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813.123(1)(a) (a) "Abuse" has the meaning given in s. 46.90 (1) (a).
813.123(1)(ae) (ae) "Adult at risk" has the meaning given in s. 55.01 (1e).
813.123(1)(am) (am) "Adult-at-risk agency" has the meaning given in s. 55.01 (1f).
813.123(1)(b) (b) "Bodily harm" has the meaning given in s. 46.90 (1) (aj).
813.123(1)(br) (br) "Caregiver" has the meaning given in s. 46.90 (1) (an).
813.123(1)(cg) (cg) "Elder adult at risk" has the meaning given in s. 46.90 (1) (br).
813.123(1)(d) (d) "False representation" includes a promise that is made with the intent not to fulfill the promise.
813.123(1)(dm) (dm) "Financial exploitation" has the meaning given in s. 46.90 (1) (ed).
813.123(1)(e) (e) "Great bodily harm" has the meaning given in s. 939.22 (14).
813.123(1)(eg) (eg) "Harassment" has the meaning given in s. 813.125 (1).
813.123(1)(ep) (ep) "Individual at risk" means an elder adult at risk or an adult at risk.
813.123(1)(fm) (fm) "Mistreatment of an animal" means cruel treatment of any animal owned by or in service to an individual at risk.
813.123(1)(g) (g) "Neglect" has the meaning given in s. 46.90 (1) (f).
813.123(1)(gr) (gr) "Self-neglect" has the meaning given in s. 46.90 (1) (g).
813.123(1)(gs) (gs) "Stalking" means engaging in a course of conduct, as defined in s. 940.32 (1) (a).
813.123(2) (2)Commencement of action and response.
813.123(2)(a)(a) No action under this section may be commenced by complaint and summons. An action under this section may be commenced only by a petition described under sub. (6). The action commences with service of the petition upon the respondent if a copy of the petition is filed before service or promptly after service. The individual at risk, any person acting on behalf of an individual at risk, an elder-adult-at-risk agency, or an adult-at-risk agency may be a petitioner under this section. If the petition is filed by a person other than the individual at risk, the petitioner shall serve a copy of the petition on the individual at risk. Section 813.06 does not apply to an action under this section. The respondent may respond to the petition either in writing before or at the hearing on the issuance of the injunction or orally at that hearing. The court shall inform the petitioner in writing that, if the petitioner chooses to have the documents in the action served by the sheriff, the petitioner should contact the sheriff to verify the proof of service of the petition.
813.123(2)(b) (b) The court may go forward with a petition filed under sub. (6) if the individual at risk has been adjudicated incompetent under ch. 880, 2003 stats., or ch. 54, notwithstanding an objection by an individual at risk who is the subject of the petition, or an objection by the guardian of the individual at risk.
813.123(3) (3)General procedure.
813.123(3)(a)(a) Procedure for an action under this section is in 2 parts. First, if the petitioner requests a temporary restraining order, the court or circuit court commissioner shall issue or refuse to issue that order. Second, the court shall hold a hearing under sub. (5) on whether to issue an injunction, which is the final relief. If the court or circuit court commissioner issues a temporary restraining order, the order shall set forth the date for the hearing on an injunction. If the court or circuit court commissioner does not issue a temporary restraining order, the date for the hearing shall be set upon motion by either party.
813.123(3)(b) (b) The court or circuit court commissioner, on its or his or her own motion or the motion of any party, shall order that a guardian ad litem be appointed for the individual at risk, if the petition under sub. (6) was filed by a person other than the individual at risk, and may order that a guardian ad litem be appointed in other instances when justice so requires.
813.123(3)(c) (c) The court or circuit court commissioner, on its or his or her own motion or the motion of any party, may order any of the following:
813.123(3)(c)1. 1. That all persons, other than the individual at risk, the parties, their attorneys, a representative of the adult-at-risk agency or elder-adult-at-risk agency, witnesses, court personnel, and any guardian or any guardian ad litem, be excluded from any hearing under this section.
813.123(3)(c)2. 2. That access to any record of an action under this section be available only to the individual at risk, the parties, their attorneys, any guardian or any guardian ad litem, the adult-at-risk agency or elder-adult-at-risk agency, court personnel, and, upon appeal, any applicable court.
813.123(4) (4)Temporary restraining order.
813.123(4)(a)(a) Unless the individual at risk, guardian, or guardian ad litem consents in writing and the judge or circuit court commissioner agrees that the contact is in the best interests of the individual at risk, a judge or circuit court commissioner shall issue a temporary restraining order, as specified in par. (ar), if all of the following occur:
813.123(4)(a)1. 1. The petitioner submits to the judge or circuit court commissioner a petition alleging the elements set forth under sub. (6).
813.123(4)(a)2. 2. The judge or circuit court commissioner finds reasonable grounds to believe any of the following:
813.123(4)(a)2.a. a. That the respondent has interfered with or, based on prior conduct of the respondent, may interfere with an investigation of the individual at risk, the delivery of protective services to or a protective placement of the individual at risk under ch. 55, or the delivery of services to an elder adult at risk under s. 46.90 (5m); and that the interference complained of, if continued, would make it difficult to determine whether abuse, financial exploitation, neglect, or self-neglect has occurred, is occurring, or may recur.
813.123(4)(a)2.b. b. That the respondent engaged in or threatened to engage in the abuse, financial exploitation, neglect, harassment, or stalking of an individual at risk or the mistreatment of an animal.
813.123(4)(ar) (ar) A temporary restraining order issued under par. (a) shall order the respondent to do one or more of the following:
813.123(4)(ar)1. 1. Avoid interference with an investigation of the elder adult at risk under s. 46.90 or the adult at risk under s. 55.043, the delivery of protective services to or a protective placement of the individual at risk under ch. 55, or the delivery of services to the elder adult at risk under s. 46.90 (5m).
813.123(4)(ar)2. 2. Cease engaging in or threatening to engage in the abuse, financial exploitation, neglect, harassment, or stalking of an individual at risk or mistreatment of an animal.
813.123(4)(ar)3. 3. Avoid the residence of the individual at risk or any other location temporarily occupied by the individual at risk, or both.
813.123(4)(ar)4. 4. Avoid contacting or causing any person other than a party's attorney or a law enforcement officer to contact the individual at risk.
813.123(4)(ar)5. 5. Engage in any other appropriate remedy not inconsistent with the remedies requested in the petition.
813.123(4)(b) (b) Notice need not be given to the respondent before issuing a temporary restraining order under this subsection. A temporary restraining order may be entered only against the respondent named in the petition.
813.123(4)(c) (c) The temporary restraining order is in effect until a hearing is held on issuance of an injunction under sub. (5). A judge shall hold a hearing on issuance of an injunction within 14 days after the temporary restraining order is issued, unless the time is extended upon the written consent of the parties or extended once for 14 days upon a finding that the respondent has not been served with a copy of the temporary restraining order although the petitioner has exercised due diligence.
813.123(5) (5)Injunction.
813.123(5)(a)(a) Unless the individual at risk, guardian, or guardian ad litem consents in writing to a contact and the judge agrees that the contact is in the best interests of the individual at risk, a judge may grant an injunction ordering the respondent as specified in par. (ar), if all of the following occur:
813.123(5)(a)1. 1. The petitioner files a petition alleging the elements set forth under sub. (6).
813.123(5)(a)2. 2. The petitioner serves upon the respondent a copy of the petition and notice of the time for hearing on the issuance of the injunction, or the respondent serves upon the petitioner notice of the time for hearing on the issuance of the injunction.
813.123(5)(a)3. 3. After hearing, the judge finds reasonable cause to believe any of the following:
813.123(5)(a)3.a. a. That the respondent has interfered with or, based upon prior conduct of the respondent, may interfere with an investigation of the elder adult at risk under s. 46.90 or the adult at risk under s. 55.043 and that the interference complained of, if continued, would make it difficult to determine if abuse, financial exploitation, neglect, harassment, or stalking of an individual at risk or mistreatment of an animal is occurring or may recur.
813.123(5)(a)3.b. b. That the respondent has interfered with the delivery of protective services to or a protective placement of the individual at risk under ch. 55 after the offer of protective services or protective placement has been made and the individual at risk or his or her guardian, if any, has consented to receipt of the protective services or protective placement; or that the respondent has interfered with the delivery of services to an elder adult at risk under s. 46.90 (5m).
813.123(5)(a)3.c. c. That the respondent has engaged in or threatened to engage in the abuse, financial exploitation, neglect, harassment, or stalking of an individual at risk or the mistreatment of an animal.
813.123(5)(ar) (ar) An injunction granted under par. (a) shall order the respondent to do one or more of the following:
813.123(5)(ar)1. 1. Avoid interference with an investigation of the elder adult at risk under s. 46.90 or the adult at risk under s. 55.043, the delivery of protective services to or a protective placement of the individual at risk under ch. 55, or the delivery of services to the elder adult at risk under s. 46.90 (5m).
813.123(5)(ar)2. 2. Cease engaging in or threatening to engage in the abuse, financial exploitation, neglect, harassment, or stalking of an individual at risk or the mistreatment of an animal.
813.123(5)(ar)3. 3. Avoid the residence of the individual at risk or any other location temporarily occupied by the individual at risk, or both.
813.123(5)(ar)4. 4. Avoid contacting or causing any person other than a party's attorney or a law enforcement officer to contact the individual at risk.
813.123(5)(ar)5. 5. Any other appropriate remedy not inconsistent with the remedies requested in the petition.
813.123(5)(b) (b) The injunction may be entered only against the respondent named in the petition.
813.123(5)(c)1.1. An injunction under this subsection is effective according to its terms, but for not more than 4 years.
813.123(5)(c)2. 2. When an injunction that has been in effect for less than 6 months expires, the court shall extend the injunction if the petitioner states that an extension is necessary to protect the individual at risk. This extension shall remain in effect until 6 months after the date on which the court first entered the injunction.
813.123(5)(c)3. 3. If the petitioner states that an extension is necessary to protect the individual at risk, the court may extend the injunction for not more than 2 years.
813.123(5)(c)4. 4. Notice need not be given to the respondent before extending an injunction under subd. 2. or 3. The petitioner shall notify the respondent after the court extends an injunction under subd. 2. or 3.
813.123(6) (6)Petition. The petition shall allege facts sufficient to show the following:
813.123(6)(a) (a) The name of the petitioner and the individual at risk.
813.123(6)(b) (b) The name of the respondent and that the respondent is an adult.
813.123(6)(c) (c) That the respondent interfered with or, based on prior conduct of the respondent, may interfere with an investigation of the elder adult at risk under s. 46.90 (5), an investigation of the adult at risk under s. 55.043, the delivery of protective services to or a protective placement of the individual at risk under ch. 55, or the delivery of services to the elder adult at risk under s. 46.90 (5m); or that the respondent engaged in, or threatened to engage in, the abuse, financial exploitation, neglect, stalking, or harassment of an individual at risk or mistreatment of an animal.
813.123(6)(d) (d) If the petitioner knows of any other court proceeding in which the petitioner is a person affected by a court order or judgment that includes provisions regarding contact with the respondent, any of the following that are known by the petitioner:
813.123(6)(d)1. 1. The name or type of the court proceeding.
813.123(6)(d)2. 2. The date of the court proceeding.
813.123(6)(d)3. 3. The type of provisions regarding contact between the petitioner and respondent.
813.123(7) (7)Interference order. Any order under sub. (4) (ar) 1. or 2. or (5) (ar) 1. or 2. also shall prohibit the respondent from intentionally preventing a representative or employee of the county protective services agency from meeting, communicating, or being in visual or audio contact with the adult at risk, except as provided in the order.
813.123(8) (8)Enforcement assistance.
813.123(8)(a)(a) If an order is issued under this section, upon request by the petitioner, the court or circuit court commissioner shall order the sheriff to assist in executing or serving the temporary restraining order or injunction.
813.123(8)(b) (b) Within one business day after an order or injunction is issued, extended, modified or vacated under this section, the clerk of circuit court shall send a copy of the order or injunction, or of the order extending, modifying or vacating an order or injunction, to the sheriff or to any other local law enforcement agency which is the central repository for orders and injunctions and which has jurisdiction over the vulnerable adult's premises.
813.123(8)(c) (c) The sheriff or other appropriate local law enforcement agency under par. (b) shall enter the information received under par. (b) concerning an order or injunction issued, extended, modified or vacated under this section into the transaction information for management of enforcement system no later than 24 hours after receiving the information and shall make available to other law enforcement agencies, through a verification system, information on the existence and status of any order or injunction issued under this section. The information need not be maintained after the order or injunction is no longer in effect.
813.123(9) (9)Arrest.
813.123(9)(am)(am) A law enforcement officer shall arrest and take a person into custody if all of the following occur:
813.123(9)(am)1. 1. A petitioner presents the law enforcement officer with a copy of an order issued under sub. (4) or an injunction issued under sub. (5), or the law enforcement officer determines that such an order exists through communication with appropriate authorities.
813.123(9)(am)2. 2. The law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that the person has violated the order issued under sub. (4) or the injunction issued under sub. (5).
813.123(9)(c) (c) A respondent who does not appear at a hearing at which the court orders an injunction under sub. (5) but who has been served with a copy of the petition and notice of the time for hearing under sub. (5) (a) 2. has constructive knowledge of the existence of the injunction and may be arrested for violation of the injunction regardless of whether he or she has been served with a copy of the injunction.
813.123(10) (10)Penalty. Whoever intentionally violates a temporary restraining order or injunction issued under this section shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned for not more than 9 months or both.
813.123(12) (12)Notice of full faith and credit. An order or injunction issued under sub. (4) or (5) shall include a statement that the order or injunction may be accorded full faith and credit in every civil or criminal court of the United States, civil or criminal courts of any other state and Indian tribal courts to the extent that such courts may have personal jurisdiction over nontribal members.
813.123 Annotation The First 30 Months: Wisconsin's Individual-at -Risk Restraining Order. Abramson, Mansfield, & Raymond. Wis. Law. Nov. 2010.
813.125 813.125 Harassment restraining orders and injunctions.
813.125(1)(1) Definition. In this section, "harassment" means any of the following:
813.125(1)(a) (a) Striking, shoving, kicking or otherwise subjecting another person to physical contact; engaging in an act that would constitute abuse under s. 48.02 (1), sexual assault under s. 940.225, or stalking under s. 940.32; or attempting or threatening to do the same.
813.125(1)(b) (b) Engaging in a course of conduct or repeatedly committing acts which harass or intimidate another person and which serve no legitimate purpose.
813.125(2) (2)Commencement of action.
813.125(2)(a)(a) An action under this section may be commenced by filing a petition described under sub. (5) (a). No action under this section may be commenced by service of summons. The action commences with service of the petition upon the respondent if a copy of the petition is filed before service or promptly after service. If the judge or a circuit court commissioner extends the time for a hearing under sub. (3) (c) and the petitioner files an affidavit with the court stating that personal service by the sheriff or a private server under s. 801.11 (1) (a) or (b) was unsuccessful because the respondent is avoiding service by concealment or otherwise, the judge or circuit court commissioner shall inform the petitioner that he or she may serve the respondent by publication of a summary of the petition as a class 1 notice, under ch. 985, and by mailing or sending a facsimile if the respondent's post-office address or facsimile number is known or can with due diligence be ascertained. The mailing or sending of a facsimile may be omitted if the post-office address or facsimile number cannot be ascertained with due diligence. A summary of the petition published as a class 1 notice shall include the name of the respondent and of the petitioner, notice of the temporary restraining order, and notice of the date, time, and place of the hearing regarding the injunction. The court shall inform the petitioner in writing that, if the petitioner chooses to have the documents in the action served by the sheriff, the petitioner should contact the sheriff to verify the proof of service of the petition. Section 813.06 does not apply to an action under this section.
813.125(2)(b) (b) Notwithstanding s. 803.01 (3) (a), a child, as defined in s. 813.122 (1) (b), or a parent, stepparent, or legal guardian of a child may be a petitioner under this section.
813.125(2g) (2g)Appointment of guardian ad litem. The court or circuit court commissioner, on its or his or her own motion, or on the motion of any party, may appoint a guardian ad litem for a child who is a party under this section when justice so requires.
813.125(2m) (2m)Two-part procedure. If the fee under s. 814.61 (1) for filing a petition under this section is waived under s. 814.61 (1) (e), the procedure for an action under this section is in 2 parts. First, if the petitioner requests a temporary restraining order the court shall issue or refuse to issue that order. Second, the court shall hold a hearing under sub. (4) on whether to issue an injunction, which is the final relief. If the court issues a temporary restraining order, the order shall set forth the date for the hearing on an injunction. If the court does not issue a temporary restraining order, the date for the hearing shall be set upon motion by either party.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 11, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 11, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-11-14)