77.51(12m)(b)3m. 3m. Taxes imposed on the seller that are separately stated on the invoice, bill of sale, or similar document that the seller gives to the purchaser if the law imposing or authorizing the tax provides that the seller may, but is not required to, pass on to and collect the tax from the user or consumer.
77.51(12m)(b)3s. 3s. The federal tax imposed on the seller in a retail sale of a heavy truck or trailer under section 4051 of the Internal Revenue Code that is separately stated on the invoice, bill of sale, or similar document that the seller gives to the purchaser.
77.51(12m)(b)4. 4. Delivery charges for direct mail, if the delivery charges for direct mail are separately stated on the invoice, bill of sale, or similar document that the seller gives to the purchaser.
77.51(12m)(b)5. 5. In all transactions in which an article of tangible personal property, an item under s. 77.52 (1) (b), property under s. 77.52 (1) (c), or a good under s. 77.52 (1) (d) is traded toward the purchase of an article, item, property, or good of greater value, the amount of the purchase price that represents the amount allowed for the article, item, property, or good traded, except that this subdivision does not apply to any transaction to which subd. 7. or 8. applies.
77.51(12m)(b)6. 6. If a person who purchases a motor vehicle presents a statement issued under s. 218.0171 (2) (cq) to the seller at the time of purchase, and the person presents the statement to the seller within 60 days from the date of receiving a refund under s. 218.0171 (2) (b) 2. b., the trade-in amount specified in the statement issued under s. 218.0171 (2) (cq), but not to exceed the purchase price from the sale of the motor vehicle. This subdivision applies only to the first motor vehicle purchased by a person after receiving a refund under s. 218.0171 (2) (b) 2. b.
77.51(12m)(b)7. 7. Thirty-five percent of the purchase price, excluding trade-ins, of a new manufactured home, as defined in s. 101.91 (11). This subdivision does not apply to a lease or rental.
77.51(12m)(b)8. 8. At the retailer's option; except that after the retailer chooses an option the retailer may not use the other option for other sales without the department's written approval; either 35 percent of the purchase price of a modular home, as defined in s. 101.71 (6), or an amount equal to the purchase price of the home minus the cost of materials that become an ingredient or component part of the home.
77.51(12m)(c) (c) “Purchase price" includes consideration received by the seller from a 3rd party, if:
77.51(12m)(c)1. 1. The seller actually receives consideration from a 3rd party, other than the purchaser, and the consideration is directly related to a price reduction or discount on a sale.
77.51(12m)(c)2. 2. The seller is obliged to pass the price reduction or discount to the purchaser.
77.51(12m)(c)3. 3. The amount of the consideration that is attributable to the sale is a fixed amount and the seller is able to determine that amount at the time of the sale to the purchaser.
77.51(12m)(c)4. 4. One of the following also applies:
77.51(12m)(c)4.a. a. The purchaser presents a coupon, certificate, or other documentation to the seller to claim the price reduction or discount, if the coupon, certificate, or other documentation is authorized, distributed, or granted by the 3rd party with the understanding that the 3rd party will reimburse the seller for the amount of the price reduction or discount.
77.51(12m)(c)4.b. b. The purchaser identifies himself or herself to the seller as a member of a group or organization that may claim the price reduction or discount.
77.51(12m)(c)4.c. c. The seller provides an invoice to the purchaser, or the purchaser presents a coupon, certificate, or other documentation to the seller, that identifies the price reduction or discount as a 3rd-party price reduction or discount.
77.51(12p) (12p)“Purchaser" means a person to whom a sale of tangible personal property is made or to whom a service is furnished.
77.51(12t) (12t)“Real property construction activities" means activities that occur at a site where tangible personal property or items or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b) or (d) that are applied or adapted to the use or purpose to which real property is devoted are affixed to that real property, if the intent of the person who affixes that property is to make a permanent accession to the real property. “Real property construction activities" does not include affixing property subject to tax under s. 77.52 (1) (c) to real property or affixing to real property tangible personal property that remains tangible personal property after it is affixed.
77.51(13) (13)“Retailer” includes:
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (13) (intro.) is shown as amended eff. 1-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 10. Prior to 1-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (13) Except as provided in sub. (13b), “retailer" includes:
77.51(13)(a) (a) Every seller who makes any sale on the seller's own behalf or on behalf of another person, regardless of whether the sale is mercantile in nature, of tangible personal property, or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), or a service specified under s. 77.52 (2) (a).
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (a) is shown as amended eff. 1-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 10. Prior to 1-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (a) Every seller who makes any sale, regardless of whether the sale is mercantile in nature, of tangible personal property, or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), or a service specified under s. 77.52 (2) (a).
77.51(13)(am) (am) Any person making any retail sale of a motor vehicle, aircraft, snowmobile, recreational vehicle, as defined in s. 340.01 (48r), trailer, semitrailer, all-terrain vehicle, utility terrain vehicle, off-highway motorcycle, as defined in s. 23.335 (1) (q), or boat registered or titled, or required to be registered or titled, under the laws of this state or of the United States.
77.51(13)(b) (b) Every person engaged in the business of making sales of tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d) for storage, use or consumption or in the business of making sales at auction of tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d) owned by the person or others for storage, use or other consumption.
77.51(13)(c) (c) When the department determines that it is necessary for the efficient administration of this subchapter to regard any salespersons, representatives, peddlers, marketplace providers, or canvassers as the agents of the dealers, distributors, marketplace sellers, supervisors, or employers under whom they operate or from whom they obtain the tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d) sold by them, irrespective of whether they are making the sales on their own behalf or on behalf of such dealers, distributors, marketplace sellers, supervisors, or employers, the department may so regard them and may regard the dealers, distributors, marketplace sellers, supervisors, or employers as retailers for purposes of this subchapter.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (c) is shown as amended eff. 1-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 10. Prior to 1-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (c) When the department determines that it is necessary for the efficient administration of this subchapter to regard any salespersons, representatives, peddlers or canvassers as the agents of the dealers, distributors, supervisors or employers under whom they operate or from whom they obtain the tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d) sold by them, irrespective of whether they are making the sales on their own behalf or on behalf of such dealers, distributors, supervisors or employers, the department may so regard them and may regard the dealers, distributors, supervisors or employers as retailers for purposes of this subchapter.
77.51(13)(d) (d) Every wholesaler to the extent that the wholesaler sells tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d) to a person other than a seller as defined in sub. (17) provided such wholesaler is not expressly exempt from the sales tax on such sale or from collecting the use tax on such sale.
77.51(13)(e) (e) A person selling tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d) to a service provider who transfers the property, items, or goods in conjunction with the selling, performing or furnishing of any service and the property, items, or goods are incidental to the service, unless the service provider is selling, performing or furnishing services under s. 77.52 (2) (a) 7., 10., 11. and 20. This subsection does not apply to sub. (2).
77.51(13)(f) (f) A service provider who transfers tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d) in conjunction with but not incidental to the selling, performing or furnishing of any service and a service provider selling, performing or furnishing services under s. 77.52 (2) (a) 7., 10., 11. and 20. This subsection does not apply to sub. (2).
77.51(13)(fm) (fm) A person selling, performing, or furnishing any service under s. 77.52 (2) (a) 5. or 12. to a service provider described in s. 77.52 (2m) (am).
77.51(13)(i) (i) A person selling items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), materials, or supplies to barbers, beauty shop operators, or bootblacks for use by them in the performance of their services.
77.51(13)(j) (j) A person selling items, property, and goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), and (d), materials, and supplies to producers of X-ray films.
77.51(13)(k) (k) With respect to a lease, any person deriving rentals from a lease of tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d) sourced to this state as provided under s. 77.522.
77.51(13)(m) (m) A person selling tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d) to a veterinarian to be used or furnished by the veterinarian in the performance of services in some manner related to domestic animals, including pets or poultry.
77.51(13)(n) (n) A person selling household furniture, furnishings, equipment, appliances or other items of tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d) to a landlord for use by tenants in leased or rented living quarters.
77.51(13)(o) (o) A person selling drugs for animals or bees to a veterinarian. As used in this paragraph, “animal" includes livestock, pets, and poultry.
77.51(13)(p) (p) All persons described in this subsection regardless of all of the following:
77.51(13)(p)1. 1. Whether the transaction is mercantile in nature.
77.51(13)(p)2. 2. Whether the seller sells smaller quantities from inventory.
77.51(13)(p)3. 3. Whether the seller makes or intends to make a profit on the sale.
77.51(13)(p)4. 4. Whether the seller or the buyer receives a benefit the seller or buyer bargained for.
77.51(13)(p)5. 5. The percentage of the seller's total sales that the sale represents.
77.51(13)(p)6. 6. Any activities other than those described in pars. (a) to (o) in which the seller is engaged.
77.51(13)(p)7. 7. Whether the seller sells on the seller's own behalf or on behalf of another person.
Effective date note NOTE: Subd. 7. is created eff. 1-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 10.
77.51(13)(q) (q) A marketplace provider who facilitates, on behalf of a marketplace seller, sales that are sourced to this state as provided under s. 77.522 of tangible personal property, or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), or services.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (q) is created eff. 1-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 10.
77.51(13b) (13b)
77.51(13b)(a)(a) In this subsection:
77.51(13b)(a)1. 1. “Affiliate" means a person that directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, controls or is controlled by, or is under common control with, another person. For purposes of this subdivision, a person controls another person if that person holds at least 50 percent ownership interest in the other person.
77.51(13b)(a)2. 2. “Distribution facility" means an establishment where tangible personal property is stored and processed for delivery to customers and where no retail sales of the property are made.
77.51(13b)(a)3. 3. “Third-party seller" means a person who owns tangible personal property or items under s. 77.52 (1) (b), who enters into a contract with a person described in par. (b) for the sale of the tangible personal property or items, and who is not an affiliate of the person described in par. (b).
77.51(13b)(b) (b) Except as provided in par. (c), “retailer" does not include a person, or the person's affiliates, making sales of tangible personal property or items under s. 77.52 (1) (b), if all of the following apply:
77.51(13b)(b)1. 1. The person or any of the person's affiliates operates a distribution facility.
77.51(13b)(b)2. 2. The person or any of the person's affiliates sells the tangible personal property or items under s. 77.52 (1) (b), on behalf of a 3rd-party seller.
77.51(13b)(b)3. 3. The 3rd-party seller owns the tangible personal property or items under s. 77.52 (1) (b), and is disclosed to the customer as the seller.
77.51(13b)(b)4. 4. Neither the person nor any affiliate of the person makes any sales for which the customer takes possession of the tangible personal property or items under s. 77.52 (1) (b), at a location operated by the person or any of the person's affiliates.
77.51(13b)(c) (c) Paragraph (b) does not apply to sales at auction; sales of tangible personal property or items under s. 77.52 (1) (b), owned or previously owned by the person operating the distribution facility or by any of the person's affiliates; or the sales of any of the following that are registered or titled, or required to be registered or titled, under the laws of this state, or of the United States:
77.51(13b)(c)1. 1. Motor vehicles.
77.51(13b)(c)2. 2. Aircraft.
77.51(13b)(c)3. 3. Snowmobiles.
77.51(13b)(c)4. 4. Recreational vehicles, as defined in s. 340.01 (48r).
77.51(13b)(c)5. 5. Trailers.
77.51(13b)(c)6. 6. Semitrailers.
77.51(13b)(c)7. 7. All-terrain vehicles.
77.51(13b)(c)8. 8. Utility terrain vehicles.
77.51(13b)(c)9. 9. Boats.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (13b) is repealed eff. 1-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 10.
77.51(13g) (13g)Except as provided in subs. (13gm) and (13h), “retailer engaged in business in this state", for purposes of the use tax, includes any of the following:
77.51(13g)(a) (a) Any retailer owning any real property in this state.
77.51(13g)(ab) (ab) Any retailer leasing or renting out any tangible personal property, or items or property under s. 77.52 (1) (b) or (c), if such property or items are located in this state.
77.51(13g)(ac) (ac) Any retailer maintaining, occupying, or using, permanently or temporarily, directly or indirectly, or through a subsidiary, an agent, or some other person, an office, place of distribution, sales or sample room or place, warehouse or storage place, or other place of business in this state.
77.51(13g)(b) (b) Any retailer having any representative, including a manufacturer's representative, agent, salesperson, canvasser, or solicitor operating in this state under authority of the retailer or its subsidiary for the purpose of selling, delivering, or the taking orders for any tangible personal property, or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), or services or for the purpose of performing any of the other activities described in this subsection.
77.51(13g)(c) (c) Any retailer selling tangible personal property, or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), or taxable services for storage, use, or other consumption in this state, unless otherwise limited by federal law.
77.51(13g)(d) (d) Any person who has an affiliate in this state, if the person is related to the affiliate and if the affiliate uses facilities or employees in this state to advertise, promote, or facilitate the establishment of or market for sales of items by the related person to purchasers in this state or for providing services to the related person's purchasers in this state, including accepting returns of purchases or resolving customer complaints. For purposes of this paragraph, 2 persons are related if any of the following apply:
77.51(13g)(d)1. 1. One person, or each person, is a corporation and one person and any person related to that person in a manner that would require a stock attribution from the corporation to the person or from the person to the corporation under section 318 of the Internal Revenue Code owns directly, indirectly, beneficially, or constructively at least 50 percent of the corporation's outstanding stock value.
77.51(13g)(d)2. 2. One person, or each person, is a partnership, estate, or trust and any partner or beneficiary; and the partnership, estate, or trust and its partners or beneficiaries; own directly, indirectly, beneficially, or constructively, in the aggregate, at least 50 percent of the profits, capital, stock, or value of the other person or both persons.
77.51(13g)(d)3. 3. An individual stockholder and the members of the stockholder's family, as defined in section 318 of the Internal Revenue Code, owns directly, indirectly, beneficially, or constructively, in the aggregate, at least 50 percent of both persons' outstanding stock value.
77.51(13g)(e) (e) Any person servicing, repairing, or installing equipment or other tangible personal property, or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d) in this state.
77.51(13g)(f) (f) Any person delivering tangible personal property or items under s. 77.52 (1) (b) into this state in a vehicle operated by the person that sells the property or items that are delivered.
77.51(13g)(g) (g) Any person performing construction activities in this state.
77.51(13gm) (13gm)
77.51(13gm)(a)(a) “Retailer engaged in business in this state” does not include a retailer who has no activities as described in sub. (13g), except for activities described in sub. (13g) (c), unless the retailer meets either of the following criteria in the previous year or current year:
77.51(13gm)(a)1. 1. The retailer's annual gross sales into this state exceed $100,000.
77.51(13gm)(a)2. 2. The retailer's annual number of separate sales transactions into this state is 200 or more.
77.51(13gm)(b) (b) If an out-of-state retailer's annual gross sales into this state exceed $100,000 in the previous year or the retailer's annual number of separate sales transactions into this state is 200 or more in the previous year, the retailer shall register with the department and collect the taxes administered under s. 77.52 or 77.53 on sales sourced to this state under s. 77.522 for the entire current year.
77.51(13gm)(c) (c) If an out-of-state retailer's annual gross sales into this state are $100,000 or less in the previous year and the retailer's annual number of separate sales transactions into this state is less than 200 in the previous year, the retailer is not required to register with the department and collect the taxes administered under s. 77.52 or 77.53 on sales sourced to this state under s. 77.522 until the retailer's sales or transactions meet the criteria in par. (a) 1. or 2. for the current year, at which time the retailer shall register with the department and collect the tax for the remainder of the current year.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 50 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on December 6, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after December 6, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-6-19)