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70.11(42)(a)1. 1. "Air carrier company" means any person engaged in the business of transportation in aircraft of persons or property for hire on regularly scheduled flights. In this subdivision, "aircraft" has the meaning given in s. 76.02 (1).
70.11(42)(a)2. 2. "Hub facility" means any of the following:
70.11(42)(a)2.a. a. A facility at an airport from which an air carrier company operated at least 45 common carrier departing flights each weekday in the prior year and from which it transported passengers to at least 15 nonstop destinations, as defined by rule by the department of revenue, or transported cargo to nonstop destinations, as defined by rule by the department of revenue.
70.11(42)(a)2.b. b. An airport or any combination of airports in this state from which an air carrier company cumulatively operated at least 20 common carrier departing flights each weekday in the prior year, if the air carrier company's headquarters, as defined by rule by the department of revenue, is in this state.
70.11(42)(b) (b) Property owned by an air carrier company that operates a hub facility in this state, if the property is used in the operation of the air carrier company.
70.11(43) (43)Art and arts education centers. All of the property owned or leased by a corporation, organization, or association that is exempt from taxation under section 501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code, if the property satisfies the following conditions:
70.11(43)(a) (a) It is used for the purposes for which the exemption under section 501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code is granted to the corporation, organization, or association that owns or leases the property.
70.11(43)(b) (b) It includes one or more buildings that are owned or leased by the corporation, organization, or association and that are located within, or are surrounded by, a municipal park.
70.11(43)(c) (c) It includes one or more theaters for the performing arts that are operated by the corporation, organization, or association and the seating capacity of the theater or theaters is not less than 600 persons.
70.11(43)(d) (d) It includes facilities that are used for arts education.
70.11(44) (44)Olympic Ice Training Center. Beginning with the first assessment year in which the property would not otherwise be exempt from taxation under sub. (1), property owned by a nonprofit corporation that operates an Olympic Ice Training Center on land purchased from the state, if the property is located or primarily used at the center. Property that is exempt under this subsection includes property leased to a nonprofit entity, regardless of the use of the leasehold income, and up to 6,000 square feet of property leased to a for-profit entity, regardless of the use of the leasehold income.
70.11(45) (45)Nonprofit community theater. All property owned or leased by a corporation, organization, or association that is exempt from taxation under section 501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code, if the property satisfies the following conditions:
70.11(45)(a) (a) It is used for the purposes for which the exemption under section 501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code is granted to the corporation, organization, or association that owns or leases the property.
70.11(45)(b) (b) It is located on land that the property owner owned prior to March 25, 2010, or on land donated by a local business owner or by a municipality.
70.11(45)(c) (c) It is located on land that is within 20 miles of the Mississippi River.
70.11(45)(d) (d) It is located on a parcel of land that is at least one-fourth of an acre, but no larger than 2 acres.
70.11(45)(e) (e) It includes one or more theaters for the performing arts that are operated by the corporation, organization, or association and the seating capacity of the theater or theaters is not less than 450 persons.
70.11(45)(f) (f) It includes facilities that are used for arts education.
70.11(45m) (45m)Snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle, and utility terrain vehicle clubs. Trail groomers owned by a snowmobile club, an all-terrain vehicle club, or a utility terrain vehicle club that is exempt from taxation under section 501 (c) (3), (4), or (7) of the Internal Revenue Code.
70.11 Cross-reference Cross-reference: For other exemptions from property taxation, see s. 1.04, U.S. sites; s. 70.112, specially taxed property; s. 70.42, coal docks; s. 70.421, petroleum; s. 76.23, utilities.
70.11 Annotation A building used as a residence by various missionaries for rest and recreation falls within the housing exemption under sub. (4) [now sub. (4) (a)]. Evangelical Alliance Mission v. Williams Bay, 54 Wis. 2d 187, 194 N.W.2d 646 (1972).
70.11 Annotation Voting machines leased by a city with an option to purchase are city property and exempt. Milwaukee v. Shoup Voting Machine Corp. 54 Wis. 2d 549, 196 N.W.2d 694 (1972).
70.11 Annotation An educational institution under sub. (4) [now sub. (4) (a)] must be substantially and primarily devoted to educational purposes, the determination of which requires a careful analysis of the property's use. National Foundation v. Brookfield, 65 Wis. 2d 263, 222 N.W.2d 608 (1974).
70.11 Annotation "Owned" under sub. (2) cannot be equated with paper title only. When a corporate lessee was the beneficial and true owner of improvements made to a structure, the lessee was the owner for personal property assessment purposes. State ex rel. Mitchell Aero v. Bd. of Review, 74 Wis. 2d 268, 246 N.W.2d 521 (1976).
70.11 Annotation "Used exclusively" under sub. (4m) means to physically employ the tangible characteristics of the property. Although medical equipment was leased commercially, it was "used exclusively" for hospital purposes and was exempt. First National Leasing Corp. v. Madison, 81 Wis. 2d 205, 260 N.W.2d 251 (1977).
70.11 Annotation Religious persons whose housing is exempt under sub. (4) [now sub. (4) (a)] include only those who have official leadership roles in the activities of the congregation. Midtown Church of Christ v. City of Racine, 83 Wis. 2d 72, 264 N.W.2d 281 (1978).
70.11 Annotation Indicia of true and beneficial ownership of leased property under sub. (1) are discussed. Gebhardt v. City of West Allis, 89 Wis. 2d 103, 278 N.W.2d 465 (1979).
70.11 Annotation The residence of a hospital chaplain was exempt under sub. (4) [now sub. (4) (a)] as housing for a pastor and under sub. (4m) because it was reasonably necessary for the hospital to have a priest located near the hospital to serve the spiritual needs of its patients and staff. Sisters of St. Mary v. City of Madison, 89 Wis. 2d 372, 278 N.W.2d 814 (1979).
70.11 Annotation To qualify as an educational association under sub. (4) [now sub. (4) (a)], an organization must be devoted to "traditional" educational activities, which must include traditional charitable objectives and which must benefit the public directly and lessen the burden of government in some way. International Foundation v. City of Brookfield, 95 Wis. 2d 444, 290 N.W.2d 720 (Ct. App. 1980).
70.11 Annotation A "function or use" test, rather than a "physical appearance" test, was applied to determine whether building-like structures were eligible for the machinery and equipment exemption under sub. (27). Ladish Malting Co. v. DOR, 98 Wis. 2d 496, 297 N.W.2d 56 (Ct. App. 1980).
70.11 Annotation An organization that practices racial discrimination may not be granted preferential tax treatment. State ex rel. Palleon v. Musolf, 117 Wis. 2d 469, 345 N.W.2d 73 (Ct. App. 1984); affirmed 120 Wis. 2d 545, 356 N.W.2d 487 (1984).
70.11 Annotation Under an "integrated plant test" for classifying property directly used in manufacturing, graving docks were exempt under sub. (27). The exemption was not destroyed by incidental use of the dock for a nonexempt purpose. Manitowoc Co., Inc. v. Sturgeon Bay, 122 Wis. 2d 406, 362 N.W.2d 432 (Ct. App. 1984).
70.11 Annotation Sub. (4) [now sub. (4) (a)] is constitutional. Evangelical Lutheran Synod v. Prairie du Chien, 125 Wis. 2d 541, 373 N.W.2d 78 (Ct. App. 1985).
70.11 Annotation Property leased by an institution for the care of dependent children was not exempt under sub. (19). Chileda Institute, Inc. v. La Crosse, 125 Wis. 2d 554, 373 N.W.2d 43 (Ct. App. 1985).
70.11 Annotation A day care center devoted primarily to educational purposes was exempt under sub. (4) [now sub. (4) (a)]. Janesville Community Day Care v. Spoden, 126 Wis. 2d 231, 376 N.W.2d 78 (Ct. App. 1985).
70.11 Annotation Property exempted under sub. (21) (a) need not have a "primary purpose" of eliminating pollution. Owens-Illinois v. Town of Bradley, 132 Wis. 2d 310, 392 N.W.2d 104 (Ct. App. 1986).
70.11 Annotation The burden of proving exempt status is on the taxpayer. Waushara County v. Graf, 166 Wis. 2d 442, 480 N.W.2d 16 (1992).
70.11 Annotation Non-adjoining property may constitute "grounds" of a college or university under sub. (3) (a). Indiana University v. Town of Rhine, 170 Wis. 2d 293, 488 N.W.2d 128 (Ct. App. 1992).
70.11 Annotation A lease provision between a county-lessor and a lessee that the lessee was responsible for taxes was not determinative of the taxability of buildings constructed on the leased premises. The county, as beneficial owner of the property, was exempt from taxation. City of Franklin v. Crystal Ridge, 180 Wis. 2d 561, 509 N.W.2d 730 (1994).
70.11 Annotation A benevolent association under sub. (4) [now sub. (4) (a)] is not required to provide free services or to be affordable by all in the community and may pay its officers reasonable compensation for their services. Friendship Village Milwaukee v. Milwaukee, 181 Wis. 2d 207, 511 N.W.2d 345 (Ct. App. 1993).
70.11 Annotation The legislature may not delegate the power to grant tax exemptions to a county board. UW-LaCrosse Foundation v. Town of Washington, 182 Wis. 2d 490, 513 N.W.2d 417 (Ct. App. 1994).
70.11 Annotation The determination of "land necessary for location and convenience of buildings" under sub. (4) [now sub. (4) (a)] is discussed. Friendship Village v. Milwaukee, 194 Wis. 2d 787, 535 N.W.2d 111 (Ct. App. 1995).
70.11 Annotation A youth soccer association failed to establish that it was substantially and primarily devoted to educational purposes. Although its program had educational elements, it was not entitled to tax exempt status as an educational association. Kickers of Wisconsin, Inc. v. Milwaukee, 197 Wis. 2d 675, 541 N.W.2d 193 (Ct. App. 1995).
70.11 Annotation No notice of claim under s. 893.80 is ever required on a claim arising from a county board determination under sub. (20) (d). Little Sissabagama Lake Shore Owners Assoc. v. Town of Edgewater, 208 Wis. 2d 259, 559 N.W.2d 914 (Ct. App. 1997), 96-1800.
70.11 Annotation Whether a clinic building is a "doctor's office" under is sub. (4m) is not dependent on whether or not it is operated as part of a for profit practice owned by physicians or as a nonprofit corporation. A clinic operated by a nonprofit corporation that contains offices for doctors, provides outpatient care only, and is open for regular business hours is a "doctors office." St. Clare Hospital v. City of Monroe, 209 Wis. 2d 364, 563 N.W.2d 170 (Ct. App. 1997), 96-0732.
70.11 Annotation The exemption under sub. (13m) will not be applied to reduce the value of a remaining taxable property not a part of the exempt archeological site. Wrase v. City of Neenah, 220 Wis. 2d 166, 582 N.W.2d 457 (Ct. App. 1998), 97-3457.
70.11 Annotation The exclusivity requirement under sub. (4) [now sub. (4) (a)] does not prohibit occasional commercial use. The question is how consequential the use is compared to the total use of the property. The party seeking the exemption must present more than "recollections" and "observations" of use. Deutsches Land, Inc. v. City of Glendale, 225 Wis. 2d 70, 591 N.W.2d 583 (1999), 96-2489.
70.11 Annotation The sub. (4) [now sub. (4) (a)] exemption of up to 10 acres of land is tied to and follows from the exemption of buildings. It does not allow for the exemption of buildings necessary for the use of the land. Deutsches Land, Inc. v. City of Glendale, 225 Wis. 2d 70, 591 N.W.2d 583 (1999), 96-2489.
70.11 Annotation Section 70.11 (intro.), and not s. 70.1105, applies if an exempt organization leases part of its property to a for-profit entity. Section 70.1105 applies when the exempt organization engages in for-profit activities. However the methodology for determining exemptions under each is the same. Deutsches Land, Inc. v. City of Glendale, 225 Wis. 2d 70, 591 N.W.2d 583 (1999), 96-2489.
70.11 AnnotationRevisions to subs. (4) [now sub. (4) (a)] and (4m) by 1995 Act 27 were constitutional. Group Health Cooperative of Eau Claire v. DOR, 229 Wis. 2d 846, 601 N.W.2d 1 (Ct. App. 1999), 98-1264.
70.11 Annotation Property that on the assessment date was wholly vacant and unoccupied, and on which no construction had commenced, was not being readied for a benevolent use and was properly determined as not being used exclusively for benevolent purposes under sub. (4). Group Health Cooperative of Eau Claire v. DOR, 229 Wis. 2d 846, 601 N.W.2d 1 (Ct. App. 1999), 98-1264.
70.11 Annotation In applying the exempt lessee condition in the section introduction, a housing authority that subsidized low-income tenant's rent payments to a benevolent organization property owner cannot be found to be the tenant, which as a governmental entity would be entitled to property tax exemption. Under the established legal definition of lessee, the lessees are the low-income individuals to whom the benevolent organization rents. Columbus Park Housing Corp. v. City of Kenosha, 2003 WI 143, 267 Wis. 2d 59, 671 N.W.2d 633, 02-0699.
70.11 Annotation The standard under Sisters of Saint Mary that properties that are "reasonably necessary" to the operation of an exempt use are also exempt is restricted to hospitals subject to sub. (4m). UW Medical Foundation, Inc. v. City of Madison, 2003 WI App 204, 267 Wis. 2d 504, 671 N.W.2d 292, 02-1473.
70.11 Annotation Benevolent ownership of property is not enough to satisfy sub. (4) [now sub. (4) (a)]; benevolent use is also required. A property owner must detail its use of the property so that tax assessors know what type of activities, if any, are occurring on the property. Unsupported opinion testimony and generalized assertions about the purportedly benevolent use will not suffice. UW Medical Foundation, Inc. v. City of Madison, 2003 WI App 204, 267 Wis. 2d 504, 671 N.W.2d 292, 02-1473.
70.11 Annotation All provision of medical care is not "benevolent" merely because it makes the recipients better members of society by improving their physical and mental condition. A benevolent foundation that charged market rates for medical services, advertised extensively to promote them, and typically forbore collecting for its services only when accounts were deemed uncollectible was not engaged in a benevolent us of its clinic properties. UW Medical Foundation, Inc. v. City of Madison, 2003 WI App 204, 267 Wis. 2d 504, 671 N.W.2d 292, 02-1473.
70.11 Annotation For a claim under sub. (25) to survive summary judgment, the property owner must establish in the summary judgment record that there is, at a minimum, a factual dispute that the main purpose to which the properties were primarily devoted was one or more of medical research, physician education, or care for destitute individuals. UW Medical Foundation, Inc. v. City of Madison, 2003 WI App 204, 267 Wis. 2d 504, 671 N.W.2d 292, 02-1473.
70.11 Annotation "Commercial purposes" as used in sub. (4m) are those through which profits are made. Even if the property is reasonably necessary to the primary and secondary purposes of the hospital, a strict but reasonable construction of sub. (4m) indicates that property fails to qualify for the exemption if it nevertheless is used for a commercial purpose. FH Healthcare Development, Inc. v. City of Wauwatosa, 2004 WI App 182, 276 Wis. 2d 243, 687 N.W.2d 532, 03-2999.
70.11 Annotation A hospital seeking tax-exempt status for property under sub. (4m) (a) has the burden of showing a benefit to the functioning of the hospital, but no burden of showing that the benefit is not otherwise available. Assuming, without deciding, that partial exemptions are allowed, the portion of a hospital's child care center attributable to use by hospital employees is tax exempt. Whether the portion attributable to children whose parents are not hospital employees is exempt depends on whether the childrens' parents are reasonably necessary to the efficient functioning of the hospital as an organization. Saint Joseph's Hospital of Marshfield, Inc. v. City of Marshfield, 2004 WI App 187, 276 Wis. 2d 574, 688 N.W.2d 658, 03-1006.
70.11 Annotation The portion of sub. (12) (a) exempting from taxation property owned by Young Men's Christian Associations is constitutional. Lake Country Racquet and Athletic Club, Inc. v. Morgan, 2006 WI App 25, 289 Wis. 2d 498, 710 N.W.2d 701, 04-3061.
70.11 Annotation Sub. (42) is constitutional. Northwest Airlines, Inc. v. Department of Revenue, 2006 WI 88, 293 Wis. 2d 202, 717 N.W.2d 280, 04-0319.
70.11 Annotation Retaining legal title to land does not guarantee that a municipality will remain the owner of property for tax exemption purposes. Taxation or exemption depends not upon legal title but on the status of the owner of the beneficial interest in the property. "Owned" in sub. (2) means beneficial ownership, not mere technical title. Milwaukee Regional Medical Center v. City of Wauwatosa, 2007 WI 101, 304 Wis. 2d 53, 735 N.W.2d 156, 05-1160.
70.11 Annotation To qualify for a property tax exemption under sub. (4) [now sub. (4) (a)], a property owner must pass the following 5-part test: 1) the owner must be an educational association; 2) the property at issue must be owned and used exclusively for the purposes of the association; 3) the property must be less than 10 acres; 4) the property must be necessary for location and convenience of the buildings; and 5) the property must not be used for profit. An educational association must be a nonprofit organization substantially and primarily devoted to educational purposes and to traditional educational activities. Milwaukee Regional Medical Center v. City of Wauwatosa, 2007 WI 101, 304 Wis. 2d 53, 735 N.W.2d 156, 05-1160.
70.11 Annotation The tax commission reasonably relied on nontechnical dictionary definitions of the computer-related terms in sub. (39). The commission aptly noted that the terms at issue "are within the common lexicon, familiar to most people" and that the statute had a "more colloquial than technical tone." Based on these observations, the commission reasonably concluded that the computer terms at issue are not technical, and reasonably applied the general rule of construing the language in accord with its common and approved usage. Xerox Corporation v. DOR, 2009 WI App 113, 321 Wis. 2d 181, 772 N.W.2d 677, 772 N.W.2d 677, 07-2884.
70.11 Annotation The tax commission's conclusion that, to be exempt under sub. (39), a device must be an exempt item under sub. (39) and not merely contain an exempt item was reasonable. Xerox Corporation v. DOR, 2009 WI App 113, 321 Wis. 2d 181, 772 N.W.2d 677, 07-2884.
70.11 Annotation An exemption under sub. (4) depends on: 1) whether the residence is owned and used exclusively by the church; and 2) whether it is housing for any of 4 listed categories of persons, namely, pastors, ordained assistants, members of religious orders and communities, or ordained teachers. The exemption applies to a limited group who are members of a religious group and integral to the functioning of the church. It is not enough under sub. (4) or Midtown that a custodian's employment serves the church or is integral to the functioning of the church. The person must serve a religious leadership purpose. Wauwatosa Avenue United Methodist Church v. City of Wauwatosa, 2009 WI App 171, 321 Wis. 2d 796, 776 N.W.2d 280, 09-0202.
70.11 Annotation In applying the sub. (4m) (a) exemption for nonprofit hospitals, when an off-site facility is engaged in the primary purpose of a parent hospital the court examines only whether the off-site facility is "used exclusively for the purposes of" that hospital. When the circuit court determined that an outpatient clinic effectively served as a department of the larger parent hospital, the outpatient clinic was used exclusively for the purposes of a hospital and therefore qualified for the exemption under sub. (4m) (a). Covenant Healthcare System, Inc. v. City of Wauwatosa, 2011 WI 80, 336 Wis. 2d 522, 800 N.W.2d 906, 09-1469.
70.11 Annotation The determination of whether property is used as a "doctor's office" under sub. (4m) (a) ultimately turns on the facts of each case. Factors to be considered are discussed. That a clinic does not provide inpatient services, and that most patients are seen by physicians at the clinic by appointment during regular business hours is not determinative of a "doctor's office." Covenant Healthcare System, Inc. v. City of Wauwatosa, 2011 WI 80, 336 Wis. 2d 522, 800 N.W.2d 906, 09-1469.
70.11 Annotation In the context of not-for-profit entities, the definition of "commercial purposes" in sub. (4m) (a) is not limited to those purposes that generate profits. The more appropriate definition of commercial for the purposes of the not-for-profit hospital exemption is having profit as the primary aim. Not-for-profit entities may operate in such a fashion that generates revenues in excess of expenses. Covenant Healthcare System, Inc. v. City of Wauwatosa, 2011 WI 80, 336 Wis. 2d 522, 800 N.W.2d 906, 09-1469.
70.11 Annotation Under the sub. (4m) (a) exemption of hospital property from taxation if "no part of the net earnings . . . inures to the benefit of any shareholder, member, director or officer . . .," the term "member" does not include not-for-profit entities. Covenant Healthcare System, Inc. v. City of Wauwatosa, 2011 WI 80, 336 Wis. 2d 522, 800 N.W.2d 906, 09-1469.
70.11 Annotation A nonprofit entity that is "operated as a facility that is licensed, certified, or registered under ch. 50" is eligible for the exemption under sub. (4) (a), whether or not the facility is benevolent. The word "benevolent," found within the clause "including benevolent nursing homes," clearly modifies "nursing homes"; it does not modify "facility." Beaver Dam Community Hospitals, Inc. v. City of Beaver Dam, 2012 WI App 102, 344 Wis. 2d 278, 822 N.W.2d 491, 11-1479.
70.11 Annotation The property tax exemption for pollution control facilities provided in sub. (21) (a) applies to pollution control facilities incorporated into new plants to be constructed, in addition to those installed to abate or eliminate existing pollution sources. 60 Atty. Gen. 154.
70.11 Annotation Preferential tax treatment may not be given to any organization that discriminates on the basis of race. Pitts v. Dept. of Revenue, 333 F. Supp. 662.
70.11 Annotation Tax exemption and religious freedom. 54 MLR 385.
70.11 Annotation What is Benevolence? Clarifying Wisconsin's Real Property Tax Exemption for Benevolent Organizations and the Argument for the "Retirement" of the Exemption for High-End Senior-Housing Complexes. Jaynes. 2006 WLR 1434.
70.1105 70.1105 Taxed in part.
70.1105(1)(1) Property that is exempt under s. 70.11 and that is used in part in a trade or business for which the owner of the property is subject to taxation under sections 511 to 515 of the internal revenue code, as defined in s. 71.22 (4m), shall be assessed for taxation at that portion of the fair market value of the property that is attributable to the part of the property that is used in the unrelated trade or business. This section does not apply to property that is leased by an exempt organization to another person or to property that is exempt under s. 70.11 (34).
70.1105(2) (2) Property, excluding land, that is owned or leased by a corporation that provides services pursuant to 15 USC 79 to a light, heat, and power company, as defined under s. 76.28 (1) (e), that is subject to taxation under s. 76.28 and that is affiliated with the corporation shall be assessed for taxation at the portion of the fair market value of the property that is not used to provide such services.
70.1105 History History: 1997 a. 35 s. 243; 2001 a. 16.
70.1105 Annotation Section 70.11 (intro.), and not s. 70.1105, applies if an exempt organization leases part of its property to a for-profit entity. Section 70.1105 applies if the exempt organization engages in for-profit activities. However the methodology for determining exemptions under each is the same. Deutsches Land, Inc. v. City of Glendale, 225 Wis. 2d 70, 591 N.W.2d 583 (1999), 96-2489.
70.111 70.111 Personal property exempted from taxation. The property described in this section is exempted from general property taxes:
70.111(1) (1)Jewelry, household furnishings and apparel. Personal ornaments and jewelry, family portraits, private libraries, musical instruments other than pianos, radio equipment, household furniture, equipment and furnishings, apparel, motor bicycles, bicycles, and firearms if such items are kept for personal use by the owner and pianos if they are located in a residence.
70.111(2) (2)Animals. Farm poultry, farm animals, bees and bee equipment and fur-bearing animals under 4 months of age and the hides and pelts of all farm and fur-bearing animals in the hands of the grower.
70.111(3) (3)Boats. Watercraft employed regularly in interstate traffic, watercraft laid up for repairs, all pleasure watercraft used for recreational purposes, commercial fishing boats and equipment that is used by commercial fishing boats, charter sailboats and charter boats, other than sailboats, that are used for tours.
70.111(3m) (3m)Charter sport fishing boats. Motorboats, and the equipment used on them, which are regularly employed in carrying persons for hire for sport fishing in and upon the outlying waters, as defined in s. 29.001 (63), and the rivers and tributaries specified in s. 29.2285 (2) (a) 1. and 2. if the owner and all operators are licensed under s. 29.512 or under s. 29.514 or both and by the U.S. coast guard to operate the boat for that purpose.
70.111(4) (4)Crops. Growing and harvested crops, and the seed, fertilizer and supplies used in their production or handling, in the hands of the grower, including nursery stock and trees growing for sale as such, medicinal plants, perennial plants that produce an annual crop and plants growing in greenhouses or under hotbeds, sash or lath. This exemption also applies to trees growing for sale as Christmas trees.
70.111(5) (5)Family supplies. Provisions and fuel to sustain the owner's family; but no person paying board shall be deemed a member of a family.
70.111(6) (6)Feed. Feed and feed supplements owned by the operator or owner of a farm and used in feeding on the farm and not for sale.
70.111(7) (7)Horses, etc. All horses, mules, wagons, carriages, sleighs, harnesses.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 11, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 11, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-11-14)