(8) Transfers of appropriations. 59.60(8)(a)(a)
At the request of the head of any department, and after receiving the recommendation of the county executive or county administrator, the finance committee may, at any time during the fiscal year, transfer any unencumbered appropriation balance or portion thereof between principal objects of expenditures within a department; but no transfers shall be made of appropriations originating from bond funds unless the purpose for which the bonds were issued has been fulfilled or abandoned. If the county executive or county administrator fails to make a recommendation within 10 days after the submission of a request for transfer, the finance committee may act upon the request without his or her recommendation. If more than one department is under the jurisdiction of the same board or commission or under the same general management, the group of departments may be considered as though they were a single unit with respect to transfers of appropriations within the group.
Except as provided under sub. (9)
, the board, upon the recommendation of the finance committee and by resolution adopted by a majority of the members present and voting at any meeting, may transfer any unencumbered appropriation balance or portion thereof from one department or account to another at any time during the following:
The first 9 months of the fiscal year, if another unit of government fails to appropriate moneys which the board anticipated and appropriated to that department or account when the board adopted the budget. The amount of money transferred under this subdivision may not exceed the amount of money which that other unit of government fails to appropriate.
(c) Paragraph (b)
does not apply to an appropriation which is irrepealable by law.
(9) Appropriations, supplemental and emergency. 59.60(9)(a)(a)
At the request of the head of any department and after review and recommendation by the finance committee, the board, by resolution adopted by a vote of two-thirds of the members-elect of the board, may transfer from the contingency appropriation into any other appropriation or create a new appropriation for any legal county purpose if any unforeseen condition requires an appropriation of funds during the budget year. The board may make supplemental appropriations for the year up to the amount of the additional revenue and surplus so certified to meet a public emergency affecting life, health, property or the public welfare, if the director certifies that any of the following funds are available for appropriation:
Revenues that are received from sources not anticipated in the budget that year.
Revenues that are received that exceed budget estimates.
Unappropriated surplus funds from the preceding fiscal year.
An appropriation under par. (a)
may be made only by resolution adopted by a vote of two-thirds of the members-elect of the board. To the extent that unappropriated funds or realized revenues in excess of anticipated revenues are unavailable to meet the emergency, the board may, by resolution adopted by three-fourths of the members-elect, issue tax anticipation notes under s. 67.12
. Notice of intent to make supplemental appropriations from revenues or surplus or to issue tax anticipation notes shall be published as a class 1 notice, under ch. 985
, in the 2 daily newspapers having the largest circulation in the county, not less than 6 days prior to the hearings before the finance committee of the board in regard to these matters.
(10) Ordinance increasing salaries; new positions; when effective.
No ordinance or resolution authorizing the creation of new or additional positions or increasing salaries shall become effective in any fiscal year until an appropriation of funds for such purpose is made or the ordinance or resolution contains a provision for the transfer of funds if required. All such ordinances or resolutions which do not require an appropriation or transfer of funds shall state therein the specific account or accounts in which funds are available for such purposes.
(11) Lapse of appropriations.
Every appropriation excepting an appropriation for a capital expenditure, or a major repair, shall lapse at the close of the fiscal year to the extent that it has not been expended or encumbered. An appropriation for a capital expenditure or a major repair shall continue in force until the purpose for which it was made has been accomplished or abandoned. The purpose of such appropriation for any capital expenditure or a major repair shall be considered abandoned if 3 years pass without any expenditure from, or encumbrance of, the appropriation concerned.
(12) Payments and obligations prohibited; certifications; penalties.
No payment may be authorized or made and no obligation incurred against the county unless the county has sufficient appropriations for payment. No payment may be made or obligation incurred against an appropriation unless the director first certifies that a sufficient unencumbered balance is or will be available in the appropriation to make the payment or to meet the obligation when it becomes due and payable. An obligation incurred and an authorization of payment in violation of this subsection is void. A county officer who knowingly violates this subsection is jointly and severally liable to the county for the full amount paid. A county employee who knowingly violates this subsection may be removed for cause. This subsection does not prohibit contracting for capital improvements being financed wholly or partly by the issuance of bonds or prevent the making of a contract or lease providing for the payment of funds at a time beyond the end of the fiscal year in which the contract or lease is made. The board shall make or approve by resolution each contract, lease or other obligation requiring the payment of funds from the appropriations of a later fiscal year or of more than one fiscal year.
Notwithstanding sub. (1)
, only a county with a population of at least 500,000 may create a tax stabilization fund under this subsection.
The board of a county described in par. (a)
may enact an ordinance creating a tax stabilization fund in the county. If such fund is created under this paragraph, the following amounts, if positive, shall be deposited into the tax stabilization fund:
The amount determined by subtracting the estimated nonproperty tax revenues collected by the county in the prior year from the corresponding actual receipts for the prior year, as determined by the comptroller not later than April 15 of each year.
The amount determined by subtracting total adjusted operating budget appropriations for the prior year from total expenditures, commitments, and reserves for the prior year, as determined by the comptroller not later than April 15 of each year.
Any general surplus balance as of December 31 of the prior year, as determined by the comptroller not later than April 15 of each year.
Any amounts included in the county's property tax levy that are designated for deposit in the fund.
Subject to par. (d)
, the board may withdraw amounts from the tax stabilization fund, by a three-quarters vote of the members-elect, or by a majority vote of the members-elect if the county's total levy rate, as defined in s. 59.605 (1) (g)
, is projected by the board to increase by more than 3 percent in the current fiscal year and the withdrawn funds would prevent an increase of more than 3 percent.
The tax stabilization fund may not be used to offset any of the following:
Any deficit that occurs between the board's total estimated nonproperty tax revenue, and the total actual nonproperty tax revenue.
Any deficit that occurs between total appropriations and total expenditures.
If the uncommitted balance in the tax stabilization fund exceeds 5 percent of the current year's budget that is under the board's control, as of June 1 of the current year, any amount that exceeds that 5 percent shall be used to reduce the county's next property tax levy.
See s. 65.90
for budget procedure in counties other than Milwaukee.
Tax levy rate limit. 59.605(1)(a)
“Debt levy" means the county purpose levy for debt service on loans under subch. II of ch. 24
, bonds issued under s. 67.05
, promissory notes issued under s. 67.12 (12)
, and appropriation bonds issued under s. 59.85
, less any revenues that abate the levy.
“Debt levy rate" means the debt levy divided by the equalized value of the county exclusive of any tax incremental district value increment.
“Excess over the limit" means the amount of revenue received by a county that results from the county exceeding the limit under sub. (2)
“Operating levy" means the county purpose levy, less the debt levy.
“Operating levy rate" means the total levy rate minus the debt levy rate.
“Penalized excess" means the excess over the limit for the county.
“Total levy rate" means the county purpose levy divided by the equalized value of the county exclusive of any tax incremental district value increment.
Except as provided in sub. (3)
, no county may impose an operating levy at an operating levy rate that exceeds .001 or the operating levy rate in 1992, whichever is greater.
(3) Referendum, responsibility transfers. 59.605(3)(a)1.1.
If the governing body of a county wishes to exceed the operating levy rate limit otherwise applicable to the county under this section, it shall adopt a resolution to that effect. The resolution shall specify either the operating levy rate or the operating levy that the governing body wishes to impose for either a specified number of years or an indefinite period. The governing body shall call a special referendum for the purpose of submitting the resolution to the electors of the county for approval or rejection. In lieu of a special referendum, the governing body may specify that the referendum be held at the next succeeding spring primary or election or partisan primary or general election to be held not earlier than 70 days after the adoption of the resolution of the governing body. The governing body shall file the resolution to be submitted to the electors as provided in s. 8.37
The clerk of the county shall publish type A, B, C, D and E notices of the referendum under s. 10.01 (2)
. Section 5.01 (1)
applies in the event of failure to comply with the notice requirements of this subdivision.
The referendum shall be held in accordance with chs. 5
. The governing body shall provide the election officials with all necessary election supplies. The form of the ballot shall correspond substantially with the standard form for referendum ballots prescribed by the elections commission under ss. 5.64 (2)
and 7.08 (1) (a)
. If the resolution under subd. 1.
specifies the operating levy rate, the question shall be submitted as follows: “Under state law, the operating levy rate for the .... (name of county), for the tax to be imposed for the year .... (year), is limited to $.... per $1,000 of equalized value. Shall the .... (name of county) be allowed to exceed this rate limit for .... (a specified number of years) (an indefinite period) by $.... per $1,000 of equalized value that results in an operating levy rate of $.... per $1,000 of equalized value?" If the resolution under subd. 1.
specifies the operating levy, the question shall be submitted as follows: “Under state law, the operating levy rate for the .... (name of county), for the tax to be imposed for the year .... (year), is limited to $.... per $1,000 of equalized value. Notwithstanding the operating levy rate limit, shall the .... (name of county) be allowed to levy an amount not to exceed $.... (operating levy) for operating purposes for the year .... (year), which may increase the operating levy rate for .... (a specified number of years) (an indefinite period)? This would allow a ....% increase above the levy of $.... (preceding year operating levy) for the year .... (preceding year)."
Within 14 days after the referendum, the clerk of the county shall certify the results of the referendum to the department of revenue. A county may exceed the operating levy rate limit otherwise applicable to it under this section in that year by an amount not exceeding the amount approved by a majority of those voting on the question.
If an increased operating levy rate is approved by a referendum under par. (a)
for a specified number of years, the increased operating levy rate shall be the operating levy rate limit for that number of years for purposes of this section. If an increased operating levy rate is approved by a referendum under par. (a)
for an indefinite period, the increased operating levy rate shall be the operating levy rate limit for purposes of this section.
If an increased operating levy is approved by a referendum under par. (a)
, the increased operating levy shall be used to calculate the operating levy rate limit for the approved year for purposes of this section. After the approved year, the operating levy rate limit in the approved year or the operating levy rate limit that would have been applicable if there had been no referendum, whichever is greater, shall be the limit for the specified number of years or for an indefinite period for purposes of this section.
If a county transfers to another governmental unit responsibility for providing any service that the county provided in the preceding year, the levy rate limit otherwise applicable under this section to the county in the current year is decreased to reflect the cost that the county would have incurred to provide that service, as determined by the department of revenue.
If a county increases the services that it provides by adding responsibility for providing a service transferred to it from another governmental unit in any year, the levy rate limit otherwise applicable under this section to the county in the current year is increased to reflect the cost of that service, as determined by the department of revenue.
If the department of revenue determines that a county has a penalized excess in any year, the department of revenue shall do all of the following:
Reduce the amount of the shared revenue payments to the county under subch. I of ch. 79
in the following year by an amount equal to the amount of the penalized excess.
If the amount of the reduction made under par. (a)
is insufficient to recover fully the amount of the penalized excess, request the department of transportation to reduce the aids paid in that following year to the county under s. 86.30 (2) (e)
by the amount needed to recover as much of the remainder as is possible.
Ensure that the amount of any reductions in shared revenue payments under par. (a)
lapses to the general fund.
Ensure that the amount of the penalized excess is not included in determining the limit described under sub. (2)
for the county for the following year.
(5) Rate comparison.
Annually, the department of revenue shall compare the operating levy rate limit of each county under this section to the actual operating levy rate imposed by the county.
(6) Sunset of the limit.
This section does not apply to a county's levy that is imposed in December 2011 or any year thereafter.
History: 1993 a. 16
; 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 59.605; 1999 a. 182
; 2007 a. 1
; 2011 a. 32
; 2013 a. 20
; 2015 a. 118
; s. 35.17 correction in (3) (a) 3.
Financial transactions. 59.61(1)
Receipts and deposits of money; accounts.
Every county officer and employee and every board, commission or other body that collects or receives money for or in behalf of the county shall:
Give such receipts therefor and file such duplicates thereof with the clerk and treasurer as the board directs.
Keep books of account and enter accurately in the books from day to day with ample description, the items of that person's or that body's official service, and the fees therefor.
Pay all such money into the county treasury at the time that is prescribed by law, or if not so prescribed daily or at the intervals that are prescribed by the board.
Perform all other duties in connection therewith that are required by law.
The board of each county having a population of 200,000 or more shall designate 2 or more, and in other counties the board, or when the occasion arises and the board is not in session, then a committee of the board which has been authorized to do so shall designate one or more credit unions, banks, savings banks, savings and loan associations, or trust companies organized and doing business under the laws of this state or federal law, located in this state, as county depositories, one or more of which shall be designated as working credit unions, savings banks, savings and loan associations or banks, all deposits in which shall be active deposits.
In addition to the depositories specified in par. (a)
, the local government pooled-investment fund may be designated as a depository for investment purposes.
(3) Funds to be placed in depositories; reports; cash balance. 59.61(3)(a)(a)
Whenever a board has designated a county depository under sub. (2)
, the treasurer shall deposit therein as soon as received all funds that come to the treasurer's hands in that capacity in excess of the sum the treasurer is authorized by the board to retain. Any sum on deposit shall be considered to be in the county treasury, and the treasurer shall not be liable for any loss thereon resulting from the failure or default of such depository. The board, a committee of the board designated by it or the treasurer acting under s. 59.25 (3) (s)
may invest any funds that come into the county treasurer's hands in excess of the sum the treasurer is authorized by the board to retain for immediate use in the name of the county in the local government pooled-investment fund, in interest-bearing bonds of the United States or of any county or municipality in the state or in any other investment authorized by statute. The board, committee or the county treasurer acting under s. 59.25 (3) (s)
may sell such securities when considered advisable.
Every such depository shall on the first business day of each month, and more often when required, file with the clerk a statement of the amount of county money deposited with it during the preceding month, and the treasurer shall at the same time file with such clerk a statement showing the amount of moneys received and disbursed by the treasurer during the previous month.
The board may fix the amount of money which may be retained by the treasurer but in no case shall the sum exceed $3,000; provided, that in all counties having a population of 200,000 or more inhabitants, the treasurer may retain such sum as may be fixed by the board.
Such treasurer and clerk, whenever the cash balance does not amount to the sum authorized by the board to be retained, may increase it to such amount by their check on the county depository or depositories in favor of such treasurer.
History: 1995 a. 201
One who deals with a municipality does so at his or her own risk and may be subject to any provisions of law that might prevent him or her from being paid by a municipality even though the services are rendered. Unless the power to bind the municipality financially has been specifically delegated, the only entity with the statutory authority to contract is the municipality. Holzbauer v. Safway Steel Products, Inc. 2005 WI App 240
, 288 Wis. 2d 250
, 712 N.W.2d 35
Based on the plain meaning of the word “investment," the exchange of surplus county funds for U.S. gold coins would be an investment within the meaning of sub. (3). Section 66.0603 provides the authorized list of investments that a county can make with county funds, and the statute does not authorize an investment in U.S. gold coins. OAG 2-13
Investment authority delegation. 59.62(1)
The board may delegate to any officer or employee any authority assigned by law to the board to invest county funds. The delegation shall provide that the officer or employee be bonded.
The board may impose any restriction on the delegation or exercise of authority delegated under this section considered desirable by the board. If the board delegates authority under this section, the board shall periodically review the exercise of the delegated authority by the officer or employee.
History: 1995 a. 201
Treasurer's disbursement of revenue.
The treasurer may make disbursements of property tax revenues and of credits under s. 79.10
according to the proportions that are reported under ss. 60.33 (10m)
, 61.25 (10)
and 62.09 (11) (j)
History: 1983 a. 395
; 1985 a. 39
; 1989 a. 56
; 1995 a. 201
; Stats. 1995 s. 59.63.
Claims against county. 59.64(1)
Claims, how made; procedure. 59.64(1)(a)(a)
Every person, except jurors, witnesses and interpreters, and except physicians or other persons who are entitled to receive from the county fees for reporting to the register of deeds births or deaths, which have occurred under their care, having any claim against any county shall comply with s. 893.80
. This paragraph does not apply to actions commenced under s. 19.37
(b) Of court officers, certified by district attorney.
No claim for official services, in any criminal action or proceeding before a judge, shall be allowed by any board until the same has been examined and a written report made thereon by the district attorney of the proper county as required by par. (d)
; nor shall the claim of any sheriff, undersheriff, deputy sheriff, constable or other such officer for the services or expenses of an assistant in making an arrest or commitment be allowed unless the judge before whom the prisoner is brought certifies that there was a necessity for such assistance because of the dangerous character of the defendant or because 2 or more persons were arrested at the same time.
Of circuit and supplemental court commissioners. 59.64(1)(c)1.1.
Circuit and supplemental court commissioners shall, on or before the first Monday of November in each year, forward to the clerk of their respective counties a correct statement of all actions or proceedings had before them, during the immediately preceding year, in which the county became liable for costs. The statement shall include all of the following: