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71.07(8r)(b)2. 2. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2010, and subject to the limitations provided in this subsection, an established farmer may claim as a credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.02 or 71.08 15 percent of the lease amount received by the established farmer in the year to which the claim relates. If the allowable amount of the claim exceeds the income taxes otherwise due on the established farmer's income, the amount of the claim not used as an offset against those taxes shall be certified by the department of revenue to the department of administration for payment to the claimant by check, share draft, or other draft from the appropriation under s. 20.835 (2) (en).
71.07(8r)(c) (c) Limitations.
71.07(8r)(c)1.1. An established farmer may only claim the credit under this subsection for the first 3 years of any lease of the established farmer's agricultural assets to a beginning farmer.
71.07(8r)(c)2. 2. No credit may be allowed under this subsection unless it is claimed within the time period under s. 71.75 (2).
71.07(8r)(c)3. 3. Along with a claimant's income tax return, a claimant shall submit to the department a certificate of eligibility provided under s. 93.53 (5) (b) or (c).
71.07(8r)(c)4. 4. No credit may be claimed under this subsection by a part-year resident or a nonresident of this state.
71.07(8r)(c)5. 5. The right to file a claim under this subsection is personal to the claimant and does not survive the claimant's death. When a claimant dies after having filed a timely claim the amount thereof shall be disbursed under s. 71.75 (10). The right to file a claim under this subsection may be exercised on behalf of a living claimant by the claimant's legal guardian or attorney-in-fact.
71.07(8r)(c)6. 6. The maximum credit that a beginning farmer may claim under this subsection is $500.
71.07(8r)(c)7. 7. Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, the credit are based on the amounts received by the entities under par. (b) 2. A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation shall compute the amount of credit that each of its partners, members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership interests.
71.07(8r)(d) (d) Administration.
71.07(8r)(d)1.1. Subsection (9e) (d), to the extent that it applies to the credit under that subsection, applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.07(8r)(d)2. 2. No credit may be claimed under this subsection for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2013.
71.07(9) (9)School property tax credit.
71.07(9)(a)(a) In this subsection:
71.07(9)(a)1. 1. "Claimant" means a natural person who files a claim or on whose behalf a claim is filed under this subsection but does not include an estate, fiduciary or trust.
71.07(9)(a)2. 2. "Principal dwelling" means any dwelling, whether owned or rented, and the land surrounding it that is reasonably necessary for use of the dwelling as a primary dwelling of the claimant and may include a part of a multidwelling or multipurpose building and a part of the land upon which it is built that is used as the claimant's primary dwelling.
71.07(9)(a)3. 3. "Property taxes" means real and personal property taxes, exclusive of special assessments, delinquent interest and charges for service, paid by a claimant on the claimant's principal dwelling during the taxable year for which credit under this subsection is claimed, less any property taxes paid which are properly includable as a trade or business expense under section 162 of the Internal Revenue Code. If the principal dwelling on which the taxes were paid is owned by 2 or more persons or entities as joint tenants or tenants in common or is owned by spouses as marital property, "property taxes" is that part of property taxes paid that reflects the ownership percentage of the claimant. If the principal dwelling is sold during the taxable year the "property taxes" for the seller and buyer shall be the amount of the tax prorated to each in the closing agreement pertaining to the sale or, if not so provided for in the closing agreement, the tax shall be prorated between the seller and buyer in proportion to months of their respective ownership. "Property taxes" includes monthly municipal permit fees in respect to a principal dwelling collected under s. 66.0435 (3) (c).
71.07(9)(a)4. 4. "Rent constituting property taxes" means 25 percent of rent if heat is not included, or 20 percent of rent if heat is included, paid during the taxable year for which credit is claimed under this subsection, at arm's length, for the use of a principal dwelling and contiguous land, excluding any payment for domestic, food, medical or other services which are unrelated to use of the dwelling as housing, less any rent paid that is properly includable as a trade or business expense under the internal revenue code. "Rent" includes space rental paid to a landlord for parking a mobile home or manufactured home. Rent shall be apportioned among the occupants of a principal dwelling according to their respective contribution to the total amount of rent paid. "Rent" does not include rent paid for the use of housing which was exempt from property taxation, except housing for which payments in lieu of taxes were made under s. 66.1201 (22).
71.07(9)(b)1.1. Subject to the limitations under this subsection and except as provided in subds. 2., 4. and 5., a claimant may claim as a credit against, but not to exceed the amount of, taxes under s. 71.02, 10% of the first $2,000 of property taxes or rent constituting property taxes, or 10% of the first $1,000 of property taxes or rent constituting property taxes of a married person filing separately.
71.07(9)(b)2. 2. Subject to the limitations under this subsection, a claimant may claim as a credit against, but not to exceed the amount of, taxes under s. 71.02, the amounts specified in the proposal under 1997 Wisconsin Act 237, section 9256 (2c).
71.07(9)(b)4. 4. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1998, and before January 1, 2000, subject to the limitations under this subsection a claimant may claim as a credit against, but not to exceed the amount of, taxes under s. 71.02, 8.4% of the first $0 of property taxes or rent constituting property taxes, or 8.4% of the first $0 of property taxes or rent constituting property taxes of a married person filing separately.
71.07(9)(b)5. 5. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1999, subject to the limitations under this subsection a claimant may claim as a credit against, but not to exceed the amount of, taxes under s. 71.02, 12% of the first $2,500 of property taxes or rent constituting property taxes, or 12% of the first $1,250 of property taxes or rent constituting property taxes of a married person filing separately.
71.07(9)(c) (c) For an unmarried person or a married person filing a separate return who is a part-year resident of this state, the credit under this subsection is limited to that fraction of the amount determined under this subsection that Wisconsin adjusted gross income is of federal adjusted gross income. No credit is allowed under this subsection for unmarried persons or married persons filing separate returns who are nonresidents of this state. If one spouse is not domiciled in this state during the entire taxable year, the credit on a joint return is determined by multiplying the school property tax credit that would be available to them if both spouses were domiciled in this state during the entire taxable year by a fraction the numerator of which is their joint Wisconsin adjusted gross income and the denominator of which is their joint federal adjusted gross income. No credit is allowed under this subsection on a joint return if both spouses are nonresidents of this state.
71.07(9)(d) (d) No credit may be allowed under this subsection unless it is claimed within the period specified in s. 71.75 (2).
71.07(9)(e) (e) In any case in which a principal dwelling is rented by a person from another person under circumstances deemed by the department of revenue to be not at arm's length, the department may determine rent at arm's length, and, for purposes of this subsection, such determination shall be final.
71.07(9)(f) (f) The department of revenue, on its forms and instructions, shall refer to the credit under this subsection as the school property tax credit.
71.07(9e) (9e)Earned income tax credit.
71.07(9e)(a)(a) For taxable years beginning before January 1, 1994, any natural person may credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.02 an amount equal to one of the following percentages of the federal basic earned income credit for which the person is eligible for the taxable year under section 32 (b) (1) (A) to (C) of the internal revenue code:
71.07(9e)(a)1. 1. If the person has one qualifying child who has the same principal place of abode as the person, 5%.
71.07(9e)(a)2. 2. If the person has 2 qualifying children who have the same principal place of abode as the person, 25%.
71.07(9e)(a)3. 3. If the person has more than 2 qualifying children who have the same principal place of abode as the person, 75%.
71.07(9e)(ac) (ac) For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1994, and before January 1, 1996, any natural person may credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.02 an amount equal to one of the following percentages of the federal basic earned income credit for which the person is eligible for the taxable year under section 32 (b) (1) (A) to (C) of the internal revenue code:
71.07(9e)(ac)1. 1. If the person has one qualifying child who has the same principal place of abode as the person, 4%.
71.07(9e)(ac)2. 2. If the person has 2 qualifying children who have the same principal place of abode as the person, 16%.
71.07(9e)(ac)3. 3. If the person has 3 or more qualifying children who have the same principal place of abode as the person, 50%.
71.07(9e)(ad) (ad) For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1993, and before January 1, 1995, a person who has one qualifying child who has the same principal place of abode as the person may credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.02 an amount equal to the amount calculated by one of the following methods, based on the person's earned income or federal adjusted gross income:
71.07(9e)(ad)1. 1. If the person's federal adjusted gross income is below the phase-out income threshold under par. (at) and the person's earned income is the maximum credit income under par. (at) or less, the credit shall be the person's earned income multiplied by 1.15%.
71.07(9e)(ad)2. 2. If the person's federal adjusted gross income is below the phase-out income threshold under par. (at) and the person's earned income is more than the maximum credit income under par. (at) but not more than the phase-out income threshold, the credit shall be the maximum credit income multiplied by 1.15%.
71.07(9e)(ad)3. 3. If the person's federal adjusted gross income is below the phase-out income threshold under par. (at) and the person's earned income is more than the phase-out income threshold but not more than the maximum income under par. (at), the credit shall be the amount obtained by subtracting from the maximum credit under par. (at), the amount obtained by multiplying by 0.82%, the difference between the person's earned income and the phase-out income threshold.
71.07(9e)(ad)4. 4. If the person's federal adjusted gross income is at or above the phase-out income threshold under par. (at) but not more than the maximum income under par. (at), the credit shall be the lesser of one of the following:
71.07(9e)(ad)4.a. a. If the person's earned income is the maximum credit income under par. (at) or less, the person's earned income multiplied by 1.15%.
71.07(9e)(ad)4.b. b. If the person's earned income is more than the maximum credit income under par. (at) but not more than the phase-out income threshold under par. (at), the maximum credit income multiplied by 1.15%.
71.07(9e)(ad)4.c. c. If the person's earned income is more than the phase-out income threshold under par. (at) but not more than the maximum income under par. (at), the amount obtained by subtracting from the maximum credit under par. (at), the amount obtained by multiplying by 0.82%, the difference between the person's earned income and the phase-out income threshold.
71.07(9e)(ad)4.d. d. The amount obtained by subtracting from the maximum credit under par. (at), the amount obtained by multiplying by 0.82%, the difference between the person's federal adjusted gross income and the phase-out income threshold under par. (at).
71.07(9e)(af) (af) For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1995, and before January 1, 2011, any natural person may credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.02 an amount equal to one of the following percentages of the federal basic earned income credit for which the person is eligible for the taxable year under section 32 (b) (1) (A) to (C) of the Internal Revenue Code:
71.07(9e)(af)1. 1. If the person has one qualifying child who has the same principal place of abode as the person, 4%.
71.07(9e)(af)2. 2. If the person has 2 qualifying children who have the same principal place of abode as the person, 14%.
71.07(9e)(af)3. 3. If the person has 3 or more qualifying children who have the same principal place of abode as the person, 43%.
71.07(9e)(ah) (ah) For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1993, and before January 1, 1995, a person who has 2 qualifying children who have the same principal place of abode as the person may credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.02 an amount equal to the amount calculated by one of the following methods, based on the person's earned income or federal adjusted gross income:
71.07(9e)(ah)1. 1. If the person's federal adjusted gross income is below the phase-out income threshold under par. (at) and the person's earned income is the maximum credit income under par. (at) or less, the credit shall be the person's earned income multiplied by 6.25%.
71.07(9e)(ah)2. 2. If the person's federal adjusted gross income is below the phase-out income threshold under par. (at) and the person's earned income is more than the maximum credit income under par. (at) but not more than the phase-out income threshold, the credit shall be the maximum credit income multiplied by 6.25%.
71.07(9e)(ah)3. 3. If the person's federal adjusted gross income is below the phase-out income threshold under par. (at) and the person's earned income is more than the phase-out income threshold but not more than the maximum income under par. (at), the credit shall be the amount obtained by subtracting from the maximum credit under par. (at), the amount obtained by multiplying by 4.47%, the difference between the person's earned income and the phase-out income threshold.
71.07(9e)(ah)4. 4. If the person's federal adjusted gross income is at or above the phase-out income threshold under par. (at) but not more than the maximum income under par. (at), the credit shall be the lesser of one of the following:
71.07(9e)(ah)4.a. a. If the person's earned income is the maximum credit income under par. (at) or less, the person's earned income multiplied by 6.25%.
71.07(9e)(ah)4.b. b. If the person's earned income is more than the maximum credit income under par. (at) but not more than the phase-out income threshold under par. (at), the maximum credit income multiplied by 6.25%.
71.07(9e)(ah)4.c. c. If the person's earned income is more than the phase-out income threshold under par. (at) but not more than the maximum income under par. (at), the amount obtained by subtracting from the maximum credit under par. (at), the amount obtained by multiplying by 4.47%, the difference between the person's earned income and the phase-out income threshold.
71.07(9e)(ah)4.d. d. The amount obtained by subtracting from the maximum credit under par. (at), the amount obtained by multiplying by 4.47%, the difference between the person's federal adjusted gross income and the phase-out income threshold under par. (at).
71.07(9e)(aj) (aj) For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2010, an individual may credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.02 an amount equal to one of the following percentages of the federal basic earned income credit for which the person is eligible for the taxable year under section 32 (b) (1) (A) to (C) of the Internal Revenue Code:
71.07(9e)(aj)1. 1. If the person has one qualifying child who has the same principal place of abode as the person, 4 percent.
71.07(9e)(aj)2. 2. If the person has 2 qualifying children who have the same principal place of abode as the person, 11 percent.
71.07(9e)(aj)3. 3. If the person has 3 or more qualifying children who have the same principal place of abode as the person, 34 percent.
71.07(9e)(ap) (ap) For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1993, and before January 1, 1995, a person who has more than 2 qualifying children who have the same principal place of abode as the person may credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.02 an amount equal to the amount calculated by one of the following methods, based on the person's earned income or federal adjusted gross income:
71.07(9e)(ap)1. 1. If the person's federal adjusted gross income is below the phase-out income threshold under par. (at) and the person's earned income is the maximum credit income under par. (at) or less, the credit shall be the person's earned income multiplied by 18.75%.
71.07(9e)(ap)2. 2. If the person's federal adjusted gross income is below the phase-out income threshold under par. (at) and the person's earned income is more than the maximum credit income under par. (at) but not more than the phase-out income threshold, the credit shall be the maximum credit income multiplied by 18.75%.
71.07(9e)(ap)3. 3. If the person's federal adjusted gross income is below the phase-out income threshold under par. (at) and the person's earned income is more than the phase-out income threshold but not more than the maximum income under par. (at), the credit shall be the amount obtained by subtracting from the maximum credit under par. (at), the amount obtained by multiplying by 13.40%, the difference between the person's earned income and the phase-out income threshold.
71.07(9e)(ap)4. 4. If the person's federal adjusted gross income is at or above the phase-out income threshold under par. (at) but not more than the maximum income under par. (at), the credit shall be the lesser of one of the following:
71.07(9e)(ap)4.a. a. If the person's earned income is the maximum credit income under par. (at) or less, the person's earned income multiplied by 18.75%.
71.07(9e)(ap)4.b. b. If the person's earned income is more than the maximum credit income under par. (at) but not more than the phase-out income threshold under par. (at), the maximum credit income multiplied by 18.75%.
71.07(9e)(ap)4.c. c. If the person's earned income is more than the phase-out income threshold under par. (at) but not more than the maximum income under par. (at), the amount obtained by subtracting from the maximum credit under par. (at), the amount obtained by multiplying by 13.40%, the difference between the person's earned income and the phase-out income threshold.
71.07(9e)(ap)4.d. d. The amount obtained by subtracting from the maximum credit under par. (at), the amount obtained by multiplying by 13.40%, the difference between the person's federal adjusted gross income and the phase-out income threshold under par. (at).
71.07(9e)(at)1.1. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1993, and before January 1, 1995:
71.07(9e)(at)1.a. a. The maximum credit income is $7,980.
71.07(9e)(at)1.b. b. The phase-out income threshold is $12,570.
71.07(9e)(at)1.c. c. The maximum income is $23,740.
71.07(9e)(at)3. 3. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1993, and before January 1, 1995, the maximum credit is one of the following amounts:
71.07(9e)(at)3.a. a. If the person has one qualifying child who has the same principal place of abode as the person, the maximum credit income under subd. 1. a. multiplied by 1.15%.
71.07(9e)(at)3.b. b. If the person has 2 qualifying children who have the same principal place of abode as the person, the maximum credit income under subd. 1. a. multiplied by 6.25%.
71.07(9e)(at)3.c. c. If the person has more than 2 qualifying children who have the same principal place of abode as the person, the maximum credit income under subd. 1. a. multiplied by 18.75%.
71.07(9e)(b) (b) No credit may be allowed under this subsection to married persons, except married persons living apart who are treated as single under section 7703 (b) of the internal revenue code, if the husband and wife report their income on separate income tax returns for the taxable year.
71.07(9e)(c) (c) Part-year residents and nonresidents of this state are not eligible for the credit under this subsection.
71.07(9e)(d) (d) The department of revenue may enforce the credit under this subsection and may take any action, conduct any proceeding and proceed as it is authorized in respect to taxes under this chapter. The income tax provisions in this chapter relating to assessments, refunds, appeals, collection, interest and penalties apply to the credit under this subsection.
71.07(9e)(e) (e) No credit may be allowed under this subsection unless it is claimed within the time period under s. 71.75 (2).
71.07(9e)(f) (f) Except as provided in s. 71.80 (3) and (3m), if the allowable amount of the claim under this subsection exceeds the taxes otherwise due under this chapter or no taxes are due under this chapter, the amount of the claim not used to offset taxes due shall be certified by the department of revenue to the department of administration for payment by check, share draft or other draft drawn from the appropriation under s. 20.835 (2) (f) or (kf).
71.07(9e)(g)1.1. If an individual claims the credit under this subsection and claims the federal advance earned income tax credit, the individual may request that his or her employer add to his or her paycheck an advance payment amount calculated under subd. 2.
71.07(9e)(g)2. 2. The advance payment amount that an individual's employer shall add to the individual's paycheck, as described in subd. 1., shall be equal to a percentage of the amount that the individual's employer adds to the individual's paycheck as an advance earned income tax credit payment under federal law. The percentage shall be the same percentage as is specified in par. (af), based on the number of qualifying children that the individual has.
71.07(9e)(g)3. 3. An employer may deduct from the aggregate amount that the employer would otherwise be required to withhold from employee wages and forward to the department, under ss. 71.64 and 71.65, the total amount of any advance payments the employer makes under subd. 2.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 11, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 11, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-11-14)