It is unlawful for any person to maintain or operate a community within the limits of a city, town or village, unless the person has received a license from the city, town or village.
In order to protect and promote the public health, morals and welfare and to equitably defray the cost of municipal and educational services required by persons and families using communities for living, dwelling or sleeping purposes, a city council, village board and town board may do any of the following:
Establish and enforce by ordinance reasonable standards and regulations for every community.
Require an annual license fee to operate a community and levy and collect special assessments to defray the cost of municipal and educational services furnished to a community.
Limit the number of units that may be located in any one community.
Limit the number of licenses for communities in any common school district, if the development of a community would cause the school costs to increase above the state average or if an exceedingly difficult or impossible situation exists with regard to providing adequate and proper sewage disposal in the particular area.
In a town in which the town board enacts an ordinance regulating manufactured and mobile homes under this section and has also enacted and approved a county zoning ordinance under the provisions of s. 59.69
, the provisions of the ordinance which is most restrictive apply with respect to the establishment and operation of a community in the town.
A license granted under this section is subject to revocation or suspension for cause by the licensing authority that issued the license upon complaint filed with the clerk of the licensing authority, if the complaint is signed by a law enforcement officer, local health officer, as defined in s. 250.01 (5)
, or building inspector, after a public hearing upon the complaint. The holder of the license shall be given 10 days' written notice of the hearing, and is entitled to appear and be heard as to why the license should not be revoked. A holder of a license that is revoked or suspended by the licensing authority may within 20 days of the date of the revocation or suspension appeal the decision to the circuit court of the county in which the community is located by filing a written notice of appeal with the clerk of the licensing authority, together with a bond executed to the licensing authority, in the sum of $500 with 2 sureties or a bonding company approved by the clerk, conditioned for the faithful prosecution of the appeal and the payment of costs adjudged against the license holder.
(3) License and monthly municipal permit fee. 66.0435(3)(a)(a)
The licensing authority shall collect from the licensee an annual license fee of not less than $25 nor more than $100 for each 50 spaces or fraction of 50 spaces within each community within its limits. If the community lies in more than one municipality the amount of the license fee shall be determined by multiplying the gross fee by a fraction the numerator of which is the number of spaces in the community in a municipality and the denominator of which is the entire number of spaces in the community.
The licensing authority may collect a fee of $10 for each transfer of a license.
In addition to the license fee provided in pars. (a)
, each licensing authority shall collect from each unit occupying space or lots in a community in the licensing authority, except from recreational mobile homes as provided under par. (cm)
, from manufactured and mobile homes that constitute improvements to real property under s. 70.043 (1)
, from recreational vehicles as defined in s. 340.01 (48r)
, and from camping trailers as defined in s. 340.01 (6m)
, a monthly municipal permit fee computed as follows:
On January 1, the assessor shall determine the total fair market value of each unit in the taxation district subject to the monthly municipal permit fee.
The fair market value, determined under subd. 1. a.
, minus the tax-exempt household furnishings thus established, shall be equated to the general level of assessment for the prior year on other real and personal property in the district.
The value of each unit, determined under subd. 1. b.
, shall be multiplied by the general property gross tax rate, less any credit rate for the property tax relief credit, established on the preceding year's assessment of general property.
The total annual permit fee, computed under subd. 1. c.
, shall be divided by 12 and shall represent the monthly municipal permit fee.
The monthly municipal permit fee is applicable to units moving into the tax district any time during the year. The community operator shall furnish information to the tax district clerk and the assessor on units added to the community within 5 days after their arrival, on forms prescribed by the department of revenue. As soon as the assessor receives the notice of an addition of a unit to a community, the assessor shall determine its fair market value and notify the clerk of that determination. The clerk shall equate the fair market value established by the assessor and shall apply the appropriate tax rate, divide the annual permit fee thus determined by 12 and notify the unit owner of the monthly fee to be collected from the unit owner. Liability for payment of the fee begins on the first day of the next succeeding month and continues for the months in which the unit remains in the tax district.
A new monthly municipal permit fee and a new valuation shall be established each January and shall continue for that calendar year.
The valuation established is subject to review as are other values established under ch. 70
. If the board of review reduces a valuation on which previous monthly payments have been made the tax district shall refund past excess fee payments.
The monthly municipal permit fee shall be paid by the unit owner to the local taxing authority on or before the 10th of the month following the month for which the monthly municipal permit fee is due.
The licensee of a community is liable for the monthly municipal permit fee for any unit occupying space in the community as well as the owner and occupant of each such unit, except that the licensee is not liable until the licensing authority has failed, in an action under ch. 799
, to collect the fee from the owner and occupant of the unit. A municipality, by ordinance, may require the community operator to collect the monthly municipal permit fee from the unit owner.
The credit under s. 79.10 (9) (bm)
, as it applies to the principal dwelling on a parcel of taxable property, applies to the estimated fair market value of a unit that is the principal dwelling of the owner. The owner of the unit shall file a claim for the credit with the treasurer of the municipality in which the property is located. To obtain the credit under s. 79.10 (9) (bm)
, the owner shall attest on the claim that the unit is the owner's principal dwelling. The treasurer shall reduce the owner's monthly municipal permit fee by the amount of any allowable credit. The treasurer shall furnish notice of all claims for credits filed under this subdivision to the department of revenue as provided under s. 79.10 (1m)
No monthly municipal permit fee may be imposed on a financial institution, as defined in s. 69.30 (1) (b)
, that relates to a vacant unit that has been repossessed by the financial institution.
Recreational mobile homes and recreational vehicles, as defined in s. 340.01 (48r)
, are exempt from the monthly municipal permit fee under par. (c)
. The exemption under this paragraph also applies to steps and a platform, not exceeding 50 square feet, that lead to a recreational mobile home or recreational vehicle, but does not apply to any other addition, attachment, patio, or deck.
This section does not apply to a community that is owned and operated by any county under the provisions of s. 59.52 (16) (b)
If a unit is permitted by local ordinance to be located outside of a licensed community, the monthly municipal permit fee shall be paid by the owner of the land on which it stands, and the owner of the land shall comply with the reporting requirements of par. (c)
. The owner of the land may collect the fee from the owner of the unit and, on or before January 10 and on or before July 10, shall transmit to the taxation district all fees owed for the 6 months ending on the last day of the month preceding the month when the transmission is required.
Nothing in this subsection prohibits the regulation by local ordinance of a community.
Failure to timely pay the tax prescribed in this subsection shall be treated as a default in payment of personal property tax and is subject to all procedures and penalties applicable under chs. 70
Each local governing body may enact an ordinance providing a forfeiture of up to $25 for failure to comply with the reporting requirements of par. (c)
. Each failure to report is a separate offense.
(3m) Community operator reimbursement.
A community operator who collects a monthly municipal permit fee from a unit owner may deduct, for administrative expenses, 2 percent of the monthly fees collected.
(4) Application for license.
Original application for a community license shall be filed with the clerk of the licensing authority. Applications shall be in writing, signed by the applicant and shall contain the following:
The location and legal description of the community.
(6) Renewal of license.
Upon application by any licensee, after approval by the licensing authority and upon payment of the annual license fee, the clerk of the licensing authority shall issue a certificate renewing the license for another year, unless sooner revoked. The application for renewal shall be in writing, signed by the applicant on forms furnished by the licensing authority.
(7) Transfer of license; fee.
Upon application for a transfer of license the clerk of the licensing authority, after approval of the application by the licensing authority, shall issue a transfer upon payment of the required $10 fee.
(8) Distribution of fees.
The licensing authority may retain 10 percent of the monthly municipal permit fees collected in each month, without reduction for any amounts deducted under sub. (3m)
, to cover the cost of administration. The licensing authority shall pay to the school district in which the community is located, within 20 days after the end of each month, such proportion of the remainder of the fees collected in the preceding month as the ratio of the most recent property tax levy for school purposes bears to the total tax levy for all purposes in the licensing authority. If the community is located in more than one school district, each district shall receive a share in the proportion that its property tax levy for school purposes bears to the total school tax levy.
(9) Municipalities; monthly municipal permit fees on recreational mobile homes and recreational vehicles.
A licensing authority may assess monthly municipal permit fees at the rates under this section on recreational mobile homes and recreational vehicles, as defined in s. 340.01 (48r)
, except recreational mobile homes and recreational vehicles that are located in campgrounds licensed under s. 254.47
, recreational mobile homes that constitute improvements to real property under s. 70.043 (1)
, and recreational mobile homes or recreational vehicles that are located on land where the principal residence of the owner of the recreational mobile home or recreational vehicle is located, regardless of whether the recreational mobile home or recreational vehicle is occupied during all or part of any calendar year.
The powers conferred on licensing authorities by this section are in addition to all other grants of authority and are limited only by the express language of this section.
History: 1999 a. 5
; 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.0435; 2005 a. 298
; 2007 a. 11
See also ch. ATCP 125
, Wis. adm. code.
A license issued without prior approval of park plans is void and the owner cannot complain if it is revoked. A mobile home park zoning ordinance adopted without compliance with the notice of hearing requirements of s. 60.74 (2) [now 60.61 (4)] is void. Edelbeck v. Town of Theresa, 57 Wis. 2d 172
, 203 N.W.2d 694
The time for appeal under sub. (2) (d) begins on the date of the action revoking the license, not on the effective date of the revocation. Reusch v. City of Baraboo, 85 Wis. 2d 294
, 270 N.W.2d 229
A town had authority outside this section to require a building permit for a mobile home located outside a mobile home park and that the mobile home be connected to a well and septic system. Town of Clearfield v. Cushman, 150 Wis. 2d 10
, 440 N.W.2d 777
A state university is not subject to local licensing in the operation of a university mobile home park. 60 Atty. Gen. 7.
A town cannot have a more restrictive ordinance regulating use and location of mobile homes outside of mobile home parks than the county. 60 Atty. Gen. 131.
A town board that has given conditional approval to plans for a mobile home park has power to alter conditions as long as it acts reasonably. Molgaard v. Town of Caledonia, 527 F. Supp. 1073
OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES
Eligibility for office. 66.0501(1)
Deputy sheriffs and municipal police.
No person may be appointed deputy sheriff of any county or police officer for any city, village or town unless that person is a citizen of the United States. This section does not apply to common carriers or to a deputy sheriff not required to take an oath of office.
(2) Eligibility of other officers.
Except as expressly authorized by statute, no member of a town, village or county board, or city council, during the term for which the member is elected, is eligible for any office or position which during that term has been created by, or the selection to which is vested in, the board or council, but the member is eligible for any elective office. The governing body may be represented on city, village or town boards and commissions where no additional compensation, except a per diem, is paid to the representatives of the governing body and may fix the tenure of these representatives notwithstanding any other statutory provision. A representative of a governing body who is a member of a city, village or town board or commission may receive a per diem only if the remaining members of the board or commission may receive a per diem. This subsection does not apply to a member of any board or council described in this subsection who resigns from the board or council before being appointed to an office or position which was not created during the member's term in office.
(3) Appointments on consolidation of offices.
Whenever offices are consolidated, the occupants of which are members of the same statutory committee or board and which are serving in that office because of holding another office or position, the common council or village board may designate another officer or officers or make any additional appointments as may be necessary to procure the number of committee or board members provided for by statute.
(4) Compatible offices and positions.
A volunteer fire fighter, emergency medical technician, or first responder in a city, village, or town whose annual compensation from one or more of those positions, including fringe benefits, does not exceed the amount specified in s. 946.13 (2) (a)
may also hold an elective office in that city, village, or town. It is compatible with his or her office for an elected town officer to receive wages under s. 60.37 (4)
for work that he or she performs for the town.
"Political subdivision" means a city, village, town, or county.
"Public employee" means any individual employed by a political subdivision, other than an individual to whom s. 164.06
applies and other than an individual to whom 5 USC 1502
(a) (3) applies.
No political subdivision may prohibit a public employee from being a candidate for any elective public office, if that individual is otherwise qualified to be a candidate. No public employee may be required, as a condition of being a candidate for any elective public office, to take a leave of absence during his or her candidacy. This subsection does not affect the authority of a political subdivision to regulate the conduct of a public employee while the public employee is on duty or otherwise acting in an official capacity.
A citizenship requirement for peace officers is constitutional. 68 Atty. Gen. 61.
The offices of commissioner of a town sanitary district and supervisor of a town board are incompatible when the town board also serves as the appointing authority for the commissioners. 69 Atty. Gen. 108.
A sitting member of a county board must resign the office of supervisor before being appointed to the permanent position of county administrative coordinator under this section. OAG 1-11
Employee residency requirements prohibited. 66.0502(1)(1)
The legislature finds that public employee residency requirements are a matter of statewide concern.
In this section, "local governmental unit" means any city, village, town, county, or school district.
Except as provided in sub. (4)
, no local governmental unit may require, as a condition of employment, that any employee or prospective employee reside within any jurisdictional limit.
If a local governmental unit has a residency requirement that is in effect on July 2, 2013, the residency requirement does not apply and may not be enforced.
This section does not affect any statute that requires residency within the jurisdictional limits of any local governmental unit or any provision of state or local law that requires residency in this state.
Subject to par. (c)
, a local governmental unit may impose a residency requirement on law enforcement, fire, or emergency personnel that requires such personnel to reside within 15 miles of the jurisdictional boundaries of the local governmental unit.
If the local governmental unit is a county, the county may impose a residency requirement on law enforcement, fire, or emergency personnel that requires such personnel to reside within 15 miles of the jurisdictional boundaries of the city, village, or town to which the personnel are assigned.
A residency requirement imposed by a local governmental unit under par. (b)
does not apply to any volunteer law enforcement, fire, or emergency personnel who are employees of a local governmental unit.
History: 2013 a. 20
Combination of municipal offices. 66.0503(1)
The office of county supervisor may be consolidated by charter ordinance under s. 66.0101
With the office of village president in any village which has boundaries coterminous with the boundaries of any supervisory district established under s. 59.10 (3)
With the office of alderperson or council member in any city in which the district from which the alderperson or council member is elected is coterminous with the boundaries of any supervisory district established under s. 59.10 (3)
After the effective date of adoption or repeal of a charter ordinance under this section, the clerk of the municipality shall file a copy of the ordinance with the clerk of the county within which the supervisory district lies. When so consolidated, nomination papers shall contain that number of signatures required under s. 8.10
for county supervisors and shall be filed in the office of the county clerk.
Removal from office of any incumbent of an office consolidated under this section vacates the office in its entirety whether effected under ss. 17.09
or other pertinent statute.
Compensation for an office consolidated under this section shall be separately established by the several governing bodies affected by the consolidation as though no consolidation of offices had occurred.
Tenure for an officer of an office consolidated under this section shall coincide with the term for county supervisors.
Compensation of governing bodies. 66.0505(1)(a)
"Elective officer" means a member or member-elect of the governing body of a political subdivision.
"Political subdivision" means any city, village, town, or county.