CHAPTER 813
INJUNCTIONS, NE EXEAT AND RECEIVERS
813.01   Order substituted for injunction.
813.02   Temporary injunction; when granted.
813.025   Ex parte restraining orders; right of review of certain orders.
813.026   Remedy against heirs and legatees; temporary injunction; receivership; judgment.
813.03   When granted defendant.
813.04   Same; when granted; Sunday or holiday.
813.05   Notice required.
813.06   Security for damages.
813.07   Assessment of damages; bill of particulars; costs.
813.08   Injunction, defendant may be heard before enjoined.
813.11   Injunction, additional security.
813.12   Domestic abuse restraining orders and injunctions.
813.122   Child abuse restraining orders and injunctions.
813.123   Restraining orders and injunctions for individuals at risk.
813.125   Harassment restraining orders and injunctions.
813.126   New hearing.
813.127   Combined actions; domestic abuse, child abuse and harassment.
813.128   Foreign protection orders.
813.1285   Notice and process for firearm surrender.
813.129   Global positioning system tracking.
813.13   Writ of ne exeat.
813.14   Same; when granted.
813.15   Same; discharge of.
813.16   Receivers.
813.17   Receiver; payment of employees' wages.
813.22   Uniform absence as evidence of death and absentee's property act; insurance policy provisions invalid.
813.23   Receiver may be appointed when.
813.24   Notice.
813.25   Search for absentee.
813.26   Final hearing and finding.
813.27   Claim of absentee barred.
813.28   Termination of receivership and disposition of property of absentee.
813.29   Distribution of property of absentee.
813.30   Insurance policies.
813.31   Absentee insurance fund.
813.32   Uniformity of interpretation.
813.33   Name of act.
813.34   Time of taking effect and not retroactive.
813.40   Injunctive relief in prison condition cases.
813.01 813.01 Order substituted for injunction. The writ of injunction is abolished. An injunction may be the final judgment in the action or may be allowed as a provisional remedy therein; and when so allowed it shall be by order as prescribed by this chapter.
813.01 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 760 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 813.01.
813.01 Annotation An injunction may be used to prevent prospective violations of a restrictive covenant. Cobb v. Milwaukee County, 60 Wis. 2d 99, 208 N.W.2d 848 (1973).
813.02 813.02 Temporary injunction; when granted.
813.02(1) (1)
813.02(1)(a)(a) When it appears from a party's pleading that the party is entitled to judgment and any part thereof consists in restraining some act, the commission or continuance of which during the litigation would injure the party, or when during the litigation it shall appear that a party is doing or threatens or is about to do, or is procuring or suffering some act to be done in violation of the rights of another party and tending to render the judgment ineffectual, a temporary injunction may be granted to restrain such act.
813.02(1)(b) (b) Prior to granting a temporary injunction or temporary restraining order, the court may attempt to contact the party sought to be restrained, or his or her counsel if known, by telephone and allow all parties to be heard on the equities between the parties, the availability of other remedies, the damages which may be sustained if the temporary injunction or restraining order is granted, and other relevant matters.
813.02(1)(c) (c) If the court determines that a temporary injunction may be granted under par. (a) to a prisoner, as defined in s. 801.02 (7) (a) 2., in any action or special proceeding with respect to prison or jail conditions, as defined in s. 801.02 (7) (a) 3., the following apply:
813.02(1)(c)1. 1. The court may not issue the injunction until giving notice and an opportunity to be heard on the request for a preliminary injunction to the attorney general, if the case involves a prisoner in a state correctional institution, as defined in s. 801.02 (7) (a) 1., or to the attorney representing the local correctional institution involved and to all other interested parties. Any injunction issued without giving notice and an opportunity to be heard is void.
813.02(1)(c)2. 2. Any temporary injunction issued shall meet the requirements in s. 813.40 (1) (b). When determining what to require in the temporary injunction, the court shall give substantial weight to any adverse impact on public safety or on the operation of the facility involved in the action or special proceeding caused by the temporary injunction.
813.02(1)(c)3. 3. Any temporary injunction issued under this paragraph shall expire no later than 90 days after the day the temporary injunction is issued unless the court makes a finding that the requirements under s. 813.40 (1) (b) are met and makes the order final before the expiration of the 90-day period.
813.02(2) (2) If, after the commencement of any action for waste or to restrain waste, or any action for the recovery of land or the possession or partition thereof or after any real estate has been levied upon by execution, any party to such action or execution shall commit waste or shall threaten or make preparations to commit waste upon the lands, tenements, or anything appertaining thereto, that party may be restrained by injunction from committing any waste or further waste thereto. Such injunction may be issued in any of said actions or in cases of the levy above mentioned by the court from which the execution issued.
813.02(4) (4) No temporary restraining order or injunction shall be issued by any judge or court in any action where it does not appear that the county where the application for such temporary restraining order or injunction is made is within the judicial circuit in which is located the county that is the proper place of trial of the action, and no temporary restraining order or injunction shall issue unless the residence of each defendant is stated if known. Any temporary restraining order or injunction issued in violation of this subsection shall be void.
813.02 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 760; Stats. 1975 s. 813.02; Sup. Ct. Order, 141 Wis. 2d xxvi; 1993 a. 112, 486; 1995 a. 400; 1997 a. 133.
813.02 Note Judicial Council Note, 1988: Sub. (1) (b) [created] allows the court to attempt to hold a telephone conference prior to granting a temporary injunction or temporary restraining order. The telephone conference procedure minimizes the risk of an improvident injunction and aids the court in fixing a realistic security. [Re Order effective Jan. 1, 1988]
813.02 Annotation A trial court does not abuse its discretion in denying a motion for a temporary injunction when it appears that the moving party has not established a reasonable probability it will ultimately prevail in a trial of the issues. Akin v. Kewaskum Community Schools, 64 Wis. 2d 154, 218 N.W.2d 494 (1974).
813.02 Annotation The purpose of a temporary injunction is to maintain the status quo, not to change the position of the parties, compel acts that constitute the ultimate relief sought, or craft a remedy that the court believes to be equitable. School District of Slinger v. WIAA, 210 Wis. 2d 365, 563 N.W.2d 585 (Ct. App. 1997), 96-3135.
813.025 813.025 Ex parte restraining orders; right of review of certain orders.
813.025(1)(1) No circuit or supplemental court commissioner may issue any injunction or order suspending or restraining the enforcement or execution of any statute of the state or of any order of an administrative officer, board, department, commission or other state agency purporting to be made pursuant to the statutes of the state. If so issued, the injunction or order shall be void.
813.025(2) (2) The application for such an injunction or restraining order made to a court shall not be heard except upon notice to the attorney general and to such other persons as may be defendants in the action; but if the court is of the opinion that irreparable loss or damage will result to the applicant unless a temporary restraining order is granted, the court may grant such temporary restraining order at any time before such hearing and determination of the application for an interlocutory injunction. However, such temporary restraining order shall be effective only for 5 days unless extended after notice and hearing thereon, or upon written consent of the parties or their attorneys, and in no event shall such temporary restraining order remain in force beyond the time of the determination of the application for an interlocutory injunction.
813.025(3) (3) If a circuit court or a court of appeals enters an injunction, a restraining order, or any other final or interlocutory order suspending or restraining the enforcement of any statute of this state, the injunction, restraining order, or other final or interlocutory order is immediately appealable as a matter of right.
813.025 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 760 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 813.025; 1979 c. 111; 1983 a. 204; 2001 a. 61; 2013 a. 156.
813.026 813.026 Remedy against heirs and legatees; temporary injunction; receivership; judgment. In an action, in a court of record, for damages founded upon contract or upon a judgment, when it appears that the defendant is interested, as heir, legatee, or devisee, in the estate of a decedent and that the defendant's property that is liable to execution is probably insufficient to satisfy the plaintiff's claim for damages, the defendant may be enjoined by the court, pending the action, from assigning or otherwise disposing of the defendant's interest in the estate, and a receiver for the defendant's interest may be appointed. The judgment may compel the defendant to transfer sufficient of the defendant's interest to satisfy the judgment or may adjudge the transfer. The remedy given by this section is in addition to that given by proceedings supplementary to execution under ch. 816. If a receiver is appointed, he or she shall give prompt notice of the appointment to the personal representative.
813.026 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 760 (1975), 779; Stats. 1975 s. 813.026; 1993 a. 486; 2001 a. 102.
813.03 813.03 When granted defendant. A temporary injunction may also be granted on the application of the defendant, when it shall appear that the plaintiff is doing, or threatens, or is about to do, or is procuring or suffering to be done some act in violation of the defendant's rights respecting the subject of the action and tending to the defendant's injury or to render ineffectual such judgment as may be rendered in the defendant's favor.
813.03 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 760 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 813.03; 1993 a. 486.
813.04 813.04 Same; when granted; Sunday or holiday. The injunction may be granted at any time before judgment upon its appearing satisfactorily to the court or judge, by the complaint or answer or by affidavit that sufficient grounds exist therefor. A copy of the pleading or affidavit on which granted must be served with the injunction unless previously served. In case of exigency an injunction may be granted and may be served on Sunday or on a legal holiday.
813.04 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 760 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 813.04.
813.05 813.05 Notice required.
813.05(1)(1) An injunction shall not be allowed after the defendant shall have answered, unless upon notice or upon an order to show cause; but in such case the defendant may be restrained until the decision of the court or judge granting or refusing the injunction.
813.05(2) (2) In an action against an insurance company or fraternal benefit society for an injunction or a receiver the commissioner of insurance shall be notified. Mailing a copy of such notice addressed to the commissioner of insurance at Madison, Wisconsin, shall be sufficient service.
813.05 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 760 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 813.05.
813.06 813.06 Security for damages. In proceedings under s. 767.225 the court or judge may, and in all other proceedings except proceedings under ss. 813.12, 813.122, 813.125 and 823.113 the court or judge shall, require a bond of the party seeking an injunction, with sureties, to the effect that he or she will pay to the party enjoined such damages, not exceeding an amount to be specified, as he or she may sustain by reason of the injunction if the court finally decides that the party was not entitled thereto. Copies of such bond, affidavit or other pleading shall be served upon the party enjoined and the officer serving the same shall, within 8 days after such service, file his or her return in the office of the clerk of the court.
813.06 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 760 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 813.06; 1979 c. 32 s. 92 (4); 1983 a. 204; 1985 a. 234 s. 8; 1989 a. 122; 2005 a. 443 s. 265.
813.06 Annotation An order of the trial court limiting the amount of annual compensation that the corporation could pay the individual defendants until further order was an injunction, and the trial court was required to demand a bond. Becker v. Becker, 66 Wis. 2d 731, 225 N.W.2d 884 (1975).
813.07 813.07 Assessment of damages; bill of particulars; costs. Upon an assessment of the damages caused by an injunction the defendant may be required to serve upon the plaintiff and the plaintiff's sureties, within such time and in such manner as the court or referee shall direct, a bill of particulars. The plaintiff or the sureties may within 10 days after such service offer in writing to permit the court or referee to assess the defendant's damages at a specified sum together with the costs of such proceeding incurred up to the time of such offer. If such offer be not accepted in writing within 5 days after it is made, it shall be considered withdrawn, and cannot be given in evidence. If the defendant fails to obtain a more favorable assessment of damages, the defendant cannot recover costs, but must pay the costs of the opposite party from the time of the offer.
813.07 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 760 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 813.07; 1993 a. 486.
813.07 Annotation Increased construction costs were recoverable even though not in existence when the injunction was issued. Byrnes v. Metz, 53 Wis. 2d 627, 193 N.W.2d 675 (1972).
813.08 813.08 Injunction, defendant may be heard before enjoined. The court or judge may, before granting the injunction, make an order requiring cause to be shown why the injunction should not be granted, and the defendant may in the meantime be restrained.
813.08 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 760 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 813.08.
813.11 813.11 Injunction, additional security. The party enjoined may, upon notice, apply for additional security and may combine such application with one to vacate or modify the injunction, and the presiding judge may require a further bond, in a sum and with sureties to be approved by the presiding judge, as a condition of the continuance of the injunction.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before June 30, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-14)