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94.01(3) (3) No person may obstruct or interfere with the examination or testing, by authorized inspectors and agents of the department, of any plants or other material suspected of being infested or infected with any injurious pests; nor may any person move any plants, plant parts, pests or pest-harboring materials contrary to the terms of any quarantine, rule, notice or order under this section.
94.01(4) (4) The department, through its authorized agents or inspectors, may enter at all reasonable times any property for purposes of inspection, investigation and control of suspected pest infestations or infections and may intercept, stop and detain for official inspection any person, truck, vessel, aircraft or other conveyance believed to be carrying plants or other materials infested or infected with pests, and may seize and destroy any such plants or other materials moved, shipped or transported in violation of any law, rule, quarantine notice or order.
94.01 History History: 1975 c. 394 s. 18; Stats. 1975 s. 94.01.
94.01 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. ATCP 21, Wis. adm. code.
94.02 94.02 Abatement of pests.
94.02(1)(1) If the department finds any premises, or any plants, plant parts, or pest-harboring materials located thereon are so infested or infected with injurious pests as to constitute a hazard to plant or animal life in the state, or any area thereof, it may notify the owner or person having charge of such premises to that effect, and the owner or person in charge shall, within 10 days after such notice, cause the treatment of the premises or the treatment or removal and destruction of infested or infected plants, host plants or other pest-harboring material as directed in the notice. No person may violate the terms of any notice received under this subsection, nor may any damages be awarded to the owner for such treatment, removal or destruction. Any person affected by a notice or order may appeal to the department and request a hearing under s. 94.01 (2).
94.02(2) (2) If the owner or person in charge fails to comply with the terms of the notice, within 10 days after receiving it, the department or any cooperating local unit of government may proceed to treat the premises or to treat or destroy the infested or infected plants or other material. The expense of such abatement shall be certified to the town, city or village clerk and assessed, collected and enforced against the premises upon which such expense was incurred as taxes are assessed, collected, and enforced, and shall be paid to the cooperating unit of government incurring the expense, or into the general fund if the control work was conducted by the department.
94.02(3) (3) If a serious pest outbreak constituting a significant threat to agricultural production or plant life occurs, and cannot be adequately controlled by individual property owners or local units of government in any area of this state, the department may petition the joint committee on finance for emergency funds with which to conduct needed control work independently or on a cooperative basis with the federal or local units of government.
94.02(4) (4) This section does not affect the authority of the department of natural resources under ch. 26.
94.02 History History: 1975 c. 394 ss. 5, 19; 1975 c. 421; Stats. 1975 s. 94.02; 1977 c. 418; 1981 c. 20; 2011 a. 254.
94.03 94.03 Shipment of pests and biological control agents; permits.
94.03(1)(1) No person may sell or offer for sale, or move, transport, deliver, ship or offer for shipment, any pest, as defined in s. 93.01 (10) or any biological control agent as defined in sub. (2), without a permit as prescribed by rules of the department. Such rules may provide for reasonable exemptions from permit requirements. Permits may be issued only after the department determines that the proposed shipment or use will not create sufficient hazard to warrant refusal of a permit. Permits shall be affixed to the outside of every shipping container or accompany the shipment as the department directs.
94.03(2) (2) The department may by rule regulate and control the sale and use of biological control agents to assure their safety and effectiveness in the control of injurious pests and to prevent the introduction or use of biological control agents which may be injurious to persons or property or useful plant or animal life. The term "biological control agent" as used in this section means any living organism which because of its parasitic, predatory or other biological characteristics may be effective for use in the suppression or control of pests by biological rather than chemical means.
94.03 History History: 1975 c. 394 ss. 6, 17; 1983 a. 189 s. 329 (20).
94.10 94.10 Nursery stock; inspection and licensing.
94.10(1)(1) Definitions. In this section:
94.10(1)(a) (a) "Christmas tree grower" means a person who grows evergreen trees in this state for eventual cutting and sale as Christmas trees.
94.10(1)(b) (b) "Nonprofit organization" means an organization described in section 501 (c) of the Internal Revenue Code that is exempt from federal income tax under section 501 (a) of the Internal Revenue Code.
94.10(1)(c) (c) "Nursery" means premises in this state on which a person propagates or grows nursery stock for sale. "Nursery" does not include heeling-in grounds or other premises where a person holds nursery stock for purposes other than propagation or growth.
94.10(1)(d) (d) "Nursery dealer" means a person who sells, offers for sale, or distributes nursery stock from one or more locations in this state, except that "nursery dealer" does not include any of the following:
94.10(1)(d)1. 1. An employee of a person licensed under sub. (2).
94.10(1)(d)2. 2. A nursery grower licensed under sub. (3) who only sells, offers for sale, or distributes nursery stock that the nursery grower has grown.
94.10(1)(e) (e) "Nursery grower" means a person who owns or operates a nursery in this state, except that "nursery grower" does not include an employee of a person licensed under sub. (3).
94.10(1)(f) (f) "Nursery stock" means plants and plant parts that can be propagated or grown, except that "nursery stock" does not include seeds, sod, cranberry cuttings, annuals, or cut Christmas trees.
94.10(1)(g) (g) "Officially inspected source" means any of the following:
94.10(1)(g)1. 1. A nursery dealer licensed under sub. (2).
94.10(1)(g)2. 2. A nursery grower licensed under sub. (3).
94.10(1)(g)3. 3. A source outside this state that the department recognizes under sub. (10) as an officially inspected source.
94.10(1)(j) (j) "Sell" means to transfer ownership, for consideration.
94.10(2) (2)Nursery dealer; annual license.
94.10(2)(a)(a) License required. Except as provided in par. (f), no person may operate as a nursery dealer without an annual license from the department. A nursery dealer license expires on February 20. A nursery dealer license may not be transferred to another person.
94.10(2)(b) (b) Applying for a license. A person applying for a nursery dealer license under par. (a) shall apply on a form provided by the department. An applicant shall provide all of the following to the department:
94.10(2)(b)1. 1. The applicant's legal name and address and any other name under which the applicant does business.
94.10(2)(b)2. 2. The address of each location in this state at which the applicant proposes to hold nursery stock for sale or distribution.
94.10(2)(b)3. 3. The license fee required under par. (c).
94.10(2)(b)4. 4. The surcharge required under par. (d), if any.
94.10(2)(b)5. 5. Other information reasonably required by the department for licensing purposes, including information related to the types and sources of nursery stock that the applicant sells or distributes from locations in this state.
94.10(2)(c) (c) License fee. Except as otherwise provided by the department by rule, a nursery dealer shall pay the following annual license fee, based on the nursery dealer's annual purchases determined under par. (e):
94.10(2)(c)1. 1. If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of no more than $5,000, $30.
94.10(2)(c)2. 2. If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of more than $5,000 but not more than $20,000, $50.
94.10(2)(c)3. 3. If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of more than $20,000 but not more than $100,000, $100.
94.10(2)(c)4. 4. If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of more than $100,000 but not more than $200,000, $150.
94.10(2)(c)5. 5. If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of more than $200,000 but not more than $500,000, $200.
94.10(2)(c)6. 6. If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of more than $500,000 but not more than $2,000,000, $300.
94.10(2)(c)7. 7. If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of more than $2,000,000 but not more than $3,000,000, $400.
94.10(2)(c)8. 8. If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of more than $3,000,000, the amount of the nursery dealer's annual purchases times 0.0005.
94.10(2)(cm) (cm) Fee exemption. Notwithstanding par. (c), the department may not require an individual who is eligible for the veterans fee waiver program under s. 45.44 to pay a nursery dealer license fee.
94.10(2)(d) (d) Surcharge for operating without a license. In addition to the fee required under par. (c), an applicant for a nursery dealer license shall pay a surcharge equal to the amount of that fee if the department determines that, within 365 days before submitting the application, the applicant operated as a nursery dealer without a license in violation of par. (a). Payment of the surcharge does not relieve the applicant of any other penalty or liability that may result from the violation, but does not constitute evidence of a violation of par. (a).
94.10(2)(e) (e) Annual purchases; nursery dealer.
94.10(2)(e)1.1. For the purposes of par. (c) the amount of a nursery dealer's annual purchases is the total cost that the nursery dealer incurred during the nursery dealer's last completed fiscal year for all nursery stock that the nursery dealer acquired for sale or distribution from locations in this state, except as provided in subd. 2. The amount of a nursery dealer's annual purchases does not include the cost of nursery stock that the nursery dealer grows under a license under sub. (3) or an equivalent license in another state.
94.10(2)(e)2. 2. If a nursery dealer made no purchases of nursery stock during the nursery dealer's last completed fiscal year, the amount of annual purchases is the nursery dealer's good faith prediction of purchases described in subd. 1. during the nursery dealer's current fiscal year.
94.10(2)(f) (f) Exemptions. Paragraph (a) does not apply to any of the following:
94.10(2)(f)1. 1. A person who sells or distributes nursery stock only at retail and whose total sales from all locations in this state during the license year do not exceed $250.
94.10(2)(f)2. 2. A person who sells or distributes nursery stock solely for the benefit of a nonprofit organization, for a total of not more than 7 consecutive days in this state during the license year.
94.10(3) (3)Nursery grower; annual license.
94.10(3)(a)(a) License required. Except as provided in par. (f), no person may operate as a nursery grower without an annual license from the department. A nursery grower license expires on February 20. A nursery grower license may not be transferred to another person.
94.10(3)(b) (b) Applying for a license. A person applying for a nursery grower license under par. (a) shall apply on a form provided by the department. An applicant shall provide all of the following to the department:
94.10(3)(b)1. 1. The applicant's legal name and address and any other name under which the applicant does business.
94.10(3)(b)2. 2. The address of each location in this state at which the applicant operates a nursery or holds nursery stock for sale or distribution.
94.10(3)(b)3. 3. The license fee required under par. (c).
94.10(3)(b)4. 4. The surcharge required under (d), if any.
94.10(3)(b)5. 5. Other information reasonably required by the department for licensing purposes, including information related to the types of nursery stock that the applicant grows in this state.
94.10(3)(c) (c) License fee. Except as otherwise provided by the department by rule, a nursery grower shall pay the following annual license fee, based on the nursery grower's annual sales determined under par. (e):
94.10(3)(c)1. 1. If the nursery grower has annual sales of no more than $5,000, $40.
94.10(3)(c)2. 2. If the nursery grower has annual sales of more than $5,000 but not more than $20,000, $75.
94.10(3)(c)3. 3. If the nursery grower has annual sales of more than $20,000 but not more than $100,000, $125.
94.10(3)(c)4. 4. If the nursery grower has annual sales of more than $100,000 but not more than $200,000, $200.
94.10(3)(c)5. 5. If the nursery grower has annual sales of more than $200,000 but not more than $500,000, $350.
94.10(3)(c)6. 6. If the nursery grower has annual sales of more than $500,000 but not more than $2,000,000, $600.
94.10(3)(c)7. 7. If the nursery grower has annual sales of more than $2,000,000, $1,200.
94.10(3)(cm) (cm) Fee exemption. Notwithstanding par. (c), the department may not require an individual who is eligible for the veterans fee waiver program under s. 45.44 to pay a nursery grower license fee.
94.10(3)(d) (d) Surcharge for operating without a license. In addition to the fee required under par. (c), an applicant for a nursery grower license shall pay a surcharge equal to the amount of that fee if the department determines that, within 365 days before submitting that application, the applicant operated as a nursery grower without a license in violation of par. (a). Payment of the surcharge does not relieve the applicant of any other penalty or liability that may result from the violation, but does not constitute evidence of a violation of par. (a).
94.10(3)(e) (e) Annual sales; nursery grower.
94.10(3)(e)1.1. For the purposes of par. (c) the amount of a nursery grower's annual sales is the nursery grower's gross receipts, during the nursery grower's last completed fiscal year, from the sale, consignment, or other distribution of nursery stock that the nursery grower grew at nurseries in this state, except as provided in subd. 2.
94.10(3)(e)2. 2. If, during a nursery grower's last completed fiscal year, the nursery grower made no sales of nursery stock that the nursery grower grew at nurseries in this state, the amount of annual sales is the nursery grower's good faith prediction of sales described in subd. 1. during the nursery grower's current fiscal year.
94.10(3)(f) (f) Exemptions. Paragraph (a) does not apply to any of the following:
94.10(3)(f)1. 1. A nursery grower who sells or distributes nursery stock only at retail and whose total sales from all locations in this state during the license year do not exceed $250.
94.10(3)(f)2. 2. A person who sells or distributes nursery stock solely for the benefit of a nonprofit organization, for a total of not more than 7 consecutive days in this state during the license year.
94.10(3g) (3g)Christmas tree grower; annual license.
94.10(3g)(a)(a) License required. Except as provided in par. (e), no person may operate as a Christmas tree grower without an annual license from the department. A Christmas tree grower license expires on February 20. A Christmas tree grower license may not be transferred to another person.
94.10(3g)(b) (b) Applying for a license. A person applying for a Christmas tree grower license under par. (a) shall apply on a form provided by the department. An applicant shall provide all of the following to the department:
94.10(3g)(b)1. 1. The applicant's legal name and address and any other name under which the applicant does business.
94.10(3g)(b)2. 2. The address of each location in this state at which the applicant grows evergreen trees for eventual sale as Christmas trees or at which the applicant holds Christmas trees for sale.
94.10(3g)(b)3. 3. The license fee required under par. (c).
94.10(3g)(b)4. 4. Other information reasonably required by the department for licensing purposes.
94.10(3g)(c) (c) License fee. Except as otherwise provided by the department by rule, a Christmas tree grower shall pay the following annual license fee, based on the Christmas tree grower's annual sales determined under par. (d):
94.10(3g)(c)1. 1. If the Christmas tree grower has annual sales of no more than $5,000, $20.
94.10(3g)(c)2. 2. If the Christmas tree grower has annual sales of more than $5,000 but not more than $20,000, $55.
94.10(3g)(c)3. 3. If the Christmas tree grower has annual sales of more than $20,000 but not more than $100,000, $90.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)