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74.59(1) (1) Notice of issuance of tax certificate.
74.59(1)(a)(a) Within 90 days after issuance of the tax certificate under s. 74.57, the county treasurer shall mail a notice to each owner of record, as shown in the tax roll, of property included in the certificate for which real property taxes, special assessments, special charges or special taxes remain unpaid as of the date the notice is mailed. Unless it is issued by a city authorized to act under s. 74.87, the notice shall state all of the following:
74.59(1)(a)1. 1. That real property taxes, special assessments, special charges or special taxes remain unpaid as of the date of mailing on property which the tax roll shows is owned by the addressee.
74.59(1)(a)2. 2. That the records showing the delinquency under subd. 1. are available for inspection in the treasurer's office.
74.59(1)(a)3. 3. That, on the previous September 1, a tax certificate was issued to the county for all property for which real property taxes, special assessments, special charges or special taxes remained unpaid at the close of business on August 31.
74.59(1)(a)4. 4. That failure to pay the delinquent real property taxes, special charges, special taxes or special assessments will result in eventual transfer, no earlier than 2 years after issuance of the tax certificate, of the ownership of the property to the county.
74.59(1)(b) (b) The format of the notice under this subsection shall be prescribed by the department of revenue under s. 70.09 (3).
74.59(2) (2)Notice not timely mailed. If a treasurer fails to mail the notice required under sub. (1), the notice may be mailed later and the 2-year period of redemption commences on the date of the mailing.
74.59(3) (3)Affidavit of mailing. After completing the mailing under sub. (1) or (2), the treasurer, except the treasurer of a city authorized to proceed under s. 74.87, shall sign an affidavit attesting that the treasurer has complied with the mailing requirements under this section. The affidavit shall do all of the following:
74.59(3)(a) (a) Identify the property owners and the addresses to which the notice was mailed.
74.59(3)(b) (b) Contain a description of each parcel of property, as shown on the tax certificate, for which a notice was mailed.
74.59(3)(c) (c) State the amount of unpaid real property taxes, special assessments, special charges or special taxes for each description of property included under par. (b).
74.59(4) (4)Effect of not receiving notice. Failure of a person to receive a notice under this section does not affect the ability of a county or city to acquire ownership of property for which a tax certificate has been issued.
74.59 History History: 1987 a. 378; 1991 a. 39.
74.61 74.61 Correction of description on tax certificate.
74.61(1)(1) Error discovered. If the treasurer determines that the description of any property in a tax certificate is erroneous, the treasurer shall direct the assessor of the taxation district in which the property is located to prepare and deliver to the county treasurer an affidavit that provides a correct description of the property.
74.61(2) (2)Notice to interested persons. After the treasurer receives the affidavit, he or she shall notify any person with a recorded interest in the property that the description of the property is to be corrected as shown in the assessor's affidavit. The format of the notice shall be prescribed by the department under s. 70.09 (3). Notice shall be given as provided in s. 801.11 (4).
74.61(3) (3)Objection; court resolution. Not more than 20 days after notice is given under sub. (2), any person with a recorded interest in the property may file with the treasurer a written objection to the proposed correction of the description of the property. If an objection is filed and cannot be resolved, the treasurer shall bring an action in circuit court to correct the property description.
74.61(4) (4)No objection; description corrected. If no objection is made under sub. (3), the treasurer shall correct the description as prescribed in the affidavit of the assessor. The treasurer shall verify in writing on the tax certificate that the correction was made and shall sign the verification. Any tax certificate corrected under this section is valid as of the date the tax certificate was originally issued, and any tax deed or equivalent evidence of title issued on the corrected tax certificate is valid.
74.61 History History: 1987 a. 378.
74.63 74.63 Retention of tax certificate and other information. Following issuance of a tax certificate under s. 74.57 and notice of issuance under s. 74.59, the treasurer shall retain all of the following:
74.63(1) (1) The tax certificate.
74.63(2) (2) The affidavit of mailing, executed under s. 74.59 (3).
74.63(3) (3) The tax roll upon which were included the real property taxes, special charges, special taxes or special assessments for which the tax certificate was issued.
74.63 History History: 1987 a. 378.
74.635 74.635 Sale of tax certificate revenues.
74.635(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
74.635(1)(a) (a) "County" includes a city that is authorized to act under s. 74.87.
74.635(1)(b) (b) "Tax certificate" means a tax certificate issued under s. 74.57.
74.635(1)(c) (c) "Tax certificate revenues" means, with respect to each parcel of real property included in a tax certificate, payments of real property taxes, special charges, special taxes, and special assessments indicated on a tax certificate, including interest and penalties on such amounts.
74.635(2) (2)Sale. A county may sell to any person all or a portion of the county's right to receive tax certificate revenues. The county shall distribute the proceeds from a sale under this subsection as provided under s. 75.05.
74.635(3) (3)Administration. A county may enter into an agreement for the sale of the county's right to receive tax certificate revenues. The agreement may include any provisions that the county considers necessary and may permit any person who purchases all or any portion of a county's right to receive tax certificate revenue to sell, assign, or otherwise transfer such right, in whole or in part, to another person.
74.635 History History: 2003 a. 33.
74.65 74.65 Lands acquired by state.
74.65(1) (1) Excluded from tax certificate. A tax certificate may not, at the time of issuance, include real property which was acquired by the state after taxes have become a lien on the property. Within a reasonable time after the tax roll in which the delinquent real property taxes, special charges, special taxes or special assessments charged to such property are included is delivered to the county treasurer under s. 74.43, or within a reasonable time after a delinquency occurs, if it occurs after delivery of the tax roll to the county treasurer, or, if the roll is retained by a city authorized to act under s. 74.87, on or before July 1, the treasurer shall certify to the state agency acquiring the property the amount of the delinquency, including interest and penalty, and include the description of the property contained in the tax roll. Within a reasonable time after receipt of the certification from the treasurer, the state agency shall transmit the certification and a voucher to the department of administration, directing that the amount of delinquency, including interest and penalty, be paid.
74.65(2) (2)No tax deeds issued. No tax deed or equivalent evidence of title may be issued for real property which is acquired by the state after a tax certificate which included the property was issued. A state agency which purchases property which is included on an outstanding tax certificate shall pay to the treasurer an amount sufficient to redeem the property. If by mistake a tax deed or equivalent evidence of title is issued contrary to this subsection and the state brings an action to set aside the deed or equivalent evidence of title, the court shall require, as a condition of relief, that the state indemnify the county, city authorized to act under s. 74.87 or persons having an interest in the property which is founded upon the tax deed or equivalent evidence of title.
74.65(3) (3)How liens paid. The amount of unpaid liens against property purchased by the state shall, when paid, be charged to the appropriation to which the purchase price is charged. Liens on property forfeited under s. 24.28 shall be paid out of the appropriation to which payments by the person forfeiting the property were credited.
74.65 History History: 1987 a. 378.
subch. VIII of ch. 74 SUBCHAPTER VIII
MISCELLANEOUS
74.67 74.67 Effect on taxes of revision of taxing jurisdiction boundary. A revision of the boundaries of a taxing jurisdiction after the January assessment date does not affect the levy or collection of property taxes based upon that assessment. Section 66.0235 governs any adjustment of assets and liabilities following revision of the boundaries.
74.67 History History: 1987 a. 378; 1999 a. 150 s. 672.
74.69 74.69 Timely payment.
74.69(1)(1) General rule. If payment is required by this chapter to be made by a taxpayer on or before a certain date, the payment is timely if it is mailed in a properly addressed envelope, postmarked before midnight of the last day prescribed for making the payment, with postage prepaid, and is received by the proper official not more than 5 days after the prescribed date for making the payment.
74.69(2) (2)Postal service delay. A payment which fails to satisfy the requirements of sub. (1) solely because of a delay or administrative error of the U.S. postal service shall be considered to be timely.
74.69(3) (3)County determination of postal service delay or error.
74.69(3)(a)(a) In this subsection, "late payment" means a payment required under s. 74.11 or 74.12 which is not timely made under sub. (1).
74.69(3)(b) (b) Any person required to pay interest or a penalty because of a late payment may, within 10 days of payment of interest or a penalty, but not later than December 1 of the year that the general property tax, special tax, special charge or special assessment was due, file a written request with the county treasurer requesting that the county board find that the late payment was timely under sub. (1) because the sole reason it was not timely was a delay or administrative error on the part of the U.S. postal service. The county board shall act on the request within 30 days after receipt of the request by the treasurer.
74.69(3)(c) (c) The county board shall find that a late payment was timely under sub. (1) if it determines that the sole reason the payment was not timely was a delay or administrative error by the U.S. postal service. If it so finds, the county board shall direct that any interest or penalty paid because of the late payment be reimbursed to the taxpayer by the taxation district or county which collected the interest or penalty. A taxation district treasurer or county treasurer shall comply with a directive issued under this paragraph within 10 days.
74.69(3)(d) (d) The county board may delegate the authority to make a determination under this subsection to any committee of the county board or committee or official of the county.
74.69(3)(e) (e) This subsection does not affect the authority of a taxation district treasurer or county treasurer to consider payment timely under sub. (1) if the treasurer concludes that the payment fails to satisfy the requirements of sub. (1) solely due to a delay or administrative error by the U.S. postal service.
74.69(3)(f) (f) This section does not apply to a city authorized to proceed under s. 74.87.
74.69 History History: 1987 a. 378.
74.71 74.71 Treasurer's receipts. When a taxation district treasurer pays money to a county treasurer under this chapter, the county treasurer shall give the taxation district treasurer a receipt prescribed by the department of revenue for the amount paid.
74.71 History History: 1987 a. 378; 1991 a. 39.
74.73 74.73 Rights of occupant or tenant who pays taxes. An occupant or tenant of property who pays real property taxes, special assessments, special charges or special taxes levied against the property, including any interest or penalties, may recover the amounts paid, plus interest at the rate of 1.0% per month or portion of a month, from the person under whom he or she is an occupant or tenant. Unless otherwise agreed between the parties, the occupant or tenant may deduct the amounts paid, plus interest, from rental payments otherwise due to the person under whom he or she is an occupant or tenant.
74.73 History History: 1987 a. 378.
74.75 74.75 Vacancies in office; how taxes collected. If property within a taxation district is not assessed because of a vacancy in a county, city, village or town office, the department of revenue shall appoint a person certified under s. 73.09 to perform the functions of the office of assessor. If property taxes, special charges, special assessments or special taxes are not collected on property because of a vacancy in a city, other than a city authorized to proceed under s. 74.87, village or town office, the county treasurer shall perform the functions of taxation district treasurer.
74.75 History History: 1987 a. 378.
74.77 74.77 Effect on lien of payment of taxes by lienholder.
74.77(1)(1) Payment increases lien. A person who holds a lien on real property and pays real property taxes, special assessments, special charges or special taxes levied against the property or any interest or penalty increases the amount of his or her most senior lien against the property by the amount paid, plus interest at the rate of 1.0% per month or fraction of a month. An increase in the amount of a lien by this section does not affect the priority or enforcement of the lien.
74.77(2) (2)Applicability. This section applies to all payments made by lien holders, regardless of whether they are made against current amounts, delinquent amounts or in redemption under ch. 75.
74.77 History History: 1987 a. 378.
74.79 74.79 Lienholder may contest tax.
74.79(1) (1) Any person who holds a lien on real property has the remedies of a property owner to contest, as to that property, the legality or validity of any real property tax, special assessment, special charge or special tax or the validity of a tax certificate issued under s. 74.57.
74.79(2) (2) A county to which a tax certificate has been issued under s. 74.57 has the remedies of a property owner to contest, as to any property included in the tax certificate, the assessed value of the property and the legality or validity of any real property tax, special assessment, special charge or special tax.
74.79 History History: 1987 a. 378; 1993 a. 453.
subch. IX of ch. 74 SUBCHAPTER IX
EXCEPTIONS FOR 1ST CLASS CITIES
74.81 74.81 Procedure in authorized city. In any city authorized by its charter to sell land for nonpayment of city taxes, the provisions of this subchapter relating to the time and place of payment and returns and settlements of the taxes and charges in the duplicate county tax roll shall apply in order to conform as nearly as may be to the procedure prescribed and followed under that charter, but otherwise the provisions of this subchapter shall govern.
74.81 History History: 1987 a. 378.
74.83 74.83 Agreements. Any 1st class city may enter into agreements to pay delinquent state, county, metropolitan sewerage district and technical college district real or personal property taxes, including accrued interest and penalties thereon, applicable to property located in that city at any stage in the proceedings for collection and enforcement of those taxes and thereafter collect and enforce those taxes, including interest and penalties on them, in its own name in accordance with any of the procedures or remedies applicable to the collection and enforcement of delinquent city, state, county, metropolitan sewerage district and technical college district taxes under this chapter and ch. 75.
74.83 History History: 1987 a. 378; 1993 a. 399, 491.
74.87 74.87 Payments in authorized cities.
74.87(1) (1) Definition. In this section, "city" means a city authorized by its charter to sell land for nonpayment of taxes.
74.87(2) (2)When payable generally. Except as provided in subs. (3) and (4), in a city, general property taxes, special charges and special assessments shall be paid to the city treasurer on or before January 31.
74.87(3) (3)Optional payment schedule.
74.87(3)(a)(a) The common council of a city may, by ordinance, permit payment in 10 equal installments, without interest, of general property taxes, special charges and special assessments of the city, other than for special assessments for which no payment extension is allowed. Each installment shall be paid on or before the last day of each month from January through October. Taxes on personal property may be paid in installments under this subsection if, on or before January 31 of the year in which the tax becomes due, the taxpayer has first paid to the city treasurer taxes on personal property levied by all taxing jurisdictions other than the city. The amounts and time of payment of city general property taxes, special assessments and charges in the city tax roll shall be as provided in the charter of the city.
74.87(4) (4)Optional payment schedule for certain taxes and charges. The common council of a city may, by ordinance, permit the payment in 7 equal installments, without interest, of a portion of all general property taxes and special charges in the duplicate county tax roll or of any tax or charge levied by a metropolitan sewerage district under ss. 200.21 to 200.65. Each installment shall be paid on or before the last day of each month from January through July.
74.87(5) (5)Exercise of installment option. The taxpayer may exercise the option provided under sub. (3) or (4) by making the first installment payment on or before January 31 of the year in which the general property taxes, special assessments or special charges are due.
74.87(6) (6)Late payment of installments.
74.87(6)(a)(a) If one installment only is not paid on the due date, that installment is not delinquent and does not render the unpaid balance delinquent, but the installment shall be collected, together with interest and penalty as provided under s. 74.47 from the day following the due date.
74.87(6)(b) (b) If a 2nd installment under sub. (3) is not paid on the due date, the city treasurer shall declare the unpaid balance delinquent and the general property taxes, special assessments and special charges shall be collected by the city treasurer together with interest and penalty as provided under s. 74.47 from the preceding February 1.
74.87(6)(c) (c) If a 2nd installment under sub. (4) is not paid on the due date, the entire unpaid balance is delinquent and shall be returned to the county treasurer for collection.
74.87(6)(d) (d) If the final installment is not paid by the end of the month following the due date, the delinquent unpaid balance shall be collected, with interest and penalty as provided under s. 74.47, from the preceding February 1.
74.87(7) (7)Payment considered timely. A payment is timely under subs. (2) to (4) under any of the following conditions:
74.87(7)(a) (a) It is mailed in a properly addressed envelope and received by the city treasurer with postage prepaid and the envelope is postmarked before midnight of the last date prescribed for making the payment.
74.87(7)(b) (b) It is received by the city treasurer by mail or otherwise within 5 days of the prescribed date.
74.87(7)(c) (c) If the only reason that the requirements of par. (a) or (b) are not met is delay by, or an administrative error of, the U.S. postal service.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before June 30, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-14)