodian in control of the custodial property as soon as practicable.
54.870 History History: 1987 a. 191; 2005 a. 387 s. 535; Stats. 2005 s. 54.870.
54.872 54.872 Single custodianship. A transfer may be made only for one minor, and only one person may be the custodian. All custodial property held under ss. 54.854 to 54.898 by the same custodian for the benefit of the same minor constitutes a single custodianship.
54.872 History History: 1987 a. 191; 2005 a. 387 s. 536; Stats. 2005 s. 54.872.
54.874 54.874 Validity and effect of transfer.
54.874(1)(1)The validity of a transfer made in a manner prescribed in ss. 54.854 to 54.898 is not affected by:
54.874(1)(a) (a) Failure of the transferor to comply with s. 54.870 (3) concerning possession and control;
54.874(1)(b) (b) Designation of an ineligible custodian, except designation of the transferor in the case of property for which the transferor is ineligible to serve as custodian under s. 54.870 (1); or
54.874(1)(c) (c) Death or incapacity of a person nominated under s. 54.858 or designated under s. 54.870 as custodian or the disclaimer of the office by that person.
54.874(2) (2)A transfer made under s. 54.870 is irrevocable, and the custodial property is indefeasibly vested in the minor, but the custodian has all the rights, powers, duties and authority provided in ss. 54.854 to 54.898, and neither the minor nor the minor's legal representative has any right, power, duty or authority with respect to the custodial property except as provided in ss. 54.854 to 54.898.
54.874(3) (3)By making a transfer, the transferor incorporates in the disposition all of the provisions of ss. 54.854 to 54.898 and grants to the custodian, and to any 3rd person dealing with a person designated as custodian, the respective powers, rights and immunities provided in ss. 54.854 to 54.898.
54.874 History History: 1987 a. 191; 2005 a. 387 s. 537; Stats. 2005 s. 54.874.
54.876 54.876 Care of custodial property.
54.876(1)(1)A custodian shall:
54.876(1)(a) (a) Take control of custodial property;
54.876(1)(b) (b) Register or record title to custodial property if appropriate; and
54.876(1)(c) (c) Collect, hold, manage, invest and reinvest custodial property.
54.876(2) (2)In dealing with custodial property, a custodian shall observe the standard of care that would be observed by a prudent person dealing with property of another and is not limited by any other statute restricting investments by fiduciaries. If a custodian has a special skill or expertise or is named custodian on the basis of representations of a special skill or expertise, the custodian shall use that skill or expertise. However, a custodian, in the custodian's discretion and without liability to the minor or the minor's estate, may retain any custodial property received from a transferor.
54.876(3) (3)A custodian may invest in or pay premiums on life insurance or endowment policies on:
54.876(3)(a) (a) The life of the minor only if the minor or the minor's estate is the sole beneficiary; or
54.876(3)(b) (b) The life of another person in whom the minor has an insurable interest only to the extent that the minor, the minor's estate or the custodian in the capacity of custodian, is the irrevocable beneficiary.
54.876(4) (4)A custodian at all times shall keep custodial property separate and distinct from all other property in a manner sufficient to identify it clearly as custodial property of the minor. Custodial property consisting of an undivided interest is so identified if the minor's interest is held as a tenant in common and is fixed. Custodial property subject to recordation is so identified if it is recorded, and custodial property subject to registration is so identified if it is either registered, or held in an account designated, in the name of the custodian, followed in substance by the words: “as a custodian for .... (name of minor) under the Wisconsin Uniform Transfers to Minors Act".
54.876(5) (5)A custodian shall keep records of all transactions with respect to custodial property, including information necessary for the preparation of the minor's tax returns, and shall make them available for inspection at reasonable intervals by a parent or legal representative of the minor or by the minor if the minor has attained the age of 14 years.
54.876 History History: 1987 a. 191; 2005 a. 387 s. 538; Stats. 2005 s. 54.876.
54.878 54.878 Powers of custodian.
54.878(1)(1)A custodian, acting in a custodial capacity, has all the rights, powers and authority over custodial property that unmarried adult owners have over their own property, but a custodian may exercise those rights, powers and authority in that capacity only.
54.878(2) (2)This section does not relieve a custodian from liability for breach of s. 54.876.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 5 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on April 21, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after May 11, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 5-11-19)