71.04(7)(b)2m. 2m. The property is shipped from an office, store, warehouse, factory or other place of storage in this state and delivered to the federal government outside this state and the taxpayer is not within the jurisdiction, for income or franchise tax purposes, of the destination state.
71.04(7)(b)3. 3. The property is shipped from an office, store, warehouse, factory or other place of storage in this state to a purchaser other than the federal government and the taxpayer is not within the jurisdiction, for income or franchise tax purposes, of the destination state.
71.04(7)(c) (c) Sales of tangible personal property by an office in this state to a purchaser in another state and not shipped or delivered from this state are in this state if the taxpayer is not within the jurisdiction for income tax purposes of either the state from which the property is delivered or shipped or of the destination state.
71.04(7)(df)1.1. Gross receipts from the use of computer software are in this state if the purchaser or licensee uses the computer software at a location in this state.
71.04(7)(df)2. 2. Computer software is used at a location in this state if the purchaser or licensee uses the computer software in the regular course of business operations in this state, for personal use in this state, or if the purchaser or licensee is an individual whose domicile is in this state. If the purchaser or licensee uses the computer software in more than one state, the gross receipts shall be divided among those states having jurisdiction to impose an income tax on the taxpayer in proportion to the use of the computer software in those states. To determine computer software use in this state, the department may consider the number of users in each state where the computer software is used, the number of site licenses or workstations in this state, and any other factors that reflect the use of computer software in this state.
71.04(7)(dh)1.1. Gross receipts from services are in this state if the purchaser of the service received the benefit of the service in this state.
71.04(7)(dh)2. 2. The benefit of a service is received in this state if any of the following applies:
71.04(7)(dh)2.a. a. The service relates to real property that is located in this state.
71.04(7)(dh)2.b. b. The service relates to tangible personal property that is located in this state at the time that the service is received or tangible personal property that is delivered directly or indirectly to customers in this state.
71.04(7)(dh)2.c. c. The service is provided to an individual who is physically present in this state at the time that the service is received.
71.04(7)(dh)2.d. d. The service is provided to a person engaged in a trade or business in this state and relates to that person's business in this state.
71.04(7)(dh)3. 3. If the purchaser of a service receives the benefit of a service in more than one state, the gross receipts from the performance of the service are included in the numerator of the sales factor according to the portion of the service received in this state.
71.04(7)(dj)1.1. Except as provided in par. (df), gross royalties and other gross receipts received for the use or license of intangible property, including patents, copyrights, trademarks, trade names, service names, franchises, licenses, plans, specifications, blueprints, processes, techniques, formulas, designs, layouts, patterns, drawings, manuals, technical know-how, contracts, and customer lists, are sales in this state if any of the following applies:
71.04(7)(dj)1.a. a. The purchaser or licensee uses the intangible property in the operation of a trade or business at a location in this state. If the purchaser or licensee uses the intangible property in the operation of a trade or business in more than one state, the gross royalties and other gross receipts from the use of the intangible property shall be divided between those states having jurisdiction to impose an income tax on the taxpayer in proportion to the use of the intangible property in those states.
71.04(7)(dj)1.b. b. The purchaser or licensee is billed for the purchase or license of the use of the intangible property at a location in this state.
71.04(7)(dj)1.c. c. The purchaser or licensee of the use of the intangible property has its commercial domicile in this state.
71.04(7)(dk)1.1. Sales of intangible property, excluding securities, are sales in this state if any of the following applies:
71.04(7)(dk)1.a. a. The purchaser uses the intangible property in the regular course of business operations in this state or for personal use in this state. If the purchaser uses the intangible property in more than one state, the sales shall be divided between those states having jurisdiction to impose an income tax on the taxpayer in proportion to the use of the intangible property in those states.
71.04(7)(dk)1.b. b. The purchaser is billed for the purchase of the intangible property at a location in this state.
71.04(7)(dk)1.c. c. The purchaser of the intangible property has its commercial domicile in this state.
71.04(7)(e) (e) In this subsection, "sales" includes, but is not limited to, the following items related to the production of business income:
71.04(7)(e)1. 1. Gross receipts from the sale of inventory.
71.04(7)(e)2. 2. Gross receipts from the operation of farms, mines and quarries.
71.04(7)(e)3. 3. Gross receipts from the sale of scrap or by-products.
71.04(7)(e)4. 4. Gross commissions.
71.04(7)(e)5. 5. Gross receipts from personal and other services.
71.04(7)(e)6. 6. Gross rents from real property or tangible personal property.
71.04(7)(e)7. 7. Interest on trade accounts and trade notes receivable.
71.04(7)(e)8. 8. A partner's or member's share of the partnership's or limited liability company's gross receipts.
71.04(7)(e)9. 9. Gross management fees.
71.04(7)(e)10. 10. Gross royalties from income-producing activities.
71.04(7)(e)11. 11. Gross franchise fees from income-producing activities.
71.04(7)(f) (f) The following items are among those that are not included in "sales" in this subsection:
71.04(7)(f)1. 1. Gross receipts and gain or loss from the sale of tangible business assets, except those under par. (e) 1., 2. and 3.
71.04(7)(f)2. 2. Gross receipts and gain or loss from the sale of nonbusiness real or tangible personal property.
71.04(7)(f)3. 3. Gross rents and rental income or loss from real property or tangible personal property if that real property or tangible personal property is not used in the production of business income.
71.04(7)(f)4. 4. Royalties from nonbusiness real property or nonbusiness tangible personal property.
71.04(7)(f)5. 5. Proceeds and gain or loss from the redemption of securities.
71.04(7)(f)6. 6. Interest, except interest under par. (e) 7., and dividends.
71.04(7)(f)7. 7. Gross receipts and gain or loss from the sale of intangible assets, except those under par. (e) 1.
71.04(7)(f)8. 8. Dividends deductible by corporations in determining net income.
71.04(7)(f)9. 9. Gross receipts and gain or loss from the sale of securities.
71.04(7)(f)10. 10. Proceeds and gain or loss from the sale of receivables.
71.04(7)(f)11. 11. Refunds, rebates and recoveries of amounts previously expended or deducted.
71.04(7)(f)12. 12. Other items not includable in apportionable income.
71.04(7)(f)13. 13. Foreign exchange gain or loss.
71.04(7)(f)14. 14. Royalties and income from passive investments in the property under s. 71.25 (5) (a) 21.
71.04(7)(f)16. 16. Pari-mutuel wager winnings or purses under ch. 562.
71.04(8) (8)Railroads, financial organizations and public utilities.
71.04(8)(a)1.1. "Financial organization", as used in this section, means any bank, trust company, savings bank, industrial bank, land bank, safe deposit company, private banker, savings and loan association, credit union, cooperative bank, small loan company, sales finance company, investment company, brokerage house, underwriter or any type of insurance company.
71.04(8)(a)2. 2. As used in this section, "financial organization" includes any subsidiary of an entity described in subd. 1., if a significant purpose for the subsidiary is to hold investments or if the subsidiary primarily functions to hold investments.
71.04(8)(b)1.1. For taxable years beginning before January 1, 2006, "public utility", as used in this section, means any business entity described under subd. 2. and any business entity which owns or operates any plant, equipment, property, franchise, or license for the transmission of communications or the production, transmission, sale, delivery, or furnishing of electricity, water or steam, the rates of charges for goods or services of which have been established or approved by a federal, state or local government or governmental agency.
71.04(8)(b)2. 2. In this section, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2005, "public utility" means any business entity providing service to the public and engaged in the transportation of goods and persons for hire, as defined in s. 194.01 (4), regardless of whether or not the entity's rates or charges for services have been established or approved by a federal, state or local government or governmental agency.
71.04(8)(c) (c) The net business income of railroads, sleeping car companies, car line companies, pipeline companies, financial organizations, telecommunications companies, air carriers, and public utilities requiring apportionment shall be apportioned pursuant to rules of the department of revenue, but the income taxed is limited to the income derived from business transacted and property located within the state.
71.04 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. Tax 2.46, 2.47, 2.475, 2.49, 2.495, 2.50, and 2.502, Wis. adm. code.
71.04(9) (9)Nonresident income from multistate tax-option corporation. Nonresident individuals and nonresident estates and trusts deriving income from a tax-option corporation which is engaged in business within and without this state shall be taxed only on the income of the corporation derived from business transacted and property located in this state and losses and other items of the corporation deductible by such shareholders shall be limited to their proportionate share of the Wisconsin loss or other item, except that all income that is realized from the sale of or purchase and subsequent sale or redemption of lottery prizes if the winning tickets were originally bought in this state shall be allocated to this state. For purposes of this subsection, all intangible income of tax-option corporations passed through to shareholders is business income that follows the situs of the business, except that all income that is realized from the sale of or purchase and subsequent sale or redemption of lottery prizes if the winning tickets were originally bought in this state shall be allocated to this state.
71.04(10) (10)Department may waive factor. Where, in the case of any nonresident individual or nonresident estate or trust engaged in business in and outside of this state and required to apportion its income as provided in this section, it shall be shown to the satisfaction of the department of revenue that the use of any one of the 3 factors provided under sub. (4) gives an unreasonable or inequitable final average ratio because of the fact that such nonresident individual or nonresident estate or trust does not employ, to any appreciable extent in its trade or business in producing the income taxed, the factors made use of in obtaining such ratio, this factor may, with the approval of the department of revenue, be omitted in obtaining the final average ratio which is to be applied to the remaining net income. This subsection does not apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2007.
71.04(11) (11)Department may apportion by rule. If the income of any such nonresident individual or nonresident estate or trust properly assignable to the state of Wisconsin cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty by the methods under this section, then the same shall be apportioned and allocated under such rules as the department of revenue may prescribe.
71.04 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. Tax 2.39, Wis. adm. code.
71.05 71.05 Income computation.
71.05(1)(1) Exempt and excludable income. There shall be exempt from taxation under this subchapter the following:
71.05(1)(a) (a) Retirement systems. All payments received from the U.S. civil service retirement system, the U.S. military employee retirement system, the employee's retirement system of the city of Milwaukee, Milwaukee County employees' retirement system, sheriff's annuity and benefit fund of Milwaukee County, police officer's annuity and benefit fund of Milwaukee, fire fighter's annuity and benefit fund of Milwaukee, or the public employee trust fund as successor to the Milwaukee public school teachers' annuity and retirement fund and to the Wisconsin state teachers retirement system, which are paid on the account of any person who was a member of the paying or predecessor system or fund as of December 31, 1963, or was retired from any of the systems or funds as of December 31, 1963, but such exemption shall not exclude from gross income tax sheltered annuity benefits.
71.05 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. Tax 2.94, Wis. adm. code.
71.05(1)(ae) (ae) Pension, individual retirement income. Except for a payment that is exempt under par. (a), (am), or (an), or that is exempt as a railroad retirement benefit, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2008, up to $5,000 of payments or distributions received each year by an individual from a qualified retirement plan under the Internal Revenue Code or from an individual retirement account established under 26 USC 408, if all of the following conditions apply:
71.05(1)(ae)1. 1. The individual is at least 65 years of age before the close of the taxable year to which the exemption claim relates.
71.05(1)(ae)2. 2. If the individual is single or files as head of household, his or her federal adjusted gross income in the year to which the exemption claim relates is less than $15,000.
71.05(1)(ae)3. 3. If the individual is married and is a joint filer, the couple's federal adjusted gross income in the year to which the exemption claim relates is less than $30,000.
71.05(1)(ae)4. 4. If the individual is married and files a separate return, the sum of both spouses' federal adjusted gross income in the year to which the exemption claim relates is less than $30,000.
71.05(1)(am) (am) Military retirement systems. All retirement payments received from the U.S. military employee retirement system, to the extent that such payments are not exempt under par. (a) or (ae).
71.05(1)(an) (an) Uniformed services retirement benefits. All retirement payments received from the U.S. government that relate to service with the coast guard, the commissioned corps of the national oceanic and atmospheric administration, or the commissioned corps of the public health service, to the extent that such payments are not exempt under par. (a), (ae), or (am).
71.05(1)(b) (b) State legislature allowance for expenses. All amounts received in accordance with s. 13.123 (1) (a) which are spent for the purposes specified in s. 13.123 (1) (a) if the person does not claim a deduction for travel expenses away from home on legislative days. In this chapter, the place of residence of a member of the state legislature within the legislative district which the member represents shall be considered the member's home.
71.05(1)(c) (c) Certain interest income. Interest received on bonds or notes issued by any of the following:
71.05(1)(c)1. 1. The Wisconsin Housing and Economic Development Authority under s. 234.65, if the bonds are used to fund an economic development loan to finance construction, renovation, or development of property that would be exempt under s. 70.11 (36).
71.05(1)(c)1m. 1m. The Wisconsin Housing and Economic Development Authority under s. 234.08 or 234.61, on or after January 1, 2004, if the bonds or notes are issued to fund multifamily affordable housing projects or elderly housing projects.
71.05(1)(c)3. 3. A local exposition district created under subch. II of ch. 229.
71.05(1)(c)4. 4. A local professional baseball park district created under subch. III of ch. 229.
71.05(1)(c)5. 5. A local professional football stadium district created under subch. IV of ch. 229.
71.05(1)(c)6. 6. A local cultural arts district created under subch. V of ch. 229.
71.05(1)(c)7. 7. The Wisconsin Aerospace Authority.
71.05(1)(c)8. 8. The Wisconsin Health and Educational Facilities Authority under s. 231.03 (6), on or after October 27, 2007, if the proceeds from the bonds or notes that are issued are used by a health facility, as defined in s. 231.01 (5), to fund the acquisition of information technology hardware or software.
71.05(1)(c)10. 10. A commission created under s. 66.0304, if any of the following applies:
71.05(1)(c)10.a. a. The bonds or notes are used to fund multifamily affordable housing projects or elderly housing projects in this state, and the Wisconsin Housing and Economic Development Authority has the authority to issue its bonds or notes for the project being funded.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Sept. 3, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Sept. 3, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-3-14)