71.47(4)(f) (f) Carry-over. If a credit computed under this subsection is not entirely offset against Wisconsin income or franchise taxes otherwise due, the unused balance may be carried forward and credited against Wisconsin income or franchise taxes otherwise due for the following 15 taxable years to the extent not offset by these taxes otherwise due in all intervening years between the year in which the expense was incurred and the year in which the carry-forward credit is claimed.
71.47(4)(g) (g) Administration. The department of revenue has full power to administer the credits provided in this subsection and may take any action, conduct any proceeding and proceed as it is authorized in respect to income and franchise taxes imposed in this chapter. The income and franchise tax provisions in this chapter relating to assessments, refunds, appeals, collection, interest and penalties apply to the credits under this subsection.
71.47(4)(h) (h) Timely claim. No credit may be allowed under this subsection unless it is claimed within the period specified in s. 71.75 (2).
71.47(4)(i) (i) Nonclaimants. Except as provided in par. (j), the credits under this subsection may not be claimed by a partnership, except a publicly traded partnership treated as a corporation under s. 71.22 (1k), limited liability company, except a limited liability company treated as a corporation under s. 71.22 (1k), or tax-option corporation or by partners, including partners of a publicly traded partnership, members of a limited liability company or shareholders of a tax-option corporation.
71.47(4)(j) (j) Pass-through entities. Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, the credit are based on their payment of amounts under par. (ad). A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation shall compute the amount of credit that each of its partners, members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership interests.
71.47(4m) (4m)Super research and development credit.
71.47(4m)(a)(a) Definition. In this subsection, "qualified research expenses" means qualified research expenses as defined in section 41 of the Internal Revenue Code, except that "qualified research expenses" includes only expenses incurred by the claimant for research conducted in this state for the taxable year and except that "qualified research expenses" do not include compensation used in computing the credits under subs. (1dj) and (1dx).
71.47(4m)(b) (b) Credit. Subject to the limitations provided under this subsection, for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2011, a corporation may claim as a credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.43, up to the amount of those taxes, an amount equal to the amount of qualified research expenses paid or incurred by the corporation in the taxable year that exceeds the amount calculated as follows:
71.47(4m)(b)1. 1. Determine the average amount of the qualified research expenses paid or incurred by the corporation in the 3 taxable years immediately preceding the taxable year for which a credit is claimed under this subsection.
71.47(4m)(b)2. 2. Multiply the amount determined under subd. 1. by 1.25.
71.47(4m)(c) (c) Limitations. Section 71.28 (4) (b) to (d) and (i), as it applies to the credit under s. 71.28 (4), applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.47(4m)(d) (d) Administration.
71.47(4m)(d)1.1. Section 71.28 (4) (e), (g), and (h), as it applies to the credit under s. 71.28 (4), applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.47(4m)(d)2. 2. If a credit computed under this subsection is not entirely offset against Wisconsin income or franchise taxes otherwise due, the unused balance may be carried forward and credited against Wisconsin income or franchise taxes otherwise due for the following 5 taxable years to the extent not offset by these taxes otherwise due in all intervening years between the year in which the expense was incurred and the year in which the carry-forward credit is claimed.
71.47(4m)(d)3. 3. No credit may be claimed under this subsection for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2013. Credits under this subsection for taxable years that begin before January 1, 2014, may be carried forward to taxable years that begin after December 31, 2013.
71.47(5) (5)Research facilities credit.
71.47(5)(ab)(ab) Definitions. In this subsection:
71.47(5)(ab)1. 1. "Frame" includes:
71.47(5)(ab)1.a. a. Every part of a motorcycle, except the tires.
71.47(5)(ab)1.b. b. In the case of a truck, the control system and the fuel and drive train, excluding any comfort features located in the cab or the tires.
71.47(5)(ab)1.c. c. In the case of a generator, the control modules, fuel train, fuel scrubbing process, fuel mixers, generator, heat exchangers, exhaust train, and similar components.
71.47(5)(ab)2. 2. "Internal combustion engine" includes substitute products such as fuel cell, electric, and hybrid drives.
71.47(5)(ab)3. 3. "Vehicle" means any vehicle or frame, including parts, accessories, and component technologies, in which or on which an engine is mounted for use in mobile or stationary applications. "Vehicle" includes any truck, tractor, motorcycle, snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle, boat, personal watercraft, generator, construction equipment, lawn and garden maintenance equipment, automobile, van, sports utility vehicle, motor home, bus, or aircraft.
71.47(5)(ad) (ad) Credit.
71.47(5)(ad)1.1. Except as provided in subds. 2. and 3., for taxable year 1986 and for taxable years that begin before January 1, 2014, any corporation may credit against taxes otherwise due under this chapter an amount equal to 5 percent of the amount paid or incurred by that corporation during the taxable year to construct and equip new facilities or expand existing facilities used in this state for qualified research, as defined in section 41 of the Internal Revenue Code. Eligible amounts include only amounts paid or incurred for tangible, depreciable property but do not include amounts paid or incurred for replacement property.
71.47(5)(ad)2. 2. For taxable years beginning after June 30, 2007, and before January 1, 2014, any corporation may credit against taxes otherwise due under this chapter an amount equal to 10 percent of the amount paid or incurred by that corporation during the taxable year to construct and equip new facilities or expand existing facilities used in this state for qualified research, as defined in section 41 of the Internal Revenue Code, except that "qualified research expenses" includes only expenses paid or incurred by the claimant for research related to designing internal combustion engines for vehicles, including expenses related to designing vehicles that are powered by such engines and improving production processes for such engines and vehicles. Eligible amounts include only amounts paid or incurred for tangible, depreciable property but do not include amounts paid or incurred for replacement property.
71.47(5)(ad)3. 3. For taxable years beginning after June 30, 2007, and before January 1, 2014, any corporation may credit against taxes otherwise due under this chapter an amount equal to 10 percent of the amount paid or incurred by that corporation during the taxable year to construct and equip new facilities or expand existing facilities used in this state for qualified research, as defined in section 41 of the Internal Revenue Code, except that "qualified research expenses" includes only expenses paid or incurred by the claimant for research related to the design and manufacturing of energy efficient lighting systems, building automation and control systems, or automotive batteries for use in hybrid-electric vehicles, that reduce the demand for natural gas or electricity or improve the efficiency of its use. Eligible amounts include only amounts paid or incurred for tangible, depreciable property but do not include amounts paid or incurred for replacement property.
71.47(5)(b) (b) Calculation and administration. Subsection (4) (b) to (i) as it relates to the credit under that subsection applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.47(5)(c) (c) Sunset. No credit may be claimed under this subsection for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2013. Credits under this subsection for taxable years that begin before January 1, 2014, may be carried forward to taxable years that begin after December 31, 2013.
71.47(5b) (5b)Early stage seed investment credit.
71.47(5b)(a)(a) Definitions. In this subsection:
71.47(5b)(a)1. 1. "Claimant" means a person who files a claim under this subsection.
71.47(5b)(a)2. 2. "Fund manager" means an investment fund manager certified under s. 238.15 (2) or s. 560.205 (2), 2009 stats.
71.47(5b)(b) (b) Filing claims.
71.47(5b)(b)1.1. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2004, subject to the limitations provided under this subsection and s. 238.15 or s. 560.205, 2009 stats., and except as provided in subd. 2., a claimant may claim as a credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.43, up to the amount of those taxes, 25 percent of the claimant's investment paid to a fund manager that the fund manager invests in a business certified under s. 238.15 (1) or s. 560.205 (1), 2009 stats.
71.47(5b)(b)2. 2. In the case of a partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation, the computation of the 25 percent limitation under subd. 1. shall be determined at the entity level rather than the claimant level and may be allocated among the claimants who make investments in the manner set forth in the entity's organizational documents. The entity shall provide to the department of revenue and to the department of commerce or the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation the names and tax identification numbers of the claimants, the amounts of the credits allocated to the claimants, and the computation of the allocations.
71.47(5b)(c) (c) Limitations. Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, the credit are based on their payment of amounts under par. (b). A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation shall compute the amount of credit that each of its partners, members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership interest or as specially allocated in their organizational documents.
71.47(5b)(d) (d) Administration.
71.47(5b)(d)1.1. Section 71.28 (4) (e) to (h), as it applies to the credit under s. 71.28 (4), applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.47(5b)(d)2. 2. The Wisconsin adjusted basis of any investment for which a credit is claimed under par. (b) shall be reduced by the amount of the credit that is offset against Wisconsin income taxes. The Wisconsin basis of a partner's interest in a partnership, a member's interest in a limited liability company, or stock in a tax-option corporation shall be adjusted to reflect adjustments made under this subdivision.
71.47(5b)(d)3. 3. Except as provided under s. 238.15 (3) (d) (intro.), for investments made after December 31, 2007, if an investment for which a claimant claims a credit under par. (b) is held by the claimant for less than 3 years, the claimant shall pay to the department, in the manner prescribed by the department, the amount of the credit that the claimant received related to the investment.
71.47(5e) (5e)Internet equipment credit.
71.47(5e)(a)(a) Definitions. In this subsection:
71.47(5e)(a)1. 1. "Claimant" means a person who files a claim under this subsection.
71.47(5e)(a)2. 2. "Internet equipment used in the broadband market" means equipment that is capable of transmitting data packets or Internet signals at speeds of at least 200 kilobits per second in either direction.
71.47(5e)(b) (b) Filing claims. Subject to the limitations provided in this subsection and subject to 2005 Wisconsin Act 479, section 17, beginning in the first taxable year following the taxable year in which the claimant claims a deduction under s. 77.585 (9), a claimant may claim as a credit against the taxes imposed under s. 71.43, up to the amount of those taxes, in each taxable year for 2 years, the amount of sales and use tax certified by the department of commerce that resulted from the claimant claiming a deduction under s. 77.585 (9).
71.47(5e)(c) (c) Limitations.
71.47(5e)(c)1.1. No credit may be allowed under this subsection unless the claimant satisfies the requirements under s. 77.585 (9).
71.47(5e)(c)2. 2. Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, the credit are based on their use of sales and use tax exemptions certified by the department of commerce as described under par. (b). A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation shall compute the amount of credit that each of its partners, members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership interests.
71.47(5e)(c)3. 3. The total amount of the credits and the sales and use tax resulting from the deductions claimed under s. 77.585 (9) that may be claimed by all claimants under this subsection and ss. 71.07 (5e), 71.28 (5e), and 77.585 (9) is $7,500,000, as determined by the department of commerce.
71.47(5e)(d) (d) Administration.
71.47(5e)(d)1.1. Section 71.28 (4) (e) to (h), as it applies to the credit under s. 71.28 (4), applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.47(5e)(d)2. 2. No credit may be claimed under this subsection for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2013. Credits under this subsection for taxable years that begin before January 1, 2014, may be carried forward to taxable years that begin after December 31, 2013.
71.47(5f) (5f)Film production services credit.
71.47(5f)(a)(a) Definitions. In this subsection:
71.47(5f)(a)1. 1. "Accredited production" means a film, video, broadcast advertisement, or television production, as approved by the department of commerce or the department of tourism, for which the aggregate salary and wages included in the cost of the production for the period ending 12 months after the month in which the principal filming or taping of the production begins exceeds $50,000. "Accredited production" also means an electronic game, as approved by the department of commerce or the department of tourism, for which the aggregate salary and wages included in the cost of the production for the period ending 36 months after the month in which the principal programming, filming, or taping of the production begins exceeds $100,000. "Accredited production" does not include any of the following, regardless of the production costs:
71.47(5f)(a)1.a. a. News, current events, or public programming or a program that includes weather or market reports.
71.47(5f)(a)1.b. b. A talk show.
71.47(5f)(a)1.c. c. A production with respect to a questionnaire or contest.
71.47(5f)(a)1.d. d. A sports event or sports activity.
71.47(5f)(a)1.e. e. A gala presentation or awards show.
71.47(5f)(a)1.f. f. A finished production that solicits funds.
71.47(5f)(a)1.g. g. A production for which the production company is required under 18 USC 2257 to maintain records with respect to a performer portrayed in a single media or multimedia program.
71.47(5f)(a)1.h. h. A production produced primarily for industrial, corporate, or institutional purposes.
71.47(5f)(a)2. 2. "Claimant" means a person who files a claim under this subsection.
71.47(5f)(a)3. 3. "Production expenditures" means any expenditures that are incurred in this state and directly used to produce an accredited production, including expenditures for set construction and operation, wardrobes, make-up, clothing accessories, photography, sound recording, sound synchronization, sound mixing, lighting, editing, film processing, film transferring, special effects, visual effects, renting or leasing facilities or equipment, renting or leasing motor vehicles, food, lodging, and any other similar expenditure as determined by the department of commerce or the department of tourism. "Production expenditures" do not include salary, wages, or labor-related contract payments.
71.47(5f)(b) (b) Filing claims. Subject to the limitations provided in this subsection, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2008, a claimant may claim as a credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.43 any of the following amounts:
71.47(5f)(b)1. 1. An amount equal to 25 percent of the salary, wages, or labor-related contract payments paid by the claimant in the taxable year to individuals, including actors, who were residents of this state at the time that they were paid and who worked on an accredited production in this state, not including the salary, wages, or contract payments paid to any individual who was paid more than $250,000.
71.47(5f)(b)3. 3. An amount equal to 25 percent of the production expenditures paid by the claimant in the taxable year to produce an accredited production.
71.47(5f)(c) (c) Limitations.
71.47(5f)(c)1.1. A claimant may not claim a credit under this subsection if less than 35 percent of the total budget for the accredited production is spent in this state.
71.47(5f)(c)2. 2. The total amount of the credits that a claimant may claim under [par. (b) 2.] in a taxable year shall not exceed an amount equal to the first $20,000 of salary, wages, or labor-related contract payments paid to each individual described in [par. (b) 2.] in the taxable year.
71.47 Note NOTE: The cross-reference in brackets does not exist as the result of the governor's partial veto of 2009 Wis. Act 28.
71.47(5f)(c)3. 3. No credit may be claimed under par. (b) 3. for the purchase of tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d) the sale of which is not sourced to this state, as provided under s. 77.522.
71.47(5f)(c)5. 5. The maximum amount of the credits that may be claimed under this subsection and sub. (5h) and ss. 71.07 (5f) and (5h) and 71.28 (5f) and (5h) in fiscal year is $ 500,000.
71.47(5f)(c)6. 6. No credit may be allowed under this subsection unless the claimant files an application with the department of commerce or the department of tourism, at the time and in the manner prescribed by the department of commerce or the department of tourism, and the department of commerce or the department of tourism approves the application. The claimant shall submit a fee with the application in an amount equal to 2 percent of the claimant's budgeted production expenditures or $500, whichever is less. The claimant shall submit a copy of the approved application with the claimant's return.
71.47(5f)(c)7. 7. Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, the credit are based on their payment of amounts under par. (b). A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation shall compute the amount of credit that each of its partners, members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership interest.
71.47(5f)(d) (d) Administration.
71.47(5f)(d)1.1. Section 71.28 (4) (e), (g), and (h), as it applies to the credit under s. 71.28 (4), applies to the credits under this subsection.
71.47(5f)(d)2. 2. If the allowable amount of the claim under par. (b) exceeds the tax otherwise due under s. 71.43 or no tax is due under s. 71.43, the amount of the claim not used to offset the tax due shall be certified by the department of revenue to the department of administration for payment by check, share draft, or other draft drawn from the appropriation account under s. 20.835 (2) (bm).
71.47(5f)(d)3. 3. No credit may be claimed under this subsection for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2013.
71.47(5g) (5g)Health Insurance Risk-Sharing Plan assessments credit.
71.47(5g)(a)(a) Definitions. In this subsection, "claimant" means an insurer, as defined in s. 149.10 (5), 2011 stats., who files a claim under this subsection.
71.47(5g)(b) (b) Filing claims. Subject to the limitations provided under this subsection, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2005, and before January 1, 2015, a claimant may claim as a credit against the taxes imposed under s. 71.43 an amount that is equal to the amount of assessment under s. 149.13, 2011 stats., that the claimant paid in the claimant's taxable year, multiplied by the percentage determined under par. (c) 1.
71.47(5g)(c) (c) Limitations.
71.47(5g)(c)1.1. The department of revenue, in consultation with the office of the commissioner of insurance, shall determine the percentage under par. (b) for each claimant for each taxable year. The percentage shall be equal to $5,000,000 divided by the aggregate assessment under s. 149.13, 2011 stats., except that for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2013, and before January 1, 2015, the percentage shall be equal to $1,250,000 divided by the aggregate assessment under s. 149.13, 2011 stats., and shall not exceed 100 percent. The office of the commissioner of insurance shall provide to each claimant that participates in the cost of administering the plan the aggregate assessment at the time that it notifies the claimant of the claimant's assessment. The aggregate amount of the credit under this subsection and ss. 71.07 (5g), 71.28 (5g), and 76.655 for all claimants participating in the cost of administering the plan under ch. 149, 2011 stats., shall not exceed $5,000,000 in each fiscal year.
71.47(5g)(c)2. 2. Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, the credit are based on their payment of amounts described under par. (b). A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation shall compute the amount of credit that each of its partners, members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership interests.
71.47(5g)(c)3. 3. The amount of any credits that a claimant is awarded under this subsection for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2005, and before January 1, 2008, may first be claimed against the tax imposed under this subchapter for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2007, and in the manner determined by the department of revenue.
71.47(5g)(d) (d) Administration.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Oct. 4, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Oct. 4, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-4-14)