CHAPTER 626
RATE REGULATION IN WORKER'S COMPENSATION INSURANCE
626.02   Definitions.
626.03   Scope of application.
626.06   Rating bureau.
626.09   General provisions concerning the bureau.
626.11   Rate standards.
626.12   Rating methods.
626.13   Approval of rates and rating plans.
626.14   Filings open to inspection.
626.22   Disapproval of rates.
626.25   Use of rates.
626.31   Operation and control of bureau.
626.32   Development of rates by bureau.
626.35   Worker's compensation insurance contracts.
626.51   Other rate service organizations.
Ch. 626 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See definitions in ss. 600.03 and 628.02.
Ch. 626 Note NOTE: Chapter 148, laws of 1975, which created this chapter, contains explanatory notes.
626.02 626.02 Definitions. In this chapter, unless the context indicates otherwise:
626.02(1) (1) “Bureau" means the Wisconsin compensation rating bureau provided for in s. 626.06.
626.02(2) (2) “Rate service organization" has the meaning designated for the term under s. 625.02 (2).
626.02 History History: 1975 c. 148; 1983 a. 189.
626.03 626.03 Scope of application. This chapter applies to all worker's compensation insurance written on risks or operations in this state, employers' liability insurance when written in connection with worker's compensation insurance or insurance covering any part of the liability of an employer exempted from insuring the employer's liability for compensation under s. 102.28.
626.03 History History: 1975 c. 148, 199.
626.06 626.06 Rating bureau. The Wisconsin compensation rating bureau is continued and every insurer writing any insurance specified under s. 626.03 is a member of it.
626.06 History History: 1975 c. 148.
626.09 626.09 General provisions concerning the bureau.
626.09(1)(1)Purposes. The bureau has the following purposes:
626.09(1)(a) (a) To establish, maintain and administer rules, regulations, classifications, rates and rating plans to govern the transaction of insurance included in s. 626.03;
626.09(1)(b) (b) To cooperate with other rate service organizations and with insurers in the development of rules, rates and rating plans and insurance policies and forms;
626.09(1)(c) (c) To secure and analyze statistical and other data required to accomplish these purposes;
626.09(1)(d) (d) To inspect and classify risks;
626.09(1)(e) (e) To file with the commissioner on behalf of its members every manual of classifications, rules and rates, every rating plan and every modification of any of them proposed for use in this state;
626.09(1)(f) (f) To assist the commissioner and insurers in the promotion of safety in industry; and
626.09(1)(g) (g) To assist in any matter necessary for the accomplishment of these purposes.
626.09(2) (2)Licensing. The bureau's license which it holds under s. 205.03 (2), 1973 stats., immediately prior to January 17, 1976 shall continue as its license under s. 625.32, and thereafter the bureau shall be treated as if it had applied for and had received a license under s. 625.32.
626.09(3) (3)Examinations. Sections 601.43 to 601.45 apply to the bureau.
626.09(4) (4)Fees. Section 601.31 (1) (c) 2. applies to the bureau.
626.09 History History: 1975 c. 148; 1979 c. 102 s. 237.
626.11 626.11 Rate standards.
626.11(1)(1)General. Rates determined under this chapter shall not be excessive, inadequate or unfairly discriminatory.
626.11(2) (2)Excessiveness. Rates determined under this chapter are not excessive merely because a reasonable margin is allowed for a profit.
626.11(3) (3)Adequacy. The commissioner shall approve a minimum adequate pure premium for each classification under which worker's compensation insurance is written. No insurer writing any insurance specified under s. 626.03 may use a pure premium less than that approved by the commissioner.
626.11 History History: 1975 c. 148, 199.
626.12 626.12 Rating methods. In determining whether rates comply with the standards under s. 626.11, the following criteria shall be applied:
626.12(1) (1)Basic factors in rates. Due consideration shall be given to past and prospective loss and expense experience within and outside this state, to catastrophe hazards and contingencies, to a reasonable margin for profit, to dividends, savings or unabsorbed premium deposits allowed or returned by insurers to their policyholders, members or subscribers, and to all other relevant factors.
626.12(2) (2)Classification. Risks may be classified in any reasonable way for the establishment of rates and minimum premiums. Classification rates may be modified to produce rates for individual risks in accordance with rating plans which establish standards for measuring variations in hazards or expense provisions, or both. Such standards may measure any differences among risks that can be demonstrated to have a probable effect upon losses or expenses.
626.12(3) (3)Physical impairment. Rates or rating plans may not take into account the physical impairment of employees. Any employer who applies or promotes any oppressive plan of physical examination and rejection of employees or applicants for employment shall forfeit the right to experience rating. If the department of workforce development determines that grounds exist for such forfeiture it shall file with the commissioner a certified copy of its findings, which shall automatically suspend any experience rating credit for the employer. The department shall make the determination as prescribed in ss. 103.005 (5) (b) to (f), (6) to (11), (13) (b) to (d) and (16), so far as such subsections are applicable, subject to review under ch. 227. Restoration of an employer to the advantages of experience rating shall be by the same procedure.
626.12 History History: 1975 c. 148; 1995 a. 27 ss. 7037, 9130 (4); 1997 a. 3.
626.13 626.13 Approval of rates and rating plans. The bureau shall file with the commissioner on behalf of its members every manual of classifications, rules and rates, every rating plan and every modification of any of them proposed for use in this state. Every such filing shall state its proposed effective date. The bureau shall also file the information upon which it supports the filings. All filings must comply with the law and shall not be effective nor used until approved by the commissioner. A filing that has been on file for 30 days is deemed to meet the requirements of ss. 626.11 and 626.12 unless the commissioner earlier disapproves in a written order.
626.13 History History: 1975 c. 148.
626.14 626.14 Filings open to inspection. Section 625.14 applies to rates filed under this chapter.
626.14 History History: 1975 c. 148.
626.22 626.22 Disapproval of rates.
626.22(1) (1)Order in event of violation. If the commissioner finds after a hearing that a filing already in effect under s. 626.13 fails to meet the requirements of the law, the commissioner shall order that its use be discontinued for any policy issued or renewed after a date specified in the order.
626.22(2) (2)Timing of order. The commissioner shall issue an order under s. 626.13 within 30 days after the filing and issue an order under sub. (1) within 30 days after the close of the hearing. In either case the commissioner may extend the period for a reasonable time by written order prior to the expiration of the time limit.
626.22(3) (3)Interim rates. Whenever an insurer has no legally effective rates as a result of an order by the commissioner under s. 626.13 or sub. (1), the commissioner shall on request specify interim rates for the insurer and may order that a specified portion of the premiums be placed in an escrow account approved by the commissioner. When new rates become legally effective, the commissioner shall order the escrowed funds or any overcharge in the interim rates to be distributed appropriately, except that refunds that are trifling shall not be required.
626.22 History History: 1975 c. 148, 199; 1979 c. 110.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 57 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before August 11, 2017. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 11, 2017 are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-11-17)