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701.20(15)(b) (b) A trustee shall allocate to principal an amount received from the sale, redemption, or other disposition of an obligation to pay money to the trustee more than one year after it is purchased or acquired by the trustee, including an obligation whose purchase price or value when it is acquired is less than its value at maturity. If the obligation matures within one year after the trustee purchases or acquires it, an amount received in excess of its purchase price or its value when the trust acquires it must be allocated to income.
701.20(15)(c) (c) This subsection does not apply to an obligation to which sub. (18), (19), (20), (21), (23), or (24) applies.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (15) is renumbered to s. 701.1120 and amended eff. 7-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 92.
701.20(16) (16)Insurance policies and similar contracts.
701.20(16)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), a trustee shall allocate to principal the proceeds of a life insurance policy or other contract in which the trust or its trustee is named as beneficiary, including a contract that insures the trust or its trustee against loss for damage to, destruction of, or loss of title to, a trust asset. The trustee shall allocate dividends on an insurance policy to income if the premiums on the policy are paid from income, and to principal if the premiums are paid from principal.
701.20(16)(b) (b) A trustee shall allocate to income proceeds of a contract that insures the trustee against loss of occupancy or other use by an income beneficiary, loss of income, or, subject to sub. (12), loss of profits from a business.
701.20(16)(c) (c) This subsection does not apply to a contract to which sub. (18) applies.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (16) is renumbered to s. 701.1121 and amended eff. 7-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 92.
701.20(17) (17)Insubstantial allocations not required. If a trustee determines that an allocation between principal and income required by sub. (15) (b), (18), (19), (20), (21), or (24) is insubstantial, the trustee may allocate the entire amount to principal unless one of the circumstances described in sub. (4) (c) applies to the allocation. This power may be exercised by a cotrustee in the circumstances described in sub. (4) (d) and may be released for the reasons and in the manner described in sub. (4) (e). An allocation is presumed to be insubstantial if:
701.20(17)(a) (a) The amount of the allocation would increase or decrease net income in an accounting period, as determined before the allocation, by less than 10 percent.
701.20(17)(b) (b) The value of the asset producing the receipt for which the allocation would be made is less than 10 percent of the total value of the trust's assets at the beginning of the accounting period.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (17) is renumbered to s. 701.1122 and amended eff. 7-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 92.
701.20(18) (18)Deferred compensation, annuities, and similar payments.
701.20(18)(a)(a) In this subsection, "payment" means a payment that a trustee may receive over a fixed number of years or during the life of one or more individuals because of services rendered or property transferred to the payer in exchange for future payments. The term includes a payment made in money or property from the payer's general assets or from a separate fund created by the payer, including a private or commercial annuity, an individual retirement account, and a pension, profit-sharing, stock-bonus, or stock-ownership plan.
701.20(18)(b) (b) To the extent that a payment is characterized as interest or a dividend or a payment made in lieu of interest or a dividend, a trustee shall allocate it to income. The trustee shall allocate to principal the balance of the payment and any other payment received in the same accounting period that is not characterized as interest, a dividend, or an equivalent payment.
701.20(18)(c)1.1. In this paragraph, "plan income" means any of the following:
701.20(18)(c)1.a. a. With respect to payments received from a plan that maintains separate accounts or funds for its participants or account holders, such as defined contribution retirement plans, individual retirement accounts, Roth individual retirement accounts, and some types of deferred compensation plans, either the amount of the plan account or fund held for the benefit of the trust that, if the plan account or fund were a trust, would be allocated to income under pars. (b) and (d) for that accounting period, or 4 percent of the value of the plan account or fund on the first day of the accounting period. The trustee shall, in his or her discretion, choose the method of determining "plan income" under this subd. 1. a., and may change the method of determining "plan income" under this subd. 1. a. for any subsequent accounting period.
701.20(18)(c)1.b. b. With respect to payments received from a plan that does not maintain separate accounts or funds for its participants or account holders, such as defined benefit retirement plans and some types of deferred compensation plans, 4 percent of the total present value of the trust's interest in the plan as of the first day of the accounting period, based on reasonable actuarial assumptions as determined by the trustee.
701.20(18)(c)2. 2. For each accounting period of a trust in which the trust receives a payment but no part of any payment is allocated to income under par. (b), the trustee shall allocate to income that portion of the aggregate value of all payments received by the trustee in that accounting period that is equal to the amount of plan income that is attributable to the trust's interest in the plan from which payment is received for that accounting period. The trustee shall allocate the balance of any payments to principal.
701.20(18)(d) (d) If, to obtain an estate or gift tax marital deduction for an interest in a trust, a trustee must allocate more of a payment to income than provided for by this subsection, the trustee shall allocate to income the additional amount necessary to obtain the marital deduction.
701.20(18)(e) (e) This subsection does not apply to payments to which sub. (19) applies.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (18) is renumbered to s. 701.1123 and amended eff. 7-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 92, except par. (a) is repealed eff. 7-1-14 by Act 92.
701.20(19) (19)Liquidating asset.
701.20(19)(a)(a) In this subsection, "liquidating asset" means an asset whose value will diminish or terminate because the asset is expected to produce receipts for a period of limited duration. The term includes a leasehold, patent, copyright, royalty right, and right to receive payments during a period of more than one year under an arrangement that does not provide for the payment of interest on the unpaid balance. The term does not include a payment subject to sub. (18), resources subject to sub. (20), timber subject to sub. (21), an activity subject to sub. (23), an asset subject to sub. (24), or any asset for which the trustee establishes a reserve for depreciation under sub. (27).
701.20(19)(b) (b) A trustee shall allocate to income 10 percent of the receipts from a liquidating asset and the balance to principal.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (19) is renumbered to s. 701.1124 and amended eff. 7-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 92.
701.20(20) (20)Minerals, water, and other natural resources.
701.20(20)(a)(a) To the extent that a trustee accounts for receipts from an interest in minerals or other natural resources in accordance with this subsection, the trustee shall allocate them as follows:
701.20(20)(a)1. 1. If received as nominal delay rental or nominal annual rent on a lease, a receipt must be allocated to income.
701.20(20)(a)2. 2. If received from a production payment, a receipt must be allocated to income if and to the extent that the agreement creating the production payment provides a factor for interest or its equivalent. The balance must be allocated to principal.
701.20(20)(a)3. 3. If an amount received as a royalty, shut-in-well payment, take-or-pay payment, bonus, or delay rental is more than nominal, 90 percent must be allocated to principal and the balance to income.
701.20(20)(a)4. 4. If an amount is received from a working interest or any other interest not provided for in subd. 1., 2., or 3., 90 percent of the net amount received must be allocated to principal and the balance to income.
701.20(20)(b) (b) An amount received on account of an interest in water that is renewable must be allocated to income. If the water is not renewable, 90 percent of the amount must be allocated to principal and the balance to income.
701.20(20)(c) (c) This subsection applies whether or not a decedent or donor was extracting minerals, water, or other natural resources before the interest became subject to the trust.
701.20(20)(d) (d) If a trust owns an interest in minerals, water, or other natural resources on May 17, 2005, the trustee may allocate receipts from the interest as provided in this subsection or in the manner used by the trustee before May 17, 2005. If the trust acquires an interest in minerals, water, or other natural resources after May 17, 2005, the trustee shall allocate receipts from the interest as provided in this subsection.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (20) is renumbered to s. 701.1125 and amended eff. 7-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 92.
701.20(21) (21)Timber.
701.20(21)(a)(a) To the extent that a trustee accounts for receipts from the sale of timber and related products in accordance with this subsection, the trustee shall allocate the net receipts:
701.20(21)(a)1. 1. To income to the extent that the amount of timber removed from the land does not exceed the rate of growth of the timber during the accounting periods in which a beneficiary has a mandatory income interest.
701.20(21)(a)2. 2. To principal to the extent that the amount of timber removed from the land exceeds the rate of growth of the timber or the net receipts are from the sale of standing timber.
701.20(21)(a)3. 3. To income or principal or between income and principal if the net receipts are from the lease of timberland or from a contract to cut timber from land owned by a trust, by determining the amount of timber removed from the land under the lease or contract and applying the rules in subds. 1. and 2.
701.20(21)(a)4. 4. To principal to the extent that advance payments, bonuses, and other payments are not allocated under subd. 1., 2., or 3.
701.20(21)(b) (b) In determining net receipts to be allocated under par. (a), a trustee shall deduct and transfer to principal a reasonable amount for depletion.
701.20(21)(c) (c) This subsection applies whether or not a decedent or transferor was harvesting timber from the property before it became subject to the trust.
701.20(21)(d) (d) If a trust owns an interest in timberland on May 17, 2005, the trustee may allocate net receipts from the sale of timber and related products as provided in this subsection or in the manner used by the trustee before May 17, 2005. If the trust acquires an interest in timberland after May 17, 2005, the trustee shall allocate net receipts from the sale of timber and related products as provided in this subsection.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (21) is renumbered to s. 701.1126 and amended eff. 7-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 92, except sub. (21) (title) is repealed eff. 7-1-14 by Act 92.
701.20(22) (22)Property not productive of income.
701.20(22)(a)(a) If a marital deduction is allowed for all or part of a trust whose assets consist substantially of property that does not provide the surviving spouse with sufficient income from or use of the trust assets, and if the amounts that the trustee transfers from principal to income under sub. (4) and distributes to the spouse from principal in accordance with the terms of the trust are insufficient to provide the spouse with the beneficial enjoyment required to obtain the marital deduction, the spouse may require the trustee to make property productive of income, convert property within a reasonable time, or exercise the power conferred by sub. (4) (a). The trustee may decide which action or combination of actions to take.
701.20(22)(b) (b) In cases not governed by par. (a), proceeds from the sale or other disposition of an asset are principal without regard to the amount of income the asset produces during any accounting period.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (22) is renumbered to s. 701.1127 and amended eff. 7-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 92.
701.20(23) (23)Derivatives and options.
701.20(23)(a)(a) In this subsection, "derivative" means a contract or financial instrument or a combination of contracts and financial instruments that gives a trust the right or obligation to participate in some or all changes in the price of a tangible or intangible asset or group of assets, or changes in a rate, an index of prices or rates, or another market indicator for an asset or a group of assets.
701.20(23)(b) (b) To the extent that a trustee does not account under sub. (12) for transactions in derivatives, the trustee shall allocate to principal receipts from and disbursements made in connection with those transactions.
701.20(23)(c) (c) If a trustee grants an option to buy property from the trust, whether or not the trust owns the property when the option is granted, grants an option that permits another person to sell property to the trust, or acquires an option to buy property for the trust or an option to sell an asset owned by the trust, and the trustee or other owner of the asset is required to deliver the asset if the option is exercised, an amount received for granting the option must be allocated to principal. An amount paid to acquire the option must be paid from principal. A gain or loss realized upon the exercise of an option, including an option granted to a settlor of the trust for services rendered, must be allocated to principal.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (23) is renumbered to s. 701.1128 and amended eff. 7-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 92.
701.20(24) (24)Asset-backed securities.
701.20(24)(a)(a) In this subsection, "asset-backed security" means an asset whose value is based upon the right it gives the owner to receive distributions from the proceeds of financial assets that provide collateral for the security. The term includes an asset that gives the owner the right to receive from the collateral financial assets only the interest or other current return or only the proceeds other than interest or current return. The term does not include an asset to which sub. (10) or (18) applies.
701.20(24)(b) (b) If a trust receives a payment from interest or other current return and from other proceeds of the collateral financial assets, the trustee shall allocate to income the portion of the payment that the payer identifies as being from interest or other current return and shall allocate the balance of the payment to principal.
701.20(24)(c) (c) If a trust receives one or more payments in exchange for the trust's entire interest in an asset-backed security in one accounting period, the trustee shall allocate the payments to principal. If a payment is one of a series of payments that will result in the liquidation of the trust's interest in the security over more than one accounting period, the trustee shall allocate 10 percent of the payment to income and the balance to principal.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (24) is renumbered to s. 701.1129 and amended eff. 7-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 92.
701.20(25) (25)Disbursements from income. A trustee shall make the following disbursements from income to the extent that they are not disbursements specified in sub. (5) (b) 2. or 3.:
701.20(25)(a) (a) One-half of the regular compensation of the trustee and of any person providing investment advisory or custodial services to the trustee.
701.20(25)(b) (b) One-half of all expenses for accountings, judicial proceedings, or other matters that involve both the income and remainder interests.
701.20(25)(c) (c) All of the other ordinary expenses incurred in connection with the administration, management, or preservation of trust property and the distribution of income, including interest, ordinary repairs, regularly recurring taxes assessed against principal, and expenses of a proceeding or other matter that concerns primarily the income interest.
701.20(25)(d) (d) Recurring premiums on insurance covering the loss of a principal asset or the loss of income from or use of the asset.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (25) is renumbered to s. 701.1130 and amended eff. 7-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 92.
701.20(26) (26)Disbursements from principal.
701.20(26)(a)(a) A trustee shall make the following disbursements from principal:
701.20(26)(a)1. 1. The remaining one-half of the disbursements described in sub. (25) (a) and (b).
701.20(26)(a)2. 2. All of the trustee's compensation calculated on principal as a fee for acceptance, distribution, or termination, and disbursements made to prepare property for sale.
701.20(26)(a)3. 3. Payments on the principal of a trust debt.
701.20(26)(a)4. 4. Expenses of a proceeding that concerns primarily principal, including a proceeding to construe the trust or to protect the trust or its property.
701.20(26)(a)5. 5. Premiums paid on a policy of insurance not described in sub. (25) (d) of which the trust is the owner and beneficiary.
701.20(26)(a)6. 6. Estate, inheritance, and other transfer taxes, including penalties, apportioned to the trust.
701.20(26)(a)7. 7. Disbursements related to environmental matters, including reclamation, assessing environmental conditions, remedying and removing environmental contamination, monitoring remedial activities and the release of substances, preventing future releases of substances, collecting amounts from persons liable or potentially liable for the costs of those activities, penalties imposed under environmental laws or regulations and other payments made to comply with those laws or regulations, statutory or common law claims by 3rd parties, and defending claims based on environmental matters.
701.20(26)(b) (b) If a principal asset is encumbered with an obligation that requires income from that asset to be paid directly to the creditor, the trustee shall transfer from principal to income an amount equal to the income paid to the creditor in reduction of the principal balance of the obligation.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (26) is renumbered to s. 701.1131 and amended eff. 7-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 92.
701.20(27) (27)Transfers from income to principal for depreciation.
701.20(27)(a)(a) In this subsection, "depreciation" means a reduction in value due to wear, tear, decay, corrosion, or gradual obsolescence of a fixed asset having a useful life of more than one year.
701.20(27)(b) (b) A trustee may transfer to principal a reasonable amount of the net cash receipts from a principal asset that is subject to depreciation, but may not transfer any amount for depreciation:
701.20(27)(b)1. 1. Of that portion of real property used or available for use by a beneficiary as a residence or of tangible personal property held or made available for the personal use or enjoyment of a beneficiary.
701.20(27)(b)2. 2. During the administration of a decedent's estate.
701.20(27)(b)3. 3. Under this subsection if the trustee is accounting under sub. (12) for the business or activity in which the asset is used.
701.20(27)(c) (c) An amount transferred to principal need not be held as a separate fund.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (27) is renumbered to s. 701.1132 and amended eff. 7-1-14 by 2013 Wis. Act 92.
701.20(28) (28)Transfers from income to reimburse principal.
701.20(28)(a)(a) If a trustee makes or expects to make a principal disbursement described in this subsection, the trustee may transfer an appropriate amount from income to principal in one or more accounting periods to reimburse principal or to provide a reserve for future principal disbursements.
701.20(28)(b) (b) Principal disbursements to which par. (a) applies include the following, but only to the extent that the trustee has not been and does not expect to be reimbursed by a 3rd party:
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)