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895.51(1)(dm) (dm) "Governmental unit" means the United States; the state; any county, city, village, or town; any political subdivision, department, division, board, or agency of the United States, the state, or any county, city, village, or town; or any federally recognized American Indian tribe or band in this state or an agency of the tribe or band.
895.51(1)(dr) (dr) "Qualified emergency household products" includes flashlights, generators, blankets, personal care products, household cleaning products, and emergency supplies that meet the standards for safety and quality established by federal or state law, regulation, or rule, that are not defective, and that have not been recalled by the consumer products safety commission.
895.51(1)(e) (e) "Qualified food" means food products that meet the standards of quality established by state law or rule or federal law or regulations, including food products that are not readily marketable due to appearance, age, freshness, grade, size, surplusage or other condition, except that "qualified food" does not include canned food products that are leaking, swollen, dented on a seam or not airtight.
895.51(2) (2) Any person engaged in the processing, distribution, or sale of food products, for profit or not for profit, who donates or sells, at a price not to exceed overhead and transportation costs, qualified food to a charitable organization, food distribution service, or governmental unit is immune from civil liability for the death of or injury to an individual caused by the qualified food donated or sold by the person.
895.51(2m) (2m) Any person engaged in the manufacturing, distribution, or sale of qualified emergency household products, for profit or not for profit, who donates or sells, at a price not to exceed overhead and transportation costs, qualified emergency household products to a charitable organization or governmental unit in response to a state of emergency declared under s. 323.10 or 323.11 is immune from civil liability for the death of or injury to an individual caused by the qualified emergency household product donated or sold by the person.
895.51(3) (3) Any charitable organization or food distribution service which distributes free of charge qualified food to any person is immune from civil liability for the death of or injury to an individual caused by the qualified food distributed by the charitable organization or food distribution service.
895.51(3m) (3m) Any charitable organization that distributes free of charge qualified emergency household products received under sub. (2m) is immune from civil liability for the death of or injury to an individual caused by the qualified emergency household product distributed by the charitable organization.
895.51(4) (4) This section does not apply if the death or injury was caused by willful or wanton acts or omissions.
895.512 895.512 Civil liability exemption; access to toilet facility. If an employee of a retail establishment permits a person to use the establishment's toilet facility, under the requirements of s. 146.29, the employee and the establishment are immune from civil liability for the death of or injury to the person, or an individual other than an employee who accompanies the person, that is caused by or during the use of the facility, unless the death or injury was caused by a willful or wanton act or omission of the employee.
895.512 History History: 2009 a. 198.
895.514 895.514 Civil liability exemption; Health Insurance Risk-Sharing Plan and Authority.
895.514(1) (1) In this section:
895.514(1)(a) (a) "Authority" means the Health Insurance Risk-Sharing Plan Authority established under subch. III of ch. 149, 2011 stats.
895.514(1)(b) (b) "Board" means the board of directors of the authority.
895.514(1)(c) (c) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of insurance of this state.
895.514(1)(d) (d) "Plan" means the health care insurance plan established under subch. II of ch. 149, 2011 stats.
Effective date note NOTE: Section 895.514 (title) and (1) are created eff. 1-1-15 by 2013 Wis. Act 20.
895.514(2) (2) No cause of action of any nature may arise against, and no liability may be imposed upon, the authority, plan, or board; or any agent, employee, or director of any of them; or insurers participating in the plan; or the commissioner; or any agent, employee, or representative of the commissioner, for any act or omission by any of them in the performance of their powers and duties under ch. 149, 2011 stats., under 2013 Wisconsin Act 20, section 9122 (1L), or under 2013 Wisconsin Act 116, section 32 (1) (b), unless the person asserting liability proves that the act or omission constitutes willful misconduct.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (2) is shown as created by 2013 Wis. Act 20 and amended by 2013 Wis. Act 116, all eff. 1-1-15.
895.514(3) (3)
895.514(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in 2013 Wisconsin Act 20, section 9122 (1L), and 2013 Wisconsin Act 116, section 32 (1) (b), neither the state nor any political subdivision of the state nor any officer, employee, or agent of the state or a political subdivision acting within the scope of employment or agency is liable for any debt, obligation, act, or omission of the authority.
895.514(3)(b) (b) All of the expenses incurred by the authority, or the commissioner, or any agent, employee, or representative of the commissioner, in exercising its duties and powers under ch. 149, 2011 stats., under 2013 Wisconsin Act 20, section 9122 (1L), or under 2013 Wisconsin Act 116, section 32 (1) (b), shall be payable only from funds of the authority or from the appropriation under s. 20.145 (5) (g) or (k), or from any combination of those payment sources.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (3) is shown as created by 2013 Wis. Act 20 and amended by 2013 Wis. Act 116, all eff. 1-1-15.
895.514 History History: 2013 a. 20, 116.
895.515 895.515 Civil liability exemption; equipment or technology donation.
895.515(1) (1) In this section:
895.515(1)(a) (a) "Commercial equipment or technology" means goods or related procedures used or bought for use primarily in a business, including farming and a profession.
895.515(1)(b) (b) "Institution of higher education" means an institution within the University of Wisconsin System, a technical college or a private, nonprofit institution of higher education located in this state.
895.515(2) (2) Any person engaged in the sale or use of commercial equipment or technology, for profit or not for profit, who donates any commercial equipment or technology to a public or private elementary or secondary school, a tribal school, as defined in s. 115.001 (15m), or an institution of higher education or who accepts reimbursement in an amount not to exceed overhead and transportation costs for any commercial equipment or technology provided to a public or private elementary or secondary school, to a tribal school, or to an institution of higher education is immune from civil liability for the death of or injury to an individual caused by the commercial equipment or technology.
895.515(3) (3) This section does not apply if the death or injury was caused by a willful or wanton act or omission of the person who donated or accepted reimbursement for the commercial equipment or technology.
895.515(4m) (4m) This section does not apply to the manufacturer of the donated commercial equipment or technology.
895.515 History History: 1995 a. 112; 1997 a. 237; 2005 a. 155; 2009 a. 302.
895.517 895.517 Civil liability exemption: solid waste donation or sale.
895.517(1)(1) In this section:
895.517(1)(a) (a) "Charitable organization" has the meaning given in s. 895.51 (1) (b).
895.517(1)(b) (b) "Municipality" has the meaning given in s. 289.01 (23).
895.517(1)(c) (c) "Qualified food" has the meaning given in s. 895.51 (1) (e).
895.517(1)(d) (d) "Responsible unit" has the meaning given in s. 287.01 (9).
895.517(1)(e) (e) "Solid waste" has the meaning given in s. 289.01 (33).
895.517(2) (2) Any person who donates or sells, at a price not exceeding overhead and transportation costs, solid waste, or a material that is separated from mixed soil waste, to a materials reuse program that is operated by a charitable organization, municipality or responsible unit is immune from civil liability for the death of or injury to an individual or the damage to property caused by the solid waste or material donated or sold by the person.
895.517(3) (3) This section does not apply if the death or injury was caused by willful or wanton acts or omissions.
895.517(4) (4) This section does not apply to the sale or donation of qualified food.
895.517 History History: 1997 a. 60; 2005 a. 155.
895.52 895.52 Recreational activities; limitation of property owners' liability.
895.52(1)(1) Definitions. In this section:
895.52(1)(a) (a) "Governmental body" means any of the following:
895.52(1)(a)1. 1. The federal government.
895.52(1)(a)2. 2. This state.
895.52(1)(a)3. 3. A county or municipal governing body, agency, board, commission, committee, council, department, district or any other public body corporate and politic created by constitution, statute, ordinance, rule or order.
895.52(1)(a)4. 4. A governmental or quasi-governmental corporation.
895.52(1)(a)5. 5. A formally constituted subunit or an agency of subd. 1., 2., 3. or 4.
895.52(1)(b) (b) "Injury" means an injury to a person or to property.
895.52(1)(c) (c) "Nonprofit organization" means an organization or association not organized or conducted for pecuniary profit.
895.52(1)(d) (d) "Owner" means either of the following:
895.52(1)(d)1. 1. A person, including a governmental body or nonprofit organization, that owns, leases or occupies property.
895.52(1)(d)2. 2. A governmental body or nonprofit organization that has a recreational agreement with another owner.
895.52(1)(e) (e) "Private property owner" means any owner other than a governmental body or nonprofit organization.
895.52(1)(f) (f) "Property" means real property and buildings, structures and improvements thereon, and the waters of the state, as defined under s. 281.01 (18).
895.52(1)(g) (g) "Recreational activity" means any outdoor activity undertaken for the purpose of exercise, relaxation or pleasure, including practice or instruction in any such activity. "Recreational activity" includes hunting, fishing, trapping, camping, picnicking, exploring caves, nature study, bicycling, horseback riding, bird-watching, motorcycling, operating an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle, operating a vehicle, as defined in s. 340.01 (74), on a road designated under s. 23.115, ballooning, hang gliding, hiking, tobogganing, sledding, sleigh riding, snowmobiling, skiing, skating, water sports, sight-seeing, rock-climbing, cutting or removing wood, climbing observation towers, animal training, harvesting the products of nature, sport shooting and any other outdoor sport, game or educational activity. "Recreational activity" does not include any organized team sport activity sponsored by the owner of the property on which the activity takes place.
895.52(1)(h) (h) "Recreational agreement" means a written authorization granted by an owner to a governmental body or nonprofit organization permitting public access to all or a specified part of the owner's property for any recreational activity.
895.52(1)(i) (i) "Residential property" means a building or structure designed for and used as a private dwelling accommodation or private living quarters, and the land surrounding the building or structure within a 300-foot radius.
895.52(2) (2)No duty; immunity from liability.
895.52(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in subs. (3) to (6), no owner and no officer, employee or agent of an owner owes to any person who enters the owner's property to engage in a recreational activity:
895.52(2)(a)1. 1. A duty to keep the property safe for recreational activities.
895.52(2)(a)2. 2. A duty to inspect the property, except as provided under s. 23.115 (2).
895.52(2)(a)3. 3. A duty to give warning of an unsafe condition, use or activity on the property.
895.52(2)(b) (b) Except as provided in subs. (3) to (6), no owner and no officer, employee or agent of an owner is liable for the death of, any injury to, or any death or injury caused by, a person engaging in a recreational activity on the owner's property or for any death or injury resulting from an attack by a wild animal.
895.52(3) (3)Liability; state property. Subsection (2) does not limit the liability of an officer, employee or agent of this state or of any of its agencies for either of the following:
895.52(3)(a) (a) A death or injury that occurs on property of which this state or any of its agencies is the owner at any event for which the owner charges an admission fee for spectators.
895.52(3)(b) (b) A death or injury caused by a malicious act or by a malicious failure to warn against an unsafe condition of which an officer, employee or agent knew, which occurs on property designated by the department of natural resources under s. 23.115 or designated by another state agency for a recreational activity.
895.52(4) (4)Liability; property of governmental bodies other than this state. Subsection (2) does not limit the liability of a governmental body other than this state or any of its agencies or of an officer, employee or agent of such a governmental body for either of the following:
895.52(4)(a) (a) A death or injury that occurs on property of which a governmental body is the owner at any event for which the owner charges an admission fee for spectators.
895.52(4)(b) (b) A death or injury caused by a malicious act or by a malicious failure to warn against an unsafe condition of which an officer, employee or agent of a governmental body knew, which occurs on property designated by the governmental body for recreational activities.
895.52(5) (5)Liability; property of nonprofit organizations. Subsection (2) does not limit the liability of a nonprofit organization or any of its officers, employees or agents for a death or injury caused by a malicious act or a malicious failure to warn against an unsafe condition of which an officer, employee or agent of the nonprofit organization knew, which occurs on property of which the nonprofit organization is the owner.
895.52(6) (6)Liability; private property. Subsection (2) does not limit the liability of a private property owner or of an employee or agent of a private property owner whose property is used for a recreational activity if any of the following conditions exist:
895.52(6)(a) (a) The private property owner collects money, goods or services in payment for the use of the owner's property for the recreational activity during which the death or injury occurs, and the aggregate value of all payments received by the owner for the use of the owner's property for recreational activities during the year in which the death or injury occurs exceeds $2,000. The following do not constitute payment to a private property owner for the use of his or her property for a recreational activity:
895.52(6)(a)1. 1. A gift of wild animals or any other product resulting from the recreational activity.
895.52(6)(a)2. 2. An indirect nonpecuniary benefit to the private property owner or to the property that results from the recreational activity.
895.52(6)(a)3. 3. A donation of money, goods or services made for the management and conservation of the resources on the property.
895.52(6)(a)4. 4. A payment of not more than $5 per person per day for permission to gather any product of nature on an owner's property.
895.52(6)(a)5. 5. A payment received from a governmental body.
895.52(6)(a)6. 6. A payment received from a nonprofit organization for a recreational agreement.
895.52(6)(b) (b) The death or injury is caused by the malicious failure of the private property owner or an employee or agent of the private property owner to warn against an unsafe condition on the property, of which the private property owner knew.
895.52(6)(c) (c) The death or injury is caused by a malicious act of the private property owner or of an employee or agent of a private property owner.
895.52(6)(d) (d) The death or injury occurs on property owned by a private property owner to a social guest who has been expressly and individually invited by the private property owner for the specific occasion during which the death or injury occurs, if the death or injury occurs on any of the following:
895.52(6)(d)1. 1. Platted land.
895.52(6)(d)2. 2. Residential property.
895.52(6)(d)3. 3. Property within 300 feet of a building or structure on land that is classified as commercial or manufacturing under s. 70.32 (2) (a) 2. or 3.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 11, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 11, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-11-14)