77.82(2m)(am) (am) The department shall by rule establish on an annual basis a nonrefundable fee that the department shall charge for a management plan prepared or completed by the department. The fee shall be based on the comparable commercial market rate that is charged for preparation of such management plans.
77.82(2m)(c) (c) A proposed management plan is exempt from the management plan fee under par. (ag) if it is prepared or completed by an independent certified plan writer instead of by the department.
77.82(2m)(d) (d) All of the application recording fees collected under par. (a) shall be credited to the appropriation under s. 20.370 (2) (cr).
77.82(2m)(dm)1.1. Of each management plan fee, $300 or the entire fee, whichever is less, that is collected under par. (ag) shall be credited to the appropriation under s. 20.370 (2) (cx).
77.82(2m)(dm)2. 2. Any amount not credited to the appropriation under s. 20.370 (2) (cx), as calculated in subd. 1., shall be deposited into the conservation fund for forestry purposes.
77.82(3) (3) Management plan.
77.82(3)(ag)(ag) A proposed management plan shall cover the entire acreage of each parcel subject to the application and shall be prepared by an independent certified plan writer or by the department if par. (am) applies.
77.82(3)(am) (am) If the department determines that an applicant is not able to have a proposed management plan prepared by a certified independent plan writer, the department shall prepare the plan. The department shall promulgate rules establishing the criteria that shall be met in order to determine that an applicant is unable to prepare such a plan.
77.82(3)(ar) (ar) For a proposed management plan prepared by an independent certified plan writer, the department, after considering the owner's forest management objectives as stated under sub. (2) (e), shall review and either approve or disapprove the proposed management plan. If the department disapproves the proposed plan, it shall inform the applicant of the changes necessary to qualify the plan for approval upon subsequent review. At the request of the applicant, the department may agree to complete the proposed management plan.
77.82(3)(c) (c) To qualify for approval, a management plan shall include all of the following:
77.82(3)(c)1. 1. The name and address of each owner of the land.
77.82(3)(c)2. 2. The legal description of the parcel or of the area in which the parcel is located.
77.82(3)(c)3. 3. A statement of the owner's forest management objectives.
77.82(3)(c)4. 4. A map, diagram or aerial photograph which identifies both forested and unforested areas of the land, using conventional map symbols indicating the species, size and density of vegetation and the other major features of the land.
77.82(3)(c)5. 5. A map, diagram or aerial photograph which identifies the areas designated as open and closed under s. 77.83.
77.82(3)(c)6. 6. A description of the forestry practices, including harvesting, thinning and reforestation, that will be undertaken during the term of the order, specifying the period of time in which each will be completed.
77.82(3)(c)7. 7. A description of soil conservation practices that may be necessary to control any soil erosion that may result from the forestry practices specified under subd. 6.
77.82(3)(d) (d) The management plan may also specify activities that will be undertaken for the management of forest resources other than trees, including wildlife habitat, watersheds and aesthetic features.
77.82(3)(e) (e) A management plan shall contain a statement that the owner agrees to comply with all of its terms and with the conditions of this subchapter and shall be signed by the owner and a representative of the department.
77.82(3)(f) (f) An owner and the department may mutually agree to amend a management plan.
77.82(3)(g) (g) The department shall certify plan writers and shall promulgate rules specifying the qualifications that a person must satisfy to become a certified plan writer. For management plans prepared or completed by the department under this subsection, the department may contract with plan writers certified by the department to prepare and complete these plans.
77.82(4) (4) Additions to managed forest land. An owner of land that is designated as managed forest land may file an application with the department to designate as managed forest land an additional parcel of land if the additional parcel is at least 3 acres in size and is contiguous to any of that designated land. The application shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable $20 application recording fee unless a different amount for the fee is established by the department by rule at an amount equal to the average expense to the department of recording an order issued under this subchapter. The fee shall be deposited in the conservation fund and credited to the appropriation under s. 20.370 (2) (cr). The application shall be filed on a department form and shall contain any additional information required by the department. The tax rate applicable to an addition under this subsection shall be the tax rate currently applicable to the parcel to which the land is being added.
77.82(4m) (4m) Conversion of forest croplands to managed forest land.
77.82(4m)(a)(a) An owner of land that is entered as forest croplands under s. 77.02 may file an application with the department under sub. (2) to convert all or a portion of the land to managed forest land, subject to sub. (1) (c).
77.82(4m)(b) (b) An application under this subsection shall specify whether the order designating the land as managed forest land will remain in effect for 25 years or 50 years, as elected by the owner.
77.82(4m)(d) (d) An owner of land who has filed a conversion application under this subsection and for whom the department is preparing or completing a management plan may withdraw the request and have it prepared by an independent certified plan writer if the owner determines that the department is not preparing or completing the management plan in a timely manner.
77.82(5) (5) Notice of application; request for denial.
77.82(5)(a) (a) Upon receipt of an application under sub. (2), (4) or (4m), the department shall provide written notice of the application to each clerk of each municipality in which the land is located.
77.82(5)(b) (b) The governing body of any municipality in which the proposed managed forest land is located or a resident or property tax payer of such a municipality may, within 15 days after the notice under par. (a) is provided, request the department to deny the application on the grounds that the land fails to meet the eligibility requirements under sub. (1) or that, if the addition is approved, the entire parcel will fail to meet those eligibility requirements. The request shall be in writing and shall specify the reason for believing that the land is or would be ineligible.
77.82(6) (6) Investigation; hearing.
77.82(6)(a)(a) The department shall conduct any investigation necessary to reach a decision on an application.
77.82(6)(b)1.1. If the department determines, after receipt of a request under sub. (5) (b) or as a result of its investigation, that further information is needed, it may schedule a public hearing to take testimony relating to the eligibility of the land.
77.82(6)(b)2. 2. At least 10 days before the date of the hearing, the department shall mail written notice of the date, time, and place of the hearing to the applicant, to each person who submitted a request under sub. (5) (b), and to the clerk of each municipality in which the land is located.
77.82(6)(b)3. 3. A public hearing held under this paragraph may be adjourned. No notice of the adjourned hearing is required other than an announcement of the date, time and place given at the initial hearing by the person presiding at the hearing.
77.82(7) (7) Decision.
77.82(7)(a)(a) After considering the testimony presented at the public hearing, if any, the facts discovered by its investigation and the land use in the area in which the land is located, the department shall approve an application under sub. (2) or (4m) if it determines all of the following:
77.82(7)(a)1. 1. That the land meets the eligibility requirements under sub. (1).
77.82(7)(a)2. 2. That all facts stated in the application are correct.
77.82(7)(a)3. 3. That a stand of merchantable timber will be developed on at least 80 percent of the land within a reasonable period of time.
77.82(7)(a)4. 4. That the use of the land as managed forest land is not incompatible with the existing uses of the land in each municipality in which it is located.
77.82(7)(a)5. 5. That there are no delinquent taxes on the land.
77.82(7)(b) (b) After considering the testimony presented at the public hearing, if any, and the facts discovered by its investigation, the department shall approve an application under sub. (4) if it determines all of the following:
77.82(7)(b)1. 1. That all facts stated in the application are correct.
77.82(7)(b)2. 2. That the total parcel with the addition will meet the eligibility requirements under sub. (1).
77.82(7)(b)3. 3. That there are no delinquent taxes on either the land originally designated or on the proposed additional parcel.
77.82(7)(b)4. 4. That the owner agrees to any amendments to the management plan determined by the department to be necessary as a result of the addition.
77.82(7)(c) (c) Except as provided in par. (d), if an application is received on or before June 1 of any year, the department shall investigate and shall either approve the application and issue the order under sub. (8) or deny the application before the following November 21. An application received after June 1 shall be acted on by the department as provided in this subdivision before the November 21 of the year following the year in which the application is received.
77.82(7)(d) (d) The department shall approve or disapprove an application under par. (a) that is filed under sub. (4m) within 3 years after the date on which the application is filed with the department.
77.82(8) (8) Order. If an application under sub. (2), (4m), or (12) is approved, the department shall issue an order designating the land as managed forest land for the time period specified in the application. If an application under sub. (4) is approved, the department shall amend the original order to include the additional parcel. The department shall provide the applicant with a copy of the order or amended order and shall also file a copy with the department of revenue and the clerk of each municipality in which the land is located, and shall record the order with the register of deeds in each county in which the land is located.
77.82(9) (9) Effective date of order. An order or amended order under sub. (8) issued before November 21 of any year takes effect on the January 1 after the date of issuance. An order or amended order under sub. (8) issued on or after November 21 of any year takes effect on the 2nd January 1 after the date of issuance.
77.82(10) (10) Denial. If the department denies an application, it shall notify the applicant in writing, stating the reason for the denial.
77.82(11) (11) Duration; effect of changes. An order issued under this subchapter shall constitute a contract between the state and the owner and shall remain in effect for the period specified in the application unless the land is withdrawn under s. 77.84 (3) (b) or 77.88. Except as provided in subs. (3) (f) and (11m), the department may not amend or otherwise change the terms of an order or management plan to conform with changes made to any provision of this subchapter subsequent to the date on which the order was entered or the plan was approved. If a statute is enacted or a rule is promulgated during the period of the order that materially changes the terms of the order, the landowner shall elect between acceptance of modifications to the contract consistent with the provisions of the statute or rule or voluntary withdrawal of the land without penalty.
77.82(11g) (11g) Withdrawal tax on converted forest croplands prohibited. No tax or interest may be assessed under s. 77.10 (2) (a) on land converted to managed forest land pursuant to an application approved under sub. (7) (d).
77.82(11m) (11m) Orders for the land in the lower Wisconsin state riverway. An owner of timber that is exempt under s. 30.44 (3) (c) 2. shall comply with a rule regulating timber cutting and harvesting promulgated under s. 30.42 (1) (d):
77.82(11m)(a) (a) If the rule is not inconsistent with the order issued under sub. (8); or
77.82(11m)(b) (b) If the owner agrees to amend the order issued under sub. (8) to require compliance with the rules.
77.82(12) (12) Renewal.
77.82(12)(a)(a) An owner of managed forest land may file an application with the department under sub. (2) for renewal of the order. An application for renewal shall be filed no later than the June 1 before the expiration date of the order. The application shall specify whether the owner wants the order renewed for 25 or 50 years. The provisions under subs. (3), (5), (6), and (7) do not apply to an application under this paragraph. The department may deny the application only if any of the following applies:
77.82(12)(a)1. 1. The land fails to meet the eligibility requirements under sub. (1).
77.82(12)(a)2. 2. The land that is subject to the application for renewal of the order is not identical to the land that is designated as managed forest land under the existing order.
77.82(12)(a)3. 3. The owner has failed to comply with the management plan that is in effect on the date that the application for renewal is filed.
77.82(12)(a)4. 4. The management plan does not contain any mandatory forestry or soil conservation practices, as described in sub. (3) (c) 6. and 7., or any mandatory management activities, as described in sub. (3) (d), that the department determines are required to be continued during the term of the renewed order.
77.82(12)(a)5. 5. No review of the mandatory forestry or soil conservation practices or the mandatory management activities contained in the management plan has been conducted within the 5 years immediately preceding the date of the application for renewal.
77.82(12)(a)6. 6. Within the 5 years immediately preceding the date of the application for renewal, the management plan has not been updated to reflect the completion of any forestry or soil conservation practices or management activities contained in the plan.
77.82(12)(a)7. 7. There are delinquent taxes on the land.
77.82(12)(b) (b) If the application is denied, the department shall state the reason for the denial in writing.
77.83 77.83 Closed, open and restricted areas.
77.83(1)(1)Closed areas.
77.83(1)(a)(a) An owner may designate land subject to a managed forest land order as closed to public access.
77.83(1)(am) (am) Notwithstanding par. (a), not more than 320 acres owned by any property owner may be designated as closed managed forest land in each municipality.
77.83(1)(b) (b) If any area of an owner's managed forest land is already designated as closed, an addition to the land approved under s. 77.82 (7) (b) may be designated as closed only under the following conditions:
77.83(1)(b)1. 1. The addition does not result in increasing the closed portion of the land to an area greater than that permitted under par. (am).
77.83(1)(b)2. 2. The additional area is contiguous to the area that is already designated as closed.
77.83(1)(c) (c) If all or any part of an owner's closed managed forest land is withdrawn or transferred as provided under s. 77.88, the owner may designate a different or an additional closed area if it meets the requirements of par. (b).
77.83(1)(d) (d) An owner of land designated as closed under par. (a) may permit a person who performs land management activities on the land to access the land to conduct recreational activities.
77.83(1m) (1m) Modification of designation. For a managed forest land order that takes effect on or after April 28, 2004, the owner of the managed forest land may modify the designation of a closed or open area 2 times during the term of the order. For a managed forest land order that takes effect before April 28, 2004, the owner of the managed forest land may modify the designation of a closed or open area 2 times during the period beginning with April 28, 2004, and ending with the expiration date of the order, regardless of whether the owner has previously modified the designation as authorized by rules promulgated by the department.
77.83(2) (2) Open areas; restrictions.
77.83(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in pars. (b) and (c) and subs. (1) and (2m), each owner of managed forest land shall permit public access to the land for the purposes of hunting, fishing, hiking, sight-seeing, and cross-country skiing.
77.83(2)(ar) (ar) An owner of managed forest land that is designated as closed may enter into a lease or other agreement for consideration that permits persons to engage in a recreational activity on the land.
77.83(2)(b) (b) An owner may restrict public access to any area of open managed forest land which is within 300 feet of any building or within 300 feet of a commercial logging operation that conforms to the management plan.
77.83(2)(c) (c) An owner may prohibit the use of motor vehicles, as defined under s. 340.01 (35), or snowmobiles, as defined under s. 340.01 (58a), or both on any open managed forest land. At the request of an owner, the department may provide assistance in enforcing the prohibition.
77.83(2m) (2m) Proposed ferrous mining sites.
77.83(2m)(a) (a) The requirement under sub. (2) (a) that public access be permitted on managed forest land designated as open does not apply to an area of land within a proposed ferrous mining site that is located within 600 feet of fixed sampling equipment or within 600 feet of either side of a road that is used for purposes associated with ferrous mining.
77.83(2m)(b) (b) In addition to any managed forest land for which access is restricted under par. (a), the department may restrict public access to open managed forest land within a proposed ferrous mining site for any of the purposes specified in sub. (2) (a) if the department determines that it is necessary to ensure the safety of the public, the employees and agents of the person proposing to engage in ferrous mining, or the employees and agents of regulatory bodies.
77.83(2m)(c) (c) No restriction under par. (a) or (b) applies after whichever of the following 3 dates occurs first:
77.83(2m)(c)1. 1. The date on which the department approves or denies the application for a ferrous mining permit for the proposed ferrous mining site.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 50 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on December 6, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after December 6, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-6-19)