961.23(2) (2)They may be sold at retail only by a pharmacist or, if the substance is a pseudoephedrine product, by a person who is working under the direction of a pharmacist when sold in a retail establishment. This subsection does not apply to a substance governed by s. 961.38 (4) (b).
961.23(3) (3)When sold in a retail establishment, they shall bear the name and address of the establishment on the immediate container of said preparation.
961.23(4) (4)
961.23(4)(a)(a) Any person purchasing such a substance that is not a pseudoephedrine product shall, at the time of purchase, present to the seller that person's correct name and address. The seller shall record the name and address and the name and quantity of the product sold. The purchaser and the seller shall sign the record of the transaction. The giving of a false name or false address by the purchaser shall be prima facie evidence of a violation of s. 961.43 (1) (a).
961.23(4)(b) (b) Any person purchasing such a substance that is a pseudoephedrine product shall, at the time of purchase, present to the seller that person's correct name, address, and an identification card containing the person's photograph. The seller shall record the name, date of birth, and address of the purchaser; the name and quantity measured in grams of pseudoephedrine contained in the product purchased; the date and time purchased; the purchaser identification type and number, such as driver's license state and number; and the name of the seller or, if the pseudoephedrine product is being sold by a person who is not a pharmacist, the name of the pharmacist supervising the seller. The purchaser shall sign the record of the transaction. The giving of a false name or false address by the purchaser shall be prima facie evidence of a violation of s. 961.43 (1) (a).
961.23(5) (5)No person may purchase more than 227 grams of a product containing opium or more than 113 grams of a product containing any other schedule V substance within a 48-hour period without the authorization of a physician, dentist, or veterinarian. This subsection does not apply to a pseudoephedrine product unless it contains another schedule V substance.
961.23(6) (6)No person other than a physician, dentist, veterinarian, or pharmacist may purchase more than 7.5 grams of pseudoephedrine contained in a pseudoephedrine product within a 30-day period without the authorization of a physician, dentist, or veterinarian.
961.23(7) (7)No person other than a physician, dentist, veterinarian, or pharmacist may possess more than 227 grams of a product containing opium or more than 113 grams of a product containing any other schedule V substance at any time without the authorization of a physician, dentist, or veterinarian. This subsection does not apply to a pseudoephedrine product unless it contains another schedule V substance.
961.23(8) (8)No person may sell a pseudoephedrine product to a person under 18 years of age, and no person under 18 years of age may purchase a pseudoephedrine product.
961.23 History History: 1971 c. 219; 1973 c. 12 s. 37; 1981 c. 206; 1993 a. 482; 1995 a. 448 s. 228; Stats. 1995 s. 961.23; 2005 a. 14, 262; 2011 a. 146; 2017 a. 25, 98, 364.
961.235 961.235 Records relating to sales of pseudoephedrine products.
961.235(1)(1)In this section:
961.235(1)(a) (a) “Records of pseudoephedrine sales" means records required under s. 961.23 (4) (b) with respect to the sale of a pseudoephedrine product.
961.235(1)(b) (b) “Stop sale alert” means a real-time notification to a seller of pseudoephedrine products that completion of the sale would result in the purchaser violating the pseudoephedrine quantity limits set forth in s. 961.23 (6).
961.235(1)(c) (c) “System” means the National Precursor Log Exchange (NPLEx) system, which is an electronic pseudoephedrine sales tracking system that is capable of generating stop sale alerts, and that is installed, operated, and maintained free of any one-time or recurring charge to the seller or to the state.
961.235(2) (2)Records of pseudoephedrine sales shall be kept in electronic format and shall be maintained by the pharmacy for at least 2 years. Except as provided in subs. (6) and (7), only a pharmacist may have access to records of pseudoephedrine sales and information contained in those records.
961.235(3m) (3m)Except as provided in sub. (4), a seller shall electronically submit records of pseudoephedrine sales to the system before completing a sale of a nonprescription pseudoephedrine product.
961.235(4) (4)If a seller who is attempting to complete a sale of a nonprescription pseudoephedrine product experiences mechanical or electronic failure of the system and is unable to comply with the requirement in sub. (3m), the seller may, subject to the requirement under s. 961.23 (4) (b), complete the sale without complying with the requirement under sub. (3m). The seller shall maintain a written log or an alternative electronic record-keeping mechanism until such time as the seller is able to comply with the requirement.
961.235(5) (5)A seller may not complete a sale of a nonprescription pseudoephedrine product if the system generates a stop sale alert unless the seller has a reasonable fear of imminent bodily harm if he or she does not complete the sale. The seller may use the system's override function to complete the sale if he or she has a reasonable fear of imminent bodily harm.
961.235(6) (6)A pharmacist shall make records required under s. 961.23 (4) (b) available to a law enforcement officer who requests them. Law enforcement officers may make those records available to other persons or redisclose information from those records to other persons only in connection with a criminal investigation or prosecution under this chapter.
961.235(7) (7)The system shall provide real-time access through an online portal to records of pseudoephedrine sales submitted under sub. (3m) to the department of justice and to law enforcement officers in the state. Law enforcement officers may make those records available to other persons or redisclose information from those records to other persons only in connection with a criminal investigation or prosecution under this chapter.
961.235(8) (8)Absent negligence, wantonness, recklessness, or deliberate misconduct, any seller utilizing the system in accordance with this section shall not be civilly liable as a result of any act or omission in carrying out the duties required by this section and shall be immune from liability to any third party unless the seller has violated any provision of this section in relation to a claim brought for such a violation.
961.235 History History: 2005 a. 14, 262; 2017 a. 98.
961.24 961.24 Publishing of updated schedules. The controlled substances board shall publish updated schedules annually. The failure of the controlled substances board to publish an updated schedule under this section is not a defense in any administrative or judicial proceeding under this chapter.
961.24 History History: 1971 c. 219; 1993 a. 213; 1995 a. 448 s. 229; Stats. 1995 s. 961.24.
961.25 961.25 Controlled substance analog treated as a schedule I substance. A controlled substance analog, to the extent it is intended for human consumption, shall be treated, for the purposes of this chapter, as a substance included in schedule I, unless a different treatment is specifically provided. No later than 60 days after the commencement of a prosecution concerning a controlled substance analog, the district attorney shall provide the controlled substances board with information relevant to emergency scheduling under s. 961.11 (4m). After a final determination by the controlled substances board that the controlled substance analog should not be scheduled, no prosecution relating to that substance as a controlled substance analog may be commenced or continued.
961.25 History History: 1995 a. 448.
subch. III of ch. 961 SUBCHAPTER III
REGULATION OF MANUFACTURE, DISTRIBUTION,
DISPENSING AND POSSESSION OF
CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
961.31 961.31 Rules. The pharmacy examining board may promulgate rules relating to the manufacture, distribution and dispensing of controlled substances within this state.
961.31 History History: 1971 c. 219; 1995 a. 448 s. 231; Stats. 1995 s. 961.31.
961.31 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Phar 8, Wis. adm. code.
961.32 961.32 Possession authorization.
961.32(1m)(1m)
961.32(1m)(a) (a) Persons registered under federal law to manufacture, distribute, dispense or conduct research with controlled substances may possess, manufacture, distribute, dispense or conduct research with those substances in this state to the extent authorized by their federal registration and in conformity with the other provisions of this chapter.
961.32(1m)(b) (b) The following persons need not be registered under federal law to lawfully possess controlled substances in this state:
961.32(1m)(b)1. 1. An agent or employee of any registered manufacturer, distributor or dispenser of any controlled substance if the agent or employee is acting in the usual course of the agent's or employee's business or employment;
961.32(1m)(b)2. 2. A common or contract carrier or warehouse keeper, or an employee thereof, whose possession of any controlled substance is in the usual course of business or employment;
961.32(1m)(b)3. 3. An ultimate user or a person in possession of any controlled substance pursuant to a lawful order of a practitioner or in lawful possession of a schedule V substance.
961.32(1m)(b)4. 4. Any person exempted under federal law, or for whom federal registration requirements have been waived.
961.32(1m)(b)5. 5. A person actively engaged in the direct operation or implementation of a drug disposal program that is authorized under s. 165.65 (2) or (3) or is authorized under federal law, as defined in s. 165.65 (1) (a).
961.32(2m) (2m)
961.32(2m)(a)(a) In this subsection, “certification" means a letter or other official document issued by a physician licensed under s. 448.04 (1) (a) that contains all of the following:
961.32(2m)(a)1. 1. The name, address, and telephone number of the physician.
961.32(2m)(a)2. 2. The name and address of the patient who is issued the letter or document.
961.32(2m)(a)3. 3. The date on which the letter or document is issued.
961.32(2m)(b) (b) An individual may possess cannabidiol in a form without a psychoactive effect if the individual has certification stating that the individual possesses cannabidiol to treat a medical condition, if the certification has an issue date that is no more than one year prior to the possession, and if any expiration date provided by the physician in the certification has not passed.
961.32(3) (3)
961.32(3)(a)(a) In this subsection:
961.32(3)(a)1. 1. “Hemp” means the plant Cannabis sativa, or any part of the plant including the seeds.
961.32(3)(a)2. 2. “Industrial hemp" has the meaning given in s. 94.55 (1).
961.32(3)(b) (b) A person who is acting in accordance with rules promulgated by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection under s. 94.55 (2) (b) may not be prosecuted for a criminal offense under this chapter, or under any municipal ordinance that prohibits conduct that is the same as that prohibited under this chapter, for any of the following:
961.32(3)(b)1. 1. Planting, growing, cultivating, harvesting, processing, or transporting hemp that contains a delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of the crop of not more than 0.7 percent above the permissible limit for industrial hemp on a dry weight basis or that is grown from industrial hemp seed certified under s. 94.55 (2) (c).
961.32(3)(b)2. 2. Selling, transferring, importing, exporting, or taking possession of industrial hemp.
961.32(3)(b)3. 3. Selling, transferring, importing, exporting, processing, transporting, harvesting, or taking possession of hemp that has been certified under s. 94.55 (2) (c), by a laboratory authorized by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection to test the delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol concentration in hemp, as meeting the permissible delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol concentration limit for industrial hemp.
961.32(3)(b)4. 4. Possessing hemp with a delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol concentration above the permissible level for industrial hemp if the hemp was certified under s. 94.55 (2) (c) at the time the possessor took possession as meeting the permissible concentration limit for industrial hemp and the possessor had no reason to believe at that time that the certification was incorrect.
961.32(3)(b)5. 5. Taking samples of hemp, transporting samples to a testing facility, or testing samples for their delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol concentration.
961.32(3)(c) (c) A person who plants, grows, cultivates, harvests, samples, tests, processes, transports, transfers, takes possession of, sells, imports, or exports industrial hemp in violation of a rule promulgated under s. 94.55 (2) (b) may not be prosecuted under s. 94.55 or this chapter unless the person is referred to the district attorney for the county in which the violation occurred by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection, and may not be prosecuted under a municipal ordinance that prohibits the same conduct as is prohibited under this chapter unless the person is referred to local law enforcement by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
961.32(3)(d) (d) Notwithstanding s. 961.41 (4) (am) 2. a., engaging in an activity described under par. (b) does not constitute prima facie evidence of a prohibited representation under s. 961.41 (4) (am) 1. a. or b.
961.32 History History: 1971 c. 219, 336; 1983 a. 500 s. 43; 1993 a. 482; 1995 a. 448 s. 232; Stats. 1995 s. 961.32; 2013 a. 198; 2017 a. 4, 100.
961.32 Annotation A doctor or dentist who dispenses drugs to a patient within the course of professional practice is not subject to criminal liability. State v. Townsend, 107 Wis. 2d 24, 318 N.W.2d 361 (1982).
961.335 961.335 Special use authorization.
961.335(1)(a) (a) Upon application the controlled substances board may issue a permit authorizing a person to manufacture, obtain, possess, use, administer, or dispense a controlled substance for purposes of scientific research, instructional activities, chemical analysis, or other special uses, without restriction because of enumeration.
961.335(1)(b) (b) Except as provided in par. (c), no person may engage in any activity described under par. (a) without a permit issued under this section.
961.335(1)(c)1.1. A person who is actively engaged in the direct operation or implementation of a drug disposal program that is authorized under s. 165.65 (2) or (3) or is authorized under federal law, as defined in s. 165.65 (1) (a), may, without a permit issued under this section, obtain or possess a controlled substance for the purposes of operating and implementing the drug disposal program.
961.335(1)(c)2. 2. A person who is permitted under federal law to dispose of a controlled substance may, without a permit issued under this section, possess the controlled substance for the purpose of disposing of the controlled substance.
961.335(1)(c)3. 3. An individual who is designated and authorized to receive a permit under this section for a college or university department, research unit, or similar administrative organizational unit, and students, laboratory technicians, research specialists, or chemical analysts under his or her supervision, may, without an additional permit issued under this section, possess and use a controlled substance, for the purposes authorized in the permit received for the department or unit.
961.335(2) (2)A permit issued under this section shall be valid for one year from the date of issue.
961.335(3) (3)The fee for a permit under this section shall be an amount determined by the controlled substances board but shall not exceed $25. No fee may be charged for permits issued to employees of state agencies or institutions.
961.335(4) (4)Permits issued under this section shall be effective only for and shall specify:
961.335(4)(a) (a) The name and address of the permittee.
961.335(4)(b) (b) The nature of the project authorized by the permit.
961.335(4)(c) (c) The controlled substances to be used in the project, by name if included in schedule I, and by name or schedule if included in any other schedule, except that, for any permit issued to a state crime laboratory, the permit is effective for any controlled substance whether or not the name or schedule is specified.
961.335(4)(d) (d) Whether dispensing to human subjects is authorized.
961.335(5) (5)A permit shall be effective only for the person, project, and, except as provided in sub. (4) (c), substances specified on its face and for additional projects which derive directly from the stated project. Upon application, a valid permit may be amended to add a further activity or to add further substances or schedules to the project permitted thereunder. The fee for such amendment shall be determined by the controlled substances board but shall not exceed $5.
961.335(6) (6)Persons who possess a valid permit issued under this section are exempt from state prosecution for possession and distribution of controlled substances to the extent of the authorization.
961.335(7) (7)The controlled substances board may authorize persons engaged in research on the use and effects of controlled substances to withhold the names and other identifying characteristics of individuals who are the subjects of research. Persons who obtain this authorization are not compelled in any civil, criminal, administrative, legislative or other proceeding to identify or to identify to the board the individuals who are the subjects of research for which the authorization was obtained.
961.335(8) (8)The controlled substances board may promulgate rules relating to the granting of special use permits including, but not limited to, requirements for the keeping and disclosure of records other than those that may be withheld under sub. (7), submissions of protocols, filing of applications and suspension or revocation of permits.
961.335 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. CSB 3, Wis. adm. code.
961.335(9) (9)The controlled substances board may suspend or revoke a permit upon a finding that there is a violation of the rules of the board.
961.335 History History: 1971 c. 219; 1975 c. 110, 199; 1977 c. 26; 1995 a. 448 s. 233; Stats. 1995 s. 961.335; 2013 a. 198; 2015 a. 298.
961.337 961.337 Drug disposal programs. Nothing in this chapter, or rules promulgated under this chapter, prohibits any of the following:
961.337(1) (1)The direct operation or implementation of a drug disposal program that is authorized under s. 165.65 (2) or (3) or is authorized under federal law, as defined in s. 165.65 (1) (a).
961.337(2) (2)The transfer by the ultimate user, or by another person that lawfully possesses the controlled substance or controlled substance analog, of a controlled substance or controlled substance analog to a drug disposal program that has been authorized under s. 165.65 (2) or (3) or is authorized under federal law, as defined in s. 165.65 (1) (a), and that accepts the controlled substance or controlled substance analog.
961.337 History History: 2013 a. 198.
961.34 961.34 Controlled substances therapeutic research.
961.34(1)(1)Upon the request of any practitioner, the controlled substances board shall aid the practitioner in applying for and processing an investigational drug permit for marijuana under 21 USC 355 (i). If the federal food and drug administration issues an investigational drug permit, the controlled substances board shall approve which pharmacies can distribute the marijuana to patients upon written prescription. Only pharmacies located within hospitals are eligible to receive the marijuana for distribution. The controlled substances board shall also approve which practitioners can write prescriptions for the marijuana.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 367 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before September 5, 2018. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after September 5, 2018 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-5-18)