66.1027(3)(a)(a) Not later than January 1, 2002, every city and village with a population of at least 12,500 shall, and every city and village with a population of less than 12,500 is encouraged to, enact an ordinance that is similar to the model traditional neighborhood development ordinance that is developed under sub. (2) (a) if the ordinance is approved under sub. (2) (b), although the ordinance is not required to be mapped.
66.1027(3)(b) (b) A city or village whose population reaches at least 12,500, after January 1, 2002, shall enact an ordinance that is similar to the model traditional neighborhood development ordinance that is developed under sub. (2) (a) if the ordinance is approved under sub. (2) (b) not later than the first day of the 12th month beginning after the city's or village's population reaches at least 12,500, although the ordinance is not required to be mapped.
66.1027(3)(c) (c) Not later than January 1, 2011, every city and village with a population of at least 12,500 shall report to the department of administration whether it has enacted an ordinance under par. (a). A city or village whose population reaches at least 12,500, after January 1, 2011, shall report to the department of administration whether it has enacted an ordinance under par. (b) not later than the first day of the 18th month beginning after the city's or village's population reaches at least 12,500.
66.1027 History History: 1999 a. 9, 148; 1999 a. 150 s. 85; Stats. 1999 s. 66.1027; 2009 a. 123, 351.
66.1031 66.1031 Widening of highways; establishment of excess widths.
66.1031(1)(1) With the approval of the governing body of a city, village, or town in which a street or highway or part of a street or highway is located, the county board, to promote the general welfare, may establish street and highway widths in excess of the widths in use and adopt plans showing the location and width proposed for any future street or highway, which shall not be subject to s. 82.19 (2). Streets or highways or plans for streets or highways established or adopted under this section shall be shown on a map showing present and proposed street or highway lines and, except in counties having a population of 500,000 or more, property lines and owners. The map shall be recorded in the office of the register of deeds, subject to s. 59.43 (2m) and, if applicable, the requirements under s. 84.095. Notice of the recording shall be published as a class 1 notice, under ch. 985, in any city, village, or town in which the affected streets or highways are located. The notice shall briefly set forth the action of the county board.
66.1031(2) (2) The excess width for streets or highways in use for the right-of-way required for those planned may be acquired at any time either in whole or in part by the state, county, city, village, or town in which located; but no part shall be acquired in less than the full extent, in width, of the excess width to be made up of land on the same side of the street or highway, nor for less than the full length of such excess width lying within contiguous land owned by the same owner. Any land so acquired, whether the excess width is acquired for the full length of the street or highway or not, shall at once become available for highway purposes. The power to acquire such right-of-way or additional width in portions as provided in this section may be exercised to acquire the land on advantageous terms.
66.1031(3) (3) In counties containing a population of 500,000 or more if, subsequent to the establishment of widths on streets or highways under sub. (2), in conformity with this section or s. 59.69, any area embracing a street or highway upon which a width has been established under this section is annexed to a city or village or becomes a city or village by incorporation, the city or village shall adhere to the established width, and shall not, subsequent to any annexation or incorporation, except with the approval of the county board, do any of the following:
66.1031(3)(a) (a) Alter or void the established width.
66.1031(3)(b) (b) Permit or sanction any construction or development that will interfere with, prevent, or jeopardize the obtaining of the necessary right-of-way to such established width.
66.1031 History History: 1993 a. 301; 1995 a. 201, 225; 1997 a. 35; 2003 a. 214 s. 103; Stats. 2003 s. 66.1031; 2005 a. 253.
66.1031 Note NOTE: 2003 Wis. Act 214, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
66.1033 66.1033 Curative provisions.
66.1033(1)(1) In this section:
66.1033(1)(a) (a) "Political subdivision" means a city, village, town, or county.
66.1033(1)(b) (b) "Public way" means a highway, street, slip, pier, or alley.
66.1033(2) (2) For proceedings taken, or for plats, deeds, orders, or resolutions executed before January 1, 2005, notwithstanding s. 840.11, no defect, omission or informality in the proceedings of, or execution of a plat, deed of dedication, order, or resolution by, a political subdivision shall affect or invalidate the proceedings, plat, deed, order, or resolution after 5 years from the date of the proceeding, plat, deed, order, or resolution. The public way dedicated, laid out, or altered by a defective or informal proceeding, plat, deed, order, or resolution shall be limited in length to the portion actually worked and used.
66.1033(3) (3) For proceedings taken, or for plats, deeds, orders, or resolutions executed after January 1, 2005, except as provided in s. 840.11, no defect, omission, or informality in the proceedings of, or execution of a plat, deed of dedication, order, or resolution by, a political subdivision shall affect or invalidate the proceedings, plat, deed, order, or resolution after 5 years from the date of the proceedings, plat, deed, order, or resolution. The public way dedicated, laid out, or altered by a defective or informal proceeding, plat, deed, order, or resolution shall be limited in length to the portion actually worked and used.
66.1033 History History: 2003 a. 214 ss. 16, 25, 26.
66.1033 Note NOTE: 2003 Wis. Act 214, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
66.1035 66.1035 Rights of abutting owners. The owners of land abutting on any highway, street, or alley shall have a common right in the free and unobstructed use of the full width of the highway, street, or alley. No town, village, city, county, company, or corporation shall close up, use, or obstruct any part of the highway, street, or alley so as to materially interfere with its usefulness as a highway or so as to damage abutting property, or permit the same to be done, without just compensation being made for any resulting damage. This section does not impose liability for damages arising from the use, maintenance, and operation of tracks or other public improvement legally laid down, built, or established in any street, highway, or alley prior to April 7, 1889. All rights in property that could entitle an owner to damages under this section may be condemned by any corporation that is listed in s. 32.02 in the same manner that other property may be condemned by the corporation.
66.1035 History History: 2003 a. 214 s. 101; Stats. 2003 s. 66.1035.
66.1035 Note NOTE: 2003 Wis. Act 214, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
66.1035 Annotation This section does not authorize the recovery of damages for a loss of business due to the temporary closing of a street for construction purposes. Weinandt v. Appleton, 58 Wis. 2d 734, 207 N.W.2d 673 (1973).
66.1035 Annotation Landowners whose property abuts a public roadway, but who have no ownership interest in the land under the roadway, are abutting landowners for purposes of access rights. The right attributed to an abutting landowner is the right of reasonable access. Geyso v. Daly, 2005 WI App 18, 278 Wis. 2d 475, 691 N.W.2d 915, 04-0748
66.1037 66.1037 Beautification and protection.
66.1037(1) (1) No lands abutting on any highway, and acquired or held for highway purposes, shall be deemed discontinued for such purposes so long as they abut on any highway. All lands acquired for highway purposes after June 23, 1931, may be used for any purpose that the public authority in control of the highway determines promotes the public use and enjoyment. The authority may improve such lands by suitable planting, to prevent the erosion of the soil, or to beautify the highway. The right to protect and to plant vegetation in any highway laid out prior to June 23, 1931, may be acquired in any manner that lands may be acquired for highway purposes. Subject to sub. (2), it shall be unlawful for any person to injure any tree or shrub, or cut or trim any vegetation other than grass, or make any excavation in any highway laid out after June 23, 1931, or where the right to protect vegetation has been acquired, without the consent of the highway authority and under its direction. The authority shall remove, cut, or trim or consent to the removing, cutting, or trimming of any tree, shrub, or vegetation in order to provide safety to users of the highway.
66.1037(2) (2)
66.1037(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), no person may cut or trim grass along any state trunk highway without the consent of the department of transportation.
66.1037(2)(b) (b) A person who owns or leases land abutting a state trunk highway may, without the consent of the department of transportation, cut or trim grass that is within the highway right-of-way and that is located along the land's frontage with the highway right-of-way or within 200 feet of a driveway, railroad crossing, or intersection along the land's frontage with the highway right-of-way. This paragraph does not permit a person to cut or trim grass without the consent of the department of transportation if any of the following applies:
66.1037(2)(b)1. 1. The state trunk highway is a freeway, as defined in s. 346.57 (1) (am), or an expressway, as defined in s. 59.84 (1) (b).
66.1037(2)(b)2. 2. The person farms or harvests the grass.
66.1037(2)(b)3. 3. The grass is located in any of the following:
66.1037(2)(b)3.a. a. An area where pedestrians are prohibited.
66.1037(2)(b)3.b. b. An area accessible only by crossing a traffic lane of the state trunk highway.
66.1037(2)(b)3.c. c. An area located within 50 feet of a sign, as defined in s. 84.30 (2) (j).
66.1037 History History: 2003 a. 214 ss. 23m to 24g.
66.1037 Note NOTE: 2003 Wis. Act 214, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
66.1037 Annotation Municipalities may incur liability for failure to trim vegetation obstructing the view at an intersection. Walker v. Bignell, 100 Wis. 2d 256, 301 N.W.2d 447 (1981).
66.1037 Annotation Although this section mandates that governmental authorities "remove, cut or trim or consent to the removing, cutting or removal of any tree, shrub or vegetation in order to provide safety to users of the highway," it has not also created a private cause of action for damages caused by a failure to comply with that mandate. Estate of Wagoner v. City of Milwaukee, 2001 WI App 292, 249 Wis. 2d 306, 638 N.W.2d 382, 01-0623.
subch. XI of ch. 66 SUBCHAPTER XI
DEVELOPMENT
66.1101 66.1101 Promotion of industry; industrial sites.
66.1101(1) (1) It is declared to be the policy of the state to encourage and promote the development of industry to provide greater employment opportunities and to broaden the state's tax base to relieve the tax burden of residents and home owners. It is recognized that the availability of suitable sites is a prime factor in influencing the location of industry but that existing available sites may be encroached upon by the development of other uses unless protected from encroachment by purchase and reservation. It is further recognized that cities, villages and towns have broad power to act for the commercial benefit and the health, safety and public welfare of the public. However, to implement that power, legislation authorizing borrowing is necessary. It is, therefore, the policy of the state to authorize cities, villages and towns to borrow for the reservation and development of industrial sites, and the expenditure of funds for that purpose is determined to be a public purpose.
66.1101(2) (2) For financing purposes, the purchase, reservation and development of industrial sites undertaken by a city, village or town is a public utility within the meaning of s. 66.0621. In financing under that section, rentals and fees are considered to be revenue. Any indebtedness created under this section shall not be included in arriving at the constitutional debt limitation.
66.1101(3) (3) Sites purchased for industrial development under this section or under any other authority may be developed by the city, village or town by the installation of utilities and roadways but not by the construction of buildings or structures. The sites may be sold or leased for industrial purposes but only for a fair consideration to be determined by the governing body.
66.1101 History History: 1999 a. 150 s. 494; Stats. 1999 s. 66.1101.
66.1102 66.1102 Land development; notification; records requests.
66.1102(1)(1) Definitions. In this section:
66.1102(1)(a) (a) "Land information" has the meaning given in s. 59.72 (1) (a).
66.1102(1)(b) (b) "Political subdivision" means any city, village, town, or county.
66.1102(2) (2)Notification requirements. Before a political subdivision may take action that would allow the development of a residential, commercial, or industrial property that would likely increase the amount of water that the main drain of a drainage district would have to accommodate, the political subdivision shall send notice to the drainage district.
66.1102(3) (3)Failure to notify. A political subdivision's failure to notify under sub. (2) does not invalidate any decision made or action taken by the political subdivision.
66.1102(4) (4)Land information record requests. Whenever any office or officer of a political subdivision receives a request to copy a record containing land information, the requester has a right to receive a copy of the record in the same format in which the record is maintained by the custodian, unless the requester requests that a copy be provided in a different format that is authorized by law.
66.1102 History History: 2007 a. 121; 2009 a. 370.
66.1103 66.1103 Industrial development revenue bonding.
66.1103(1)(1) Findings.
66.1103(1)(a)(a) It is found and declared that industries located in this state have been induced to move their operations in whole or in part to, or to expand their operations in, other states to the detriment of state, county and municipal revenue raising through the loss or reduction of income and franchise taxes, real estate and other local taxes causing an increase in unemployment; that such conditions now exist in certain areas of the state and may well arise in other areas; that economic insecurity due to unemployment is a serious menace to the general welfare of not only the people of the affected areas but of the people of the entire state; that unemployment results in obligations to grant public assistance and in the payment of unemployment insurance; that the absence of new economic opportunities has caused workers and their families to migrate elsewhere to find work and establish homes, which has resulted in a reduction of the tax base of counties, cities and other local governmental jurisdictions impairing their financial ability to support education and other local governmental services; that security against unemployment and the preservation and enhancement of the tax base can best be provided by the promotion, attraction, stimulation, rehabilitation and revitalization of commerce, industry and manufacturing; and that there is a need to stimulate a larger flow of private investment funds from banks, investment houses, insurance companies and other financial institutions. It is therefore the policy of this state to promote the right to gainful employment, business opportunities and general welfare of its inhabitants and to preserve and enhance the tax base by authorizing municipalities and counties to acquire industrial buildings and to finance the acquisition through the issuance of revenue bonds for the purpose of fulfilling the aims of this section. These purposes are declared to be public purposes for which public money may be spent and the necessity in the public interest for the provisions of this section is declared a matter of legislative determination.
66.1103(1)(b) (b) It is found and declared that the control of pollution of the environment of this state, the provision of medical, safe employment, telecommunications and telegraph, research, industrial park, dock, wharf, airport, recreational, convention center, trade center, headquarters and mass transit facilities in this state, and the furnishing of electric energy, gas and water in this state, are necessary to retain existing industry in, and attract new industry to, this state, and to protect the health, welfare and safety of the citizens of this state.
66.1103(1)(c) (c) It is found and declared that the revitalization of counties and of the central business districts of the municipalities of this state is necessary to retain existing industry in, and attract new industry to, this state and to protect the health, welfare and safety of residents of this state.
66.1103(2) (2)Definitions. As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires:
66.1103(2)(a) (a) "Authorized developer" means a corporation organized under ch. 180 or 181 which the governing body designates as an authorized developer after making a finding that the principal purpose of the corporation is the general promotion of business development in the municipality or county or in the local area containing the municipality or county.
66.1103(2)(as) (as) "County" means any county in this state.
66.1103(2)(b) (b) "Distributor" includes any person engaged primarily in the business of making sales of any products of agriculture, forestry, mining or manufacture in the ordinary course of business to purchasers for purposes of resale or further processing or manufacturing.
66.1103(2)(c) (c) "Eligible participant" includes any person, other than the state or any other governmental unit, who enters into a revenue agreement with a municipality or county with respect to an industrial project. If more than one eligible participant is a party to a revenue agreement, the undertaking of each shall be either several or joint and several as the revenue agreement provides. An eligible participant need not be directly or indirectly a user of the project.
66.1103(2)(d) (d) "Equip" means to install or place on or in any building or improvements or the site of the building or improvements equipment of any kind, including machinery, utility service connections, pollution control facilities, building service equipment, fixtures, heating equipment and air conditioning equipment.
66.1103(2)(e) (e) "Governing body" means the board, council or other body in which the legislative powers of the municipality or county are vested.
66.1103(2)(f) (f) "Improve," "improving," "improvements," and "facilities" include any real or personal property or mixed property of whatever useful life that can be used or that will be useful in an industrial project including sites for buildings, equipment, or other improvements, rights-of-way, roads, streets, sidings, foundations, tanks, structures, pipes, pipelines, reservoirs, lagoons, utilities, materials, equipment, fixtures, machinery, furniture, furnishings, improvements, instrumentalities, pollution control facilities, and other real, personal, or mixed property.
66.1103(2)(g) (g) "Indenture" means an instrument under which bonds may be issued and the rights and security of the bondholders are defined, whether the instrument is in the form of an indenture of trust, deed of trust, resolution of the governing body, mortgage, security agreement, instrument of pledge or assignment or any similar instrument or any combination of these forms and whether or not the instrument creates a lien on property.
66.1103(2)(h) (h) "Initial resolution" means a resolution of the governing body expressing an intention, which may be subject to conditions stated in the resolution, to issue revenue bonds under this section in an amount stated, or a sum not to exceed a stated amount, on behalf of a specified eligible participant, for a stated purpose.
66.1103(2)(i) (i) "Municipality" means any city, village or town in this state.
66.1103(2)(j) (j) "Pollution control facilities" include, without limitation because of enumeration, any facilities, temporary or permanent, which are reasonably expected to abate, reduce or aid in the prevention, measurement, control or monitoring of noise, air or water pollutants, solid waste and thermal, radiation or other pollutants, including facilities installed principally to supplement or to replace existing property or equipment not meeting or allegedly not meeting acceptable pollution control standards or which are to be supplemented or replaced by other pollution control facilities.
66.1103(2)(k) (k) "Project" and "industrial project" mean any of the following:
66.1103(2)(k)1. 1. Assembling, fabricating, manufacturing, mixing or processing facilities for any products of agriculture, forestry, mining or manufacture, even though the products may require further treatment before delivery to the ultimate consumer;
66.1103(2)(k)2. 2. Generating, manufacturing, transmission or distributing facilities for electric energy, gas or water;
66.1103(2)(k)3. 3. Telecommunications and telegraph facilities;
66.1103(2)(k)4. 4. Pollution control facilities, including any connected environmental studies and monitoring systems;
66.1103(2)(k)5. 5. Sewage and solid and liquid waste disposal facilities;
66.1103(2)(k)6. 6. Printing facilities;
66.1103(2)(k)7. 7. Hospital, clinic or nursing home facilities.
66.1103(2)(k)7m. 7m. Animal hospitals and veterinary clinics;
66.1103(2)(k)8. 8. Industrial park facilities;
66.1103(2)(k)9. 9. Dock, wharf, airport, railroad or mass transit facilities;
66.1103(2)(k)10. 10. National or regional headquarters facilities;
66.1103(2)(k)11. 11. Recreational facilities, convention centers and trade centers, as well as related hotels, motels or marinas;
66.1103(2)(k)12. 12. Facilities to provide service activities, including but not limited to warehousing, storage, distribution, research and data processing, which are directly related to and used in conjunction with a project enumerated in this paragraph having the same principal user;
66.1103(2)(k)13. 13. Facilities required for compliance with a lawful order of the U.S. occupational safety and health administration or any similar governmental agency; and
66.1103(2)(k)14. 14. In addition to subd. 12., facilities used primarily for the storage or distribution of products described under subd. 1., materials, components or equipment, but not including facilities regularly used for the sale of goods or services to ultimate consumers for personal, family or household purposes.
66.1103(2)(k)15. 15. Facilities for compliance with a lawful order of any state or federal governmental agency controlling the use of land with respect to any of the industries, activities or facilities enumerated in this paragraph.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Dec. 13, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Dec. 13, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-13-14)