The trust's share of the entity's taxable income exceeds the total receipts described in subds. 1.
and 2. a.
For purposes of this subsection, receipts allocated to principal or income must be reduced by the amount distributed to a beneficiary from principal or income for which the trust receives a deduction in calculating the tax.
(30) Adjustments between principal and income because of taxes. 701.20(30)(a)(a)
A fiduciary may make adjustments between principal and income to offset the shifting of economic interests or tax benefits between income beneficiaries and remainder beneficiaries which arise from:
Elections and decisions, other than those described in par. (b)
, that the fiduciary makes from time to time regarding tax matters.
An income tax or any other tax that is imposed upon the fiduciary or a beneficiary as a result of a transaction involving or a distribution from the estate or trust.
The ownership by an estate or trust of an interest in an entity whose taxable income, whether or not distributed, is includable in the taxable income of the estate or trust or of a beneficiary.
If the amount of an estate tax marital deduction or charitable contribution deduction is reduced because a fiduciary deducts an amount paid from principal for income tax purposes instead of deducting it for estate tax purposes, and as a result estate taxes paid from principal are increased and income taxes paid by an estate, trust, or beneficiary are decreased, each estate, trust, or beneficiary that benefits from the decrease in income tax shall reimburse the principal from which the increase in estate tax is paid. The total reimbursement must equal the increase in the estate tax to the extent that the principal used to pay the increase would have qualified for a marital deduction or charitable contribution deduction but for the payment. The proportionate share of the reimbursement for each estate, trust, or beneficiary whose income taxes are reduced must be the same as its proportionate share of the total decrease in income tax. An estate or trust shall reimburse principal from income.
If a trustee sends to all beneficiaries a written communication relating to the trust, any action against the trustee that is based on the subject of the written communication shall be commenced within 2 years after the trustee sends the written communication or be barred.
A written communication is sent to a sui juris beneficiary on the date on which the written communication is delivered personally to the sui juris beneficiary or on the date on which the written communication is postmarked if mailed to the sui juris beneficiary at his or her last-known address.
A written communication is sent to a beneficiary who is not a sui juris beneficiary on the date on which the written communication is delivered personally to the beneficiary's parent or legal guardian or on the date on which the written communication is postmarked if mailed to the beneficiary's parent or legal guardian at his or her last-known address.
The identity of all of the beneficiaries shall be determined on the date on which the written communication is sent.
(d) Paragraph (a)
does not apply to an action based on fraud or misrepresentation with respect to the written communication.
Income payments and accumulations. 701.21(1)
Distribution of income.
Except as otherwise determined by the trustee or a court under s. 701.20 (4g)
with respect to unitrust distributions, if a beneficiary is entitled to receive income from a trust, but the creating instrument fails to specify how frequently it is to be paid, the trustee shall distribute at least annually the income to which such beneficiary is entitled.
(2) Permitted accumulations.
No provision directing or authorizing accumulation of trust income shall be invalid.
(3) Charitable trust accumulations.
A trust containing a direction or authorization to accumulate income from property devoted to a charitable purpose shall be subject to the general equitable supervision of the court with respect to any such accumulation of income, including its reasonableness, amount and duration.
(4) Disposition of accumulated income.
Income not required to be distributed by the creating instrument, in the absence of a governing provision in the instrument, may in the trustee's discretion be held in reserve for future distribution as income or be added to principal subject to retransfer to income of the dollar amount originally transferred to principal; but at the termination of the income interest, any undistributed income shall be distributed as principal.
History: 2005 a. 10
Distributions in kind by trustees; marital bequests.
In case of a division of trust assets into 2 or more trusts or shares, any distribution or allocation of assets as an equivalent of a dollar amount fixed by formula or otherwise shall be made at current fair market values unless the governing instrument expressly provided that another value may be used. If the governing instrument requires or permits a different value to be used, all assets available for distribution, including cash, shall, unless otherwise expressly provided, be so distributed that the assets, including cash, distributed as such an equivalent will be fairly representative of the net appreciation or depreciation in the value of the available property on the date or dates of distribution. A provision in the governing instrument that the trustee may fix values for purposes of distribution or allocation does not of itself constitute authorization to fix a value other than current fair market value.
The valuation of assets for distribution is the current market value at the time of distribution. Estate of Naulin, 56 Wis. 2d 100
, 201 N.W.2d 599
Removal of trusts. 701.23(1)(1)
Removal to foreign jurisdiction.
Unless the creating instrument contains an express prohibition or provides a method of removal, a circuit court having jurisdiction of a trust created by a will admitted to probate in such court may, upon petition of a trustee or a beneficiary with the consent of the trustee and after a hearing as to which notice has been given to the trustee and other interested persons, order removal of such trust to another state where the court finds that such removal is in accord with the express or implied intention of the settlor, would aid the efficient administration of the trust or is otherwise in the best interests of the beneficiaries. Such order may be conditioned on the appointment of a trustee in the state to which the trust is to be removed and shall be subject to such other terms and conditions as the court deems appropriate for protection of the trust property and the interests of the beneficiaries. Upon receipt of satisfactory proof of compliance with all terms and conditions of the order, the court may discharge the local trustee from further responsibility in the administration of the trust.
(2) Removal to this state.
Unless the creating instrument contains an express prohibition against removal or provides a method for removal, a court may, upon the petition of a foreign trustee or beneficiary with the consent of the trustee, appoint a local trustee to receive and administer trust property presently being administered in another state. The local trustee may be required to give bond conditioned on the faithful performance of his or her duties or to meet any other conditions required by a court in the other state before permitting removal of the trust to this state.
History: 1977 c. 449
; 1993 a. 486
Except as otherwise provided in sub. (3)
and s. 701.19 (9) (a)
, ss. 701.01
, and 701.23
are applicable to a trust existing on July 1, 1971, as well as a trust created after such date, and shall govern trustees acting under such trusts. If application of any provision of ss. 701.01
, and 701.23
to a trust in existence on August 1, 1971, is unconstitutional, it shall not affect application of the provision to a trust created after that date.
(2) Section 701.20
applies to every trust or decedent's estate existing on May 17, 2005, and to every trust or decedent's estate created or coming into existence after that date, except as otherwise expressly provided in s. 701.20
or by the decedent's will or the terms of the trust. With respect to a trust or decedent's estate existing on May 17, 2005, s. 701.20 (5)
shall apply at the beginning of the trust's or estate's first accounting period, as defined in s. 701.20 (2) (a)
, that begins on or after May 17, 2005.
(3) Sections 701.06 (6) (b)
, and (d)
and 701.19 (10)
are applicable to a trust existing on April 11, 2006, as well as a trust created after that date, and shall govern trustees acting under such trusts. If application of any provision of s. 701.06 (6) (b)
, or (d)
or 701.19 (10)
to a trust in existence on April 11, 2006, is unconstitutional, it shall not affect application of the provision to a trust created after that date.
Applicability of general transfers at death provisions. Chapter 854
applies to transfers at death under trust instruments.
History: 1997 a. 188
Wisconsin's New Probate Code. Erlanger. Wis. Law. Oct. 1998.
Disclaimers of nonprobate transfers. 701.26(1)
A recipient may disclaim, under s. 854.13
, any of the following:
All or part of an interest in a joint tenancy, upon the death of another joint tenant.
All or part of an interest in survivorship marital property, upon the death of the other spouse.
All or part of an interest that is created by a nontestamentary instrument and transferred at death, upon the death that causes the transfer.
All or part of any other interest transferred under a governing instrument, as defined in s. 854.01 (2)
A recipient may disclaim, under s. 700.27
, all or part of any interest transferred under an inter vivos governing instrument, as defined in s. 700.27 (1) (c)
History: 1997 a. 188
; 2005 a. 216