814.29(1m)(f) (f) If the court believes that a prisoner is in imminent danger of serious physical harm, the court shall issue an order permitting the prisoner to commence or defend an action, special proceeding, writ of error or appeal without being required to submit the statement under par. (b) or prepaying the initial partial filing fee under par. (d).
814.29(1m)(g) (g) Except as provided under par. (f), if a prisoner files an action, special proceeding, writ of error or appeal under this subsection without complying with the requirements under pars. (b) and (d), the court shall dismiss the action, special proceeding, writ of error or appeal without prejudice.
814.29(1m)(h) (h) The custodian of the trust fund account of a prisoner shall provide the prisoner with the certified copy of the trust fund account statement required under par. (b) if the custodian determines that the prisoner requires that copy for submittal to a court under this subsection.
814.29(2) (2)The court may dismiss any action or proceeding or may require the payment of, or the giving of security for, costs, fees and service if the court determines that the allegation of poverty is untrue. The court may later require the payment of, or the giving of security for, costs, fees and service if the court determines that the person no longer meets any of the requirements under sub. (1).
814.29(3) (3)Recovery of fees.
814.29(3)(a) (a) A request for leave to commence or defend an action, proceeding, writ of error or appeal without being required to pay fees or costs or to give security for costs constitutes consent of the affiant and counsel for the affiant that if the judgment is in favor of the affiant the court may order the opposing party to first pay the amount of unpaid fees and costs, including attorney fees under ss. 802.05, 804.12 (1) (c), and 895.044 and under 42 USC 1988 and to pay the balance to the plaintiff.
814.29(3)(b) (b) If the affiant is a prisoner, as defined in s. 801.02 (7) (a) 2., or a person confined in a federal correctional institution located in this state, a request for leave to commence or defend an action, special proceeding, writ of error or appeal without being required to pay fees or costs or to give security for costs constitutes consent as provided in par. (a), and, if the judgment is in favor of the opposing party, constitutes consent for the court to order the institution to deduct the unpaid fees and costs, including attorney fees listed in par. (a), from the amount in the inmate's account at any time the account has sufficient money to pay the unpaid fees and costs. This paragraph does not prevent the collection of the unpaid fees and costs by any other method.
814.29 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 761 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 814.29; 1981 c. 317; 1983 a. 538; 1989 a. 31; Sup. Ct. Order No. 93-15, 179 Wis. 2d xxxi; 1993 a. 490; 1995 a. 27, 201; 1997 a. 133; Sup. Ct. Order No. 03-06A, 2005 WI 86, 280 Wis. 2d xiii; 2005 a. 22; 2009 a. 113; 2011 a. 2; 2017 a. 366.
814.29 Note Judicial Council Note, 1993: The amendments to sub. (1) are intended to simplify and make more uniform the procedure for determining when costs and fees for indigent persons should be waived by the court. The form of the affidavit and court finding and order is to be prescribed by the Judicial Conference. To simplify the determination of indigency, detailed financial statements are not necessary if the person is receiving means-tested public assistance or legal services based on indigency. Amended sub. (2) allows the court to require payment of fees if it is later shown that the person is no longer indigent.
814.29 Annotation The trial judge may refuse to approve an affidavit of indigency if the complaint or affidavit to obtain waiver of costs and fees fails to give notice of a claim upon which relief may be granted. State ex rel. Rilla v. Dodge County Circuit Court, 76 Wis. 2d 429, 251 N.W.2d 476 (1977).
814.29 Annotation The bond requirement under s. 775.01 in an action against the state may be waived under s. 814.29 (1). Boldt v. State, 101 Wis. 2d 566, 305 N.W.2d 133 (1981).
814.29 Annotation A judge may waive the fee for a trial transcript at the request of an appealing indigent who has arguable reason to believe that he or she is entitled to redress on appeal. Girouard v. Jackson County Circuit Court, 155 Wis. 2d 148, 454 N.W.2d 792 (1990).
814.29 Annotation In making a Girouard determination, the trial court should specifically consider the litigant's income and assets, expenses, including unusual expenses, and the projected cost of the transcript requested. State v. Jacobus, 167 Wis. 2d 230, 481 N.W.2d 642 (Ct. App. 1992).
814.29 Annotation Whether a proposed petition or complaint states a claim for the purposes of granting fee waiver is determined using the same standard that is applied to motions to dismiss for failure to state a claim under s. 802.06. State ex rel. Luedtke v. Bertrand, 220 Wis. 2d 574, 583 N.W.2d 858 (Ct. App. 1998), 97-3238.
814.29 Annotation The definition of “prisoner" in s. 801.02 (7) (a) 2. does not include a Wisconsin inmate sent to an out-of-state county jail, and therefore sub. (1), and not sub. (1m), applies to the inmate. State ex rel. Speener v. Gudmanson, 2000 WI App 78, 234 Wis. 2d 461, 610 N.W.2d 136, 99-0568.
814.29 Annotation Sub. (1m) (c), as applied to the petitioner, did not violate the constitutional guarantees of access to the courts or equal protection. State ex rel. Khan v. Sullivan, 2000 WI App 109, 235 Wis. 2d 260, 613 N.W.2d 203, 99-2102.
814.29 Annotation The 45-day deadline for filing a certiorari action under s. 893.735 is tolled once the clerk of court receives a petition for a writ of certiorari and, pursuant to sub. (1m), a request for a fee waiver, affidavit of indigency, and certified copy of the prisoner's trust account statement, provided that the prisoner has authorized the prison to make any appropriate payments toward the filing fees from his or her accounts. State ex rel. Steldt v. McCaughtry, 2000 WI App. 176, 238 Wis. 2d 393, 617 N.W.2d 201, 99-2000.
814.29 Annotation Sub. (1m) survives constitutional scrutiny. Freezing prisoner trust account statements to pay for the costs of civil litigation initiated by the prisoner is a rational means of conserving state resources and deterring frivolous litigation. Lindell v. Litscher, 2003 WI App 36, 260 Wis. 2d 454, 659 N.W.2d 413, 02-1389.
814.29 Annotation The phrase “costs and fees" in sub. (1m) includes costs for preparing transcripts. A prisoner may use the funds in a prison release account to pay for the cost of having transcripts prepared. The agency having custody of the prisoner shall follow the procedure under sub. (1m) (e). Akbar v. Kronzer, 2004 WI App 108, 273 Wis. 2d 749, 681 N.W.2d 280, 03-3148.
814.33 814.33 Additional security for costs. If any surety on any undertaking given under s. 814.28 shall remove from the state or be deemed at any time insufficient the court or presiding judge may require the plaintiff to give a new undertaking, and every person becoming surety thereon shall be liable for all costs, from the commencement of the action, in like manner as if the successor surety had been the original surety.
814.33 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 761, 780 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 814.33; 1993 a. 486.
814.34 814.34 Attorney for plaintiff liable for costs. In any case in which the defendant, at the time of the commencement of the action, may require security for costs the attorney for the plaintiff shall be liable for such costs not exceeding $100, until security therefor is filed, whether such security shall have been required by the defendant or not; but such attorney is relieved from such liability by filing an undertaking as prescribed by s. 814.28, and giving notice thereof.
814.34 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 761, 781 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 814.34; 1993 a. 486.
814.46 814.46 Taxation after settlement. Upon the settlement of an execution by a defendant or upon settling any action or demand the sheriff or attorney claiming any fees which shall not have been taxed shall, upon being required by the defendant and on his or her paying the expenses thereof, have his or her fees taxed by some proper officer authorized to tax costs in the court in which the action may be pending or from which the execution shall have been issued.
814.46 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 761 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 814.46; 1993 a. 486.
814.47 814.47 Fees not collectible till taxed. No sheriff, attorney or other person shall collect any fees, after having been required as aforesaid to have the same taxed, without such taxation having been made.
814.47 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 761 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 814.47.
814.48 814.48 Duty of officers taxing costs. Every officer authorized to tax costs in any court for services in any proceeding shall examine the bills presented for taxation, whether such taxation be opposed or not, and must be satisfied that the items charged are correct and legal, and shall strike out all charges for services which, in the officer's judgment, were not necessary.
814.48 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 761 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 814.48; 1993 a. 486.
814.49 814.49 Costs on dismissal for lack of jurisdiction or stay of proceedings.
814.49(1)(1)Costs on dismissal for lack of personal jurisdiction. If on objection of any defendant made pursuant to s. 802.06 (2) the action is dismissed as to that defendant on the ground that the court lacks jurisdiction over the defendant's person, the court when entering judgment dismissing the action against the defendant may order the plaintiff to pay to the defendant all reasonable actual costs, disbursements and expenses of the action up to the judgment of dismissal, but the amount so recovered can in no case exceed the sum of $500.
814.49(2) (2)Costs on stay of further proceedings. Whenever any party obtains an order staying further proceedings in the action pursuant to s. 801.63, the court may award that party all statutory costs and disbursements in the action up to the order for stay.
814.49 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 758, 781 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 814.49; Sup. Ct. Order, 130 Wis. 2d xix (1986); 1993 a. 486.
Effective date note Judicial Council Note, 1986: Sub. (2) is amended to give the court discretion to award or deny costs and disbursements when further proceedings are stayed pending trial in another state under s. 801.63. [Re Order eff. 7-1-86]
814.51 814.51 Jury fees; discretion of court. The court shall have discretionary authority in any civil or criminal action or proceeding triable by jury to assess the entire cost of one day's juror fees for a jury, including all mileage costs, against either the plaintiff or defendant or to divide the cost and assess the cost against both plaintiff and defendant, or additional parties plaintiff or defendant, if a jury demand has been made in any case and if a jury demand is later withdrawn within 2 business days prior to the time set by the court for the commencement of the trial. The party assessed shall be required to make payment to the clerk of circuit court within a prescribed period and the payment thereof shall be enforced by contempt proceedings.
814.51 History History: 1971 c. 297; Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 761 (1975); Stats. 1975 s. 814.51; 1977 c. 318.
814.51 Annotation This section is inapplicable if the parties reach a settlement after selecting a jury and making opening statements. Jacobson v. Avestruz, 81 Wis. 2d 240, 260 N.W.2d 267 (1977).
814.51 Annotation An accused who cancels a jury trial at the last moment to accept a plea bargain risks both taxation of costs under s. 973.06 and the assessment of jury fees under s. 814.51. State v. Foster, 100 Wis. 2d 103, 301 N.W.2d 192 (1981).
814.51 Annotation Circuit courts do not have the authority to impose a penalty for cancellation of a jury trial beyond that provided for in this section. Collins v. American Family Mutual Insurance Co. 153 Wis. 2d 477, 451 N.W.2d 429 (1990).
814.51 Annotation As a matter of sound grammar, the phrase “either the plaintiff or defendant" necessarily refers to both civil and criminal actions as “civil" and “criminal" are set forth in the disjunctive and modify the clauses that follow. Thus, circuit courts are authorized to impose jury fees in any criminal action or proceeding against either the plaintiff or defendant. If the state were not the plaintiff in criminal cases, the statute's provision that the circuit court may assess jury fees against either party in a criminal case would be rendered a nullity. State v. Circuit Court for Monroe County, 2007 WI App 36, 300 Wis. 2d 447, 730 N.W.2d 421, 06-0139.
814.52 814.52 Transport costs.
814.52(1)(1)If a law enforcement agency requests a ferry provider to operate beyond its usual hours of operation to transport an arrested person to a jail or other facility, the law enforcement agency shall be reimbursed for the costs it incurs to pay for the ferry transport pursuant to sub. (2).
814.52(2) (2)In any civil or criminal action or proceeding, if a circuit court enters a judgment against a defendant who was the subject of a ferry transport described in sub. (1), the clerk of circuit court shall collect costs in an amount equal to the costs incurred by a law enforcement agency under sub. (1). When judgment is entered against the defendant, the defendant shall pay the costs and the clerk of circuit court shall pay the law enforcement agency that requested the transport.
814.52 History History: 2009 a. 72.
subch. II of ch. 814 SUBCHAPTER II
COURT FEES
814.60 814.60 Criminal actions; fees of the clerk of court.
814.60(1)(1)In a criminal action, the clerk of circuit court shall collect a fee of $163 for all necessary filing, entering, or recording, to be paid by the defendant when judgment is entered against the defendant. Of the fees received by the clerk of circuit court under this subsection, the county treasurer shall pay 93.87 percent to the secretary of administration for deposit in the general fund and shall retain the balance for the use of the county.
814.60(2) (2)In addition to any fine imposed, a defendant shall pay the costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under this chapter.
814.60 Annotation Because each charged count requires filing, entering, and recording that is separate and distinct from other charged counts, sub. (1) permits a separate fee for each count. State v. Carter, 229 Wis. 2d 200, 598 N.W.2d 619 (Ct. App. 1999), 98-1688.
814.60 Annotation Neither the clerk of court nor the county board has the authority to adopt a nonrefundable processing fee in the absence of a statute specifically providing for the fee. 80 Atty. Gen. 223.
814.61 814.61 Civil actions; fees of the clerk of court. In a civil action, the clerk of court shall collect the fees provided in this section. Unless a specific exemption is provided, a governmental unit, as defined in s. 108.02 (17), shall pay fees under this section. The clerk shall collect the following fees:
814.61(1) (1)Commencement of actions.
814.61(1)(a) (a) Except as provided under pars. (c), (d), and (e), at the commencement of all civil actions and special proceedings not specified in ss. 814.62 to 814.66, $75. Of the fees received by the clerk under this paragraph, the county treasurer shall pay $45 to the secretary of administration for deposit in the general fund and shall retain the balance for the use of the county. The secretary of administration shall credit $15 of the $45 to the appropriation under s. 20.680 (2) (j).
814.61(1)(b) (b) Except as provided in pars. (c), (d) and (e), in addition to the fee under par. (a), at the commencement of an action affecting the family as defined in s. 767.001 (1), a fee of $20 to be deposited by the county treasurer in a separate account to be used by the county exclusively for the purposes specified in s. 767.405.
814.61(1)(c) (c) Paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply to any of the following:
814.61(1)(c)1. 1. An action to determine paternity brought by the state or its delegate under s. 767.80 (1) (g) or (h) or commenced on behalf of the child by an attorney appointed under s. 767.407 (1) (c).
814.61(1)(c)1m. 1m. An action under s. 767.805 (3) that is brought by the state or its delegate or commenced on behalf of the child by an attorney appointed under s. 767.407.
814.61(1)(c)2. 2. An action under ch. 769.
814.61(1)(c)3. 3. A forfeiture proceeding under ss. 961.55 to 961.56 or 973.075 to 973.077.
814.61(1)(c)4. 4. An action to terminate parental rights under subch. VIII of ch. 48.
814.61(1)(c)5. 5. An action for adoption under subch. XIX of ch. 48.
814.61(1)(c)6. 6. An action to commit a person under ch. 51, 55, or 980.
814.61(1)(c)7. 7. An action under s. 165.76 (6) to compel provision of a biological specimen for deoxyribonucleic acid analysis.
814.61(1)(d) (d) No fee charged under this subsection in any action commenced under s. 813.12, 813.122, or 813.123 may be collected from a petitioner under s. 813.12, 813.122, or 813.123. The fee charged under this subsection for petitions filed and granted under s. 813.12, 813.122, or 813.123 shall be collected from the respondent under s. 813.12, 813.122, or 813.123 if he or she is convicted of violating a temporary restraining order or injunction issued under s. 813.12 (3) or (4), 813.122 (4) or (5), or 813.123 (4) or (5).
814.61(1)(e) (e) No fee charged under this subsection in any action commenced under s. 813.125 may be collected from a petitioner under s. 813.125 if the petition alleges conduct that is the same as or similar to conduct that is prohibited by s. 940.32 or that is listed in s. 813.12 (1) (am) 1. to 6. If no fee is collected under this paragraph, the fee charged under this subsection for petitions filed and granted under s. 813.125 shall be collected from the respondent under s. 813.125 if he or she is convicted of violating a temporary restraining order or injunction issued under s. 813.125 (3) or (4).
814.61(2) (2)Change of venue.
814.61(2)(a) (a) Except as provided in par. (b), on a change of venue at commencement in the court to which the action is transferred, a fee equal to the fee paid by the plaintiff to commence the action. The transferring court, in its order for change of venue, shall make a finding as to which party's actions necessitated the change of venue and shall order that party to pay the fee, which shall not be taxed as a cost in the action.
814.61(2)(b) (b) If the court orders a change of venue under s. 801.52, no fee may be charged.
814.61(3) (3)Third-party complaint. When any defendant files a 3rd-party complaint, the defendant shall pay a fee of $45. The defendant shall pay only one such $45 fee in an action. Of the fees received by the clerk under this subsection, the county treasurer shall pay $25 to the secretary of administration for deposit in the general fund and shall retain the balance for the use of the county. The secretary of administration shall credit $5 of the $25 to the appropriation under s. 20.680 (2) (j).
814.61(4) (4)Jury fee. For a jury in all civil actions, except a garnishment action under ch. 812, a nonrefundable fee of $6 per juror demanded to hear the case to be paid by the party demanding a jury within the time permitted to demand a jury trial. If the jury fee is not paid, no jury may be called in the action, and the action may be tried to the court without a jury.
814.61(5) (5)Judgments, writs, executions, liens, warrants, awards, certificates. The clerk shall collect a fee of $5 for the following:
814.61(5)(a) (a) Issuing executions, certificates, commissions to take depositions, transcripts from the judgment and lien docket, and any writs not commencing an action or special proceeding.
814.61(5)(b) (b) Filing and entering judgments, transcripts of judgments, liens, warrants and awards, including filing and entering assignments or satisfactions of judgments, liens or warrants and withdrawals, satisfactions and voidances of tax warrants under s. 71.91 (5) (g).
814.61(6) (6)Foreign judgments. On filing a foreign judgment under s. 806.24, $15.
814.61(7) (7)Revision of judgment or order in action affecting the family.
814.61(7)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), upon the filing of any petition under s. 767.59 (1c) (a) or any motion, by either party, for the revision of a judgment or order in an action affecting the family, $30. No fee may be collected under this paragraph for any petition or motion by either party for the revision of a judgment or order involving child support, family support, or maintenance if both parties have stipulated to the revision of the judgment or order. Of the fees received by the clerk under this paragraph, the county treasurer shall pay 50 percent to the secretary of administration for deposit in the general fund and shall retain the balance for the use of the county.
814.61(7)(b) (b) Upon the filing of any petition, motion, or order to show cause by either party under s. 767.451 or 767.481, $50. No fee may be collected under this paragraph for filing a petition, motion, or order to show cause for the revision of a judgment or order for legal custody or physical placement if both parties have stipulated to the revision of the judgment or order. Of the fees received by the clerk under this paragraph, the county treasurer shall pay 25 percent to the secretary of administration for deposit in the general fund, retain 25 percent for the use of the county, and deposit 50 percent in a separate account to be used by the county exclusively for the purposes specified in s. 767.405.
814.61(7)(c) (c) Paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply to a petition or motion filed by the state or its delegate in connection with an action to determine paternity under s. 767.80 (1) (g), to a petition or motion filed by an attorney appointed under s. 767.407 (1) (c) in connection with an action to determine paternity when the circumstances specified in s. 767.407 (1) (c) 1. or 2. apply or to a petition or motion filed in an action under ch. 769.
814.61(8) (8)Appeal from municipal court or administrative decision.
814.61(8)(am)(am) On appeal from municipal court or on review of any administrative decision, including an appeal from a commission's award in a condemnation action under ch. 32:
814.61(8)(am)1. 1. If the appeal or review is by certiorari or on the record, $40.
814.61(8)(am)2. 2. If a new trial is authorized and requested, $55.
814.61(8)(c) (c) Of the fees received by the clerk under par. (am) 1., the county treasurer shall pay $22.50 to the secretary of administration for deposit in the general fund and shall retain the balance for the use of the county. The secretary of administration shall credit $5 of the $22.50 to the appropriation under s. 20.680 (2) (j).
814.61(8)(d) (d) Of the fees received by the clerk under par. (am) 2., the county treasurer shall pay $30 to the secretary of administration for deposit in the general fund and shall retain the balance for the use of the county. The state treasurer shall credit $5 of the $30 to the appropriation under s. 20.680 (2) (j).
814.61(9) (9)Transmitting documents. For certifying and transmitting documents upon appeal, writ of error, change of venue, for enforcing real estate judgments in other counties, or for enforcing judgments in other states, $15 plus postage.
814.61(10) (10)Copies.
814.61(10)(a) (a) Except as provided in par. (b), for copies, certified or otherwise, of any document for which a specific fee is not established by this section, or for comparison and attestation of copies not provided by the clerk, $1.25 per page.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 34 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on November 27, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after November 27, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 11-27-19)