71.60(1)(c)7. 7. If the farmland is located in an area zoned for exclusive agricultural use under a certified county, city or village ordinance under subch. V of ch. 91, 2007 stats., at the close of the year for which credit is claimed, but the county in which the farmland is located has not adopted an agricultural preservation plan under subch. IV of ch. 91, 2007 stats., by the close of such year, the amount of the claim shall be limited to 70 percent of that specified in par. (b).
71.60(1)(c)8. 8. If the farmland is subject to a farmland preservation agreement under subch. III of ch. 91, 2007 stats., on July 1 of the year for which credit is claimed or the claimant had applied for such an agreement before July 1 of such year and the agreement has subsequently been executed, the amount of the claim shall be limited to 50 percent of that specified in par. (b).
71.60(2) (2)If the farmland is subject to a certified ordinance under subch. V of ch. 91, 2007 stats., or an agreement under subch. II of ch. 91, 2007 stats., in effect at the close of the year for which the credit is claimed, the amount of the claim is 10 percent of the property taxes accrued or the amount determined under sub. (1), whichever is greater.
71.61 71.61 General provisions.
71.61(1)(1)Department may apply credit against any tax liability. The amount of any claim otherwise payable under ss. 71.57 to 71.61 may be applied by the department against any amount certified to the department under s. 71.93 or 71.935 or may be credited under s. 71.80 (3) or (3m).
71.61(2) (2)Credits are income. All amounts allowed as credits under ss. 71.57 to 71.61 constitute income for income and franchise tax purposes and are reportable as such in the year of receipt.
71.61(3) (3)Interest not allowed. No interest may be allowed on any payment made to a claimant under ss. 71.57 to 71.61.
71.61(3m) (3m)Administration. The income tax provisions in this chapter relating to assessments, refunds, appeals and collection apply to the credit under ss. 71.57 to 71.61.
71.61(4) (4)Penalties. Unless specifically provided in ss. 71.57 to 71.61, the penalties under subch. XIII apply for failure to comply with ss. 71.57 to 71.61 unless the context requires otherwise.
71.61(5) (5)Table prepared by department. The department shall prepare a table under which claims under ss. 71.57 to 71.61 shall be determined.
71.61(6) (6)Prohibition of new claims. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2009, no new claims for a credit may be filed under ss. 71.57 to 71.61, but if an otherwise eligible claimant is subject to a farmland preservation agreement, as defined in s. 91.01 (7), 2007 stats., that is in effect on July 1, 2010, the claimant may continue to file a claim for the credit under ss. 71.57 to 71.61 until the farmland preservation agreement expires, except that no claimant who files a claim under ss. 71.57 to 71.61 may file a claim under s. 71.613.
71.613 71.613 Farmland preservation credit, 2010 and beyond.
71.613(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
71.613(1)(a) (a) “Agricultural use" has the meaning given in s. 91.01 (2).
71.613(1)(b) (b) “Claimant" means an owner, as defined in s. 91.01 (9), 2007 stats., of farmland, domiciled in this state during the entire taxable year to which the claim under this section relates, who files a claim under this section, except as follows:
71.613(1)(b)1. 1. When 2 or more individuals of a household are able to qualify individually as a claimant, they may determine between them who the claimant shall be. If they are unable to agree, the matter shall be referred to the secretary of revenue, whose decision is final.
71.613(1)(b)2. 2. If any person in a household has claimed or will claim credit under subch. VIII, all persons from that household are ineligible to claim any credit under this section for the year to which the credit under subch. VIII pertains.
71.613(1)(b)3. 3. For partnerships except publicly traded partnerships treated as corporations under s. 71.22 (1k), “claimant" means each individual partner.
71.613(1)(b)4. 4. For limited liability companies, except limited liability companies treated as corporations under s. 71.22 (1k), “claimant" means each individual member.
71.613(1)(b)5. 5. For purposes of filing a claim under this section, the personal representative of an estate and the trustee of a trust shall be considered owners of farmland. “Claimant" does not include the estate of a person who is a nonresident of this state on the person's date of death, a trust created by a nonresident person, a trust which receives Wisconsin real property from a nonresident person or a trust in which a nonresident settlor retains a beneficial interest.
71.613(1)(b)6. 6. For purposes of filing a claim under this section, when land is subject to a land contract, the claimant shall be the vendee under the contract.
71.613(1)(b)7. 7. For purposes of filing a claim under this section, when a guardian has been appointed in this state for a ward who owns the farmland, the claimant shall be the guardian on behalf of the ward.
71.613(1)(b)8. 8. For a tax-option corporation, “claimant" means each individual shareholder.
71.613(1)(c) (c) “Department" means the department of revenue.
71.613(1)(d) (d) “Farm" means a farm, as defined in s. 91.01 (13), that has produced at least $6,000 in gross farm revenues during the taxable year to which the claim relates or, in the taxable year to which the claim relates and the 2 immediately preceding taxable years, at least $18,000 in gross farm revenues.
71.613(1)(e) (e) “Farmland preservation agreement" has the meaning given in s. 91.01 (15).
71.613(1)(f) (f) “Farmland preservation zoning district" has the meaning given in s. 91.01 (18).
71.613(1)(g) (g) “Gross farm revenues" means gross receipts from agricultural use of a farm, excluding rent receipts, less the cost or other basis of livestock or other agricultural items purchased for resale which are sold or otherwise disposed of during the taxable year.
71.613(1)(ge) (ge) “Household" means an individual and his or her spouse and all minor dependents.
71.613(1)(h) (h) “Qualifying acres" means the number of acres of a farm that correlate to a claimant's percentage of ownership interest in a farm to which one of the following applies:
71.613(1)(h)1. 1. The farm is wholly or partially covered by a farmland preservation agreement, except that if the farm is only partially covered, the qualifying acres calculation includes only those acres which are covered by a farmland preservation agreement.
71.613(1)(h)2. 2. The farm is located in a farmland preservation zoning district at the end of the taxable year to which the claim relates.
71.613(1)(h)3. 3. If the claimant transferred the claimant's ownership interest in the farm during the taxable year to which the claim relates, the farm was wholly or partially covered by a farmland preservation agreement, or the farm was located in a farmland preservation zoning district, on the date on which the claimant transferred the ownership interest. For the purposes of this subdivision, a land contract is a transfer of ownership interest.
71.613(2) (2)Filing claims. Subject to the limitations and conditions provided in sub. (3), a claimant may claim as a credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.02, 71.23, or 71.43, an amount calculated by multiplying the claimant's qualifying acres by one of the following amounts, and if the allowable amount of the claim exceeds the income taxes otherwise due on the claimant's income or if there are no Wisconsin income taxes due on the claimant's income, the amount of the claim not used as an offset against income taxes shall be certified by the department of revenue to the department of administration for payment to the claimant by check, share draft, or other draft from the appropriation under s. 20.835 (2) (do):
71.613(2)(a) (a) Ten dollars, if the qualifying acres are located in a farmland preservation zoning district and are also subject to a farmland preservation agreement that is entered into after July 1, 2009.
71.613(2)(b) (b) Seven dollars and 50 cents, if the qualifying acres are located in a farmland preservation zoning district but are not subject to a farmland preservation agreement that is entered into after July 1, 2009.
71.613(2)(c) (c) Five dollars, if the qualifying acres are subject to a farmland preservation agreement that is entered into after July 1, 2009, but are not located in a farmland preservation zoning district.
71.613(3) (3)Limitations and conditions.
71.613(3)(a) (a) No credit may be allowed under this section unless all of the following apply:
71.613(3)(a)1. 1. The claimant certifies to the department that the claimant has paid, or is legally responsible for paying, the property taxes levied against the qualifying acres to which the claim relates.
71.613(3)(a)2. 2. The claimant certifies to the department that at the end of the taxable year to which the claim relates or, on the date on which the person transferred the person's ownership interest in the farm if the transfer occurs during the taxable year to which the claim relates, there was no outstanding notice of noncompliance issued against the farm under s. 91.82 (2).
71.613(3)(a)3. 3. The claimant submits to the department a certification of compliance with soil and water conservation standards, as required by s. 91.80, issued by the county land conservation committee unless, in the last preceding year, the claimant received a tax credit under ss. 71.57 to 71.61 or this section for the same farm.
71.613(3)(b) (b) If a farm is jointly owned by 2 or more persons who file separate income or franchise tax returns, each person may claim a credit under this section based on the person's ownership interest in the farm.
71.613(3)(c) (c) If a person acquires or transfers ownership of a farm during a taxable year for which a claim may be filed under this section, the person may file a claim under this section based on the person's liability for the property taxes levied on the person's qualifying acres for the taxable year to which the claim relates.
71.613(3)(d) (d) A claimant shall claim the credit under this section on a form prepared by the department and shall submit any documentation required by the department. On the claim form, the claimant shall certify all of the following:
71.613(3)(d)1. 1. The number of qualifying acres for which the credit is claimed.
71.613(3)(d)2. 2. The location and tax parcel number for each parcel on which the qualifying acres are located.
71.613(3)(d)4. 4. That the qualifying acres are covered by a farmland preservation agreement or located in a farmland preservation zoning district, or both.
71.613(3)(d)5. 5. That the qualifying acres are part of a farm that complies with applicable state soil and water conservation standards, as required by s. 91.80.
71.613(3)(e) (e) No credit may be allowed under this section unless it is claimed within the time period under s. 71.75 (2).
71.613(3)(f) (f) The maximum amount of the credits that may be claimed under this section in the 2011-2012 fiscal year and the 2012-2013 fiscal year is $27,007,200. If the total amount of eligible claims exceed this amount, the excess claims shall be paid in the next succeeding fiscal year to ensure that the limit specified in this paragraph is not exceeded.
71.613(3)(g) (g) For the 2011-2012 fiscal year, and for the 2012-2013 fiscal year, the department shall prorate the per acre amounts specified in sub. (2) based on the department's estimated amount of eligible claims that will be filed for that fiscal year, and to account for any excess claims from the preceding fiscal year that are required to be paid under par. (f).
71.613(3)(h) (h) If the payment to which an eligible claimant is entitled under sub. (2) is delayed because the claim was an excess claim, as described in par. (f), the claimant is not entitled to any interest payment under s. 71.82 with regard to the delayed claim or with regard to any other refund to which the claimant is entitled if that other refund claim is claimed on the same income tax return as the credit under this section.
71.613(4) (4)Administration. The department may enforce the credit under this section and may take any action, conduct any proceeding, and proceed as it is authorized in respect to taxes under this chapter. The income and franchise tax provisions in this chapter relating to assessments, refunds, appeals, collection, interest, and penalties apply to the credit under this section.
71.613 History History: 2009 a. 28; 2013 a. 20; 2017 a. 59.
subch. X of ch. 71 SUBCHAPTER X
WITHHOLDING
71.63 71.63 Definitions. In this subchapter, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
71.63(1) (1)“Department" means the department of revenue.
71.63(1m) (1m)“Deposit" means mail or deliver funds to the department or, if the department prescribes another method of submitting or if the department of administration designates under s. 34.05 another destination, use that other method or submit to that other destination.
71.63(2) (2)“Employee" means a resident individual who performs or performed services for an employer anywhere or a nonresident individual who performs or performed such services within this state, and includes an officer, employee or elected official of the United States, a state, territory, or any political subdivision thereof, or the District of Columbia, or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more of these entities. The term includes an officer of a corporation, an entertainer and an entertainment corporation, but does not include a direct seller who is not treated as an employee under section 3508 of the Internal Revenue Code or a real estate broker or salesperson who is excluded under s. 452.38.
71.63(3) (3)“Employer" means a person, partnership or limited liability company, whether subject to or exempt from taxation under this chapter, for whom an individual performs or performed any service as an employee of that person, partnership or company and includes a person, partnership or company that engages the services of an entertainer or an entertainment corporation, except that:
71.63(3)(a) (a) If the person for whom the individual performs or performed the services does not have control of the payment of the wages for those services, “employer", except for purposes of sub. (6), means the person having receipt, custody or control of the payment of those wages.
71.63(3)(b) (b) If a resident person, including but not limited to a ticket agency or box office manager, has receipt, custody or control of the proceeds of an event taking place and the proceeds are paid to an entertainer or entertainment corporation or to any nonresident person who has engaged the services of an entertainer or entertainment corporation, “employer" means the resident person, firm or nonresident person having the receipt, custody or control of the proceeds.
71.63(3)(c) (c) In regard to a single-owner entity that is disregarded as a separate entity under section 7701 of the Internal Revenue Code, the entity is the employer for purposes of this subchapter.
71.63(3)(d) (d) With regard to s. 71.65 (6), “employer" means a person described in s. 108.18 (2) (c) or a person engaged in the painting or drywall finishing of buildings or other structures.
71.63(3m) (3m)“File" means mail or deliver a document that the department prescribes to the department or, if the department prescribes another method of submitting or the department of administration designates under s. 34.05 another destination, use that other method or submit to that other destination.
71.63(3r) (3r)“Furnish" means mail or deliver a document that the department prescribes to the department or, if the department prescribes another method of submitting or another destination, use that other method or submit to that other destination.
71.63(4) (4)“Income", “person" and all other terms not otherwise defined, have the same meaning as in the internal revenue code.
71.63(5) (5)“Payroll period" means a period for which a payment of wages is ordinarily made to the employee by his or her employer, and the term “miscellaneous payroll period" means a payroll period other than a daily, weekly, biweekly, semimonthly, monthly, quarterly, semiannual or annual payroll period.
71.63(5m) (5m)“Remit" means mail or deliver funds to the department or, if the department prescribes another method of submitting or if the department of administration designates under s. 34.05 another destination, use that other method or submit to that other destination.
71.63(6) (6)“Wages" means all remuneration, other than fees paid to a public official, for services performed by an employee for an employer, including cash value of all remuneration paid in any medium other than cash and remuneration paid to an entertainer or entertainment corporation, minus the amount of remuneration not subject to tax under this chapter, but does not include remuneration paid:
71.63(6)(a) (a) For active service as a member of the armed forces of the United States for any month during any part of which such member served in a combat zone during an induction period or was hospitalized as a result of wounds, disease or injury incurred while serving in a combat zone during an induction period, but this paragraph shall not apply for any month during any part of which there are no combatant activities in any combat zone and remuneration, for purposes of this paragraph, shall not include pensions and retirement pay.
71.63(6)(b) (b) For agricultural labor, including all service performed:
71.63(6)(b)1. 1. On a farm, in the employ of any person, in connection with cultivating the soil, or in connection with raising or harvesting any agricultural or horticultural commodity, including the raising, shearing, feeding, caring for, training and management of livestock, bees, poultry and fur-bearing animals and wildlife;
71.63(6)(b)2. 2. In the employ of the owner or tenant or other operator of a farm, in connection with the operation, management, conservation, improvement or maintenance of such farm and its tools and equipment, or in salvaging timber or clearing land of brush and other debris left by a hurricane, if the major part of such service is performed on a farm;
71.63(6)(b)3. 3. In connection with the production or harvesting of crude gum, gum spirits of turpentine or gum rosin, in connection with the ginning of cotton, or in connection with the operation or maintenance of ditches, canals, reservoirs or waterways, not owned or operated for profit, used exclusively for supplying and storing water for farm purposes;
71.63(6)(b)4. 4. In the employ of the operator of a farm in handling, planting, drying, packaging, processing, freezing, grading, storing or delivering to storage or to market or to a carrier for transportation to market, in its unmanufactured state, any agricultural or horticultural commodity, but only if such operator produced more than one-half of the commodity with respect to which such service was performed, or in the employ of a group of operators of farms, other than a cooperative organization or an unincorporated cooperative association, in the performance of such services, but only if such operators produced all of the commodity with respect to which such service is performed, but the provisions of this subdivision shall not be deemed to be applicable with respect to service performed in connection with commercial canning or commercial freezing or in connection with any agricultural or horticultural commodity after its delivery to a terminal market for distribution or consumption;
71.63(6)(b)5. 5. On a farm operated for profit if such service is not in the course of the employer's trade or business;
71.63(6)(b)6. 6. In this paragraph, “ farm" includes stock, dairy, poultry, fruit, fur-bearing animals and truck farms, plantations, ranches, nurseries, ranges, greenhouses, or other similar structures used primarily for the raising of agricultural or horticultural commodities, and orchards.
71.63(6)(c) (c) For domestic service in a private home, local college club or local chapter of a college fraternity or sorority.
71.63(6)(d) (d) For service not in the course of the employer's trade or business performed in any calendar quarter by an employee, unless the cash remuneration paid for such service is $50 or more and such service is performed by an individual who is regularly employed by such employer to perform such service. An individual shall be deemed to be regularly employed by an employer during a calendar quarter only if on each of some 24 days during such quarter such individual performs, for such employer, for some portion of the day, service not in the course of the employer's trade or business, or such individual was regularly employed (as defined in this paragraph) by such employer in the performance of such service during the preceding calendar quarter.
71.63(6)(e) (e) For services by a citizen or resident of the United States for a foreign government or an international organization.
71.63(6)(f) (f) For services performed by a duly ordained, commissioned or licensed minister of a church in the exercise of his or her ministry or by a member of a religious order in the exercise of duties required by such order.
71.63(6)(g) (g) For services performed by an individual under the age of 18 in the delivery or distribution of newspapers or shopping news, not including delivery or distribution to any point for subsequent delivery or distribution.
71.63(6)(h) (h) For services performed by an individual in, and at the time of, the sale of newspapers or magazines to ultimate consumers, under an arrangement under which the newspapers or magazines are to be sold by him or her at a fixed price, his or her compensation being based on the retention of the excess of such price over the amount at which newspapers or magazines are charged to him or her, whether or not he or she is guaranteed a minimum amount of compensation for such services, or is entitled to be credited with the unsold newspapers or magazines turned back.
71.63(6)(i) (i) For services not in the course of the employer's trade or business to the extent paid in any medium other than cash.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 50 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on December 6, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after December 6, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-6-19)