938.06(5) (5)Short-term detention as a disposition or sanction or for violation of order.
938.06(5)(a)(a) The county board of supervisors of any county may, by resolution, authorize the court to do any of the following:
938.06(5)(a)1. 1. Use placement in a juvenile detention facility or juvenile portion of the county jail as a disposition under s. 938.34 (3) (f), as a sanction under s. 938.355 (6m) (a) 1g., or as a place of short-term detention under s. 938.355 (6d) (a) 1. or 2. or (b) 1. or 2. or 938.534 (1) (b) 1. or 2.
938.06(5)(a)2. 2. Use commitment to a county department under s. 51.42 or 51.437 for special treatment or care in an inpatient facility, as defined in s. 51.01 (10), as a disposition under s. 938.34 (6) (am).
938.06(5)(b) (b) The use by the court of a disposition under s. 938.34 (3) (f) or (6) (am), a sanction under s. 938.355 (6m) (a) 1g., or short-term detention under s. 938.355 (6d) (a) 1. or 2. or (b) 1. or 2. or 938.534 (1) (b) 1. or 2. is subject to any resolution adopted under par. (a).
938.06 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DOC 399, Wis. adm. code.
938.067 938.067 Powers and duties of intake workers. To carry out the objectives of this chapter, intake workers shall do all of the following:
938.067(1) (1)Screening. Provide intake services 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, for the purpose of screening juveniles taken into custody and not released under s. 938.20 (2).
938.067(2) (2)Interviewing. Interview, if possible, any juvenile who is taken into physical custody and not released, and, if appropriate, other available concerned parties. If the juvenile cannot be interviewed, the intake worker shall consult with the juvenile's parent or a responsible adult. No juvenile may be placed in a juvenile detention facility unless the juvenile has been interviewed in person by an intake worker, except that if the intake worker is in a place which is distant from the place where the juvenile is or the hour is unreasonable, as defined by written court intake rules, and if the juvenile meets the criteria under s. 938.208, the intake worker, after consulting by telephone with the law enforcement officer who took the juvenile into custody, may authorize the secure holding of the juvenile while the intake worker is en route to the in-person interview or until 8 a.m. of the morning after the night on which the juvenile was taken into custody.
938.067(3) (3)Whether juvenile should be held. Determine whether the juvenile shall be held under s. 938.205 and policies promulgated under s. 938.06 (1) or (2).
938.067(4) (4)Where juvenile should be held. If the juvenile is not released, determine where the juvenile shall be held.
938.067(5) (5)Crisis counseling. Provide any necessary crisis counseling during the intake process.
938.067(6) (6)Request for petition; deferred prosecution. Receive referral information, conduct intake inquiries, request that a petition be filed, and enter into deferred prosecution agreements under policies promulgated under s. 938.06 (1) or (2).
938.067(6g) (6g)Victims' rights. Provide information and notices to and confer with victims as required under s. 938.346 (1m).
938.067(6m) (6m)Multidisciplinary screen. Conduct the multidisciplinary screen in counties that have a pilot program under s. 938.547.
938.067(7) (7)Referrals. Make referrals of cases to other agencies if their assistance is needed or desirable.
938.067(8) (8)Interim recommendations. Make interim recommendations to the court concerning juveniles awaiting final disposition under s. 938.355.
938.067(8m) (8m)Taking juveniles into custody. Take juveniles into custody under ss. 938.355 (6d) (a), (b) and (c) and 938.534 (1) (b) and (c).
938.067(9) (9)Other functions. Perform any other functions ordered by the court, and, when the court or chief judge requests, assist the court or chief judge of the judicial administrative district in developing written policies or carrying out its other duties.
938.067 History History: 1995 a. 77; 1997 a. 80, 181, 205; 2005 a. 344.
938.069 938.069 Powers and duties of disposition staff.
938.069(1)(1) Duties. Subject to sub. (2), the staff of the department, the court, a county department, or a licensed child welfare agency designated by the court to carry out the objectives of this chapter shall:
938.069(1)(a) (a) Supervise and assist a juvenile under a deferred prosecution agreement, a consent decree or an order of the court.
938.069(1)(b) (b) Offer individual and family counseling.
938.069(1)(c) (c) Make an affirmative effort, and investigate and develop resources, to obtain necessary or desired services for the juvenile and the juvenile's family.
938.069(1)(d) (d) Prepare reports for the court recommending a plan of rehabilitation, treatment and care.
938.069(1)(dj) (dj) Provide aftercare services for a juvenile released from a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth.
938.069(1)(dm) (dm) Take juveniles into custody under ss. 938.355 (6d) (a), (b) and (c) and 938.534 (1) (b) and (c).
938.069(1)(e) (e) Perform any other court-ordered functions consistent with this chapter.
938.069(2) (2)Agency approval needed. Licensed child welfare agencies and the department shall provide services under this section only upon the approval of the agency from whom services are requested.
938.069(3) (3)Intake services. A court or county department responsible for disposition staff may agree with the court or county department responsible for providing intake services that the disposition staff may be designated to provide some or all of the intake services.
938.069(4) (4)Qualifications of disposition staff. Disposition staff employed to perform the duties specified in sub. (1) after November 18, 1978, shall have the qualifications required under the county merit system.
938.069 History History: 1995 a. 77; 1997 a. 205; 1999 a. 9; 2005 a. 344.
938.07 938.07 Additional sources of court services. If the county board of supervisors has complied with s. 938.06, the court may obtain supplementary services for investigating cases and providing supervision of cases from one or more of the following sources:
938.07(2) (2)Licensed child welfare agency. The court may request the services of a child welfare agency licensed under s. 48.60 in accordance with procedures established by that agency. The agency shall receive no compensation for these services but may be reimbursed out of funds made available to the court for the actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of duties for the court.
938.07(3) (3)County department in populous counties. In counties having a population of 500,000 or more, the court may order the director of the county department to provide emergency shelter care services to any juvenile whose need for the services, either by reason of need of protection and services or delinquency, is determined by the intake worker under s. 938.205. The court may authorize the director to appoint members of the county department to furnish emergency shelter care services for the juvenile. The emergency shelter care may be provided under s. 938.207.
938.07(4) (4)County departments that provide developmental disabilities, mental health or alcohol and other drug abuse services. Within the limits of available state and federal funds and of county funds appropriated to match state funds, the court may order county departments established under s. 51.42 or 51.437 to provide special treatment or care to a juvenile if special treatment or care has been ordered under s. 938.34 (6) and if s. 938.362 (4) applies.
938.07 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2005 a. 344; 2011 a. 260 s. 81.
938.08 938.08 Duties of person furnishing services to court.
938.08(1)(1) Investigations; reports. A person appointed to furnish services to the court under ss. 938.06 and 938.07 shall make any investigations and exercise any discretionary powers that the court may direct, keep a written record of the investigations, and submit a report to the court. The person shall keep informed concerning the conduct and condition of the juvenile under the person's supervision and shall report on the conduct and condition as the court directs.
938.08(2) (2)Power to take juvenile into custody; limits. Except as provided in sub. (3) and ss. 938.355 (6d) and 938.534 (1), a person authorized to provide or providing intake or dispositional services for the court under s. 938.067 or 938.069 has the power of police officers and deputy sheriffs only for the purpose of taking a juvenile into physical custody when the juvenile comes voluntarily, is suffering from illness or injury, or is in immediate danger from his or her surroundings and removal from the surroundings is necessary.
938.08(3) (3)Conditions for certain other persons to take juvenile into custody.
938.08(3)(a)(a) In addition to the law enforcement authority under sub. (2), department personnel designated by the department and personnel of an agency contracted with under s. 301.08 (1) (b) 3. and designated by agreement between the agency and the department have the power of law enforcement authorities to take a juvenile into physical custody under the following conditions:
938.08(3)(a)1. 1. If they are in prompt pursuit of a juvenile who has run away from a juvenile correctional facility or a residential care center for children and youth.
938.08(3)(a)2. 2. If the juvenile has failed to return to a juvenile correctional facility or a residential care center for children and youth after any authorized absence.
938.08(3)(b) (b) A juvenile who is taken into custody under par. (a) may be returned directly to the juvenile correctional facility or residential care center for children and youth and shall have a hearing regarding placement in disciplinary status in accordance with ch. 227.
938.09 938.09 Representation of the interests of the public. The interests of the public shall be represented in proceedings under this chapter as follows:
938.09(1) (1)Delinquency. By the district attorney, in any matter under s. 938.12.
938.09(2) (2)Civil law violation. By the district attorney or, if designated by the county board of supervisors, by the corporation counsel, in any matter concerning a civil law violation under s. 938.125. If the county board transfers this authority to or from the district attorney on or after May 11, 1990, the board may do so only if the action is effective on September 1 of an odd-numbered year and the board notifies the department of administration of that change by January 1 of that year.
938.09(3) (3)Municipal ordinance violation. By the city, village, or town attorney, in any matter concerning a city, village, or town ordinance violation, respectively, under s. 938.125.
938.09(4) (4)County ordinance violation. By a an appropriate person designated by the county board of supervisors in any matter concerning a county ordinance violation under s. 938.125.
938.09(5) (5)Juvenile in need of protection or services. By the district attorney or, if designated by the county board of supervisors, by the corporation counsel, in any matter under s. 938.13. If the county board transfers this authority to or from the district attorney on or after May 11, 1990, the board may do so only if the action is effective on September 1 of an odd-numbered year and the board notifies the department of administration of that change by January 1 of that year.
938.09(6) (6)Interstate compact. By an appropriate person designated by the county board of supervisors in any matter arising under s. 938.14.
938.09 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2005 a. 344.
938.10 938.10 Power of the judge to act as intake worker. The duties of the intake worker may be carried out by the judge at his or her discretion, except that if a request to file a petition is made, a citation is issued, or a deferred prosecution agreement is entered into, the judge is disqualified from participating further in the proceedings.
938.10 History History: 1995 a. 77; 1997 a. 80; 2005 a. 344.
subch. III of ch. 938 SUBCHAPTER III
JURISDICTION
938.12 938.12 Jurisdiction over juveniles alleged to be delinquent.
938.12(1)(1) In general. The court has exclusive jurisdiction, except as provided in ss. 938.17, 938.18, and 938.183, over any juvenile 10 years of age or older who is alleged to be delinquent.
938.12(2) (2)Seventeen-year-olds. If a petition alleging that a juvenile is delinquent is filed before the juvenile is 17 years of age, but the juvenile becomes 17 years of age before admitting the facts of the petition at the plea hearing or if the juvenile denies the facts, before an adjudication, the court retains jurisdiction over the case.
938.12 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2005 a. 344.
938.12 Annotation The state may not delay in charging a child in order to avoid juvenile court jurisdiction. State v. Becker, 74 Wis. 2d 675, 247 N.W.2d 495 (1976).
938.12 Annotation Notwithstanding s. 48.13 (12), 1979 Stats., the court had jurisdiction under s. 48.12 (1), 1979 Stats., over a child who committed a delinquent act before his 12th birthday but was charged after his 12th birthday. In Matter of D. V. 100 Wis. 2d 363, 302 N.W.2d 64 (Ct. App. 1981).
938.12 Annotation Under the facts of the case, the court retained jurisdiction to determine waiver although the juvenile turned 18 after the proceedings were commenced. In Interest of TDP, 109 Wis. 2d 495, 326 N.W.2d 741 (1982).
938.12 Annotation A contempt of court allegation did not support a determination of delinquency. In Interest of V.G. 111 Wis. 2d 647, 331 N.W.2d 632 (Ct. App. 1983).
938.12 Annotation A prior adult proceeding that litigated the question of the respondent's age collaterally estopped the state from relitigating the same question in juvenile court, and the juvenile court had subject matter jurisdiction of the case. In Interest of H.N.T. 125 Wis. 2d 242, 371 N.W.2d 395 (Ct. App. 1985).
938.12 Annotation Juvenile court proceedings are commenced under sub. (2) upon filing the petition. The child need not appear in juvenile court before reaching age 18 for the court to retain jurisdiction. In Interest of D.W.B. 158 Wis. 2d 398, 462 N.W.2d 520 (1990).
938.12 Annotation When a juvenile turns 18 during the pendency of proceedings, the filing of a waiver petition prior to a plea hearing is not required for waiver of jurisdiction under sub. (2). In Interest of K.A.P. 159 Wis. 2d 384, 464 N.W.2d 106 (Ct. App. 1990).
938.12 Annotation The age of the defendant at the time of charging determines juvenile court jurisdiction regardless of the defendant's age at the time of the offense. State v. Annola, 168 Wis. 2d 453, 484 N.W.2d 138 (1992).
938.12 Annotation Wisconsin courts have jurisdiction over resident juveniles alleged to be delinquent because they violated another state's criminal laws. 70 Atty. Gen. 143.
938.12 Annotation Greater Jurisdiction Discretion. Schneider & Harrison. Wis. Law. Apr. 1996.
938.12 Note NOTE: The above annotations cite to s. 48.12, the predecessor statute to s. 938.12.
938.12 Annotation A defendant is not entitled to an evidentiary hearing as a matter of right whenever there is a mere allegation that the state intentionally "manipulated the system" to avoid juvenile court jurisdiction. The standard for determining when a hearing should be granted is articulated. State v. Velez, 224 Wis. 2d 1, 589 N.W.2d 9 (1999), 96-2430.
938.12 Annotation The state does not have jurisdiction over delinquent acts committed by Menominee tribal members within reservation boundaries, but does have jurisdiction over acts committed off the reservation. State v. Elmer J.K. 224 Wis. 2d 372, 591 N.W.2d 176 (Ct. App. 1999), 98-2067.
938.12 Annotation After the filing of a delinquency petition, a juvenile court may waive its jurisdiction over juveniles of certain ages who have been charged with certain crimes. The juvenile's age on the date of the alleged offense mandates whether the juvenile court has competency to consider waiver. An order is not valid when issued by a court that lacks competency due to the failure to follow fundamental statutory requirements. In this case, where the juvenile was below the age for waiver, the waiver order by the juvenile court was invalid and the adult court never obtained jurisdiction. State v. Phillips, 2014 WI App 3, 352 Wis. 2d 493, 842 N.W.2d 504, 12-2103.
938.125 938.125 Jurisdiction over juveniles alleged to have violated civil laws or ordinances. The court has exclusive jurisdiction over a juvenile alleged to have violated a law punishable by forfeiture or a county, town, or other municipal ordinance, except as follows:
938.125(1) (1) As provided under s. 938.17.
938.125(2) (2) The court has exclusive jurisdiction over a juvenile alleged to have violated an ordinance enacted under s. 118.163 (2) only if evidence is provided by the school attendance officer that the activities under s. 118.16 (5) have been completed or were not required to be completed as provided in s. 118.16 (5m).
938.125 History History: 1995 a. 77; 1997 a. 35, 239; 2005 a. 344.
938.13 938.13 Jurisdiction over juveniles alleged to be in need of protection or services. Except as provided in s. 938.028 (3), the court has exclusive original jurisdiction over a juvenile alleged to be in need of protection or services which can be ordered by the court if any of the following conditions applies:
938.13(4) (4)Uncontrollable. The juvenile's parent or guardian signs the petition requesting jurisdiction under this subsection and is unable or needs assistance to control the juvenile.
938.13(6) (6)Habitually truant from school. Except as provided under s. 938.17 (2), the juvenile is habitually truant from school and evidence is provided by the school attendance officer that the activities under s. 118.16 (5) have been completed or were not required to be completed as provided in s. 118.16 (5m).
938.13(6m) (6m)School dropout. The juvenile is a school dropout, as defined in s. 118.153 (1) (b).
938.13(7) (7)Habitually truant from home. The juvenile is habitually truant from home and either the juvenile, a parent or guardian, or a relative in whose home the juvenile resides signs the petition requesting jurisdiction and attests in court that reconciliation efforts have been attempted and have failed.
938.13(12) (12)Delinquent act before age 10. The juvenile is under 10 years of age and has committed a delinquent act.
938.13(14) (14)Not responsible or not competent. The juvenile has been determined, under s. 938.30 (5) (c), to be not responsible for a delinquent act by reason of mental disease or defect or has been determined, under s. 938.30 (5) (d), to be not competent to proceed.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Sept. 3, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Sept. 3, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-3-14)